過去の記録 ~02/15本日 02/16 | 今後の予定 02/17~

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Mauricio Romo 氏 (Kavli IPMU)
Exact Results In Two-Dimensional (2,2) Supersymmetric Gauge Theories With Boundary
[ 講演概要 ]
I will talk about the recent computation, done in joint work with Prof. K. Hori, of the partition function on the hemisphere of a class of two-dimensional (2,2) supersymmetric field theories including gauged linear sigma models (GLSM). The result provides a general exact formula for the central charge of the D-branes placed at the boundary. From the mathematical point of view, for the case of GLSMs that admit a geometrical interpretation, this formula provides an expression for the central charge of objects in the derived category at any point of the stringy Kahler moduli space. I will describe how this formula arises from physics and give simple, yet important, examples that supports its validity. If time allows, I will also explain some of its consequences such as how it can be used to obtain the grade restriction rule for branes near phase boundaries.


15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Florin Ambro 氏 (IMAR)
An injectivity theorem (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will discuss a generalization of the injectivity theorem of Esnault-Viehweg, and an
application to the problem of lifting sections from the non-log canonical locus of a log variety.



13:30-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
宗野 惠樹 氏 (東京農工大学) 13:30-14:30
Pair correlation of low lying zeros of quadratic L-functions (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we give certain asymptotic formula involving non-trivial zeros of L-functions associated to Knonecker symbol under the assumption of the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis. From this formula, we obtain several results on non-trivial zeros of quadratic L-functions near the real axis.
松谷茂樹 氏 (相模原 在住) 15:30-16:00
σ関数と空間曲線 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I show that Kleinian sigma function, which is a generalization of Weierstrass elliptic sigma function, is extended to space curves, (3,4,5), (3,7,8) and (6,13,14,15,16) type. In terms of the function, the Jacob inversion formula is also generalized, in which the affine coordinates are given as functions of strata of Jacobi variety associated with these curves.


13:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
胡 国栄 氏 (東京大学) 13:30-15:00
Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces associated with
non-negative self-adjoint operators
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $(X,d)$ be a locally compact metric space
endowed with a doubling measure $¥mu$, and
let $L$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator on $L^{2}(X,d¥mu)$.
Assume that the semigroup
generated by $L$ consists of integral operators with (heat) kernel
enjoying Gaussian upper bound but having no information on the
regularity in the variables $x$ and $y$.
In this talk, we shall introduce Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces associated
with $L$, and
present an atomic decomposition of these function spaces.
佐々木 浩宣 氏 (千葉大学) 15:30-17:00
空間1次元非線型Dirac方程式に於ける解の漸近挙動について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]



10:00-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
開始時間と開催場所などは変更されることがあるので, セミナーごとにご確認ください.
梶浦宏成 氏 (千葉大学)
トーラスファイバー束のホモロジー的ミラー対称性とその変形 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Strominger-Yau-Zaslow によるトーラスファイバー束によるミラー対称性の定式化のある変形として, ある葉層構造を持つシンプレクティックトーラスファイバー束と複素トーラスファイバー束のある非可換変形の組を考える. この変形の組がミラー双対であると主張するための根拠として, 両者の間のホモロジー的ミラー対称性を考える. つまり, シンプレクティックトーラスファイバー束上の深谷圏と複素トーラスファイバー束上の連接層の導来圏の変形を考え, その2つの圏の同値性について議論する. (変形していない状況で分かっているレベルで, その変形した設定でも成り立つことがいえる. )


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Danielle Hilhorst 氏 (Université de Paris-Sud / CNRS)
Singular limit of a damped wave equation with a bistable nonlinearity (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We study the singular limit of a damped wave equation with
a bistable nonlinearity. In order to understand interfacial
phenomena, we derive estimates for the generation and the motion
of interfaces. We prove that steep interfaces are generated in
a short time and that their motion is governed by mean curvature
flow under the assumption that the damping is sufficiently strong.
To this purpose, we prove a comparison principle for the damped
wave equation and construct suitable sub- and super-solutions.

This is joint work with Mitsunori Nata.



