過去の記録

過去の記録 ~11/11本日 11/12 | 今後の予定 11/13~

2017年11月13日(月)

東京確率論セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
和田 正樹 氏 (福島大学 人間発達文化学類)
シュレディンガー形式における基本解の評価について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
シュレディンガー形式は、マルコフ過程に対応するディリクレ形式に摂動項を加えて得られる。本研究ではシュレディンガー形式における基本解を、元のマルコフ過程の推移確率密度関数(対応するディリクレ形式における基本解と同義)と比較することを目的としている。特に、摂動項が十分大きくなったとき(臨界的という)の基本解の挙動が、元のマルコフ過程の推移確率密度関数とどのように異なるのか、現時点で判明していることを紹介する。

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Georg Schumacher  氏 (Philipps-Universität Marburg)
Relative Canonical Bundles for Families of Calabi-Yau Manifolds
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider holomorphic families of Calabi-Yau manifolds (here being defined by the vanishing of the first real Chern class). We study induced hermitian metrics on the relative canonical bundle, which are related to the Weil-Petersson form on the base. Under a certain condition the total space possesses a Kähler form, whose restriction to fibers are equal to the Ricci flat metrics. Furthermore we prove an extension theorem for the Weil-Petersson form and give applications.

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Juan Orendain 氏 (UNAM)
Globularily generated double categories: On the problem of existence of internalizations for decorated bicategories (English)

2017年11月10日(金)

東京無限可積分系セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Fabio Novaes 氏 (International Institute of Physics (UFRN))
Chern-Simons, gravity and integrable systems. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
It is known since the 80's that pure three-dimensional gravity is classically equivalent to a Chern-Simons theory with gauge group SL(2,R) x SL(2,R). For a given set of boundary conditions, the asymptotic classical phase space has a central extension in terms of two copies of Virasoro algebra. In particular, this gives a conformal field theory representation of black hole solutions in 3d gravity, also known as BTZ black holes. The BTZ black hole entropy can then be recovered using CFT. In this talk, we review this story and discuss recent results on how to relax the BTZ boundary conditions to obtain the KdV hierarchy at the boundary. More generally, this shows that Chern-Simons theory can represent virtually any integrable system at the boundary, given some consistency conditions. We also briefly discuss how this formulation can be useful to describe non-relativistic systems.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.iip.ufrn.br/eventslecturer?inf==0EVRpXTR1TP

2017年11月09日(木)

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

13:30-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Edouard Brezin 氏 (lpt ens, Paris)
Various applications of supersymmetry in statistical physics (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Supersymmetry is a fundamental concept in particle physics (although it has not been seen experimentally so far). But it is although a powerful tool in a number of problems arising in quantum mechanics and statistical physics. It has been widely used in the theory of disordered systems (Efetov et al.), it led to dimensional reduction for branched polymers (Parisi-Sourlas), for the susy classical gas (Brydges and Imbrie), for Landau levels with impurities. If has also many powerful applications in the theory of random matrices. I will briefly review some of these topics.

2017年11月08日(水)

代数学コロキウム

18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Xin Wan 氏 (Morningside Center for Mathematics)
Iwasawa theory and Bloch-Kato conjecture for modular forms (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Bloch and Kato formulated conjectures relating sizes of p-adic Selmer groups with special values of L-functions. Iwasawa theory is a useful tool for studying these conjectures and BSD conjecture for elliptic curves. For example the Iwasawa main conjecture for modular forms formulated by Kato implies the Tamagawa number formula for modular forms of analytic rank 0.
In this talk I'll first briefly review the above theory. Then we will focus on a different Iwasawa theory approach for this problem. The starting point is a recent joint work with Jetchev and Skinner proving the BSD formula for elliptic curves of analytic rank 1. We will discuss how such results are generalized to modular forms. If time allowed we may also explain the possibility to use it to deduce Bloch-Kato conjectures in both analytic rank 0 and 1 cases. In certain aspects such approach should be more powerful than classical Iwasawa theory, and has some potential to attack cases with bad ramification at p.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として,インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of Mathematics と IHES の双方向同時中継で行います.今回は北京からの中継です.)

