## Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ～02/01｜Today's seminar 02/02 | Future seminars 02/03～

### 2019/10/17

#### FMSP Lectures

13:00-15:05 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Topic on minimal submanifolds (4/6) (ENGLISH)

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

**Chung-jun Tsai**(National Taiwan University)Topic on minimal submanifolds (4/6) (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

[ Reference URL ]The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

#### Information Mathematics Seminar

16:50-18:35 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

5G Data Center in CASE+AI Era (Japanese)

**Hiroshi Fujiwara**(BroadBand Tower, Inc.)5G Data Center in CASE+AI Era (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

Explanation of the recent situation of Data Center, and of its relation to

Connected、Autonomous、Sharing & Services、Electrification.

Explanation of the recent situation of Data Center, and of its relation to

Connected、Autonomous、Sharing & Services、Electrification.

#### Mathematical Biology Seminar

14:00-16:00 Room #052 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Complex spatiotemporal dynamics in a simple predator-prey model (ENGLISH)

Functional response of competing populations to environmental variability (ENGLISH)

**Merlin C. Koehnke**(Institute of Environmental Systems Research, School of Mathematics/Computer Science, Osnabrueck University) 14:00-15:00Complex spatiotemporal dynamics in a simple predator-prey model (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

A simple reaction-diffusion predator-prey model with Holling type IV functional response

and logistic growth in the prey is considered. The functional response can be interpreted as

a group defense mechanism, i.e., the predation rate decreases with resource density when the

prey density is high enough [1]. Such a mechanism has been described in diverse biological

interactions [2,3]. For instance, high densities of filamentous algae can decrease filtering

rates of filter feeders [4].

The model will be described and linked to plankton dynamics. Nonspatial considerations reveal that the zooplankton may go extinct or coexistence (stationary or oscillatory) between

zoo- and phytoplankton may emerge depending on the choice of parameters. However,

including space, the dynamics are more complex. In particular, spatiotemporal irregular

oscillations can rescue the predator from extinction. These oscillations can be characterized

as spatiotemporal chaos. The results provide a simple mechanism not only for the emergence

of inhomogeneous plankton distributions [5] but also for the occurrence of chaos in plankton communities [6]. Possible underlying mechanisms for this phenomenon will be discussed.

References

[1] Freedman, H. I., Wolkowicz, G. S. (1986). Predator-prey systems with group defence: the

paradox of enrichment revisited. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 48(5-6), 493–508.

[2] Tener, J. S.. Muskoxen in Canada: a biological and taxonomic review. Vol. 2. Dept. of Northern

Affairs and National Resources, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1965.

[3] Holmes, J. C. (1972). Modification of intermediate host behaviour by parasites. Behavioural

aspects of parasite transmission.

[4] Davidowicz, P., Gliwicz, Z. M., Gulati, R. D. (1988). Can Daphnia prevent a blue-green algal

bloom in hypertrophic lakes? A laboratory test. Limnologica. Jena, 19(1), 21–26.

[5] Abbott, M., 1993. Phytoplankton patchiness: ecological implicationsand observation methods.

In: Levin, S.A., Powell, T.M., Steele, J.H.(Eds.), Patch Dynamics. Lecture Notes in Biomathematics, vol. 96. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 37–49.

[6] Beninc`a, E. et al. (2008). Chaos in a long-term experiment with a plankton community. Nature,

451(7180), 822.

A simple reaction-diffusion predator-prey model with Holling type IV functional response

and logistic growth in the prey is considered. The functional response can be interpreted as

a group defense mechanism, i.e., the predation rate decreases with resource density when the

prey density is high enough [1]. Such a mechanism has been described in diverse biological

interactions [2,3]. For instance, high densities of filamentous algae can decrease filtering

rates of filter feeders [4].

The model will be described and linked to plankton dynamics. Nonspatial considerations reveal that the zooplankton may go extinct or coexistence (stationary or oscillatory) between

zoo- and phytoplankton may emerge depending on the choice of parameters. However,

including space, the dynamics are more complex. In particular, spatiotemporal irregular

oscillations can rescue the predator from extinction. These oscillations can be characterized

as spatiotemporal chaos. The results provide a simple mechanism not only for the emergence

of inhomogeneous plankton distributions [5] but also for the occurrence of chaos in plankton communities [6]. Possible underlying mechanisms for this phenomenon will be discussed.

