過去の記録

過去の記録 ~11/11本日 11/12 | 今後の予定 11/13~

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Irene Pasquinelli 氏 (Durham University)
Deligne-Mostow lattices and cone metrics on the sphere (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Finding lattices in PU(n,1) has been one of the major challenges of the last decades. One way of constructing lattices is to give a fundamental domain for its action on the complex hyperbolic space.

One approach, successful for some lattices, consists of seeing the complex hyperbolic space as the configuration space of cone metrics on the sphere and of studying the action of some maps exchanging the cone points with same cone angle.

In this talk we will see how this construction of fundamental polyhedra can be extended to almost all Deligne-Mostow lattices with three folding symmetry.

2016年12月19日(月)

離散数理モデリングセミナー

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Anton Dzhamay 氏 (University of Northern Colorado)
Discrete Painlevé equations on the affine A3 surface (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We explain how to construct the birational representation of the extended affine Weyl symmetry group D5 and consider examples of discrete Painlevé equations that correspond to certain translation elements in this group. One of the examples is the famous q-PV equation of Jimbo-Sakai. Some other examples are conjugated to it via explicit change of variables and we explain how representing translation elements as words in the group allows us to see the corresponding change of coordinates explicitly. We also show a new example of a discrete Painlevé equation that is elementary (short translation), but at the same time is different from the q-PVI equation.

2016年12月17日(土)

離散数理モデリングセミナー

10:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Anton Dzhamay 氏 (University of Northern Colorado) 10:00-10:50
Factorization of Rational Mappings and Geometric Deautonomization (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
This talk is the first of two talks describing the joint project with Tomoyuki Takenawa and Stefan Carstea on geometric deautonomization.
The goal of this project is to develop a systematic approach for deautonomizing discrete integrable mappings, such as the QRT mappings, to non-automonous mappings in the discrete Painlevé family, based on the action of the mapping on the Picard lattice of the surface and a choice of an elliptic fiber. In this talk we will explain the main ideas behind this approach and describe the technique that allows us to recover explicit formulas defining the mapping from the known action on the divisor group (the factorization technique). We illustrate our approach by reconstructing the famous example of the q-PVI equation of Jimbo-Sakai from a simple QRT mapping.
Tomoyuki Takenawa 氏 (Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology) 11:00-11:50
From the QRT maps to elliptic difference Painlevé equations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
This talk is the second part of the joint project with Anton Dzhamay and Stefan Carstea on geometric deautonomization and focuses on the elliptic case and the special symmetry groups. It is well known that two-dimensional mappings preserving a rational elliptic fibration, like the Quispel-Roberts-Thompson mappings, can be deautonomized to discrete Painlevé equations. However, the dependence of this procedure on the choice of a particular elliptic fiber has not been sufficiently investigated.
In this talk we establish a way of performing the deautonomization for a pair of an autonomous mapping and a fiber. Especially, in the case where the fiber is smooth elliptic, imposing certain restrictions on such non autonomous mappings, we obtain new and simple elliptic difference Painlevé equations, including examples whose symmetry groups do not appear explicitly in Sakai's classification.
Hiroshi Kawakami 氏 (Aoyama Gakuin University) 13:30-14:20
The complete degeneration scheme of four-dimensional Painlevé-type equations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In the joint work with H. Sakai and A. Nakamura, we constructed the degeneration scheme of four-dimensional Painlevé-type equations associated with unramified linear equations. In this talk I present the "complete" degeneration scheme of the four-dimensional Painlevé-type equations, which is constructed by means of the degeneration of HTL forms of associated linear equations.
Akane Nakamura 氏 (Josai University) 14:30-15:20
Degeneration of the Painlevé divisors (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
There are three types of curves associated with 4-dimensional algebraically completely integrable systems, namely the spectral curve, the Painlevé divisors, and the separation curve. I am going to explain these three curves of genus two taking examples derived from the isospectral limit of the 4-dimensional Painlevé-type equations and study the Namikawa-Ueno type degeneration.
Teruhisa Tsuda 氏 (Hitotsubashi University) 16:00-16:50
Rational approximation and Schlesinger transformation (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We show how rational approximation problems for functions are related to the construction of Schlesinger transformations. Also we discuss their applications to the theory of isomonodromic deformations or Painlevé equations. This talk is based on a joint work with Toshiyuki Mano.
Takafumi Mase 氏 (the University of Tokyo) 17:00-17:50
Spaces of initial conditions for nonautonomous mappings of the plane (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Spaces of initial conditions are one of the most important and powerful tools to analyze mappings of the plane. In this talk, we study the basic properties of general nonautonomous equations that have spaces of initial conditions. We will consider the minimization of spaces of initial conditions for nonautonomous systems and we shall discuss a classification of nonautonomous integrable mappings of the plane with a space of initial conditions.

