過去の記録

過去の記録 ~10/21本日 10/22 | 今後の予定 10/23~

2007年11月19日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
藤野修 氏 (名古屋大学)
乗数イデアル層の類似物

2007年11月17日(土)

保型形式の整数論月例セミナー

13:30-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
小島教知 氏 (東京工業大学理学研究科) 13:30-14:30
Pullback formula for vector valued Siegel modular forms and its applications

[ 講演概要 ]
$H_n$ を $n$ 次 Siegel 上半空間, $E^n_k$ を次数 $n$, 重さ $k$ のSiegel Eisenstein 級数とする. いま $p$, $q$ を自然数としたとき,$H_p\\times H_q$ は $H_{p+q}$ の中に埋め込むことができる. Garrett は $E^{p+q}_k$ を $H_p\\times H_q$ 上に制限したときに Klingen Eisenstein 級数や Siegel 保型形式の standard $L$ 函数の値などで表示する公式を与へた. この公式は pullback formula とよばれてゐる.
この pullback formula はBoecherer によつて複素パラメータつきの Eisenstein 級数の場合に拡張され, Klingen Eisenstein 級数や standard $L$ 函数についての結果が得られてゐる.
本講演ではこれらの結果がベクトル値 Siegel 保型形式の場合にどれくらゐ拡張できるかについて述べる.
大西良博 氏 (岩手大学) 15:00-16:00
Congruences connecting Tate-Shafarevich groups with Hurwitz numbers
[ 講演概要 ]
奇素数 $p$ について, 虚2次体 $\\mathbf{Q} (\\sqrt{-p})$ の類数を $h(-p)$ と書くことにします. このとき $p≡1, 3 mod 4$ に応じて
$h(-p)≡2^{-1}E_{(p-1)/2} mod p$
$h(-p)≡ -2B_{(p+1)/2} mod p$
となり, 右辺の最小の剰余は左辺そのものを与へます. 但し $B_n$ は Bernoulli 数, $E_n$ は Euler 数. この合同式の一般化として, ある種の楕円曲線の Tate-Shafarevich 群の位数の平方根と Hurwitz 数との間の同様な合同式を与へます.

東京無限可積分系セミナー

13:00-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Gleb Novichkov 氏 (Keio Univ.) 13:00-14:30
Dynamical r-matrices coupled with dual Poisson Lie group
[ 講演概要 ]
The notion dynamical r-matrix coupled with Poisson manifold
is a natural generalization of the notion of the classical
dynamical r-matrix. We will consider special case when
Poisson manifold is a dual Poisson Lie group. We discuss
necessary conditions for the existence dynamical r-matrices
coupled with dual Poisson Lie groups and provide
some examples. We will also discuss some open questions
and possible relations to other subjects.
Vladimir V. Bazhanov 氏 (Australian National Univ.) 15:00-16:30
Yang-Baxter Equation and Quantum Geometry
[ 講演概要 ]
We demonstrate that certain integrable models
of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory
can be interpreted as quantization's of objects
of classical discrete geometry.
The fluctuating variables in these models take continuous
values. The classical geometry corresponds to stationary
configurations in the quasi-classical (or zero-temperature)
limit of the quantum system.
Our main example is the Faddeev-Volkov model which describes
the quantization of the circle patterns and associated with
the Thurston's discrete analogue of the Riemann mapping theorem
(discrete conformal transformations of the 2D plane).
Other examples will be also considered.
Finally we will discuss the geometric origins of integrability
which stem from from the classical results of Lam\\'e,
Darboux and Bianchi in differential geometry.

2007年11月15日(木)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
水田有一 氏 (東大数理)
Generators of II$_1$ factors (Dykema-Sinclair-Smith-White)の紹介

2007年11月14日(水)

統計数学セミナー

16:20-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
塚原 英敦 氏 (成城大学経済学部)
Estimation of Distortion Risk Measures
[ 講演概要 ]
By Kusuoka's representation theorem, the class of distortion risk measures with convex distortions coincides with the set of coherent risk measures that are law invariant and comonotonically additive. The class includes the renowned expected shortfall which has many nice features and is of frequent use in practice. To implement the risk management/regulatory procedure using risk measures, it is necessary to estimate the values of such risk measures. For a distortion risk measure, its form suggests a natural estimator which is a simple form of $L$-statistics. We have seen in our previous work that it has nice asymptotic properties with i.i.d.\\ data. After reviewing these results briefly, we investigate the large sample properties of the estimator based on dependent data, especially GARCH sequences, which are often used for modelling financial time series data. Related issues such as semiparametric estimation with the extreme value theory and backtesting are briefly addressed.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2007/09.html

2007年11月13日(火)

講演会

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
Jens Starke 氏 (Technical University of Denmark)
Modelling the olfactory system: From receptor neuron dynamics over axonal pathfinding and sorting to spatio-temporal activities in the bulb
[ 講演概要 ]
The olfactory system of e.g. mice serves as important model case for other brain regions. The odor signals are processed from receptor neurons over the glomeruli level to a neural network of mitral and granular cells while various types of nonlinear behaviour can be observed.

