過去の記録 ~09/23本日 09/24 | 今後の予定 09/25~



16:45-17:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Hendrik Weber 氏 (University of Warwick)
Invariant measure of the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation: the regime of small noise and large system size (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We study the invariant measure of the one-dimensional stochastic Allen-Cahn equation for a small noise strength and a large but finite system. We endow the system with inhomogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions that enforce at least one transition from -1 to 1. We are interested in the competition between the ``energy'' that should be minimized due to the small noise strength and the ``entropy'' that is induced by the large system size.
Our methods handle system sizes that are exponential with respect to the inverse noise strength, up to the ``critical'' exponential size predicted by the heuristics. We capture the competition between energy and entropy through upper and lower bounds on the probability of extra transitions between $\\pm 1$. These bounds are sharp on the exponential scale and imply in particular that the probability of having one and only one transition from -1 to +1 is exponentially close to one. In addition, we show that the position of the transition layer is uniformly distributed over the system on scales larger than the logarithm of the inverse noise strength.
Our arguments rely on local large deviation bounds, the strong Markov property, the symmetry of the potential, and measure-preserving reflections.
This is a joint work with Felix Otto and Maria Westdickenberg.


15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
戸田 幸伸 氏 (IPMU)
Stability conditions and birational geometry (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
I propose a conjecture which claims that MMP for a smooth projective variety is realized as a variation of Bridgeland moduli spaces of semistable objects in the derived category of coherent sheaves. I will discuss the surface case and extremal contractions for 3-folds. In the former case, the conjecture is completely solved. In the latter case, I will construct the perverse t-structure associated to the extremal contraction, and construct a candidate of the desired stability condition as a double tilting of the perverse heart.


15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Alfred Ramani 氏 (Ecole Polytechnique)
Linearisable mappings (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We present a series of results on linearisable second-order mappings.
Three distinct families of such mappings do exist: projective, mappings of Gambier type and mappings which we have dubbed "of third kind".
Our starting point are the linearisable mappings belonging to the QRT family. We show how they can be linearised and how in some cases their explicit solution can be constructed. We discuss also the growth property of these mappings, a property intimately related to linearisability.
In the second part of the talk we address the question of the extension of these mappings to a non-autonomous form.
We show that the QRT invariant can also be extended (to a quantity which depends explicitly on the independent variable). Using this non-autonomous form we show that it is possible to construct the explicit solution of all third-kind mappings. We discuss also the relation of mappings of the third kind to Gambier-type mappings. We show that a large subclass of third-kind mappings can be considered as the discrete derivative of Gambier-type ones.


10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
小森 洋平 氏 (早稲田大学)
トーラス上の種数2のリーマン面の退化族について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]



16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
お茶&Coffee&お菓子: 16:00~16:30 (コモンルーム)。

二木昭人 氏 (東京大学)
複素微分幾何に現れる積分不変量について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
コンパクト複素多様体のもっともなじみ深い不変量は Chern 類であろう.この講演ではその secondary classes にあたる正則ベクトル場を含んだ積分不変量の族で,次のような3つを含むものについて紹介する.
(1) 各 k に対し,k 次 Chern 形式が調和形式であるようなケーラー計量が存在するための障害となる不変量.
(2) 非ケーラー多様体でも定義される不変量で,横断的正則葉層構造の特性類やLefchetz 数などから自然に得られる不変量.
(3) 代数多様体に対し,漸近的 Chow 半安定性の障害となる不変量.


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Dietmar Bisch 氏 (Vanderbilt University)
Subfactors with small Jones index (ENGLISH)



18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Pierre Berthelot 氏 (Université de Rennes 1)
De Rham-Witt complexes with coefficients and rigid cohomology
[ 講演概要 ]
For a smooth scheme over a perfect field of characteristic p, we will explain a generalization of the classical comparison theorem between crystalline cohomology and de Rham-Witt cohomology to the case of cohomologies with coefficients in a p-torsion free crystal. This provides in particular a description of the rigid cohomology of a proper singular scheme in terms of a de Rham-Witt complex built from a closed immersion into a smooth scheme.


10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
開始時間と開催場所などは変更されることがあるので, セミナーごとにご確認ください.
河井公大朗 氏 (東北大学)
Construction of coassociative submanifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The notion of coassociative submanifolds is defined as the special class of the minimal submanifolds in G_2 manifolds. In this talk, we introduce the method to construct coassociative submanifolds by using the symmetry of the Lie group action. As an application, we give explicit examples in the 7-dimensional Euclidean space and in the anti-self-dual bundle over the 4-sphere.