2016年12月14日(水)

代数学コロキウム

18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Luc Illusie 氏 (Université Paris-Sud)
On vanishing cycles and duality, after A. Beilinson (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
It was proved by Gabber in the early 1980's that $R\Psi$ commutes with duality, and that $R\Phi$ preserves perversity up to shift. It had been in the folklore since then that this last result was in fact a consequence of a finer one, namely the compatibility of $R\Phi$ with duality. In this talk I'll give a proof of this, using a method explained to me by A. Beilinson.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)

2016年12月13日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
三松 佳彦 氏 (中央大学)
3 次元多様体上の平面場とそれに接する非圧縮流の漸近的絡み目 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a report on a project in (a very slow) progress which aims to prove the tightness of contact structures associated with algebraic Anosov flows without using Bennequin's nor Gromov's results.

After introducing an interpretation of asymptotic linking pairing in terms of differential forms, we attach a subspaces of exact 2-forms to each plane field. We analyze this space in the case where the plane field is an algebraic Anosov foliation and explain what can be done
using results from foliated cohomology and frameworks for secondary characteristic classes. We also show some explicit computations.

To close the talk, a quantization phenomenon which happens when a foliation is deformed into a contact structure is explained and we state some perspectives on applying the results on foliations to the tightness.

解析学火曜セミナー

16:50-18:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Hans Christianson 氏 (North Carolina State University)
Distribution of eigenfunction mass on some really simple domains (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Eigenfunctions are fundamental objects of study in spectral geometry and quantum chaos. On a domain or manifold, they determine the behaviour of solutions to many evolution type equations using, for example, separation of variables. Eigenfunctions are very sensitive to background geometry, so it is important to understand what the eigenfunctions look like: where are they large and where are they small? There are many different ways to measure what "large" and "small" mean. One can consider local $L^2$ distribution, local and global $L^p$ distribution, as well as restrictions and boundary values. I will give an overview of what is known, and then discuss some very recent works in progress demonstrating that complicated things can happen even in very simple geometric settings.

2016年12月12日(月)

東京確率論セミナー

16:50-18:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
秋元琢磨 氏 (慶應義塾大学)
異常拡散におけるエルゴード性の破れとサンプル依存性
[ 講演概要 ]
エルゴード的な系では、単一の軌道に対して、時間平均により得られる観測量は時間無限大の極限で一定値に収束する。特に、平衡系では、この一定値は、初期状態には依存せず、平衡分布による平均値と一致する。したがって、同じ条件の下で観測すれば、観測結果は不変である。つまり、エルゴード的な系は再現性を持つ。本講演では、連続時間ランダムウォークにおける拡散性(平均2乗変位)は再現性を持たないが分布的な再現性を持つことを紹介する [1,2]。連続時間ランダムウォークは、ランダムなポテンシャルエネルギー空間上のランダムウォーク(トラップモデル)をアニールした(空間的な不均質性は考えず、ランダムポテンシャルが常に時間変化している)モデルである。本講演では、さらに、このトラップモデルに対して、系のサイズが有限であるとき、系はエルゴード的であり、時間平均で定義された平均2乗変位は再現性を持つが、ある温度(ガラス温度)以下では、たとえ系のサイズを大きくしても、同じ値には収束せず、不均質さのサンプルに強く依存する(サンプルのゆらぎに起因して拡散性が大きく変わる)ことも示す[3]。換言すれば、ガラス温度以下では、大数の法則が破れ、拡散性はサンプルに依存して本質的にランダムになる。

参考文献
[1] Y. He, S. Burov, R. Metzler, and E. Barkai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 058101 (2008).
[2] T. Miyaguchi and T. Akimoto, Phys. Rev. E 87, 032130 (2013).
[3] T. Akimoto, E. Barkai, and K. Saito, Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 180602 (2016).

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
川上 裕 氏 (金沢大学)
完備極小曲面の研究の最近の進展について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
ユークリッド空間内の完備極小曲面の性質は様々な観点から研究されていますが、複素解析的視点からの研究は近年においてもますます進展しています。そこで本講演では、完備極小曲面の研究の最近の進展について、講演者の成果も交えてお話したいと思います。

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
瀬戸樹 氏 (名大多元数理)
Roeコサイクルと分割された多様体の指数定理, そして一般化へ (Japanese)

2016年12月07日(水)

談話会・数理科学講演会

15:30-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Uwe Jannsen 氏 (Regensburg/東大数理)
On a conjecture of Bloch and Kato, and a local analogue.
[ 講演概要 ]
In their seminal paper on Tamagawa Numbers of motives,
Bloch and Kato introduced a notion of motivic pairs, without
loss of generality over the rational numbers, which should
satisfy certain properties (P1) to (P4). The last property
postulates the existence of a Galois stable lattice T in the
associated adelic Galois representation V such that for each
prime p the fixed module of the inertia group of Q_p of
V/T is l-divisible for almost all primes l different from p.

