過去の記録

過去の記録 ~02/23本日 02/24 | 今後の予定 02/25~

応用解析セミナー

16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Arnaud Ducrot 氏 (ボルドー大学)
On the large time behaviour of the multi-dimensional Fisher-KPP equation with compactly supported initial data
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of a multi-dimensional Fisher-KPP equation posed in an asymptotically homogeneous medium and supplemented together with a compactly supported initial datum. We derive precise estimates for the location of the front before proving the convergence of the solutions towards travelling front. In particular we show that the location of the front drastically depends on the rate at which the medium become homogeneous at infinity. Fast rate of convergence only changes the location by some constant while lower rate of convergence induces further logarithmic delay.

2015年01月21日(水)

代数学コロキウム

18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Ofer Gabber 氏 (CNRS, IHES)
Spreading-out of rigid-analytic families and observations on p-adic Hodge theory (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
(Joint work with Brian Conrad.) Let $K$ be a complete rank 1 valued field with ring of integers $O_K$, $A$ an adic noetherian ring and $f:A\to O_K$ an adic morphism. If $g:X\to Y$ is a proper flat morphism between rigid analytic spaces over $K$ then locally on $Y$ a flat formal model of $g$ spreads out to a proper flat morphism between formal schemes topologically of finite type over $A$. As an application one can prove that for proper smooth $g$ and $K$ of characteristic 0, the Hodge to de Rham spectral sequence for $g$ degenerates and the $R^q g_* \Omega^p_{X/Y}$ are locally free.
(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)

古典解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
神本 晋吾 氏 (京都大学)
Remarks on the number of accessory parameters (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
代数的な常微分作用素を考える.
このような作用素(の族)の大域的な構造を考察する上で,
アクセサリーパラメータは重要な役割を果たす.
本講演では特異摂動論的な立場から,
このアクセサリーパラメータに関する考察を行う.

2015年01月20日(火)

PDE実解析研究会

10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Italo Capuzzo Dolcetta 氏 (Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza")
Maximum Principle and generalized principal eigenvalue for degenerate elliptic operators (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In my presentation I will report on a joint paper with H. Berestycki, A. Porretta and L. Rossi to appear shortly on JMPA.
We characterize the validity of the Maximum Principle in bounded domains for fully nonlinear degenerate elliptic operators in terms of the sign of a suitably defined generalized principal eigenvalue. Here, the maximum principle refers to the property of non-positivity of viscosity subsolutions of the Dirichlet problem.
The new notion of generalized principal eigenvalue that we introduce here allows us to deal with arbitrary type of degeneracy of the elliptic operators.
We further discuss the relations between this notion and other natural generalizations of the classical notion of principal eigenvalue, some of which have been previously introduced for particular classes of operators.

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 16:00-16:30 Common Room
吉安 徹 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On Lagrangian caps and their applications (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In 2013, Y. Eliashberg and E. Murphy established the $h$-principle for
exact Lagrangian embeddings with a concave Legendrian boundary. In this
talk, I will explain a modification of their $h$-principle and show
applications to Lagrangian submanifolds in the complex projective spaces.

2015年01月19日(月)

複素解析幾何セミナー

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
山口博史 氏 (滋賀大学 名誉教授)
Hyperbolic span and pseudoconvexity (Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
We show that the hyperbolic span for open torus (which is introduced by M. Shiba in 1993) has the intimate relation with the pseudoconvexity.