References

[1] Freedman, H. I., Wolkowicz, G. S. (1986). Predator-prey systems with group defence: the

paradox of enrichment revisited. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 48(5-6), 493–508.

[2] Tener, J. S.. Muskoxen in Canada: a biological and taxonomic review. Vol. 2. Dept. of Northern

Affairs and National Resources, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1965.

[3] Holmes, J. C. (1972). Modification of intermediate host behaviour by parasites. Behavioural

aspects of parasite transmission.

[4] Davidowicz, P., Gliwicz, Z. M., Gulati, R. D. (1988). Can Daphnia prevent a blue-green algal

bloom in hypertrophic lakes? A laboratory test. Limnologica. Jena, 19(1), 21–26.

[5] Abbott, M., 1993. Phytoplankton patchiness: ecological implicationsand observation methods.

In: Levin, S.A., Powell, T.M., Steele, J.H.(Eds.), Patch Dynamics. Lecture Notes in Biomathematics, vol. 96. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 37–49.

[6] Beninc`a, E. et al. (2008). Chaos in a long-term experiment with a plankton community. Nature,

451(7180), 822.

**Horst Malchow**(Institute of Environmental Systems Research, School of Mathematics/Computer Science, Osnabrueck University) 15:00-16:00Functional response of competing populations to environmental variability (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

The possible control of competitive invasion by infection of the invader and multiplicative

noise is studied. The basic model is the Lotka-Volterra competition system with emergent

carrying capacities. Several stationary solutions of the non-infected and infected system are

identied as well as parameter ranges of bistability. The latter are used for the numerical

study of diusive invasion phenomena. The Fickian diusivities, the infection but in particular the white and colored multiplicative noise are the control parameters. It is shown

that not only competition, possible infection and mobilities are important drivers of the

invasive dynamics but also the noise and especially its color and the functional response of

populations to the emergence of noise.

The variability of the environment can additionally be modelled by applying Fokker-Planck

instead of Fickian diusion. An interesting feature of Fokker-Planck diusion is that for spatially varying diusion coecients the stationary solution is not a homogeneous distribution.

Instead, the densities accumulate in regions of low diusivity and tend to lower levels for

areas of high diusivity. Thus, the stationary distribution of the Fokker-Planck diusion can

be interpreted as a re

ection of dierent levels of habitat quality [1-5]. The latter recalls the

seminal papers on environmental density, cf. [6-7]. Appropriate examples will be presented.

References

[1] Bengfort, M., Malchow, H., Hilker, F.M. (2016). The Fokker-Planck law of diffusion and

pattern formation in heterogeneous media. Journal of Mathematical Biology 73(3), 683-704.

[2] Siekmann, I., Malchow, H. (2016). Fighting enemies and noise: Competition of residents

and invaders in a stochastically fluctuating environment. Mathematical Modelling of Natural

Phenomena 11(5), 120-140.

[3] Siekmann, I., Bengfort, M., Malchow, H. (2017). Coexistence of competitors mediated by

nonlinear noise. European Physical Journal Special Topics 226(9), 2157-2170.

[4] Kohnke, M.C., Malchow, H. (2017). Impact of parameter variability and environmental noise

on the Klausmeier model of vegetation pattern formation. Mathematics 5, 69 (19 pages).

[5] Bengfort, M., Siekmann, I., Malchow, H. (2018). Invasive competition with Fokker-Planck

diusion and noise. Ecological Complexity 34, 134-13.

[6] Morisita, M. (1971). Measuring of habitat value by the \environmental density" method. In:

Spatial patterns and statistical distributions (Patil, C.D., Pielou, E.C., Waters, W.E., eds.),

Statistical Ecology, vol. 1, pp. 379-401. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park.

[7] N. Shigesada, N., Kawasaki, K., Teramoto, E. (1979). Spatial segregation of interacting species.

Journal of Theoretical Biology 79, 83-99.

The possible control of competitive invasion by infection of the invader and multiplicative

noise is studied. The basic model is the Lotka-Volterra competition system with emergent

carrying capacities. Several stationary solutions of the non-infected and infected system are

identied as well as parameter ranges of bistability. The latter are used for the numerical

study of diusive invasion phenomena. The Fickian diusivities, the infection but in particular the white and colored multiplicative noise are the control parameters. It is shown

that not only competition, possible infection and mobilities are important drivers of the

invasive dynamics but also the noise and especially its color and the functional response of

populations to the emergence of noise.

