過去の記録

過去の記録 ~11/11本日 11/12 | 今後の予定 11/13~

2010年09月04日(土)

講演会

09:30-11:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Bernhard Mühlherr 氏 (Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen)
Mini-course on Buildings (1/3) (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The goal of this course is to provide an overview on the theory of buildings which was developed by Jacques Tits.

In my first lecture I will begin by introducing generalized polygons, namely rank two spherical buildings, and discussing several aspects of them which will be generalized later, and then move on to defining Coxeter complexes and giving the classical definition of buildings as simplicial complexes. I will try to include as many examples as possible.

This is Part 1 of a 3-part lecture. The second lecture will follow after a ten-minute break.

講演会

11:10-12:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Bernhard Mühlherr 氏 (Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen)
Mini-course on Buildings (2/3) (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The goal of this course is to provide an overview on the theory of buildings which was developed by Jacques Tits.

In my second lecture I will start with chamber systems and coset
geometries, introducing some special properties of chamber systems in order to give another definition of a building. This definition is less standard but it will give some results on presentations of groups acting on buildings for free. In particular it will enable me to present a sketch of a proof of the Curtis-Tits theorem for Chevalley groups and to formulate Tits' extension theorem.

This is Part 2 of a 3-part lecture. Part 1 takes place ealier on the same day. Part 3 will take place on Thursday, September 9.

2010年09月03日(金)

講演会

14:30-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Luc Robbiano 氏 (University of Versailles)
Carleman estimates and boundary problems. (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this presentation, based on joint works with Jerome LeRousseau and Matthieu Leautaud, we consider boundary problems for elliptic/parabolic operators. We prove Carleman estimates in such cases. One of the interest for such an estimate is the implied controllability of (semi-linear) heat equations.

One of the main aspects of the proof is a microlocal decomposition separating high and low tangential frequencies.

If time permits, we will present how such an approach can be used to prove Carleman estimates in the case of non smooth coefficients at an interface, possibly with an additional diffusion process along the interface.

2010年09月01日(水)

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
いつもと場所が違います
Bernhard M\"uhlherr 氏 (Justus-Liebig-Universit\"at Giessen)
Groups of Kac-Moody type (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Groups of Kac-Moody type are natural generalizations of Kac-Moody groups over fields in the sense that they have an RGD-system. This is a system of subgroups indexed by the roots of a root system and satisfying certain commutation relations.
Roughly speaking, there is a one-to-one correspondence between groups of Kac-Moody type and Moufang twin buildings. This correspondence was used in the last decade to prove several group theoretic results on RGD-systems and in particular on Kac-
Moody groups over fields.

In my talk I will explain RGD-systems and how they provide twin
buildings in a natural way. I will then present some of the group theoretic applications mentioned above and describe how twin buildings are used as a main tool in their proof.

博士論文発表会

16:30-17:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
今井 直毅 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On the moduli spaces of finite flat models of Galois representations (Galois表現の有限平坦モデルのモジュライ空間について) (JAPANESE)

2010年08月06日(金)

講演会

15:30-17:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Leevan Ling 氏 (Hong Kong Baptist University) 15:30-16:30
A Spectral Method for Space--
Time Fractional Diffusion Equation (ENGLISH)
Mourad Choulli 氏 (University of Metz) 16:45-17:45
A multidimensional Borg-Levinson theorem (ENGLISH)

GCOEセミナー

15:00-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Matthieu Alfaro 氏 (University Montpellier 2)
Motion by mean curvature and Allen-Cahn equations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
After introducing the classical and the generalized motion by mean curvature, we give some connections with the singular limit of Allen-Cahn equations in both framework. New results and estimates shall be provided.

2010年08月05日(木)

講演会

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Yongzhi Steve Xu 氏 (University of Louisville, USA)
Radiation Conditions for Wave in Stratified Medium and Related Inverse
Problems (ENGLISH)

講演会

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Yongzhi Steve Xu 氏 (University of Louisville, USA)
Radiation Conditions for Wave in Stratified Medium and Related Inverse Problems (ENGLISH)

2010年07月30日(金)

GCOEセミナー

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Oleg Emanouilov 氏 (Colorado State University)
Global uniqueness in determining a coefficient by boundary data on small subboundaries (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the Dirichlet problem for the stationary two-dimensional Schroedinger equation. We discuss an inverse boundary value problem of determining the potential from a pair of all Dirichlet data supported in a subboundary S+ and all the corresponding Neumann data taken only on a subboundary S-. In the case where S+ = S- are the whole boundary, the data are the classical Dirichlet to Neumann map and there are many uniqueness results, while in the case where S+=S- is an arbitrary subboundary, Imanuvilov-Uhlmann-Yamamoto (2010) proves the uniqueness. In this talk, for the case where S+ and S- are not same, we prove the global uniqueness for this inverse problem under a condition only on the locations of S+, S-. We note that within the condition, S+ and S- can be arbitrarily small. The key of the proof is the construction of suitable complex geometrical optics solutions by a Carleman estimate with singular weight function.

