## Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ～08/07｜Today's seminar 08/08 | Future seminars 08/09～

### 2018/06/20

#### Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Criteria for good reduction of hyperbolic polycurves (JAPANESE)

**Ippei Nagamachi**(University of Tokyo)Criteria for good reduction of hyperbolic polycurves (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

We give good reduction criteria for hyperbolic polycurves, i.e., successive extensions of families of curves, under mild assumption. These criteria are higher dimensional versions of the good reduction criterion for hyperbolic curves given by Oda and Tamagawa. In this talk, we construct homotopy exact sequences by using intermediate quotient groups of geometric etale fundamental groups of hyperbolic polycurves.

We give good reduction criteria for hyperbolic polycurves, i.e., successive extensions of families of curves, under mild assumption. These criteria are higher dimensional versions of the good reduction criterion for hyperbolic curves given by Oda and Tamagawa. In this talk, we construct homotopy exact sequences by using intermediate quotient groups of geometric etale fundamental groups of hyperbolic polycurves.

### 2018/06/19

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Dormant Miura opers and Tango structures (Japanese (writing in English))

**Yasuhiro Wakabayashi**(TIT)Dormant Miura opers and Tango structures (Japanese (writing in English))

[ Abstract ]

Only Japanese abstract is available.

Only Japanese abstract is available.

#### Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

KdV is wellposed in $H^{-1}$ (English)

**Rowan Killip**(UCLA)KdV is wellposed in $H^{-1}$ (English)

#### Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:50-18:20 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Small data global existence for the semi-discrete scheme of a model system of hyperbolic balance laws (Japanese)

**Shuji Yoshikawa**(Oita University)Small data global existence for the semi-discrete scheme of a model system of hyperbolic balance laws (Japanese)

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Characteristic classes via 4-dimensional gauge theory (JAPANESE)

**Hokuto Konno**(The University of Tokyo)Characteristic classes via 4-dimensional gauge theory (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Using gauge theory, more precisely SO(3)-Yang-Mills theory and Seiberg-Witten theory, I will construct characteristic classes of 4-manifold bundles. These characteristic classes are extensions of the SO(3)-Donaldson invariant and the Seiberg-Witten invariant to families of 4-manifolds, and can detect non-triviality of smooth 4-manifold bundles. The basic idea of the construction of these characteristic classes is to consider an infinite dimensional analogue of classical characteristic classes of manifold bundles, typified by the Mumford-Morita-Miller classes for surface bundles.

Using gauge theory, more precisely SO(3)-Yang-Mills theory and Seiberg-Witten theory, I will construct characteristic classes of 4-manifold bundles. These characteristic classes are extensions of the SO(3)-Donaldson invariant and the Seiberg-Witten invariant to families of 4-manifolds, and can detect non-triviality of smooth 4-manifold bundles. The basic idea of the construction of these characteristic classes is to consider an infinite dimensional analogue of classical characteristic classes of manifold bundles, typified by the Mumford-Morita-Miller classes for surface bundles.

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

14:30-16:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Relative and equivariant Lagrangian Floer homology and Atiyah-Floer conjecture (JAPANESE)

**Kenji Fukaya**(Simons center, SUNY)Relative and equivariant Lagrangian Floer homology and Atiyah-Floer conjecture (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Atiyah-Floer conjecture concerns a relationship between Floer homology in Gauge theory and Lagrangian Floer homology. One of its difficulty is that the symplectic manifold on wich we consider Lagrangian Floer homology is in general singular. In this talk I will explain that, by using relative and equivariant version of Lagrangian Floer homology, we can resolve this problem and can at least state the conjecture as rigorous mathematical conjecture.

Atiyah-Floer conjecture concerns a relationship between Floer homology in Gauge theory and Lagrangian Floer homology. One of its difficulty is that the symplectic manifold on wich we consider Lagrangian Floer homology is in general singular. In this talk I will explain that, by using relative and equivariant version of Lagrangian Floer homology, we can resolve this problem and can at least state the conjecture as rigorous mathematical conjecture.