(1) Nonlinear dynamics in receptor neurons:
A mathematical model for Ca oscillations in the cilia of olfactory
sensory neurons is suggested and analyzed. The existence of an oscillatory regime based on a Hopf bifurcation is proven using stoichiometric network analysis where the knowledge of exact parameters is not required. Predictions of the model are in quantitative agreement with experiment, both with respect to oscillations and to fast adaptation.

(2) Sorting by self-organization:
A many particle model with attracting and repulsive interactions is proposed which is able to reproduce the experimental findings of sorting and convergence during axonal pathfinding in the olfactory system. Many axon species, each represented by a huge number of axons, are spatially disordered at the beginning of their growth at the receptor neurons and converge by a self-organized process to a sorted state, i.e. axons of the same receptor type converge to a common position. Under certain model assumptions, it can be proved that the interacting many-particle system of different particle types converges to a sorted state.

(3) Spatio-temporal pattern formation in the olfactory bulb:
Odors evoke a variety of stimulus specific spatio-temporal patterns on the levels of glomeruli and neural network of mitral and granular cells in the olfactory bulb which can be measured in vivo using Ca and voltage sensitive dyes for optical imaging. A spatial independent component analysis of this high-resolution imaging data was used to identify and separate different neuronal populations based on their stimulus specific spatio-temporal activation. Equation-free techniques were used to obtain bifurcation diagramms for the network activity. First, contrast enhancement between several spatially close activations depending on the network topology and second, hysteres effects in recognition of differences between similar odorants depending on the concentration ratios of odorant mixtures.

This is in parts joint work with P. Borowski, M. Eiswirth, C. Ellsaesser, A. Grinvald, N. Hummel, S. Kokkendorff, D. Omer, J. Reidl, H. Spors, J. Strotmann, M. Zapotocky.

2007年11月12日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
野口 潤次郎 氏 (東京大学)
蕭の有理型接続と関連する話題 (Siu's meromorphic connection and related topics)

2007年11月09日(金)

談話会・数理科学講演会

16:40-17:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
お茶&Coffee&お菓子: 16:10~16:40(コモンルーム)
吉川謙一 氏 (東京大学数理科学)
解析的捩率と保型形式
[ 講演概要 ]
70年代にRayとSingerは位相幾何学におけるReidemeister捩率の解析的類似を考察し,解析的捩率と呼ばれるスペクトル不変量を導入した. de Rham複体とDolbeault複体に対応して, 解析的捩率には実解析的捩率と正則解析的捩率の二種類の理論があり,80年代から現在に至るBismutの研究により両理論は長足の発展を遂げた.
一般論が整備された後で講演者が興味を持ったのは,解析的捩率を具体的に計算するという問題であった.既にRayとSingerは正則解析的捩率を導入した論文の中で楕円曲線の正則解析的捩率を計算し,それが楕円曲線の判別式のノルムで与えられることを示していた. この講演では「楕円曲線の解析的捩率はモジュライ空間上の保型形式で与えられる」というRay-Singerの主張がどのように高次元化されるのかを対合付きK3曲面とEnriques曲面の場合を中心に概観したい. 時間が許せば, その他の場合(三次元Calabi-Yau多様体やAbel多様体等)についても言及したい.

2007年11月08日(木)

代数幾何学セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
Alexandru DIMCA 氏 (Univ Nice )
New restrictions on the fundamental groups of complex algebraic varieties
[ 講演概要 ]
My talk will be based on joint work with S. Papadima (Bucarest, Romania) and A. Suciu (Boston, USA). First I will recall the basic facts on characteristic varieties $V_k(M)$ associated to rank one local systems on a complex algebraic variety $M$ which are due to Beauville, Simpson and Arapura. Then I will introduce the resonance varities $R_k(M)$, which may be related to the Isotropic Subspace Theorems by Catanese and Bauer. One of the main new results is that for a class of algebraic varieties (the 1-formal ones), the two types of varieties $V_k(M)$ and $R_k(M)$ are strongly related. Applications to right angle Artin groups, Bestvina-Brady groups and to a conjecture by Kollar will be discussed in the end.