2010年07月29日(木)

代数幾何学セミナー

14:30-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
いつもと曜日・時間帯が異なります。ご注意ください。
二木昌宏 氏 (東大数理)
Homological Mirror Symmetry for 2-dimensional toric Fano stacks (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Homological Mirror Symmetry (HMS for short) is a conjectural
duality between complex and symplectic geometry, originally proposed
for mirror pairs of Calabi-Yau manifolds and later extended to
Fano/Landau-Ginzburg mirrors (both due to Kontsevich, 1994 and 1998).

We explain how HMS is established in the case of 2-dimensional smooth
toric Fano stack X as an equivalence between the derived category of X
and the derived directed Fukaya category of its mirror Lefschetz
fibration W. This is related to Kontsevich-Soibelman's construction of
3d CY category from the quiver with potential.

We also obtain a local mirror extension following Seidel's suspension
theorem, that is, the local HMS for the canonical bundle K_X and the
double suspension W+uv. This talk is joint with Kazushi Ueda (Osaka
U.).

2010年07月28日(水)

GCOEセミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
数値解析セミナー#008
及川 一誠 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
定常移流拡散方程式に対するハイブリッド型不連続Galerkin法 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
本講演では,ハイブリッド型不連続Galerkin(HDG)法による,定常移流拡散方程式の新しい数値計算スキームを紹介し,定式化や誤差評価,安定性等について述べる.新スキームの有効性を確認するために,数値計算例もいくつか示す.なお,講演前半は準備として,Poisson方程式に対するHDG法について解説する.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
及川一誠 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
定常移流拡散方程式に対するハイブリッド型不連続Galerkin法 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
本講演では,ハイブリッド型不連続Galerkin(HDG)法による,定常移流拡散方程式の新しい数値計算スキームを紹介し,定式化や誤差評価,安定性等について述べる.新スキームの有効性を確認するために,数値計算例もいくつか示す.なお,講演前半は準備として,Poisson方程式に対するHDG法について解説する.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

2010年07月27日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
井上 歩 氏 (東京工業大学)
Quandle homology and complex volume
(Joint work with Yuichi Kabaya) (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
For a hyperbolic 3-manifold M, the complex value (Vol(M) + i CS(M)) is called the complex volume of M. Here, Vol(M) denotes the volume of M, and CS(M) the Chern-Simons invariant of M.
In 2004, Neumann defined the extended Bloch group, and showed that there is an element of the extended Bloch group corresponding to a hyperbolic 3-manifold.
He further showed that we can compute the complex volume of the manifold by evaluating the element of the extended Bloch group.
To obtain an element of the extended Bloch group corresponding to a hyperbolic 3-manifold, we have to find an ideal triangulation of the manifold and to solve several equations.
On the other hand, we show that the element of the extended Bloch group corresponding to the exterior of a hyperbolic link is obtained from a quandle shadow coloring.
It means that we can compute the complex volume combinatorially from a link diagram.

博士論文発表会

16:00-17:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
富安 亮子 氏 (大学院数理科学研究科)
CM体のCM-typesとreflexの体のある代数的性質について (JAPANESE)

2010年07月22日(木)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Owen Sizemore 氏 (UCLA)
$W^*$ Rigidity for actions of wreath product groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The past 8 years have seen much progress in the classification of
actions of groups on measure spaces. Much of this is due to new powerful
techniques in operator algebras. We will survey some of these results
as well as the new operator algebra techniques. We will then give new
results concerning the classification of actions of wreath product groups.

2010年07月20日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム
川室 圭子 氏 (University of Iowa)
A polynomial invariant of pseudo-Anosov maps (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Thurston-Nielsen classified surface homomorphism into three classes. Among them, the pseudo-Anosov class is the most interesting since there is strong connection to the hyperbolic manifolds. As an invariant, the dilatation number has been known. In this talk, I will introduce a new invariant of pseudo-Anosov maps. It is an integer coefficient polynomial, which contains the dilatation as the largest real root and is often reducible. I will show properties of the polynomials, examples, and some application to knot theory. (This is a joint work with Joan Birman and Peter Brinkmann.)