### 2018/06/18

#### Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:00-17:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Hideki TANEMURA**(Department of Mathematics, Keio University)(JAPANESE)

#### Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Equivariant index theorem (English)

**Ryszard Nest**(Copenhagen Univ.)Equivariant index theorem (English)

### 2018/06/13

#### Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Poisson boundary for the discrete affine group (English)

**Ryokichi Tanaka**(Tohoku Univ.)Poisson boundary for the discrete affine group (English)

### 2018/06/12

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Ample canonical heights for endomorphisms on projective varieties (English or Japanese)

**Takahiro Shibata**(Kyoto)Ample canonical heights for endomorphisms on projective varieties (English or Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

Given a smooth projective variety on a number field and an

endomorphism on it, we would like to know how the height of a point

grows by iteration of the action of the endomorphism. When the

endomorphism is polarized, Call and Silverman construct the canonical

height, which is an important tool for the calculation of growth of

heights. In this talk, we will give a generalization of the Call-

Silverman canonical heights for not necessarily polarized endomorphisms,

ample canonical heights, and propose an analogue of the Northcott

finiteness theorem as a conjecture. We will see that the conjecture

holds when the variety is an abelian variety or a surface.

Given a smooth projective variety on a number field and an

endomorphism on it, we would like to know how the height of a point

grows by iteration of the action of the endomorphism. When the

endomorphism is polarized, Call and Silverman construct the canonical

height, which is an important tool for the calculation of growth of

heights. In this talk, we will give a generalization of the Call-

Silverman canonical heights for not necessarily polarized endomorphisms,

ample canonical heights, and propose an analogue of the Northcott

finiteness theorem as a conjecture. We will see that the conjecture

holds when the variety is an abelian variety or a surface.

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Turbulization of 2-dimensional foliations on 4-manifolds (JAPANESE)

**Yoshihiko Mitsumatsu**(Chuo University)Turbulization of 2-dimensional foliations on 4-manifolds (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

This is a report on a joint work with Elmar VOGT(Freie Universität Berlin). For codimension 1 foliations, the process of turbulization, i.e., inserting a Reeb component along a closed transversal, is well-known, while for higher codimensional foliation, similar processes were not understood until around 2006.

In this talk, first we formulate the turbulization along a closed transversal. Then in our dimension setting, namely 2-dimensional foliations on 4-manifolds ((4,2)-foliations), a cohomological criterion is given for a given transversal to a foliation, which tells the turbulization is possible or not, relying on the Thurston's h-principle. Also we give cocrete geometric constructions of turbulizations.

The cohomological criterion for turbulization is deduced from a more general criterion for a given embedded surface to be a compact leaf or a closed transversal of some foliation, which is stated in terms of the euler classes of tangent and normal bndle of the foliation to look for. The anormalous cohomological solutions for certain cases suggested the geometric realization of turbulization, while the cohomological criterion is obtained by the h-principle.

Some other modifications are also formulated for (4,2)-foliations and their possibility are assured by the anormalous solutions mentioned above. For some of them, good geometric realizations are not yet known. So far the difficulty lies on the problem of the connected components of the space of representations of the surface groups to Diff S^1.

If the time permits, some special features on the h-principle for 2-dimensional foliations are also explained.

This is a report on a joint work with Elmar VOGT(Freie Universität Berlin). For codimension 1 foliations, the process of turbulization, i.e., inserting a Reeb component along a closed transversal, is well-known, while for higher codimensional foliation, similar processes were not understood until around 2006.

In this talk, first we formulate the turbulization along a closed transversal. Then in our dimension setting, namely 2-dimensional foliations on 4-manifolds ((4,2)-foliations), a cohomological criterion is given for a given transversal to a foliation, which tells the turbulization is possible or not, relying on the Thurston's h-principle. Also we give cocrete geometric constructions of turbulizations.

The cohomological criterion for turbulization is deduced from a more general criterion for a given embedded surface to be a compact leaf or a closed transversal of some foliation, which is stated in terms of the euler classes of tangent and normal bndle of the foliation to look for. The anormalous cohomological solutions for certain cases suggested the geometric realization of turbulization, while the cohomological criterion is obtained by the h-principle.

Some other modifications are also formulated for (4,2)-foliations and their possibility are assured by the anormalous solutions mentioned above. For some of them, good geometric realizations are not yet known. So far the difficulty lies on the problem of the connected components of the space of representations of the surface groups to Diff S^1.

If the time permits, some special features on the h-principle for 2-dimensional foliations are also explained.

#### Lectures

15:00-16:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Cellular E_2-algebras and the unstable homology of mapping class groups

**Alexander Kupers**(Harvard University)Cellular E_2-algebras and the unstable homology of mapping class groups

[ Abstract ]

We discuss joint work with Soren Galatius and Oscar Randal-Williams on the application of higher-algebraic techniques to classical questions about the homology of mapping class groups. This uses a new "multiplicative" approach to homological stability -- in contrast to the "additive" one due to Quillen -- which has the advantage of providing information outside of the stable range.

