## 過去の記録

#### 作用素環セミナー

15:15-16:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Nicolas Monod 氏 (EPFL)
Fixed point theorems and derivations (ENGLISH)

#### 講演会

13:00-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Sebastien Hitier 氏 (BNP Paribas, Head of Quantitative Research, Credit Asia)
Credit Derivatives Modelling and the concept of Background Intensity I (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Session 1: Introducing background intensity models
- Motivation for the concept of background intensity
- The default realisation marker
- Definition of background filtration and background intensity
- Reformulating the H hypothesis, and Kusuoka’s “remark”
- Generalised HJM formula and Credit Risk neutral dynamics

Session 2: Five useful properties of background intensity models
- Generalised HJM formula for credit
- Definition of conditionally independent defaults
- Diversification effects: results on forward loss distribution
- Stronger conditional independence effect for spot loss
- Existence of a canonical copula
- Properties of the portfolio loss copula

#### 講演会

14:40-16:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Sebastien Hitier 氏 (BNP Paribas, Head of Quantitative Research, Credit Asia)
Credit Derivatives Modelling and the concept of Background Intensity II (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Session 1: Introducing background intensity models
- Motivation for the concept of background intensity
- The default realisation marker
- Definition of background filtration and background intensity
- Reformulating the H hypothesis, and Kusuoka’s “remark”
- Generalised HJM formula and Credit Risk neutral dynamics

Session 2: Five useful properties of background intensity models
- Generalised HJM formula for credit
- Definition of conditionally independent defaults
- Diversification effects: results on forward loss distribution
- Stronger conditional independence effect for spot loss
- Existence of a canonical copula
- Properties of the portfolio loss copula

### 2010年12月14日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Kenneth Schackleton 氏 (IPMU)
On the coarse geometry of Teichmueller space (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss the synthetic geometry of the pants graph in
comparison with the Weil-Petersson metric, whose geometry the
pants graph coarsely models following work of Brock’s. We also
restrict our attention to the 5-holed sphere, studying the Gromov
bordification of the pants graph and the dynamics of pseudo-Anosov
mapping classes.

### 2010年12月13日(月)

#### 複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室

[ 講演概要 ]

#### 代数幾何学セミナー

16:40-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Sergey Fomin 氏 (University of Michigan)
Enumeration of plane curves and labeled floor diagrams (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Floor diagrams are a class of weighted oriented graphs introduced by E. Brugalle and G. Mikhalkin. Tropical geometry arguments yield combinatorial descriptions of (ordinary and relative) Gromov-Witten invariants of projective spaces in terms of floor diagrams and their generalizations. In the case of the projective plane, these descriptions can be used to obtain new formulas for the corresponding enumerative invariants. In particular, we give a proof of Goettsche's polynomiality conjecture for plane curves, and enumerate plane rational curves of given degree passing through given points and having maximal tangency to a given line. On the combinatorial side, we show that labeled floor diagrams of genus 0 are equinumerous to labeled trees, and therefore counted by the celebrated Cayley's formula. The corresponding bijections lead to interpretations of the Kontsevich numbers (the genus-0 Gromov-Witten invariants of the projective plane) in terms of certain statistics on trees.

This is joint work with Grisha Mikhalkin.

### 2010年12月10日(金)

#### 談話会・数理科学講演会

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
-紫綬褒章受章を祝して-

お茶&Coffee&お菓子: 16:00～16:30 (コモンルーム)。

ハミルトン・ヤコビ方程式と結晶成長 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]

・ヤコビ方程式を用いるものである。成長に伴いファセットと呼ばれる平らな面が平らな
まま成長できるかどうか安定性の問題は、複雑な形状が生み出されるかといった形態形成
の問題として重要であるが、半導体のような産業技術の問題としても重要である。ハミル
トン・ヤコビ方程式で記述される場合、数学的には時間大域的な解の挙動の問題と考えら
れる。ハミルトニアンが強圧的な場合は力学系的に言えばエルゴード性があることはよく

しないことがわかる。このような数学的成果に触れつつ、結晶成長の問題に対してどのよ
うな貢献ができるかについて述べる。

### 2010年12月09日(木)

#### 作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Ryszard Nest 氏 (Univ. Copenhagen)
Spectral flow associated to KMS states with periodic KMS group action (ENGLISH)

### 2010年12月07日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Raphael Ponge 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Diffeomorphism-invariant geometries and noncommutative geometry (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In many geometric situations we may encounter the action of
a group $G$ on a manifold $M$, e.g., in the context of foliations. If
the action is free and proper, then the quotient $M/G$ is a smooth
manifold. However, in general the quotient $M/G$ need not even be
Hausdorff. Furthermore, it is well-known that a manifold has structure
invariant under the full group of diffeomorphisms except the
differentiable structure itself. Under these conditions how can one do
diffeomorphism-invariant geometry?

Noncommutative geometry provides us with the solution of trading the
ill-behaved space $M/G$ for a non-commutative algebra which
essentially plays the role of the algebra of smooth functions on that
space. The local index formula of Atiyah-Singer ultimately holds in
the setting of noncommutative geometry. Using this framework Connes
and Moscovici then obtained in the 90s a striking reformulation of the
local index formula in diffeomorphism-invariant geometry.

An important part the talk will be devoted to reviewing noncommutative
geometry and Connes-Moscovici's index formula. We will then hint to on-
going projects about reformulating the local index formula in two new
geometric settings: biholomorphism-invariant geometry of strictly
pseudo-convex domains and contactomorphism-invariant geometry.