The variability of the environment can additionally be modelled by applying Fokker-Planck

instead of Fickian diusion. An interesting feature of Fokker-Planck diusion is that for spatially varying diusion coecients the stationary solution is not a homogeneous distribution.

Instead, the densities accumulate in regions of low diusivity and tend to lower levels for

areas of high diusivity. Thus, the stationary distribution of the Fokker-Planck diusion can

be interpreted as a re

ection of dierent levels of habitat quality [1-5]. The latter recalls the

seminal papers on environmental density, cf. [6-7]. Appropriate examples will be presented.

References

[1] Bengfort, M., Malchow, H., Hilker, F.M. (2016). The Fokker-Planck law of diffusion and

pattern formation in heterogeneous media. Journal of Mathematical Biology 73(3), 683-704.

[2] Siekmann, I., Malchow, H. (2016). Fighting enemies and noise: Competition of residents

and invaders in a stochastically fluctuating environment. Mathematical Modelling of Natural

Phenomena 11(5), 120-140.

[3] Siekmann, I., Bengfort, M., Malchow, H. (2017). Coexistence of competitors mediated by

nonlinear noise. European Physical Journal Special Topics 226(9), 2157-2170.

[4] Kohnke, M.C., Malchow, H. (2017). Impact of parameter variability and environmental noise

on the Klausmeier model of vegetation pattern formation. Mathematics 5, 69 (19 pages).

[5] Bengfort, M., Siekmann, I., Malchow, H. (2018). Invasive competition with Fokker-Planck

diusion and noise. Ecological Complexity 34, 134-13.

[6] Morisita, M. (1971). Measuring of habitat value by the \environmental density" method. In:

Spatial patterns and statistical distributions (Patil, C.D., Pielou, E.C., Waters, W.E., eds.),

Statistical Ecology, vol. 1, pp. 379-401. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park.

[7] N. Shigesada, N., Kawasaki, K., Teramoto, E. (1979). Spatial segregation of interacting species.

Journal of Theoretical Biology 79, 83-99.

### 2019/10/16

#### Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Developments in conformal bootstrap analysis

**Shinobu Hikami**(OIST)Developments in conformal bootstrap analysis

#### Number Theory Seminar

17:30-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On slopes of modular forms (ENGLISH)

**Liang Xiao**(BICMR, Peking University)On slopes of modular forms (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, I will survey some recent progress towards understanding the slopes of modular forms, with or without level structures. This has direct application to the conjecture of Breuil-Buzzard-Emerton on the slopes of Kisin's crystabelline deformation spaces. In particular, we obtain certain refined version of the spectral halo conjecture, where we may identify explicitly the slopes at the boundary when given a reducible non-split generic residual local Galois representation. This is a joint work in progress with Ruochuan Liu, Nha Truong, and Bin Zhao.

In this talk, I will survey some recent progress towards understanding the slopes of modular forms, with or without level structures. This has direct application to the conjecture of Breuil-Buzzard-Emerton on the slopes of Kisin's crystabelline deformation spaces. In particular, we obtain certain refined version of the spectral halo conjecture, where we may identify explicitly the slopes at the boundary when given a reducible non-split generic residual local Galois representation. This is a joint work in progress with Ruochuan Liu, Nha Truong, and Bin Zhao.

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Multidimensional continued fraction for Gorenstein cyclic quotient singularity

**Yusuke Sato**(University of Tokyo/ IPMU)Multidimensional continued fraction for Gorenstein cyclic quotient singularity

[ Abstract ]

Let G be a finite cyclic subgroup of GL(n,C). Then Cn/G is a cyclic quotient singularity. In the case n = 2, Cn/G possess the unique minimal resolution, and it is obtained by Hirzubruch-Jung continued fraction. In this talk, we show a sufficient condition of existence of crepant desingularization for Gorenstein abelian quotient singularities in all dimensions by using Ashikaga’s continuous fractions. Moreover, as a corollary, we prove that all three dimensional Gorenstein abelian quotient singularities possess a crepant desingularization.