I postulate an analogous local conjecture and show that it
implies the global conjecture.

2016年12月06日(火)

解析学火曜セミナー

16:50-18:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Horia Cornean 氏 (オールボー大学、デンマーク)
On the trivialization of Bloch bundles and the construction of localized Wannier functions (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We shall present an introductory lecture on the trivialization of Bloch bundles and its physical implications. Simply stated, the main question we want to answer is the following: given a rank $N\geq 1$ family of orthogonal projections $P(k)$ where $k\in \mathbb{R}^d$, $P(\cdot)$ is smooth and $\mathbb{Z}^d$-periodic, is it possible to construct an orthonormal basis of its range which consists of vectors which are both smooth and periodic in $k$? We shall explain in detail the connection with solid state physics. This is joint work with I. Herbst and G. Nenciu.

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
吉田 建一 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Union of 3-punctured spheres in a hyperbolic 3-manifold (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
An essential 3-punctured sphere in a hyperbolic 3-manifold is isotopic to a totally geodesic one. We will classify the topological types for components of union of the totally geodesic 3-punctured spheres in an orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold. There are special types each of which appears in precisely one manifold.

古典解析セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 154号室
David Sauzin 氏 (CNRS)
Introduction to resurgence on the example of saddle-node singularities (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Divergent power series naturally appear when solving such an elementary differential equation as x^2 dy = (x+y) dx, which is the simplest example of saddle-node singularity. I will discuss the formal classification of saddle-node singularities and illustrate on that case Ecalle's resurgence theory, which allows one to analyse the divergence of the formal solutions. One can also deal with resonant saddle-node singularities with one more dimension, a situation which covers the local study at infinity of some Painlevé equations.

2016年12月05日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
大場 貴裕 氏 (東京工業大学)
Stein充填を無限個もつ高次元接触多様体の構成について
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
与えられた接触多様体に対し,それを境界にもつ Stein 領域のことを,その接触多様体の Stein 充填という.これまでに,Stein 充填を無限個もつ 3 次元接触多様体の例は数多く知られている.一方で,5 次元以上の接触多様体でそのような例は知られていない.3 次元の場合には,オープンブック分解や Lefschetz ファイバー空間といった多様体上のファイバー構造を利用して構成されたが,その際に曲面の写像類群が重要な役割を果たしている.高次元の場合も,これらの空間に対応する概念はあるものの,写像類群が高次元多様体のものとなり,その解析は一般には難しい.本講演では,ファイバーとなる高次元多様体として特別なものを選ぶことにより,ファイバー構造を用いて Stein 充填を無限個もつ高次元接触多様体が構成できることを紹介する.

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
増本周平 氏 (東大数理)
On a generalized Fraïssé limit construction (English)

2016年12月01日(木)

統計数学セミナー

16:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
Ciprian Tudor 氏 (Université Lille 1)
On the determinant of the Malliavin matrix and density of random vector on Wiener chaos

[ 講演概要 ]
A well-known problem in Malliavin calculus concerns the relation between the determinant of the Malliavin matrix of a random vector and the determinant of its covariance matrix. We give an explicit relation between these two determinants for couples of random vectors of multiple integrals. In particular, if the multiple integrals are of the same order, we prove that two random variables in the same Wiener chaos either admit a joint density, either are proportional and that the result is not true for random variables in Wiener chaoses of different orders.

2016年11月29日(火)

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Karl Schwede 氏 (University of Utah)
Etale fundamental groups of F-regular schemes (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will discuss recent work studying etale fundamental groups of the regular locus of F-regular schemes. I will describe how to use F-signature to bound the size of the fundamental group of an F-regular scheme, similar to a result of Xu. I will then discuss a recent extension showing that every F-regular scheme X has a finite cover Y, etale over the regular lcous of X, so that the etale fundamental groups of Y and the regular locus of Y agree. This is analogous to results of Greb-Kebekus-Peternell.
All the work discussed is joint with Carvajal-Rojas and Tucker or with with Bhatt, Carvajal-Rojas, Graf and Tucker.