2017年11月07日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
林 晋 氏 (産総研・東北大オープンイノベーションラボラトリ)
On an explicit example of topologically protected corner states (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In condensed matter physics, topologically protected (codimension-one) edge states are known to appear on the surface of some insulators reflecting some topology of its bulk. Such phenomena can be understood from the point of view of an index theory associated to the Toeplitz extension and are called the bulk-edge correspondence. In this talk, we consider instead the quarter-plane Toeplitz extension and index theory associated with it. As a result, we show that topologically protected (codimension-two) corner states appear reflecting some topology of the gapped bulk and two edges. Such new topological phases can be obtained by taking a ``product’’ of two classically known topological phases (2d type A and 1d type AIII topological phases). By using this construction, we obtain an example of a continuous family of bounded self-adjoint Fredholm quarter-plane Toeplitz operators whose spectral flow is nontrivial, which gives an explicit example of topologically protected corner states.

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
村山 匠 氏 (ミシガン大学)
Characterizations of projective space and Seshadri constants in arbitrary characteristic
[ 講演概要 ]
Mori and Mukai conjectured that projective space should be the only n-dimensional Fano variety whose anti-canonical bundle has degree at least n + 1 along every curve. While this conjecture has been proved in characteristic zero, it remains open in positive characteristic. We will present some progress in this direction by giving another characterization of projective space using Seshadri constants and the Frobenius morphism. The key ingredient is a positive-characteristic analogue of Demailly’s criterion for separation of higher-order jets by adjoint bundles, whose proof gives new results for adjoint bundles even in characteristic zero.

2017年11月06日(月)

FMSPレクチャーズ

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
V. G. Romanov 氏 (Sobolev Institute of Mathematics)
Phaseless inverse problems for Maxwell equations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Romanov2.pdf
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Romanov2.pdf

2017年11月02日(木)

統計数学セミナー

14:00-15:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
Tudor Ciprian 氏 (Université Lille 1)
Hermite processes and sheets
[ 講演概要 ]
The Hermite process of order $\geq 1$ is a self-similar stochastic process with stationary increments living in the $q$th Wiener chaos. The class of Hermite processes includes the fractional Brownian motion (for $q=1$) and the Rosenblatt process (for $q=2$). We present the basic properties of these processes and we introduce their multiparameter version. We also discuss the behavior with respect to the self-similarity index and the possibility so solve stochastic equations with Hermite noise.

2017年11月01日(水)

離散数理モデリングセミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Basile Grammaticos 氏 (Université de Paris VII・XI)
Discrete Painlevé equations associated with the E8 group (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I'll present a summary of the results of the Paris-Tokyo-Pondicherry group on equations associated with the affine Weyl group E8. I shall review the various parametrisations of the E8-related equations, introducing the trihomographic representation and the ancillary variable. Several examples of E8-associated equations will be given including what we believe is the simplest form for the generic elliptic discrete Painlevé equation.

2017年10月31日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Yash Lodha 氏 (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)
Nonamenable groups of piecewise projective homeomorphisms (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Groups of piecewise projective homeomorphisms provide elegant examples of groups that are non amenable, yet do not contain non abelian free subgroups. In this talk I will present a survey of these groups and discuss their striking properties. I will discuss properties such as (non)amenability, finiteness properties, normal subgroup structure, actions by various degrees of regularity and Tarski numbers.

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Zhan Li 氏 (Beijing)
ACC for log canonical threshold polytopes (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We show that the log canonical threshold polytopes of varieties with log canonical singularities satisfy the ascending chain condition. This is a joint work with Jingjun Han and Lu Qi.