We discuss joint work with Soren Galatius and Oscar Randal-Williams on the application of higher-algebraic techniques to classical questions about the homology of mapping class groups. This uses a new "multiplicative" approach to homological stability -- in contrast to the "additive" one due to Quillen -- which has the advantage of providing information outside of the stable range.

### 2018/06/11

#### Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Cohomology of non-pluriharmonic loci (JAPANESE)

**Yusaku Tiba**(Ochanomizu University)Cohomology of non-pluriharmonic loci (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we study a pseudoconvex counterpart of the Lefschetz hyperplane theorem.

We show a relation between the cohomology of a pseudoconvex domain and the cohomology of the non-pluriharmonic locus of an exhaustive plurisubharmonic function.

In this talk, we study a pseudoconvex counterpart of the Lefschetz hyperplane theorem.

We show a relation between the cohomology of a pseudoconvex domain and the cohomology of the non-pluriharmonic locus of an exhaustive plurisubharmonic function.

### 2018/06/06

#### Number Theory Seminar

17:30-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On the Ramanujan conjecture for automorphic forms over function fields

**Nicolas Templier**(Cornell University)On the Ramanujan conjecture for automorphic forms over function fields

[ Abstract ]

Let G be a reductive group over a function field of large enough characteristic. We prove the temperedness at unramified places of automorphic representations of G, subject to a local assumption at one place, stronger than supercuspidality. Such an assumption is necessary, as was first shown by Saito-Kurokawa and Howe-Piatetskii-Shapiro in the 70's. Our method relies on the l-adic geometry of Bun_G, and on trace formulas. Work with Will Sawin.

Let G be a reductive group over a function field of large enough characteristic. We prove the temperedness at unramified places of automorphic representations of G, subject to a local assumption at one place, stronger than supercuspidality. Such an assumption is necessary, as was first shown by Saito-Kurokawa and Howe-Piatetskii-Shapiro in the 70's. Our method relies on the l-adic geometry of Bun_G, and on trace formulas. Work with Will Sawin.

### 2018/06/05

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Topological full groups and generalizations of the Higman-Thompson groups (JAPANESE)

**Hiroki Matui**(Chiba University)Topological full groups and generalizations of the Higman-Thompson groups (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

For a topological dynamical system on the Cantor set, one can introduce its topological full group, which is a countable subgroup of the homeomorphism group of the Cantor set. The Higman-Thompson group V_n is regarded as the topological full group of the one-sided full shift over n symbols. Replacing the one-sided full shift with other dynamical systems, we obtain variants of the Higman-Thompson group. It is then natural to ask whether those generalized Higman-Thompson groups possess similar (or different) features. I would like to discuss isomorphism classes of these groups, finiteness properties, abelianizations, connections to C*-algebras and their K-theory, and so on.

For a topological dynamical system on the Cantor set, one can introduce its topological full group, which is a countable subgroup of the homeomorphism group of the Cantor set. The Higman-Thompson group V_n is regarded as the topological full group of the one-sided full shift over n symbols. Replacing the one-sided full shift with other dynamical systems, we obtain variants of the Higman-Thompson group. It is then natural to ask whether those generalized Higman-Thompson groups possess similar (or different) features. I would like to discuss isomorphism classes of these groups, finiteness properties, abelianizations, connections to C*-algebras and their K-theory, and so on.

### 2018/06/04

#### Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:00-17:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Uniqueness set for degenerate Hamilton-Jacobi equations (JAPANESE)

**Hiroyoshi MITAKE**(Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Tokyo)Uniqueness set for degenerate Hamilton-Jacobi equations (JAPANESE)

#### Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Junjiro Noguchi**(The University of Tokyo)(JAPANESE)

### 2018/05/31

#### Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Parallel Computing Methods for Quantitative Finance: the Parareal Algorithm for American Options (English)

**Olivier Pironneau**(Sorbonne University and Academy of Sciences)Parallel Computing Methods for Quantitative Finance: the Parareal Algorithm for American Options (English)

[ Abstract ]

With parallelism in mind we investigate the parareal method for American contracts both theoretically and numerically. Least-Square Monte-Carlo (LSMC) and parareal time decomposition with two or more levels are used, leading to an efficient parallel implementation which scales linearly with the number of processors and is appropriate to any multiprocessor-memory architecture in its multilevel version. We prove $L^2$ superlinear convergence for an LSMC backward in time computation of American contracts, when the conditional expectations are known, i.e. before Monte-Carlo discretization. In all cases the computing time is increased only by a constant factor, compared to the sequential algorithm on the finest grid, and speed-up is guaranteed when the number of processors is larger than that constant. A numerical implementation will be shown to confirm the theoretical error estimates.