数値解析セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
渡部善隆 氏 (九州大学情報基盤研究開発センター)
数値計算における誤差と残差 (日本語)
[ 講演概要 ]
コンピュータによる数値計算においては、浮動小数点演算による丸め誤差、級数展開・ 反復の打ち切り誤差、連続問題の離散化誤差など、レベルの異なる誤差が発生すること があります。本講演では、「計算の品質」の観点から、何らかの方法で得られた近似解 に対し、真の解との誤差限界を数学的に厳密に見積もる数値計算手法について、特に残 差の果たす役割に注目しながら、分かりやすく紹介できればと思います。

代数幾何学セミナー

15:30-17:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
山岸 亮 氏 (京都大学理学部)
Crepant resolutions of Slodowy slice in nilpotent orbit closure in sl_N(C) (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Nilpotent orbit closures and their intersections with Slodowy slices are typical examples of symplectic varieties. It is known that every crepant resolution of a nilpotent orbit closure is obtained as a Springer resolution. In this talk, we show that every crepant resolution of a Slodowy slice in nilpotent orbit closure in sl_N(C) is obtained as the restriction of a Springer resolution and explain how to count the number of crepant resolutions. The proof of the main results is based on the fact that Slodowy slices can be described as quiver varieties.

2015年01月16日(金)

幾何コロキウム

10:00-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
西納 武男 氏 (立教大学)
Degeneration and curves on K3 surfaces (Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
There is a well-known conjecture which states that all projective K3 surfaces contain infinitely many rational curves. By calculating obstructions in deformation theory through degeneration, we give a new approach to this problem. In particular, we show that there is a Zariski open subset in the moduli space of quartic K3 surfaces whose members fulfil the conjecture.

統計数学セミナー

14:00-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 052号室
Ajay Jasra 氏 (National University of Singapore)
A stable particle filter in high-dimensions
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the numerical approximation of the filtering problem in high dimensions, that is, when the hidden state lies in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with $d$ large. For low dimensional problems, one of the most popular numerical procedures for consistent inference is the class of approximations termed as particle filters or sequential Monte Carlo methods. However, in high dimensions, standard particle filters (e.g. the bootstrap particle filter) can have a cost that is exponential in $d$ for the algorithm to be stable in an appropriate sense. We develop a new particle filter, called the space-time particle filter, for a specific family of state-space models in discrete time. This new class of particle filters provide consistent Monte Carlo estimates for any fixed $d$, as do standard particle filters. Moreover, under a simple i.i.d. model structure, we show that in order to achieve some stability properties this new filter has cost $\mathcal{O}(nNd^2)$, where $n$ is the time parameter and $N$ is the number of Monte Carlo samples, that are fixed and independent of $d$. Similar results hold, under a more general structure than the i.i.d. one. Here we show that, under additional assumptions and with the same cost, the asymptotic variance of the relative estimate of the normalizing constant grows at most linearly in time and independently of the dimension. Our theoretical results are supported by numerical simulations. The results suggest that it is possible to tackle some high dimensional filtering problems using the space-time particle filter that standard particle filters cannot.

This is joint work with: Alex Beskos (UCL), Dan Crisan (Imperial), Kengo Kamatani (Osaka) and Yan Zhou (NUS).
[ 講演参考URL ]
http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/2014/06.html

2015年01月15日(木)

東京無限可積分系セミナー

15:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
土岡 俊介 氏 (東大数理) 15:00-16:30
On Gram matrices of the Shapovalov form of a basic representation of a
quantum affine group (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider Gram matrices of the Shapovalov form of a basic
representation
of a quantum affine group. We present a conjecture predicting the
invariant
factors of these matrices and proving that it gives the correct
invariants
when one specializes or localizes the ring $\mathbb{Z}[v,v^{-1}]$ in
certain ways.
This generalizes Evseev's theorem which settled affirmatively
the K\"{u}lshammer-Olsson-Robinson conjecture that predicts
the generalized Cartan invariants of the symmetric groups.
This is a joint work with Anton Evseev.
Alexander Tsymbaliuk 氏 (SCGP (Simons Center for Geometry and Physics)) 17:00-18:30
Continuous and Infinitesimal Hecke algebras (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In the late 80's V. Drinfeld introduced the notion of the
degenerate affine Hecke algebras. The particular class of those, called
symplectic reflection algebras, has been rediscovered 15 years later by
[Etingof and Ginzburg]. The theory of those algebras (which include also
the rational Cherednik algebras) has attracted a lot of attention in the
last 15 years.
In this talk we will discuss their continuous and infinitesimal versions,
introduced by [Etingof, Gan, and Ginzburg]. Our key result relates those
classical algebras to the simplest 1-block finite W-algebras.

