## 過去の記録

### 2012年10月18日(木)

#### 統計数学セミナー

15:15-16:25   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 006号室

Quasi-Bayesian analysis of nonparametric instrumental variables models (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This paper aims at developing a quasi-Bayesian analysis
of the nonparametric instrumental variables model, with a focus on the
asymptotic properties of quasi-posterior distributions. In this paper,
instead of assuming a distributional assumption on the data generating
process, we consider a quasi-likelihood induced from the conditional
moment restriction, and put priors on the function-valued parameter.
We call the resulting posterior quasi-posterior, which corresponds to
Gibbs posterior'' in the literature. Here we shall focus on sieve
priors, which are priors that concentrate on finite dimensional sieve
spaces. The dimension of the sieve space should increase as the sample
size. We derive rates of contraction and a non-parametric Bernstein-von
Mises type result for the quasi-posterior distribution, and rates of
convergence for the quasi-Bayes estimator defined by the posterior
expectation. We show that, with priors suitably chosen, the
quasi-posterior distribution (the quasi-Bayes estimator) attains the
minimax optimal rate of contraction (convergence, respectively). These
results greatly sharpen the previous related work.
[ 参考URL ]
http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/2012/08.html

#### 講演会

16:00-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 470号室
Anatoly Yagola 氏 (Lomonosov Moscow State University)
Multidimensional ill-posed problems (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
It is very important now to develop methods of solving multidimensional ill-posed problems using regularization procedures and parallel computers. The main purpose of the talk is to show how 2D and 3D Fredholm integral equations of the 1st kind can be effectively solved.
We will consider ill-posed problems on compact sets of convex functions [1] and functions convex along lines parallel to coordinate axes [2].
Recovery of magnetic target parameters from magnetic sensor measurements has attracted wide interests and found many practical applications. However, difficulties present in identifying the permanent magnetization due to the complications of magnetization distributions over the ship body, and errors and noises of measurement data degrade the accuracy and quality of the parameter identification. In this paper, we use a two step sequential solutions to solve the inversion problem. In the first step, a numerical model is built and used to determine the induced magnetization of the ship. In the second step, we solve a type of continuous magnetization inversion problem by solving 2D and 3D Fredholm integral
equations of the 1st kind. We use parallel computing which allows solve the inverse problem with high accuracy. Tikhonov regularization has been applied in solving the inversion problems. The proposed methods have been validated using simulation data with added noises [4, 6].
2D and 3D inverse problems also could be found in tomography [3] and electron microscopy [5]. We will demonstrate examples of applied problems and discuss methods of numerical solving.
This paper was supported by the Visby program and RFBR grants 11-01-00040–а and 12-01-91153-NSFC-a.

### 2012年10月17日(水)

#### 幾何コロキウム

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室

p-カジュダン定数と非エクスパンダー族 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
グラフや有限生成群(ケーリーグラフと思う)に道距離を入れて距離空間と思って研究をするとき,基本的な指針の一つが"線型化"することである.より正確には,性質の良いバナッハ空間への良い埋め込みを考えることである.特にヒルベルト空間や一般のl^p空間への埋め込みは大変研究されている.有名な結果として,"エクスパンダー族"がヒルベルト空間やl^p空間に一様埋め込みをもたない,ことが挙げられる.ここで,エクスパンダー族とは,次数が一様有限な有限グラフの族であって,各グラフのスペクトルギャップが下から一様におさえられているようなものである(この条件は,各グラフのチーガー定数が下から一様におさえられていることと同値である).

#### 講演会

15:00-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Vjacheslav Yurko 氏 (Saratov University)
Inverse problems for differential operators on spatial networks (ENGLISH)

### 2012年10月16日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:10-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:50 - 17:10 コモンルーム

Analytic torsion of log-Enriques surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Log-Enriques surfaces are rational surfaces with nowhere vanishing
pluri-canonical forms. We report the recent progress on the computation
of analytic torsion of log-Enriques surfaces.

### 2012年10月15日(月)

#### 複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室

#### 代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室

On the moduli b-divisors of lc-trivial fibrations (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Roughly speaking, by using the semi-stable minimal model program, we prove that the moduli part of an lc-trivial fibration coincides with that of a klt-trivial fibration induced by adjunction after taking a suitable generically finite cover. As an application, we obtain that the moduli part of an lc-trivial fibration is b-nef and abundant by Ambro's result on klt-trivial fibrations. Moreover I may explain some applications of canonical bundle formulas. These are joint works with Osamu Fujino.