16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
北山 貴裕 氏 (京都大学数理解析研究所,日本学術振興会PD)
The virtual fibering theorem and sutured manifold hierarchies (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In 2007 Agol showed that every irreducible 3-manifold whose fundamental
group is nontrivial and virtually residually finite rationally solvable
(RFRS) is virtually fibered. In the proof he used the theory of
least-weight taut normal surfaces introduced and developed by Oertel and
Tollefson-Wang. We give another proof using complexities of sutured
manifolds. This is a joint work with Stefan Friedl (University of


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Oskar Hamlet 氏 (Chalmers University)
Tight maps, a classification (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Tight maps/homomorphisms were introduced during the study of rigidity properties of surface groups in Hermitian Lie groups. In this talk I'll discuss the properties of tight maps, their connection to rigidity theory and my work classifying them.



15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
安武 和範 氏 (九州大学大学院数理学研究院)
On Fano fourfolds with nef vector bundles $Λ^2T_X$ (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
By using results about extremal contractions on smooth fourfolds, we give a classification of fano fourfolds whose the second exterior power of tangent bundles are numerically effective.


10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
A.G. Aleksandrov 氏 (Institute of Control Sciences, Russian Acad. of Sci.)
Residues of meromorphic differential forms (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The purpose of the talk is to discuss several interesting aspects
of the classical residue theory originated by H. Poincar\\'e, J. de Rham and J. Leray and their followers. Focus topics of our studies are some of the less known applications, developed by the author in the past few years in complex analysis, topology and geometry of singular varieties and in the theory of differential equations. Almost all considerations are based essentially on properties of a special class of meromorphic differential forms called logarithmic or multi-logarithmic forms.



13:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
松山 登喜夫 氏 (中央大学) 13:00-14:20
Perturbed Besov spaces by short-range type potential
in exterior domains (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we will define perturbed Besov spaces by a short-range potential over exterior domains. These spaces will be available for obtaining the Strichartz estimates of wave equation with a potential in exterior domains.
We will pay attention to observe the equivalence relation between the perturbed Besov spaces and the free ones.
杉本 充 氏 (名古屋大学) 14:40-16:00
Optimal constants and extremisers for some smoothing estimates (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Our purpose is to study the optimal constant and extremising initial data for a broad class of smoothing estimates for slutions of linear dispersive equations.
Firstly, we discuss the existence/nonexistence of extremisers and then we provide an explicit formula and new observations for the optimal constant.
The talk is based on joint work with Neal Bez (University of Birmingham).
Victor I. Burenkov 氏 (Russia/United Kingdom) 16:30-17:50
Spectral stability of the p-Laplacian (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Dependence of the eigenvalues of the p-Laplacian upon domain perturbation will be under discussion. Namely Lipschitz-type estimates for deviation of the eigenvalues following a domain perturbation will be presented. Such estimates are obtained for the class of open sets admitting open sets with arbitrarily strong degeneration and are expressed in terms of suitable measures of vicinity of two open sets, such as the \\lq\\lq atlas distance" between these sets or the \\lq\\lq lower Hausdor-Pompeiu
deviation" of their boundaries. In the case of open sets with Holder continuous boundaries, our results essentially improve a result known for the rst eigenvalue [2].
Joint work with P. D. Lamberti. The results were recently published in [1].
Supported by the grant of RFBR (project 08-01-00443).

[1] V.I. Burenkov, P.D. Lamberti, Spectral stability of the p-Laplacian, Nonlinear Analysis, 71, 2009, 2227-2235.
[2] J. Fleckinger, E.M. Harrell and F. de Thelin, Boundary behaviour and estimates for solutions for equations containing the p-Laplacian, Electronic Journal of Dierential Equations, 38, 1999, 1-19.