10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Mark Wilkinson 氏 (École normale supérieure - Paris)
Eigenvalue Constraints and Regularity of Q-tensor Navier-Stokes Dynamics (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The Q-tensor is a traceless and symmetric 3x3 matrix that describes the small-scale structure in nematic liquid crystals. In order to be physically meaningful, its eigenvalues should be bounded below by -1/3 and above by 2/3. This constraint raises questions regarding the physical predictions of theories which employ the Q-tensor; it also raises analytical issues in both static and dynamic Q-tensor theories of nematic liquid crystals. John Ball and Apala Majumdar recently constructed a singular map on traceless, symmetric matrices that penalises unphysical Q-tensors by giving them an infinite energy cost. In this talk, I shall present some mathematical results for a coupled Navier-Stokes system modelling nematic dynamics into which this map is built, including the existence, regularity and so-called `strict physicality' of its weak solutions.


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Yichao Tian 氏 (Morningside Center for Mathematics)
Goren-Oort stratification and Tate cycles on Hilbert modular varieties (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let B be a quaternionic algebra over a totally real field F, and p be a prime at least 3 unramified in F. We consider a Shimura variety X associated to B^* of level prime to p. A generalization of Deligne-Carayol's "modèle étrange" allows us to define an integral model for X. We will then define a Goren-Oort stratification on the characteristic p fiber of X, and show that each closed Goren-Oort stratum is an iterated P^1-fibration over another quaternionic Shimura variety in characteristic p. Now suppose that [F:Q] is even and that p is inert in F. An iteration of this construction gives rise to many algebraic cycles of middle codimension on the characteristic p fibre of Hilbert modular varieties of prime-to-p level. We show that the cohomological classes of these cycles generate a large subspace of the Tate cycles, which, in some special cases, coincides with the prediction of the Tate conjecture for the Hilbert modular variety over finite fields. This is a joint work with Liang Xiao.
(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
Issan Patri 氏 (Inst. Math. Sci.)
Automorphisms of Compact Quantum Groups (ENGLISH)



10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Reinhard Farwig 氏 (Technische Universität Darmstadt)
Optimal initial values and regularity conditions of Besov space type for weak solutions to the Navier-Stokes system (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In a joint work with H. Sohr (Paderborn) and W. Varnhorn (Kassel) we discuss the optimal condition on initial values for the instationary Navier-Stokes system in a bounded domain to get a locally regular solution in Serrin's class.
Then this result based on a description in Besov spaces will be used at all or almost all instants to prove new conditional regularity results for weak solutions.


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Alexander Voronov 氏 (University of Minnesota)
The Batalin-Vilkovisky Formalism and Cohomology of Moduli Spaces (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We use the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism to give a new proof of Costello's theorem on the existence and uniqueness of solution to the Quantum Master Equation. We also make a physically motivated conjecture on the rational homology of moduli spaces. This is a joint work with Domenico D'Alessandro.


16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
柏原崇人 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
``method of numerical integration''による摩擦型境界条件問題の数値解析について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
[ 講演参考URL ]



10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
足立 真訓 氏 (名古屋大学)
Levi-flat real hypersurfaces with Takeuchi 1-complete complements (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we discuss compact Levi-flat real hypersurfaces with Takeuchi 1-complete complements from several viewpoints. Based on a Bochner-Hartogs type extension theorem for CR sections over these hypersurfaces, we give an example of a compact Levi-flat CR manifold with a positive CR line bundle whose Ohsawa-Sibony's projective embedding map cannot be transversely infinitely differentiable. We also give a geometrical expression of the Diederich-Fornaess exponents of Takeuchi 1-complete defining functions, and discuss a possible dynamical interpretation of them.


15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Sung Rak Choi 氏 (POSTECH)
Geography via the base loci (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The geography of log model refers to the decomposition of the set of effective adjoint divisors into the cells defined by the resulting models that are obtained by the log minimal model program.
We will describe the geography in terms of the asymptotic base loci and Zariski decompositions of divisors.
As an application, we give a partial answer to a question of B. Totaro concerning the structure of partially ample cones.