With parallelism in mind we investigate the parareal method for American contracts both theoretically and numerically. Least-Square Monte-Carlo (LSMC) and parareal time decomposition with two or more levels are used, leading to an efficient parallel implementation which scales linearly with the number of processors and is appropriate to any multiprocessor-memory architecture in its multilevel version. We prove $L^2$ superlinear convergence for an LSMC backward in time computation of American contracts, when the conditional expectations are known, i.e. before Monte-Carlo discretization. In all cases the computing time is increased only by a constant factor, compared to the sequential algorithm on the finest grid, and speed-up is guaranteed when the number of processors is larger than that constant. A numerical implementation will be shown to confirm the theoretical error estimates.

### 2018/05/30

#### Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Blow-ups and the class field theory for curves (JAPANESE)

**Daichi Takeuchi**(University of Tokyo)Blow-ups and the class field theory for curves (JAPANESE)

### 2018/05/29

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

A partial order on nu+ equivalence classes (JAPANESE)

**Kouki Sato**(The university of Tokyo)A partial order on nu+ equivalence classes (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

The nu+ equivalence is an equivalence relation on the knot concordance group. Hom proves that many concordance invariants derived from Heegaard Floer homology are invariant under nu+ equivalence. In this work, we introduce a partial order on nu+ equivalence classes, and study its algebraic and geometrical properties. As an application, we prove that any genus one knot is nu+ equivalent to one of the unknot, the trefoil and its mirror.

The nu+ equivalence is an equivalence relation on the knot concordance group. Hom proves that many concordance invariants derived from Heegaard Floer homology are invariant under nu+ equivalence. In this work, we introduce a partial order on nu+ equivalence classes, and study its algebraic and geometrical properties. As an application, we prove that any genus one knot is nu+ equivalent to one of the unknot, the trefoil and its mirror.

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Nikulin configurations on Kummer surfaces (English)

**Alessandra Sarti**(Universit\'e de Poitiers)Nikulin configurations on Kummer surfaces (English)

[ Abstract ]

A Nikulin configuration is the data of

16 disjoint smooth rational curves on a K3 surface.

According to results of Nikulin this means that the K3 surface

is a Kummer surface and the abelian surface in the Kummer structure

is determined by the 16 curves. An old question of Shioda is about the

existence of non isomorphic Kummer structures on the same Kummer K3

surface.

The question was positively answered and studied by several authors, and

it was shown that the number of non-isomorphic Kummer structures is

finite,

but no explicit geometric construction of such structures was given.

In the talk I will show how to construct explicitely non isomorphic

Kummer structures on generic Kummer K3 surfaces.

This is a joint work with X. Roulleau.

A Nikulin configuration is the data of

16 disjoint smooth rational curves on a K3 surface.

According to results of Nikulin this means that the K3 surface

is a Kummer surface and the abelian surface in the Kummer structure

is determined by the 16 curves. An old question of Shioda is about the

existence of non isomorphic Kummer structures on the same Kummer K3

surface.

The question was positively answered and studied by several authors, and

it was shown that the number of non-isomorphic Kummer structures is

finite,

but no explicit geometric construction of such structures was given.

In the talk I will show how to construct explicitely non isomorphic

Kummer structures on generic Kummer K3 surfaces.

This is a joint work with X. Roulleau.

### 2018/05/28

#### Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

A generalization of Kähler Einstein metrics for Fano manifolds with non-vanishing Futaki invariant (JAPANESE)

**Satoshi Nakamura**(Tohoku University)A generalization of Kähler Einstein metrics for Fano manifolds with non-vanishing Futaki invariant (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

The existence problem of Kähler Einstein metrics for Fano manifolds was one of the central problems in Kähler Geometry. The vanishing of the Futaki invariant is known as an obstruction to the existence of Kähler Einstein metrics. Generalized Kähler Einstein metrics (GKE for short), introduced by Mabuchi in 2000, is a generalization of Kähler Einstein metrics for Fano manifolds with non-vanishing Futaki invariant. In this talk, we give the followings:

(i) The positivity for the Hessian of the Ricci Calabi functional which characterizes GKE as its critical points, and its application.