14:50-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 006号室
参加をご希望される方は鎌谷 (阪大基礎工); kamatani at sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jpまでご連絡ください.
廣瀬 慧 氏 (大阪大学大学院基礎工学研究科)
Tuning parameter selection in sparse regression modeling (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In sparse regression modeling via regularization such as the lasso, it is important to select appropriate values of tuning parameters including regularization parameters. The choice of tuning parameters can be viewed as a model selection and evaluation problem. Mallows' Cp type criteria may be used as a tuning parameter selection tool in lasso type regularization methods, for which the concept of degrees of freedom plays a key role. In this talk, we propose an efficient algorithm that computes the degrees of freedom by extending the generalized path seeking algorithm. Our procedure allows us to construct model selection criteria for evaluating models estimated by regularization with a wide variety of convex and nonconvex penalties. The proposed methodology is investigated through the analysis of real data and Monte Carlo simulations. Numerical results show that Cp criterion based on our algorithm performs well in various situations.
[ 参考URL ]



16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
岩木耕平 氏 (京都大学)
パンルヴェ函数のWKB解析とパラメトリックStokes現象 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]



16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
古庄 英和 氏 (名古屋大学多元数理科学研究科)
結び目へのガロア作用 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Thierry Ramond 氏 (Univ. Paris, Orsay)
Resonance free domains for homoclinic orbits (ENGLISH)


16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
奥田隆幸 氏 (東京大学)
An explicit construction of spherical designs on S^3 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The existence of spherical t-designs on S^d for any t and d are proved by Seymour--Zaslavsky in 1984.
However, explicit constructions of spherical designs were not known for d > 2 and large t.
In this talk, for a given spherical t-design Y on S^2, we give an
algorithm to make a spherical 2t-design X on S^3 which maps Y by a Hopf map. In particular, by combining with the results of Kuperberg in 2005, we have an explicit construction of spherical t-designs on S^3 for any t.



15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
馬 昭平 氏 (名古屋大学多元数理科学研究科)
トリゴナル曲線のモジュライの有理性 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]



10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
入江慶 氏 (京都大学)
Hofer-Zehnder capacity and a Hamiltonian circle action with noncontractible orbits (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Hofer-Zehnder (HZ) capacity is an invariant of symplectic manifolds, which is important in symplectic topology and Hamiltonian dynamics. The energy-capacity inequality (due to Hofer and many others) claims that HZ capacity of a domain is bounded from above by its dispalcement energy.
In this talk, we prove a variant of this inequality, which is applicable to nondisplaceable domains. We also give some applications, including case of disc cotangent bundles.



16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室

川中子正 氏 (東京工業大学大学院理工学研究科)
半線形偏微分方程式に対するガレルキン法の誤差解析 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
真の解のガレルキン近似部分空間への直交射影とガレルキン近似解との誤差は、 真の解とガレルキン近似解との誤差より高位の無限小であり、また、前者の有用な減衰評価式を紹介する。
[ 参考URL ]


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
下川 航也 氏 (埼玉大学大学院理工学研究科)
Applications of knot theory to molecular biology (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we discuss applications of knot theory to studies of DNA
and proteins.
Especially we will consider (1)topological characterization of
mechanisms of site-specific recombination systems,
(2)modeling knotted DNA and proteins in confined regions using lattice
knots, and
(3)mechanism of topoisomerases and signed crossing changes.


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Francis Nier 氏 (Univ. Rennes 1)
About the method of characteristics (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
While studying the mean field dynamics of a systems of bosons, one is led to solve a transport equation for a probability measure in an infinite dimensional phase-space. Since those probability measures are characterized after testing with cylindrical or polynomial observables, which make classes which are not invariant after composing with a nonlinear flow. Thus the standard method of characteristics for transport equations cannot be extended at once to the infinite dimensional case. A solution comes from techniques developed for optimal transport and a probabilistic interpretation of trajectories.


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 470号室
Frank Lutz 氏 (ベルリン工科大学)
Discrete Topologgy of Cellular Microstructures
and Complicatedness Measurements for Cell Complexes (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Our first aim is to use methods from discrete and geometric topology
to recover structural information from the composition of
monocrystalline materials that have a periodic foam structure
(such as gas hydrates and transition metal alloys) and also of
polycrystalline materials (such as metals and certain ceramics).

For more general complexes, even with a billion of faces, homological
information can be obtained with computational homology packages
such as CHomP or RedHom. These packages extensively use discrete Morse
theory as a preprocessing step. Although it is NP-hard to find optimal
discrete Morse functions, most data appears to be easy and it is
in fact hard to construct ``complicated'' examples. As we will see,
random discrete Morse theory will allow us to measure the
``complicatedness'' of complexes.



15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
藤田 健人 氏 (京都大学数理解析研究所)
The Mukai conjecture for log Fano manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The concept of log Fano manifolds is one of the most natural generalization of the concept of Fano manifolds. We will give some structure theorems of log Fano manifolds. For example, we will show that the Mukai conjecture for Fano manifolds implies the `log Mukai conjecture' for log Fano manifolds.

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