Let G be a finite cyclic subgroup of GL(n,C). Then Cn/G is a cyclic quotient singularity. In the case n = 2, Cn/G possess the unique minimal resolution, and it is obtained by Hirzubruch-Jung continued fraction. In this talk, we show a sufficient condition of existence of crepant desingularization for Gorenstein abelian quotient singularities in all dimensions by using Ashikaga’s continuous fractions. Moreover, as a corollary, we prove that all three dimensional Gorenstein abelian quotient singularities possess a crepant desingularization.

### 2019/10/15

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Generalized Dehn twists on surfaces and surgeries in 3-manifolds (ENGLISH)

**Gwénaël Massuyeau**(Université de Bourgogne)Generalized Dehn twists on surfaces and surgeries in 3-manifolds (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

(Joint work with Yusuke Kuno.) Given an oriented surface S and a simple closed curve C in S, the "Dehn twist" along C is the homeomorphism of S defined by "twisting" S around C by a full twist. If the curve C is not simple, this transformation of S does not make sense anymore, but one can consider two possible generalizations: one possibility is to use the homotopy intersection form of S to "simulate" the action of a Dehn twist on the (Malcev completion of) the fundamental group of S; another possibility is to view C as a curve on the top boundary of the cylinder S×[0,1], to push it arbitrarily into the interior so as to obtain, by surgery along the resulting knot, a new 3-manifold. In this talk, we will relate two those possible generalizations of a Dehn twist and we will give explicit formulas using a "symplectic expansion" of the fundamental group of S.

(Joint work with Yusuke Kuno.) Given an oriented surface S and a simple closed curve C in S, the "Dehn twist" along C is the homeomorphism of S defined by "twisting" S around C by a full twist. If the curve C is not simple, this transformation of S does not make sense anymore, but one can consider two possible generalizations: one possibility is to use the homotopy intersection form of S to "simulate" the action of a Dehn twist on the (Malcev completion of) the fundamental group of S; another possibility is to view C as a curve on the top boundary of the cylinder S×[0,1], to push it arbitrarily into the interior so as to obtain, by surgery along the resulting knot, a new 3-manifold. In this talk, we will relate two those possible generalizations of a Dehn twist and we will give explicit formulas using a "symplectic expansion" of the fundamental group of S.

### 2019/10/10

#### Information Mathematics Seminar

16:50-18:35 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Post-Quantum Cryptography from Isogenies (Japanese)

**Katsuyuki Takashima**(Mitsubishi Electric Co./Kyushu Univ.)Post-Quantum Cryptography from Isogenies (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

Explanation of the isogeny-based post-quantum cryptography

Explanation of the isogeny-based post-quantum cryptography

#### FMSP Lectures

13:00-15:05 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Topic on minimal submanifolds (3/6) (ENGLISH)

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

**Chung-jun Tsai**(National Taiwan University)Topic on minimal submanifolds (3/6) (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

[ Reference URL ]The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

#### Discrete mathematical modelling seminar

17:00-18:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Universal parabolic regularization of gradient catastrophes for the Burgers-Hopf equation and singularities of the plane into plane mappings of parabolic type (English)

**Boris Konopelchenko**(INFN, sezione di Lecce, Lecce, Italy)Universal parabolic regularization of gradient catastrophes for the Burgers-Hopf equation and singularities of the plane into plane mappings of parabolic type (English)

[ Abstract ]

Two intimately connected topics, namely, regularization of gradient catastrophes of all orders for the Burgers-Hopf equation via the Jordan chain and the singularities of the plane into plane mappings

associated with two-component hydrodynamic type systems of parabolic type are discussed.

It is shown that the regularization of all gradient catastrophes (generic and higher orders) for the Burgers-Hopf equation is achieved by the step by step embedding of the Burgers-Hopf equation into multi-component parabolic systems of quasilinear PDEs with the most degenerate Jordan blocks. Infinite parabolic Jordan chain provides us with the complete regularization. This chain contains Burgers and KdV equations as particular reductions.

It is demonstrated that the singularities of the plane into planes mappings associated with the two-component system of quasilinear PDEs of parabolic type are quite different from those in hyperbolic and elliptic cases. Impediments arising in the application of the original Whitney's approach to such case are discussed. It is shown that flex is the lowest singularity while higher singularities are given by ( k+1,k+2) curves which are of cusp type for k=2n+1, n=1,2,...,. Regularization of these singularities is discussed.

Presentation is based on two publications:

1. B. Konopelchenko and G. Ortenzi, Parabolic regularization of the gradient catastrophes for the Burgers-Hopf equation and Jordan chain, J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 51 (2018) 275201.