2015年01月14日(水)

代数学コロキウム

16:40-17:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Laurent Berger 氏 (ENS de Lyon)
Iterate extensions and relative Lubin-Tate groups
[ 講演概要 ]
Let K be a p-adic field, let P(T) be a polynomial with coefficients in K, and let {$u_n$} be a sequence such that $P(u_{n+1}) = u_n$ for all n and $u_0$ belongs to K. The extension of K generated by the $u_n$ is called an iterate extension. I will discuss these extensions, show that under certain favorable conditions there is a theory of Coleman power series, and explain the relationship with relative Lubin-Tate groups.

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
賀卓豊 氏 (東大数理)
Canonical cyclic group actions on noncommutative tori

2015年01月13日(火)

トポロジー火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 16:00-16:30 Common Room
吉田 建一 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Stable presentation length of 3-manifold groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We will introduce the stable presentation length
of a finitely presented group, which is defined
by stabilizing the presentation length for the
finite index subgroups. The stable presentation
length of the fundamental group of a 3-manifold
is an analogue of the simplicial volume and the
stable complexity introduced by Francaviglia,
Frigerio and Martelli. We will explain some
similarities of stable presentation length with
simplicial volume and stable complexity.

PDE実解析研究会

10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Wojciech Zajączkowski 氏 (Institute of Mathematics Polish Academy of Sciences)
Global regular solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations which remain close to the two-dimensional solutions (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the motion of the Navier-Stokes equations in a cylinder with the Navier-boundary conditions. First we prove global existence of regular two-dimensional solutions non-decaying in time. Next we show stability of these solutions. In this way we have existence of global regular solutions which remain close to the two-dimensional solutions. We prove the results for nonvanishing external force in time.

2015年01月10日(土)

調和解析駒場セミナー

13:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
貝塚 公一 氏 (学習院大学) 13:30-15:00
Scattering theory for the Laplacian on symmetric spaces of noncompact type and its application (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
非コンパクト型対称空間上のラプラシアンに対する散乱理論について紹介する. ラプラシアンのレゾルベントに対する極限吸収原理,レゾルベントとPoisson 作用素に対する無限遠での漸近展開,Helmholtz方程式の解の特徴づけ等の散乱理論における基本的な定理について解説する. 特に, 対称空間上のRadon変換を用いた, 一様Fourier制限評価について詳しく述べる.
猪奥 倫左 氏 (愛媛大学) 15:30-17:00
スケール不変性を持つ臨界Hardyの不等式について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Hardyの不等式は,劣臨界指数の場合には伸縮に関するスケール不変性を持つ事が知られている.一方,臨界指数の場合には対数型の特異性に起因して通常の伸縮不変性は破綻する. 本講演では,「伸縮に関するスケール不変性を持つ平均振動型の臨界Hardyの不等式」および「非線形スケール不変性を持つ対数補正型臨界 Hardyの不等式」の二種を導出する.更にその最良定数は達成されないことを,対応する変分問題を解析することで証明する.

2015年01月07日(水)

代数学コロキウム

16:40-17:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Sandra Rozensztajn 氏 (ENS de Lyon)
Congruences of modular forms modulo p and a variant of the Breuil-Mézard conjecture (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk I will explain how a problem of congruences modulo p in the space of modular forms $S_k(\Gamma_0(p))$ is related to the geometry of some deformation spaces of Galois representations and can be solved by using a variant of the Breuil-Mézard conjecture.