離散数理モデリングセミナー

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Basile Grammaticos 氏 (Université de Paris VII・XI)
The end of the World (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is not a seminar on astrophysics or cosmology. I am not going to talk about something that will happen in billions of years. I will rather explain the menace to our civilisation and to the human species. Inspired from the works of several authors I will explain the existing risks. I will also present mathematical models which show that a general collapse is possible in the decades that follow.

離散数理モデリングセミナー

15:30-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Fon-Che Liu 氏 (National Taiwan University)
A hierarchy of approximate regularity of functions (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
A hierarchy of a certain weakly sensed regularity of functions defined on subsets of Euclidean n-space which originated from the well-known Lusin theorem that characterizes measurable functions in terms of approximate continuity will be introduced. Its intimate relations with the ordinary hierarchy of regularity in terms of order of continuous differentiability will be exposed and explained.

FMSPレクチャーズ

16:00-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
V. G. Romanov 氏 (Sobolev Institute of Mathematics)
Some Geometric Aspects in Inverse Problems (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider inverse problems related to recovering coefficients in partial differential equations of the second order. It is supposed that some measurements of solutions to direct problems are produced on convenient sets. A study of some inverse problems for hyperbolic equations leads to geometric problems: recovering a function from its integrals along geodesic lines of the Riemannian metric or recovering the Riemannian metric inside a domain from given distances between arbitrary points of the domain boundary. Our main goal here is to demonstrate how such geometric problems arise for equations of parabolic and elliptic types.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Romanov.pdf

2017年10月30日(月)

東京確率論セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
伊藤 悠 氏 (京都産業大学 理学部数理科学科)
Integration of controlled rough paths via fractional calculus (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
本研究は非整数階微積分に基づいたラフパス理論の研究である。非整数階微積分に基づいたラフパス理論の研究は、Y.Hu-D.Nualart(2009)に始まり、ラフ積分と呼ばれるラフパス理論における積分概念に特徴がある。通常のラフ積分は、補正されたRiemann-Stieltjes和の極限として与えられるが、非整数階微積分に基づいたものは、非整数階微分による明示的な表現式として与えられる。本講演では、M.Gubinelli(2004)が導入したラフ積分に対し、そのような表現式を導出するとともに、導出過程において、M.Zähle(1998)の議論が有効に働くことを説明する。

作用素環セミナー

16:45-18:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
澤田友佑 氏 (名大多元数理)
The bicategory of $W^*$-bimodules

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
加藤 昌英 氏 (上智大学)
Odd dimensional complex analytic Kleinian groups
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I would explain an idea to construct a higher dimensional analogue of the classical Kleinian group theory. For a group $G$ of a certain class of discrete subgroups of $\mathrm{PGL}(2n+2,\mathbf{C})$ which act on $\mathbf{P}^{2n+1}$, there is a canonical way to define the region of discontinuity, on which $G$ acts properly discontinuously. General principle in the discussion is to regard $\mathbf{P}^{n}$ in $\mathbf{P}^{2n+1}$ as a single point. We can consider the quotient space of the discontinuity region by the action of $G$. Though the Ahlfors finiteness theorem is hopeless because of a counter example, the Klein combination theorem and the handle attachment can be defined similarly. Any compact quotients which appear here are non-Kaehler. In the case $n=1$, we explain a new example of compact quotients which is related to a classical Kleinian group.

代数幾何学セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Roberto Svaldi 氏 (Cambridge)
Towards birational boundedness of elliptic Calabi-Yau varieties (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will discuss new results towards the birational boundedness of
low-dimensional elliptic Calabi-Yau varieties, joint work with Gabriele
Di Certo.
Recent work in the minimal model program suggests that pairs with trivial log canonical
class should satisfy some boundedness properties.
I will show that 4-dimensional Calabi-Yau pairs which are not birational to a product are
indeed log birationally bounded. This implies birational boundedness of elliptically fibered
Calabi-Yau manifolds with a section, in dimension up to 5.
If time allows, I will also try to discuss a first approach towards boundedness of rationally
connected CY varieties in low dimension.