2010年07月15日(木)

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

14:30-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
いつもと曜日、場所、開始時刻が異なります。
Soo Teck Lee 氏 (Singapore National University)
Pieri rule and Pieri algebras for the orthogonal groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]

The irreducible rational representations of the complex orthogonal
group $\\mathrm{O}_n$ are labeled by a certain set of Young diagrams,
and we denote the representation corresponding to the Young diagram
$D$ by $\\sigma^D_n$. Consider the tensor product
$\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n$ of two such representations. It can
be decomposed as
\\[\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n=\\bigoplus_Fm_F\\sigma^F_n,\\]
where for each Young diagram $F$ in the sum, $m_F$ is the
multiplicity of $\\sigma^F_n$ in $\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n$. In
the case when the Young diagram $E$ consists of only one row, a
description of the multiplicities in $\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n$
is called the {\\em Pieri Rule}. In this talk, I shall describe a
family of algebras whose structure encodes a generalization of the
Pieri Rule.

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
小沢登高 氏 (東大数理)
Type II$_1$ von Neumann representations for Hecke operators on Maass forms (after F. Radulescu) (ENGLISH)

統計数学セミナー

15:00-16:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 000号室
本講演は数理ITスタジオで行われます.
増田 弘毅 氏 (九州大学大学院数理学研究院)
Mighty convergence in LAD type estimation (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
高頻度に離散観測されるレヴィ駆動型オルンシュタイン-ウーレンベック過程の推定に際し,最少絶対偏差(LAD)型コントラスト関数を提案する.当該統計的確率場に関して漸近挙動および多項式型大偏差不等式を導出し,対応する推定量の漸近正規性と任意次数のモーメントの収束を示す.統計ソフトウェアRにおける数値実験の実装,およびモデル拡張の可能性についても言及する予定である.
[ 講演参考URL ]
https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2010/04.html

2010年07月13日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Marion Moore 氏 (University of California, Davis)
High Distance Knots in closed 3-manifolds (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let M be a closed 3-manifold with a given Heegaard splitting.
We show that after a single stabilization, some core of the
stabilized splitting has arbitrarily high distance with respect
to the splitting surface. This generalizes a result of Minsky,
Moriah, and Schleimer for knots in S^3. We also show that in the
complex of curves, handlebody sets are either coarsely distinct
or identical. We define the coarse mapping class group of a
Heeegaard splitting, and show that if (S,V,W) is a Heegaard
splitting of genus greater than or equal to 2, then the coarse
mapping class group of (S,V,W) is isomorphic to the mapping class
group of (S, V, W). This is joint work with Matt Rathbun.

解析学火曜セミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Carlos Villegas Blas 氏 (メキシコ国立自治大学)
On a limiting eigenvalue distribution theorem for perturbations of the hydrogen atom (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let H be the hydrogen atom Hamiltonian. We will show that
the operator H+P can have well defined clusters of eigenvalues
for a suitable perturbation P=f(h)Q where Q is a pseudo-differential
operator of order zero and f(h) is a small quantity depending of
the Planck's parameter h. We will show that the distribution of
eigenvalues in those clusters has a semi-classical limit involving
the averages of the principal symbol of Q along the classical orbits
of the Kepler problem.

2010年07月12日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
川上 裕 氏 (九大数理)
波面のGauss写像の値分布とその応用 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
曲面のGauss写像の値分布を調べることは,曲面の大域的性質を調べる上で非常に有用である.そのことは,波面と呼ばれるある種の特異点を許容するクラスに拡張しても同様である.本講演では,九大数理の中條大介氏との共同研究によって得られた,実3次元双曲型空間内の弱完備な平坦波面および実3次元アファイン空間内の弱完備な非固有アファイン波面でのGauss写像の除外値数の最良の評価式と,その応用として得られた完備性をもつ曲面の一意化定理の見通しのよい新しい証明について紹介する.

代数幾何学セミナー

16:40-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
大川 領 氏 (東京工業大学)
Flips of moduli of stable torsion free sheaves with $c_1=1$ on
$\\\\mathbb{P}^2$ (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We study flips of moduli schemes of stable torsion free sheaves
on the projective plane via wall-crossing phenomena of Bridgeland stability.
They are described as stratified Grassmann bundles by variation of
stability of modules over certain finite dimensional algebra.

2010年07月08日(木)

応用解析セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Anna Vainchtein 氏 (University of Pittsburgh, Department of Mathematics)
Effect of nonlinearity on the steady motion of a twinning dislocation (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the steady motion of a twinning dislocation in a Frenkel-Kontorova lattice with a double-well substrate potential that has a non-degenerate spinodal region. Semi-analytical traveling wave solutions are constructed for the piecewise quadratic potential, and their stability and further effects of nonlinearity are investigated numerically. We show that the width of the spinodal region and the nonlinearity of the potential have a significant effect on the dislocation kinetics, resulting in stable steady motion in some low-velocity intervals and lower propagation stress. We also conjecture that a stable steady propagation must correspond to an increasing portion of the kinetic relation between the applied stress and dislocation velocity.

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