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
早瀬友裕 氏 (東大数理)
De Finetti theorems related to Boolean independence (English)

2015年01月06日(火)

PDE実解析研究会

10:30-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Elio Eduardo Espejo 氏 (National University of Colombia / Osaka University)
Global existence and asymptotic behavior for some Keller-Segel systems coupled with Navier-Stokes equations (英語)
[ 講演概要 ]
There are plenty of examples in nature, where cells move in response to some chemical signal in the environment. Biologists call this phenomenon chemotaxis. In my talk I will approach the problem of describing mathematically the phenomenon of chemotaxis when it happens surrounded by a fluid. This is a new research topic bringing the attention of many scientists because it has given rise to many interesting questions having relevance in both biology and mathematics. In particular, I will present some new mathematical models arising from my current research that have given rise to Keller-Segel type systems coupled with Navier-Stokes systems. I will present some results of global existence and asymptotic behavior. Finally I will discuss some open problems.

2014年12月22日(月)

数理人口学・数理生物学セミナー

15:00-16:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Don Yueping 氏 (Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo)
Estimating the seroincidence of pertussis in Japan
[ 講演概要 ]
Despite relatively high vaccination coverage of pertussis for decades, the disease keeps circulating among both vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals and a periodic large epidemic is observed every 4 years. To understand the transmission dynamics, specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against pertussis toxin (PT) have been routinely measured in Japan. Using the cross-sectional serological survey data with a known decay rate of antibody titres as a function of time since infection, we estimate the age-dependent seroincidence of pertussis. The estimated incidence of pertussis declined with age, the shape of which will be extremely useful for reconstructing the transmission dynamics and considering effective countermeasures.

2014年12月19日(金)

幾何コロキウム

10:00-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
蒲谷祐一 氏 (京都大学)
Exotic components in linear slices of quasi-Fuchsian groups
[ 講演概要 ]
The linear slice of quasi-Fuchsian punctured torus groups is defined by fixing the length of some simple closed curve to be a fixed positive real number. It is known that the linear slice is a union of disks, and it has one `standard' component containing Fuchsian groups. Komori-Yamashita proved that there exist non-standard components if the length is sufficiently large. In this talk, I give another proof based on the theory of complex projective structures. If time permits, I will talk about a refined statement and a generalization to other surfaces.

2014年12月17日(水)

代数学コロキウム

18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
いつもと教室が異なりますのでご注意ください
Konstantin Ardakov 氏 (University of Oxford)
Equivariant $\wideparen{\mathcal{D}}$ modules on rigid analytic spaces
(English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Locally analytic representations of p-adic Lie groups are of interest in several branches of arithmetic algebraic geometry, notably the p-adic local Langlands program. I will discuss some work in progress towards a Beilinson-Bernstein style localisation theorem for admissible locally analytic representations of semisimple compact p-adic Lie groups using equivariant formal models of rigid analytic flag varieties.
(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)

作用素環セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Valentin Zagrebnov 氏 (Univ. d'Aix-Marseille)
Dynamics of an Open Quantum System with Repeated Harmonic Perturbation (with Hiroshi Tamura) (English)

数理人口学・数理生物学セミナー

14:50-16:20   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
矢作由美 氏 (東京都市大学)
細胞性粘菌の集合体形成現象モデルにおける確率論的解釈
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
細胞性粘菌は飢餓状態に陥ると、集合してナメクジのような集合体を形成します。また、そのときに走化性物質を放出し
ます。その動きはケラーシーゲル系と呼ばれる連立偏微分方程式系を用いて記述されます。本研究においては、標準的ブラウン運動によって駆動される確率過程を導入した確率微分方程式を用いることによって、ケラーシーゲル系の解に確率論的表記を与えることが目標です。また、モンテカルロ法を用いた近似解の構成方法について発表します。

2014年12月16日(火)

解析学火曜セミナー

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
水谷 治哉 氏 (大阪大学・理学研究科)
Global Strichartz estimates for Schr¥”odinger equations on
asymptotically conic manifolds (Japanese)

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