2. B.G. Konopelchenko and G. Ortenzi, On the plane into plane mappings of hydrodynamic type. Parabolic case. Rev. Math. Phys.,32 (2020) 2020006. Online access. arXiv:1904.00901.

Two intimately connected topics, namely, regularization of gradient catastrophes of all orders for the Burgers-Hopf equation via the Jordan chain and the singularities of the plane into plane mappings

associated with two-component hydrodynamic type systems of parabolic type are discussed.

It is shown that the regularization of all gradient catastrophes (generic and higher orders) for the Burgers-Hopf equation is achieved by the step by step embedding of the Burgers-Hopf equation into multi-component parabolic systems of quasilinear PDEs with the most degenerate Jordan blocks. Infinite parabolic Jordan chain provides us with the complete regularization. This chain contains Burgers and KdV equations as particular reductions.

It is demonstrated that the singularities of the plane into planes mappings associated with the two-component system of quasilinear PDEs of parabolic type are quite different from those in hyperbolic and elliptic cases. Impediments arising in the application of the original Whitney's approach to such case are discussed. It is shown that flex is the lowest singularity while higher singularities are given by ( k+1,k+2) curves which are of cusp type for k=2n+1, n=1,2,...,. Regularization of these singularities is discussed.

Presentation is based on two publications:

1. B. Konopelchenko and G. Ortenzi, Parabolic regularization of the gradient catastrophes for the Burgers-Hopf equation and Jordan chain, J. Phys. A: Math. Theor., 51 (2018) 275201.

2. B.G. Konopelchenko and G. Ortenzi, On the plane into plane mappings of hydrodynamic type. Parabolic case. Rev. Math. Phys.,32 (2020) 2020006. Online access. arXiv:1904.00901.

### 2019/10/09

#### Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Relative K-homology group of $C^*$-algebras and almost flat vector bundle on manifolds with boundary

**Yosuke Kubota**(Riken)Relative K-homology group of $C^*$-algebras and almost flat vector bundle on manifolds with boundary

#### Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Twisted doubling integrals for classical groups (ENGLISH)

**Yuanqing Cai**(Kyoto University)Twisted doubling integrals for classical groups (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

In the 1980s, Piatetski-Shapiro and Rallis discovered a family of Rankin-Selberg integrals for the classical groups that did not rely on Whittaker models. This is the so-called doubling method. It grew out of Rallis' work on the inner products of theta lifts -- the Rallis inner product formula.

In this talk, we present a family of Rankin-Selberg integrals (the twisted doubling method, in joint work with Friedberg, Ginzburg, and Kaplan) for the tensor product L-function of a pair of automorphic cuspidal representations, one of a classical group, the other of a general linear group. This can be viewed as a generalization of the doubling integrals of Piatetski-Shapiro and Rallis. Time permitting, we will discuss the twisted doubling integrals for Brylinski-Deligne covers of classical groups.

In the 1980s, Piatetski-Shapiro and Rallis discovered a family of Rankin-Selberg integrals for the classical groups that did not rely on Whittaker models. This is the so-called doubling method. It grew out of Rallis' work on the inner products of theta lifts -- the Rallis inner product formula.

In this talk, we present a family of Rankin-Selberg integrals (the twisted doubling method, in joint work with Friedberg, Ginzburg, and Kaplan) for the tensor product L-function of a pair of automorphic cuspidal representations, one of a classical group, the other of a general linear group. This can be viewed as a generalization of the doubling integrals of Piatetski-Shapiro and Rallis. Time permitting, we will discuss the twisted doubling integrals for Brylinski-Deligne covers of classical groups.

### 2019/10/08

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:30-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

How can we generalize hyperbolic dynamics to group actions? (JAPANESE)

**Masaki Tsukamoto**(Kyushu University)How can we generalize hyperbolic dynamics to group actions? (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Hyperbolicity is one of the most fundamental concepts in the study of dynamical systems. It provides rich (expansive and positive entropy) and yet controllable (stable and having some nice measures) dynamical systems. Then, can we generalize this to group actions?

A naive approach seems difficult. For example, suppose $Z^2$ smoothly acts on a finite dimensional compact manifold. Then it is easy to see that its entropy is zero. In other words, there is no rich $Z^2$-actions in the ordinary finite dimensional world. So we must go to infinite dimension. But what kind structure can we expect in the infinite dimensional world?