### 2012年10月12日(金)

#### 談話会・数理科学講演会

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室

お茶&Coffee&お菓子: 16:00～16:30 (コモンルーム)。

Antonio Siconolfi 氏 (La Sapienza - University of Rome)
Homogenization on arbitrary manifolds (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We show that results on periodic homogenization for Hamilton-Jacobi equations can be generalized replacing the torus by an arbitrary compact manifold. This allows to reach a deeper understanding of the matter and unveils phenomena somehow hidden in the periodic case, for instance the fact that the ambient spaces of oscillating equations and that of the limit problem are different, and possess even different dimensions. Repetition structure for the base manifold, changes of scale in it and asymptotic analysis, which are the basic ingredients of homogenization, need substantial modification to work in the new frame, and this task is partially accomplished using tools from algebraic topology. An adapted notion of convergence allowing approximating entities and limit to lie in different spaces is also provided.

### 2012年10月09日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム

The growth series of pure Artin groups of dihedral type (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I consider the kernel of the natural projection from
the Artin group of dihedral type to the corresponding Coxeter group,
that we call a pure Artin group of dihedral type,
and present rational function expressions for both the spherical and
geodesic growth series
of the pure Artin group of dihedral type with respect to a natural
generating set.
Also, I show that their growth rates are Pisot numbers.
This talk is partially based on a joint work with Takao Satoh.

#### 数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室

https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/gcoe/index.html

[ 講演概要 ]

[ 参考URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

### 2012年10月06日(土)

#### 調和解析駒場セミナー

13:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室

Method of rotations with weight for nonisotropic dilations (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
n 次元 Euclid 空間における one parameter nonisotropic dilation の軌道に沿った directional (Hardy-Littlewood 型)maximalfunction,directional Hilbert 変換, directional maximal Hilbert 変換 に対するweighted mixed norm 評価. これは, Calderon-Zygmund の方法により,variable kernel から定義される特異積分の理論に応用される.

( ) 15:30-17:00

[ 講演概要 ]

### 2012年10月05日(金)

#### 統計数学セミナー

14:50-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 006号室

Quasi-likelihood analysis for stochastic regression models from nonsynchronous observations (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]

"観測の非同期性"がある. データの線形補完や直前データを用いた補完などによるシンプルな
"同期化"を行ったデータに対する共分散推定量は深刻なバイアスが存在することが知られている.
Hayashi and Yoshida (2005)では, 非同期観測下での共分散のノンパラメトリックな不偏推定量を提案し,

[ 参考URL ]
http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/2012/07.html

### 2012年10月02日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム

Geometric flows and their self-similar solutions
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In the first half of this expository talk we consider the Ricci flow and its self-similar solutions,
namely the Ricci solitons. We then specialize in the K\\"ahler case and discuss on the K\\"ahler-Einstein
problem. In the second half of this talk we consider the mean curvature flow and its self-similar
solutions, and see common aspects of the two geometric flows.

### 2012年10月01日(月)

#### 代数幾何学セミナー

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Robert Laterveer 氏 (CNRS, IRMA, Université de Strasbourg)
Weak Lefschetz for divisors (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $X$ be a complex projective variety (possibly singular), and $Y\\subset X$ a generic hyperplane section. We prove several weak Lefschetz results concerning the restriction $A^1(X)_{\\qq}\\to A^1(Y)_{\\qq}$, where $A^1$ denotes Fulton--MacPherson's operational Chow cohomology group. In addition, we reprove (and slightly extend) a weak Lefschetz result concerning the Chow group of Weil divisors first proven by Ravindra and Srinivas. As an application of these weak Lefschetz results, we can say something about when the natural map from the Picard group to $A^1$ is an isomorphism.

#### 代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室

Frobenius morphisms and derived categories on two dimensional toric Deligne--Mumford stacks (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
For a toric Deligne-Mumford (DM) stack over the complex number field, we can consider a certain generalization of the Frobenius endomorphism. For such an endomorphism of a two-dimensional toric DM stack, we show that the push-forward of the structure sheaf generates the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves on the stack. This is joint work with Hokuto Uehara.

### 2012年09月20日(木)

#### 応用解析セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Bernold Fiedler 氏 (Free University of Berlin)
Fusco-Rocha meanders: from Temperley-Lieb algebras to black holes
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Fusco and Rocha studied Neumann boundary value problems for ODEs of second order via a shooting approach. They introduced the notion of what we now call Sturm permutation. These permutation relate, on the one hand, to a special class of meandering curves as introduced by Arnol'd in a singularity context. On the other hand, their special class became central in the study of global attractors of parabolic PDEs of Sturm type.