応用解析セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
倉田 和浩 氏 (首都大学東京・理工学研究科・数理情報科学専攻)
弱い飽和効果をもったGierer-Meinhardt systemにおける軸対称領域上での多重ピーク解の構成と漸近挙動について
[ 講演概要 ]
This talk is based on the joint work with Kotaro Morimoto (Tokyo Metropolitan University).

We are concerned with stationary solutions to the following reaction diffusion system which is called the Gierer-Meinhardt system with saturation.
$A_t=\\epsilon^2 \\Delta A-A+A^2/(H(1+kA^2), A>0,$
$\\tau H_t=D\\Delta H-H+A2, H>0,$
where $\\epsilon >0$, $\\tau \\geq 0$, $k>0$.
The unknowns $A$ and $H$ represent the concentrations of the activator and the inhibitor. Here $\\Omega$ is a bounded smooth domain in $R^N$ and we consider homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. When $\\Omega$ is an $x_N$-axially symmetric domain and $2\\leq N\\leq 5$, for sufficiently small $\\epsilon>0$ and large $D>0$, we construct a multi-peak stationary solution peaked at arbitrarily chosen intersections of $x^N$-axis and $\\partial \\Omega$, under the condition that $k\\epsilon^{-2N}$ converges to some $k_0\\in[0,\\infty)$ as $\\epsilon \\to 0$.

In my talk, I will explain related results comparing the differences between the case $k=0$ and $k>0$, the basic strategy of the proof of our results with some details, and open questions.

2007年11月07日(水)

統計数学セミナー

16:20-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
鎌谷 研吾 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
ハプロタイプ関連解析:EMアルゴリズムによるアプローチ
[ 講演概要 ]
最尤推定量の計算法である, EMアルゴリズムについて考察する. EMアルゴリズムのグローバルな観点の収束を示すことは容易でない事が多い. 一方で局所的な収束は容易に示すことができて, 一次漸近有効な推定量を 構成できる. その構成法とハプロタイプ関連解析への応用を考える. 時間があれば, ベイズ推定量の近似である, MCMCによる統計量の漸近有効性にも触れる.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2007/08.html

2007年11月06日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
児玉 大樹 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Thustion's inequality and open book foliations
[ 講演概要 ]
We will study codimension 1 foliations on 3-manifolds.
Thurston's inequality, which implies convexity of the foliation in
some sense, folds for Reebless foliations [Th]. We will discuss
whether the inequality holds or not for open book foliations.
[Th] W. Thurston: Norm on the homology of 3-manifolds, Memoirs of the
AMS, 339 (1986), 99--130.

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

15:00-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Michaël Pevzner 氏 (Université de Reims and University of Tokyo)
Quantization of symmetric spaces and representation. IV
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
森脇政泰 氏 (広島大学)
Multiplicity-free decompositions of the minimal representation of the indefinite orthogonal group
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

2007年11月01日(木)

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
Michaël Pevzner 氏 (Université de Reims and University of Tokyo)
Quantization of symmetric spaces and representation. III
[ 講演概要 ]
Kontsevich's formality theorem and applications in Representation theory.

We shall first give an explicit construction of an associative star-product on an arbitrary smooth finite-dimensional Poisson manifold.

As application, we will consider in details the crucial example of the dual of a finite-dimensional Lie algebra and will sketch a generalization of the Duflo isomorphism describing the set of infinitesimal characters of irreducible unitary representations of the corresponding Lie group.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

2007年10月31日(水)

統計数学セミナー

16:20-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
深澤 正彰 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
最尤推定量の漸近展開とその応用:とくに拡散過程の場合について
[ 講演概要 ]
最尤推定量とそのスチューデント化統計量の漸近展開公式について、 スキューネス修正の観点から考察し、AR過程や、あるクラスの拡散過程モデルへの応用について述べる。 一般の対称拡散過程モデルにおける最尤推定量のバイアス推定量、 スキューネス推定量も提案する。
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2007/07.html

代数学コロキウム

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
Pierre Colmez 氏 (Ecole Polytechnique)
On the p-adic local Langlands correspondance for GL2(Qp)

2007年10月30日(火)