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 17:00-17:30
千葉 逸人 氏 (九州大学)
一般化スペクトル理論とその結合振動子系のダイナミクスへの応用 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
一般のグラフの上で定義された大自由度結合振動子系のダイナミクスを考える。特に、結合強度を大きくしていくと非同期状態から同期状態への相転移が起こることを、一般化スペクトル理論を用いて示す。

解析学火曜セミナー

16:50-18:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
庄司 直高 氏 (筑波大学大学院数理物質科学研究科)
Interior transmission eigenvalue problems on manifolds (Japanese)

2016年11月28日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
中村 聡 氏 (東北大学)
偏極トーリック多様体の対数的チャウ準安定性について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
対数的チャウ(準)安定性とは,射影代数多様体とその因子との組に対して定義される代数幾何学的 (特に幾何学的不変式論的) 概念である.本講演では,偏極トーリック多様体とそのトーリック因子の組が準安定であるための障害について得られた結果を紹介する.またその応用として,(1) 対数的チャウ安定性と対数的K-安定性の関係や, (2) いくつかの具体例でこの障害を計算し,Conical Kahler Einstein 計量の存在との関連を紹介する.

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
長谷部高広 氏 (北海道大学)
Fock space deformed by Coxeter groups (English)

離散数理モデリングセミナー

17:15-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Alfred Ramani 氏 (IMNC, Universite de Paris 7 et 11)
Who cares about integrability ? (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will start my talk with an introduction to integrability of continuous systems. Why is it important? Is it possible to give a definition of integrability which will satisfy everybody? (Short answer: No). I will then present the most salient discoveries of integrable systems, from Newton to Toda. Next I will address the question of discrete integrability. This will lead naturally to the question of discretisation (of continuous systems) and its importance in modelling. I will deal with the construction of integrable discretisations of continuous integrable systems and introduce the singularity confinement discrete integrability criterion. The final part of my talk will be devoted to discrete Painlevé equations. Due to obvious time constraints I will concentrate on one special class of these equations, namely those associated to the E8 affine Weyl group. I will present a succinct summary of our recent results as well as indications for future investigations.

2016年11月25日(金)

FMSPレクチャーズ

10:25-12:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Arthur Ogus 氏 (University of California, Berkeley)
Introduction to Logarithmic Geometry V (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Logarithmic Geometry was invented (or discovered) in the 1980's, with crucial ideas contributed by Deligne, Faltings, Fontaine, Illusie, and especially K. Kato. It provides a systematic framework for the study of the related phenomena of compactification and degeneration in algebraic and arithmetic geometry, with applications to number theory. I will attempt to explain the main ideas and foundations of Kato's version of log geometry, with an emphasis on its geometric and topological aspects.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Ogus.pdf

談話会・数理科学講演会

15:30-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
米田 剛 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
軸対称Euler方程式によるplusatile flowの不安定化現象の純粋数学的洞察
[ 講演概要 ]
血管がある程度太いときの血流の研究においては非圧縮Navier-Stokes方程式がよく使われる。その際、Womersley
numberというものが重要となる。Wormesley numberは、血流の圧力勾配の時間変化に対する振動数、粘性係数、血管の半径によって定義される。Trip, Kuik, Westerweel, Poelma (2012)らは、そのようなpipe flowにおける乱流遷移とそのWomersley numberとの関係を詳細な実験によって調べている。その結論として「Wormesley numberは、そのような乱流遷移を表す指標には適さないのではないか」と示唆している。しかしながら、彼らの実験論文からは、旋回流+層流といった3次元流構造を深く洞察しているようには見受けられない。それを踏まえた上で、本講演では、そのような乱流遷移の純粋数学的洞察を試みる(そのような着眼点による純粋数学研究は、本研究が初である)。より具体的には「流れ場が旋回流+層流で、しかも急激に流入-流出が増加している非圧縮Euler流において、その層流形状は不安定的である」といった定理を示す。ここでの不安定化は境界層には由来しないので、非粘性流による洞察は或る程度正当化されよう。なお、ここで言う「流入-流出の急激な増加」がWomesley numberと(或る程度)対応している。定理の証明には、Frenet-Serret formulasやorthonormal moving frame といった幾何学的概念が本質的に使われる。
[ 講演参考URL ]
https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~yoneda/index.html

2016年11月22日(火)

PDE実解析研究会

10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Yannick Sire (Johns Hopkins University) 氏
De Giorgi conjecture and minimal surfaces for integro-differential operators (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will review the classical De Giorgi conjecture and its link with minimal surfaces. Then I will move on recent results for flatness of level sets of solutions of semi linear equations involving anomalous diffusion. First I will deal with the fractional laplacian; second with quite general integral operators in 2 dimensions.

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