#### 数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室

https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gcoe/index.html

(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]

[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

### 2010年12月06日(月)

#### 複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室

[ 講演概要 ]

### 2010年12月04日(土)

#### 古典解析セミナー

09:30-10:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

#### 古典解析セミナー

10:40-11:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

ホインの微分方程式における積分変換とその応用 (JAPANESE)

#### 古典解析セミナー

13:00-14:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

#### 古典解析セミナー

14:10-15:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

アフィン・ルート系とモノドロミー保存変形系、超幾何関数 (JAPANESE)

#### 古典解析セミナー

15:30-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

### 2010年12月03日(金)

#### GCOEセミナー

11:00-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 270号室
Jarmo Hietarinta 氏 (University of Turku)
Discrete Integrability and Consistency-Around-the-Cube (CAC) (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
For integrable lattice equations we can still apply many integrability criteria that are regularly used for continuous systems, but there are also some that are specific for discrete systems. One particularly successful discrete integrability criterion is the multidimensional consistency, or CAC. We review the classic results of Nijhoff and of Adler-Bobenko-Suris and then present some extensions.

#### GCOEセミナー

13:30-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Nalini Joshi 氏 (University of Sydney)
Geometric asymptotics of the first Painleve equation (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will report on my recent collaboration with Hans Duistermaat on the geometry of the space of initial values of the first Painleve equation, which was first constructed by Okamoto. We show that highly accurate information about solutions can be found by utilizing the regularized and compactified space of initial values in Boutroux's coordinates. I will also describe numerical explorations based on this work obtained in collaboration with Holger Dullin.

#### 古典解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

Painleve第3方程式と箙多様体 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Painleve方程式の初期値空間を与える線型常微分方程式系のモジュライ空間は,2, 4, 5, 6型の場合,岡本Dynkin図に付随する中島箙多様体で記述できる事が知られている.

### 2010年12月01日(水)

#### 代数学コロキウム

16:30-18:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

On a problem of Matsumoto and Tamagawa concerning monodromic fullness of hyperbolic curves (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we will discuss the following problem posed by Makoto Matsumoto and Akio Tamagawa concerning monodromic fullness of hyperbolic curves.

For a hyperbolic curve X over a number field, are the following three conditions equivalent?
(A) For any prime number l, X is quasi-l-monodromically full.
(B) There exists a prime number l such that X is l-monodromically full.
(C) X is l-monodromically full for all but finitely many prime numbers l.

The property of being (quasi-)monodromically full may be regarded as an analogue for hyperbolic curves of the property of not admitting complex multiplication for elliptic curves, and the above equivalence may be regarded as an analogue for hyperbolic curves of the following result concerning the Galois representation on the Tate module of an elliptic curve over a number field proven by Jean-Pierre Serre.

For an elliptic curve E over a number field, the following four conditions are equivalent:
(0) E does not admit complex multiplication.
(1) For any prime number l, the image of the l-adic Galois representation associated to E is open.
(2) There exists a prime number l such that the l-adic Galois representation associated to E is surjective.
(3) The l-adic Galois representation associated to E is surjective for all but finitely many prime numbers l.

In this talk, I will present some results concerning the above problem in the case where the given hyperbolic curve is of genus zero. In particular, I will give an example of a hyperbolic curve of type (0,4) over a number field which satisfies condition (C) but does not satisfy condition (A).
Marco Garuti 氏 (University of Padova) 17:45-18:45
Galois theory for schemes (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss some aspects of finite group scheme actions: the Galois correspondence and the notion of Galois closure.

### 2010年11月30日(火)

#### 数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室

https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gcoe/index.html

[ 講演概要 ]

[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム

Pin^-(2)-monopole equations and intersection forms with local coefficients of 4-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce a variant of the Seiberg-Witten equations, Pin^-(2)-monopole equations, and explain its applications to intersection forms with local coefficients of 4-manifolds.
The first application is an analogue of Froyshov's results on 4-manifolds which have definite forms with local coefficients.
The second one is a local coefficient version of Furuta's 10/8-inequality.
As a corollary, we construct nonsmoothable spin 4-manifolds satisfying Rohlin's theorem and the 10/8-inequality.

#### 作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Yi-Jun Yao 氏 (Fudan Univ.)
Noncommutative geometry and Rankin-Cohen brackets (ENGLISH)

### 2010年11月29日(月)

#### Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Scott Carnahan 氏 (IPMU)
Borcherds products in monstrous moonshine. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
During the 1980s, Koike, Norton, and Zagier independently found an
infinite product expansion for the difference of two modular j-functions
on a product of half planes. Borcherds showed that this product identity
is the Weyl denominator formula for an infinite dimensional Lie algebra
that has an action of the monster simple group by automorphisms, and used
this action to prove the monstrous moonshine conjectures.

I will describe a more general construction that yields an infinite
product identity and an infinite dimensional Lie algebra for each element
of the monster group. The above objects then arise as the special cases
assigned to the identity element. Time permitting, I will attempt to
describe a connection to conformal field theory.

#### 代数幾何学セミナー

16:40-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室

K3 surfaces and log del Pezzo surfaces of index three (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Alexeev and Nikulin have classified log del Pezzo surfaces of index 1 and 2 by using the classification of non-symplectic involutions on K3 surfaces. We want to discuss the generalization of this result to the index 3 cases. In this case we are also able to construct log del Pezzos $Z$ from K3 surfaces $X$, but the converse is not necessarily true. The condition on $Z$ is exactly the "multiple smooth divisor property", which we will define. Our theorem is the classification of log del Pezzo surfaces of index 3 with this property.

The idea of the proof is similar to that of Alexeev and Nikulin, but the methods are different because of the existence of singularities: although the singularity is mild, the description of nef cone by reflection groups cannot be used. Instead
we construct and analyze good elliptic fibrations on K3 surfaces $X$ and use it to obtain the classification. It includes a partial but geometric generalization of the classification of non-symplectic automorphisms of order three, recently done by Artebani, Sarti and Taki.