16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Ronald King 氏 (the University of Southampton)
Alternating sign matrices, primed shifted tableaux and Tokuyama
factorisation theorems (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Twenty years ago Okada established a remarkable set of identities relating weighted sums over half-turn alternating sign matrices (ASMs) to products taking the form of deformations of Weyl denominator formulae for Lie algebras B_n, C_n and D_n. Shortly afterwards Simpson added another such identity to the list. It will be shown that various classes of ASMs are in bijective correspondence with certain sets of shifted tableaux, and that statistics on these ASMs may be expressed in terms of the entries in corresponding compass point matrices (CPMs). This then enables the Okada and Simpson identities to be expressed in terms of weighted sums over primed shifted tableaux. This offers the possibility of extending each of these identities, that originally involved a single parameter and a single shifted tableau shape, to more general identities involving both sequences of parameters and shapes specified by arbitrary partitions. It is conjectured that in each case an appropriate multi-parameter weighted sum can be expressed as a product of a deformed Weyl denominator and group character of the type first proved in the A_n case by Tokuyma in 1988. The conjectured forms of the generalised Okada and Simpson identities will be given explicitly, along with an account of recent progress made in collaboration with Angèle Hamel in proving some of them.


14:50-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
二宮 嘉行 氏 (九州大学)
LASSO に対する AIC タイプの情報量規準 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
LASSO は L1 罰則項を推定関数の中に入れる正則化法であり,その開発・拡張は統計科学や機械学習といった分野のホットトピックの一つとなっている.本講演では,罰則項にかかる係数,つまり罰則の強弱を決めるチューニングパラメータの選択問題を考える.クロスバリデーションやサブサンプリングで選択する方法が広く用いられているが,基本的にそれらは計算負荷が高い.そこで,Zou et al. (2007) の「AIC for the LASSO」を拡張する形の情報量規準の導出を試みる.

[ 講演参考URL ]



10:00-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Reiji Tomatsu 氏 (Hokkaido Univ.)
Introduction to the Ando-Haagerup theory IV (JAPANESE)


16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
お茶&Coffee&お菓子: 16:00~16:30 (コモンルーム)。

Dipendra Prasad 氏 (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research)
Ext Analogues of Branching laws (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The decomposition of a representation of a group when restricted to a
subgroup is an important problem well-studied for finite and compact Lie
groups, and continues to be of much contemporary interest in the context
of real and $p$-adic groups. We will survey some of the questions that have
recently been considered, and look at a variation of these questions involving concepts in homological algebra which gives rise to interesting newer questions.



15:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Reiji Tomatsu 氏 (Hokkaido Univ.)
Introduction to the Ando-Haagerup theory III (JAPANESE)


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 370号室
Bingyu Zhang 氏 (University of Cincinnati)
Maximum Regularity Principle for Conservative Evolutionary Partial Di erential Equations (ENGLISH)


13:30-14:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 000号室
小林俊行 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
擬リーマン局所等質空間上の大域幾何と解析 (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The local to global study of geometries was a major trend of 20th century geometry, with remarkable developments achieved particularly in Riemannian geometry. In contrast, in areas such as Lorentz geometry, familiar to us as the space-time of relativity theory, and more generally in pseudo-Riemannian geometry of general signature, surprising little is known about global properties of the geometry even if we impose a locally homogeneous structure.

Taking anti-de Sitter manifolds, which are locally modelled on AdS^n as an example, I plan to explain two programs:

1. (global shape) Exisitence problem of compact locally homogeneous spaces, and defomation theory.

2. (spectral analysis) Construction of the spectrum of the Laplacian, and its stability under the deformation of the geometric structure.


14:30-17:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 000号室
Vaibhav Vaish 氏 (the Institute of Mathematical Sciences) 14:30-15:20
Weightless cohomology of algebraic varieties (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Using Morel's weight truncations in categories of mixed sheaves, we attach to any variety defined over complex numbers, over finite fields or even over a number field, a series of groups called the weightless cohomology groups. These lie between the usual cohomology and the intersection cohomology, have a natural ring structure, satisfy Kunneth, and are functorial for certain morphisms.
The construction is motivic and naturally arises in the context of Shimura Varieties where they capture the cohomology of Reductive Borel-Serre compactification. The construction also yields invariants of singularities associated with the combinatorics of the boundary divisors in any resolution.
Yuichiro Tanaka 氏 (the University of Tokyo) 15:40-16:10
Visible actions on generalized flag varieties
--- Geometry of multiplicity-free representations of $SO(N)$ (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The subject of study is tensor product representations of irreducible representations of the orthogonal group, which are multiplicity-free. Here we say a group representation is multiplicity-free if any irreducible representation occurs at most once in its irreducible decomposition.