The purpose of this talk is to explain that mean dimension seems to play an important role in such a research direction. In particular, we explain the following principle :

If $Z^k$ acts on a space $X$ with some hyperbolicity, then we can control the mean dimension of the sub-action of any rank $(k-1)$ subgroup $G$ of $Z^k$.

This talk is based on the joint works with Tom Meyerovitch and Mao Shinoda.

Hyperbolicity is one of the most fundamental concepts in the study of dynamical systems. It provides rich (expansive and positive entropy) and yet controllable (stable and having some nice measures) dynamical systems. Then, can we generalize this to group actions?

A naive approach seems difficult. For example, suppose $Z^2$ smoothly acts on a finite dimensional compact manifold. Then it is easy to see that its entropy is zero. In other words, there is no rich $Z^2$-actions in the ordinary finite dimensional world. So we must go to infinite dimension. But what kind structure can we expect in the infinite dimensional world?

The purpose of this talk is to explain that mean dimension seems to play an important role in such a research direction. In particular, we explain the following principle :

If $Z^k$ acts on a space $X$ with some hyperbolicity, then we can control the mean dimension of the sub-action of any rank $(k-1)$ subgroup $G$ of $Z^k$.

This talk is based on the joint works with Tom Meyerovitch and Mao Shinoda.

### 2019/10/07

#### Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Cohomology of vector bundles and non-pluriharmonic loci (Japanese)

**Yusaku Chiba**(Ochanomizu Univ.)Cohomology of vector bundles and non-pluriharmonic loci (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

We study cohomology groups of vector bundles on neighborhoods of a non-pluriharmonic locus in Stein manifolds and in projective manifolds. By using our results, we show variants of the Lefschetz hyperplane theorem. We especially study the examples of non-pluriharmonic loci in smooth toric varieties. I would like to explain the relation of non-pluriharmonic loci and polytopes.

We study cohomology groups of vector bundles on neighborhoods of a non-pluriharmonic locus in Stein manifolds and in projective manifolds. By using our results, we show variants of the Lefschetz hyperplane theorem. We especially study the examples of non-pluriharmonic loci in smooth toric varieties. I would like to explain the relation of non-pluriharmonic loci and polytopes.

### 2019/10/04

#### Discrete mathematical modelling seminar

17:30-18:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Recurrence coefficients for discrete orthogonal polynomials with hypergeometric weight and discrete Painlevé equations (English)

**Anton Dzhamay**(University of Northern Colorado)Recurrence coefficients for discrete orthogonal polynomials with hypergeometric weight and discrete Painlevé equations (English)

[ Abstract ]

Over the last decade it became clear that the role of discrete Painlevé equations in applications has been steadily growing. Thus, the question of recognizing a certain non-autonomous recurrence as a discrete Painlevé equation and understanding its position in Sakai’s classification scheme, recognizing whether it is equivalent to some known (model) example, and especially finding an explicit change of coordinates transforming it to such example, becomes one of the central ones. Fortunately, Sakai’s geometric theory provides an almost algorithmic procedure of answering this question.

In this work we illustrate this procedure by studying an example coming from the theory of discrete orthogonal polynomials. There are many connections between orthogonal polynomials and Painlevé equations, both differential and discrete. In particular, often the coefficients of three-term recurrence relations for orthogonal polynomials can be expressed in terms of solutions of some discrete Painlevé equation. In this work we study orthogonal polynomials with general hypergeometric weight and show that their recurrence coefficients satisfy, after some change of variables, the standard discrete Painlevé-V equation. We also provide an explicit change of variables transforming this equation to the standard form.

This is joint work with Galina Filipuk (University of Warsaw, Poland) and Alexander Stokes (University College, London, UK)

Over the last decade it became clear that the role of discrete Painlevé equations in applications has been steadily growing. Thus, the question of recognizing a certain non-autonomous recurrence as a discrete Painlevé equation and understanding its position in Sakai’s classification scheme, recognizing whether it is equivalent to some known (model) example, and especially finding an explicit change of coordinates transforming it to such example, becomes one of the central ones. Fortunately, Sakai’s geometric theory provides an almost algorithmic procedure of answering this question.