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
松本久義 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On Weyl groups for parabolic subalgebras
[ 講演概要 ]
Let ${\\mathfrak g}$ be a complex semisimple Lie algebra.
We call a parabolic subalgebra ${\\mathfrak p}$ of ${\\mathfrak g}$
normal, if any parabolic subalgebra which has a common Levi part with ${\\mathfrak p}$
is conjugate to ${\\mathfrak p}$ under an inner automorphism of ${\\mathfrak g}$.
For a normal parabolic subalgebra, we have a good notion of the restricted root system
or the little Weyl group. We have a comparison result on the Bruhat order on the Weyl group for
${\\mathfrak g}$ and the little Weyl group.
We also apply this result to the existence problem of the homomorphisms between scalar generalized Verma modules.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

15:00-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Michaël Pevzner 氏 (Université de Reims and University of Tokyo)
Quantization of symmetric spaces and representation. II
[ 講演概要 ]
Back to Mathematics. Two methods of quantization.

We will start with a discussion on

-Weyl symbolic calculus on a symplectic vector space
and its asymptotic behavior.


In the second part, as a consequence of previous considerations, we will define the notion of deformation quantization.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

代数幾何学セミナー

10:00-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
毎週火曜10時から12時の連続講演の第2回目です. 10月23日と12月4日は休講です.
第1回目の講義ノートがhttp://imperium.lenin.ru/~kaledin/math/tokyo/にあります.

Dmitry KALEDIN 氏 (Steklov研究所, 東大数理)
Homological methods in Non-commutative Geometry

トポロジー火曜セミナー

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:40 - 17:00 コモンルーム
太田 啓史 氏 (名大多元数理)
$L_{\\infty}$ action on Lagrangian filtered $A_{\\infty}$ algebras.
[ 講演概要 ]
I will discuss $L_{\\infty}$ actions on Lagrangian filtered
$A_{\\infty}$ algebras by cycles of the ambient symplectic
manifold. In the course of the construction,
I like to remark that the stable map compactification is not
sufficient in some case when we consider ones from genus zero
bordered Riemann surface. Also, if I have time, I like to discuss
some relation to (absolute) Gromov-Witten invariant and other
applications.
(This talk is based on my joint work with K.Fukaya, Y-G Oh and K. Ono.)

2007年10月29日(月)

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Hiroshige Kajiura 氏 (RIMS, Kyoto University)
Some examples of triangulated and/or $A_\\infty$-categories
related to homological mirror symmetry

[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I would like to discuss on some examples of
triangulated and/or $A_\\infty$-categories associated to
manifolds with additional structures
(symplectic structure, complex structure, ...)
which can appear in the homological mirror symmetry (HMS) set-up
proposed by Kontsevich'94.

The strongest form of the HMS may be to show the equivalence
of Fukaya category on a symplectic manifold with the category
of coherent sheaves on the mirror dual complex manifold
at the level of $A_\\infty$-categories.
On the other hand, for a given $A_\\infty$-category,
there is a canonical way (due to Bondal-Kapranov, Kontsevich)
to construct an enlarged $A_\\infty$-category
whose restriction to the zero-th cohomology forms a triangulated category.

I plan to talk about the triangulated structure of categories
associated to regular systems of weights
(joint work with Kyoji Saito and Atsushi Takahashi),
and also give a realization of higher $A_\\infty$-products in
Fukaya categories from the mirror dual complex manifold
via HMS in some easy examples.

2007年10月25日(木)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 410号室
見村万佐人 氏 (東大数理)
An introduction to expander graphs

Lie群論・表現論セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
連続講義です。学生の方の参加を歓迎します。
Michael Pevzner 氏 (Universite de Reims and University of Tokyo)
Quantization of symmetric spaces and representations. I
[ 講演概要 ]
The first and introductory lecture of a series of four will be devoted to the discussion of fundamental principles of the Quantum mechanics and their mathematical formulation. This part is not essential for the rest of the course but it might give a global vision of the subject to be considered.

We shall introduce the Weyl symbolic calculus, that relates classical and quantum observables, and will explain its relationship with the so-called deformation quantization of symplectic manifolds.

Afterwards, we will pay attention to a more algebraic question of formal deformation of an arbitrary smooth Poisson manifold and will define the Kontsevich star-product.
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

2007年10月24日(水)

代数学コロキウム

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
阿部知行 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
l進層のSwan導手とunit-root
overconvergent F-isocrystalの特性サイクルについて
[ 講演概要 ]
今回の講演ではBerthelotによる数論的D加群の理論を用いることによってunit-root overconvergent F-isocrystalに対してSwan導手を定義し、Kato-Saitoにより幾何学的な手法を用いて定義されたSwan導手と比較する。応用として、特異点の解消の仮定のもとでKato-SaitoのSwan導手の整数性予想を導く。

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