2017年10月25日(水)

講演会

11:00-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Ahmed Abbes 氏 (CNRS/IHES)
On Faltings' main comparison theorem in p-adic Hodge theory : the relative case (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In the appendix of his 2002 Asterisque article, Faltings roughly sketched a proof of a relative version of his main comparison theorem in p-adic Hodge theory. I will briefly review the absolute case and then explain some of the key new inputs for the proof of the relative case (joint work with Michel Gros).

2017年10月24日(火)

諸分野のための数学研究会

10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Christian Klingenberg 氏 (Würzburg University)
The initial value problem for the multidimensional system of gas dynamics may have infinitely many weak solutions (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the isentropic compressible Euler equations in two space dimensions together with particular initial data. This data consists of two constant states only, where one state lies on the lower and the other state on the upper half plane. The aim is to investigate if there exists a unique entropy solution or if the convex integration method produces infinitely many entropy solutions. In this lecture we will show that the solution of this Riemann problem for the 2-d isentropic Euler equations is non-unique (except if the solution is smooth). Next we are able to show that there exist Lipschitz data that may lead to infinitely many solutions even for the full system of Euler equations. This is joint work with Simon Markfelder.

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 17:00-17:30, Lie群論・表現論セミナーと合同
宮岡 礼子 氏 (東北大学)
ラグランジュ交叉のフレアホモロジーに対する部分多様体論からのアプローチ (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
球面の等径超曲面のガウス写像による像は,複素2次超曲面Q_n(C)の極小ラグランジュ部分多様体の豊富な例を与える.簡単な場合,これはQ_n(C)の実形となり,そのフレアホモロジーは既知である.ここでは相異なる主曲率の個数が3,4,6の場合に得られた結果を報告する.当研究は,入江博(茨城大),Hui Ma(清華大学),大仁田義裕(大阪市大)との共同研究である.

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 17:00-17:30, トポロジー火曜セミナーと合同
宮岡礼子 氏 (東北大学)
ラグランジュ交叉のフレアホモロジーに対する部分多様体論からのアプローチ (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
球面の等径超曲面のガウス写像による像は,複素2次超曲面Q_n(C)の極小ラグランジュ部分多様体の豊富な例を与える.簡単な場合,これはQ_n(C)の実形となり,そのフレアホモロジーは既知である.ここでは相異なる主曲率の個数が3,4,6の場合に得られた結果を報告するとともに,これらがFOOOの議論から直接得られるものではないことを述べる.当研究は,入江博(茨城大),Hui Ma(清華大学),大仁田義裕(大阪市大)との共同研究である.

2017年10月23日(月)

数値解析セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
通常と曜日と教室が異なっております。ご注意ください。
Christian Klingenberg 氏 (Wuerzburg University, Germany)
On the numerical discretization of the Euler equations with a gravitational force and applications in astrophysics (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider astrophysical systems that are modeled by the multidimensional Euler equations with gravity.
First for the homogeneous Euler equations we look at flow in the low Mach number regime. Here for conventional finite volume discretizations one has excessive dissipation in this regime. We identify inconsistent scaling for low Mach numbers of the numerical fux function as the origin of this problem. Based on the Roe solver a technique that allows to correctly represent low Mach number flows with a discretization of the compressible Euler equations is proposed. We analyze properties of this scheme and demonstrate that its limit yields a discretization of the incompressible limit system.
Next for the Euler equations with gravity we seek well-balanced methods. We describe a numerical discretization of the compressible Euler equations with a gravitational potential. A pertinent feature of the solutions to these inhomogeneous equations is the special case of stationary solutions with zero velocity, described by a nonlinear PDE, whose solutions are called hydrostatic equilibria. We present well-balanced methods, for which we can ensure robustness, accuracy and stability, since it satisfies discrete entropy inequalities.
We will then present work in progress where we combine the two methods above.

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