(ii) A criterion for the existence of GKE on toric Fano manifolds from view points of an algebraic stability and an analytic stability.

The existence problem of Kähler Einstein metrics for Fano manifolds was one of the central problems in Kähler Geometry. The vanishing of the Futaki invariant is known as an obstruction to the existence of Kähler Einstein metrics. Generalized Kähler Einstein metrics (GKE for short), introduced by Mabuchi in 2000, is a generalization of Kähler Einstein metrics for Fano manifolds with non-vanishing Futaki invariant. In this talk, we give the followings:

(i) The positivity for the Hessian of the Ricci Calabi functional which characterizes GKE as its critical points, and its application.

(ii) A criterion for the existence of GKE on toric Fano manifolds from view points of an algebraic stability and an analytic stability.

#### Mathematical Biology Seminar

15:30-16:30 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

T-cell mediated adaptive immunity in primary dengue infections

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022519317303211

**Sourav Kumar Sasmal**(Department of Physics and Mathematics, Aoyama Gakuin University)T-cell mediated adaptive immunity in primary dengue infections

[ Abstract ]

Currently, dengue virus (DENV) is the most common mosquito-borne viral disease in the world, which is endemic across tropical Asia, Latin America, and Africa. The global DENV incidence is increasing day by day due to climate changing. According to a report, DENV cases increase almost five times since 1980, than the previous 30 years. Mathematical modeling is a common tool for understanding, studying and analyzing the mechanisms that govern the dynamics of infectious disease. In addition, models can be used to study different mitigation measures to control outbreaks. Here, we present a mathematical model of DENV dynamics in micro-environment (cellular level) consisting of healthy cells, infected cells, virus particles and T -cell mediated adaptive immunity. We have considered the explicit role of cytokines and antibody in our model. We find that the virus load goes down to zero within 6 days as it is common for DENV infection. We have shown that the cytokine mediated virus clearance plays a very important role in dengue dynamics. It can change the dynamical behavior of the system and causes essential extinction of the virus. Finally, we have incorporated the antiviral treatment effect for DENV in our model and shown that the basic reproduction number is directly proportional to the antiviral treatment effects.

[ Reference URL ]Currently, dengue virus (DENV) is the most common mosquito-borne viral disease in the world, which is endemic across tropical Asia, Latin America, and Africa. The global DENV incidence is increasing day by day due to climate changing. According to a report, DENV cases increase almost five times since 1980, than the previous 30 years. Mathematical modeling is a common tool for understanding, studying and analyzing the mechanisms that govern the dynamics of infectious disease. In addition, models can be used to study different mitigation measures to control outbreaks. Here, we present a mathematical model of DENV dynamics in micro-environment (cellular level) consisting of healthy cells, infected cells, virus particles and T -cell mediated adaptive immunity. We have considered the explicit role of cytokines and antibody in our model. We find that the virus load goes down to zero within 6 days as it is common for DENV infection. We have shown that the cytokine mediated virus clearance plays a very important role in dengue dynamics. It can change the dynamical behavior of the system and causes essential extinction of the virus. Finally, we have incorporated the antiviral treatment effect for DENV in our model and shown that the basic reproduction number is directly proportional to the antiviral treatment effects.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022519317303211

### 2018/05/25

#### Colloquium

15:30-16:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Mod p representation theory of p-adic reductive groups

(日本語)

**Noriyuki ABE**(The University of Tokyo)Mod p representation theory of p-adic reductive groups

(日本語)

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Endomorphisms of normal projective variety and equivariant-MMP (English)

**De Qi Zhang**(Singapore)Endomorphisms of normal projective variety and equivariant-MMP (English)

[ Abstract ]

We report some recent joint works on polarized or int-amplified endomorphisms f on a normal projective variety X with mild singularities, and prove the pseudo-effectivity of the anti-canonical divisor of X, and the f-equivariance, after replacing f by its power, for every minimal model program starting from X. Fano varieties and Q-abelian varieties turn out to be building blocks having such symmetries. The ground field is closed and of characteristic 0 or at least 7.

We report some recent joint works on polarized or int-amplified endomorphisms f on a normal projective variety X with mild singularities, and prove the pseudo-effectivity of the anti-canonical divisor of X, and the f-equivariance, after replacing f by its power, for every minimal model program starting from X. Fano varieties and Q-abelian varieties turn out to be building blocks having such symmetries. The ground field is closed and of characteristic 0 or at least 7.

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