We discuss relations of Fusco-Rocha meanders with further areas: the multiplicative and trace structure in Temperley-Lieb algebras, discrete versions of Cartesian billiards, and the problem of constructing initial conditions for black hole dynamics which satisfy the Einstein constraints. We also risk a brief glimpse at the long and meandric history of meander patterns themselves.

This is joint work with Juliette Hell, Brian Smith, Carlos Rocha, Pablo Castaneda, and Matthias Wolfrum.

### 2012年09月15日(土)

#### 保型形式の整数論月例セミナー

13:30-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室

SU(2,1)とSU(3,1)の大きい離散系列表現の行列係数 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
この講演では,$SU(2,1)$と$SU(3,1)$の大きい離散系列表現の行列係数の動径成分に対して,(一般化)超幾何級数を用いた表示を与える.また,この表示に対してVidunas氏の結果を適用する事で得られる行列係数の漸近挙動に関する結果についても紹介する.(織田孝幸氏,古関春隆氏,早田孝博氏との共同研究)

GSp(1,1)のRankin型のL関数の中心値の正値性と超幾何級数の特殊値 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss the strict positivity of the central values of
certain convolution type L-functions for several theta lifts to GSp(1,1). Such strict positivity is closely related to special values of some hypergeometric functions.

### 2012年09月04日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム
Piotr Nowak 氏 (the Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences)
Poincare inequalities, rigid groups and applications (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Kazhdan’s property (T) for a group G can be expressed as a
fixed point property for affine isometric actions of G on a Hilbert
space. This definition generalizes naturally to other normed spaces. In
this talk we will focus on the spectral (aka geometric) method for
proving property (T), based on the work of Garland and studied earlier
by Pansu, Zuk, Ballmann-Swiatkowski, Dymara-Januszkiewicz
(“lambda_1>1/2” conditions) and we generalize it to to the setting of
all reflexive Banach spaces.
As applications we will show estimates of the conformal dimension of the
boundary of random hyperbolic groups in the Gromov density model and
present progress on Shalom’s conjecture on vanishing of 1-cohomology
with coefficients in uniformly bounded representations on Hilbert spaces.

### 2012年08月29日(水)

#### 博士論文発表会

10:30-11:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室

Studies on the asymptotic invariants of cohomology groups and the positivity in complex geometry （コホモロジー群の漸近的な不変量と複素幾何学における正値性の研究） (JAPANESE)

### 2012年08月20日(月)

#### 博士論文発表会

11:00-12:15   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室

The variational formulation of the fully parabolic Keller-Segel system with degenerate diffusion （退化拡散項を持つ完全放物型Keller-Segel系に対する変分的定式化） (JAPANESE)

### 2012年07月30日(月)

#### 代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Gianluca Pacienza 氏 (Université de Strasbourg)
Log Bend-and-Break on Deligne-Mumford stacks (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We prove a logarithmic Bend-and-Break lemma on a LCI Deligne-Mumford stacks with projective moduli space and integral boundary divisor. As a by-product we obtain a logarithmic version of the Miyaoka-Mori numerical criterion of uniruledness for DM stacks (under additional conditions on the boundary and on the non-schematic locus) and a Cone Theorem for Deligne-Mumford stacks with boundary. These results hold on an algebraically closed field of any characteristic. This is joint work with Michael McQuillan.

### 2012年07月27日(金)

#### 統計数学セミナー

14:00-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 006号室

[ 講演概要 ]

[ 参考URL ]
http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/2012/06.html

### 2012年07月25日(水)

#### GCOEレクチャーズ

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
George Elliott 氏 (University of Toronto)
A survey of recent results on the classification of C*-algebras (ENGLISH)

### 2012年07月24日(火)

#### トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Greg McShane 氏 (Institut Fourier, Grenoble)
Orthospectra and identities (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The orthospectra of a hyperbolic manifold with geodesic
boundary consists of the lengths of all geodesics perpendicular to the
boundary.
We discuss the properties of the orthospectra, asymptotics, multiplicity
and identities due to Basmajian, Bridgeman and Calegari. We will give
a proof that the identities of Bridgeman and Calegari are the same.

#### Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室

The Dynkin index and conformally invariant systems of Heisenberg parabolic type (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Heisenberg parabolic subalgebraから構築されたconformally invariant
systemに関する二つの定数について考察する。それらの定数はそのconformally
invariant systemを構築する際に重要な役割を果たしたが、ある二つの式の比率
として定義されただけで具体的な式などは表されなかった。本講演ではそれらの