The motivation is the theory of visible actions on complex manifolds, which was introduced by T. Kobayashi. In this theory, the main tool for proving the multiplicity-freeness property of group representations is the ``propagation theorem of the multiplicity-freeness property". By using this theorem and Stembridge's classification result, we obtain the following: All the multiplicity-free tensor product representations of $SO(N)$ and $Spin(N)$ can be obtained from character, alternating tensor product and spin representations combined with visible actions on orthogonal generalized flag varieties.
Pampa Paul 氏 (Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata) 16:10-16:40
Holomorphic discrete series and Borel-de Siebenthal discrete series (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $G_0$ be a simply connected non-compact real simple Lie group with maximal compact subgroup $K_0$.
Let $T_0\\subset K_0$ be a Cartan subgroup of $K_0$ as well as of $G_0$. So $G_0$ has discrete series representations.
Denote by $\\frak{g}, \\frak{k},$ and $\\frak{t}$, the
complexifications of the Lie algebras $\\frak{g}_0, \\frak{k}_0$ and $\\frak{t}_0$ of $G_0, K_0$ and $T_0$ respectively.
There exists a positive root system $\\Delta^+$ of $\\frak{g}$ with respect to $\\frak{t}$, known as the Borel-de Siebenthal positive system for which there is exactly one non-compact simple root, denoted $\\nu$. Let $\\mu$ denote the highest root.
If $G_0/K_0$ is Hermitian symmetric, then $\\nu$ has coefficient $1$ in $\\mu$ and one can define holomorphic discrete series representation of $G_0$ using $\\Delta^+$.
If $G_0/K_0$ is not Hermitian symmetric, the coefficient of $\\nu$ in the highest root $\\mu$ is $2$.
In this case, Borel-de Siebenthal discrete series of $G_0$ is defined using $\\Delta^+$ in a manner analogous to the holomorphic discrete series.

Let $\\nu^*$ be the fundamental weight corresponding to $\\nu$ and $L_0$ be the centralizer in $K_0$ of the circle subgroup defined by $i\\nu^*$.
Note that $L_0 = K_0$, when $G_0/K_0$ is Hermitian symmetric. Otherwise, $L_0$ is a proper subgroup of $K_0$ and $K_0/L_0$ is an irreducible compact Hermitian symmetric space.
Let $G$ be the simply connected Lie group with Lie algebra $\\frak{g}$ and $K_0^* \\subset G$ be the dual of $K_0$ with respect to $L_0$ (or, the image of $L_0$ in $G$).
Then $K_0^*/L_0$ is an irreducible non-compact Hermitian symmetric space dual to $K_0/L_0$.
In this talk, to each Borel-de Siebenthal discrete series of $G_0$, a holomorphic discrete series of $K_0^*$ will be associated and occurrence of common $L_0$-types in both the series will be discussed.
Dipendra Prasad 氏 (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research) 16:50-17:40
Branching laws and the local Langlands correspondence (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The decomposition of a representation of a group when restricted to a subgroup is an important problem well-studied for finite and compact Lie groups, and continues to be of much contemporary interest in the context of real and $p$-adic groups. We will survey some of the questions that have recently been considered drawing analogy with Compact Lie groups, and what it suggests in the context of real and $p$-adic groups via what is called the local Langlands correspondence.



10:00-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Reiji Tomatsu 氏 (Hokkaido Univ.)
Introduction to the Ando-Haagerup theory II (JAPANESE)



16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Carlos Moraga Ferrandiz 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科, 日本学術振興会)
The isotopy problem of non-singular closed 1-forms. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Given alpha_0, alpha_1 two cohomologous non-singular closed 1-forms of a compact manifold M, are they always isotopic? We expect a negative answer to this question, at least in high dimensions by the work of Laudenbach, as well as an obstruction living in the algebraic K-theory of the Novikov ring associated to the underlying cohomology class.
A similar problem for functions N x [0,1] --> [0,1] without critical points was treated by Hatcher and Wagoner in the 70s.

The first goal of this talk is to explain how we can carry a part of the strategy of Hatcher and Wagoner into the context of closed 1-forms and to indicate the main difficulties that appear by doing so. The second goal is to show the techniques to treat this difficulties and the progress in defining the expected obstruction.


15:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
Reiji Tomatsu 氏 (Hokkaido Univ.)
Introduction to the Ando-Haagerup theory I (JAPANESE)

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