In this work we illustrate this procedure by studying an example coming from the theory of discrete orthogonal polynomials. There are many connections between orthogonal polynomials and Painlevé equations, both differential and discrete. In particular, often the coefficients of three-term recurrence relations for orthogonal polynomials can be expressed in terms of solutions of some discrete Painlevé equation. In this work we study orthogonal polynomials with general hypergeometric weight and show that their recurrence coefficients satisfy, after some change of variables, the standard discrete Painlevé-V equation. We also provide an explicit change of variables transforming this equation to the standard form.

This is joint work with Galina Filipuk (University of Warsaw, Poland) and Alexander Stokes (University College, London, UK)

### 2019/10/03

#### FMSP Lectures

13:00-15:05 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Topic on minimal submanifolds (2/6) (ENGLISH)

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

**Chung-jun Tsai**(National Taiwan University)Topic on minimal submanifolds (2/6) (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

[ Reference URL ]The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

### 2019/10/02

#### Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Subfactors, K-theory and Equivariant Higher Twists (English)

**David E. Evans**(Cardiff University)Subfactors, K-theory and Equivariant Higher Twists (English)

### 2019/10/01

#### Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Quantized SL(2) representations of knot groups (JAPANESE)

**Jun Murakami**(Waseda University)Quantized SL(2) representations of knot groups (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Let K be a knot and G be a group. The representation space of K for the group G means the space of homomorphisms from the knot group to G and is defined by using the group ring C[G], where C[G] is the ring of functions on G and has a commutative Hopf algebra structure. This construction can be generalized to any commutative Hopf algebras.

In this talk, we extend this construction to any braided Hopf algebras with braided commutativity. A typical example is BSL(2), which is the braided SL(2) introduced by S. Majid. Applying the above construction to BSL(2), we get the space of BSL(2) representations, which provides a quantization of SL(2) representations of a knot. This is joint work with Roloand van der Veen.

Let K be a knot and G be a group. The representation space of K for the group G means the space of homomorphisms from the knot group to G and is defined by using the group ring C[G], where C[G] is the ring of functions on G and has a commutative Hopf algebra structure. This construction can be generalized to any commutative Hopf algebras.

In this talk, we extend this construction to any braided Hopf algebras with braided commutativity. A typical example is BSL(2), which is the braided SL(2) introduced by S. Majid. Applying the above construction to BSL(2), we get the space of BSL(2) representations, which provides a quantization of SL(2) representations of a knot. This is joint work with Roloand van der Veen.

### 2019/09/30

#### Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Rigidity of the directional moduli on pseudoconvex domains fibered by open Riemann surfaces

**Sachiko Hamano**(Osaka City Univ.)Rigidity of the directional moduli on pseudoconvex domains fibered by open Riemann surfaces

[ Abstract ]

G. Schmieder-M. Shiba observed conformal embeddings of a fixed open Riemann surface of positive finite genus into closed Riemann surfaces of the same genus, and they showed the range of each diagonal element of the period matrices. Now we shall consider a smooth deformation of open Riemann surfaces with a complex parameter. In this talk, we show the rigidity of directional moduli induced by elements of the period matrices on pseudoconvex domains fibered by open Riemann surfaces of the same topological type.

G. Schmieder-M. Shiba observed conformal embeddings of a fixed open Riemann surface of positive finite genus into closed Riemann surfaces of the same genus, and they showed the range of each diagonal element of the period matrices. Now we shall consider a smooth deformation of open Riemann surfaces with a complex parameter. In this talk, we show the rigidity of directional moduli induced by elements of the period matrices on pseudoconvex domains fibered by open Riemann surfaces of the same topological type.

### 2019/09/26

#### FMSP Lectures

13:00-15:05 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Topic on minimal submanifolds (1/6) (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.
[ Reference URL ]

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

**Chung-jun Tsai**(National Taiwan University)Topic on minimal submanifolds (1/6) (ENGLISH)

The main theme of these lectures will be theory about minimal submanifolds, which are higher dimensional generalizations of geodesics. A naive motivation is that one tries to understand the geometry from its special submanifolds (minimal, etc.).

For minimal submanifolds, the equations are no longer ODEs, but elliptic PDEs. This increases the difficulties. The study are very good examples for the application of methods from PDEs and calculus of variations. We will try to explain some important results in this theory, which stimulate many of the researches today.

Here are some specific materials we plan to cover: Simon’s work based on the second variational formula, Sacks - Uhlenback theorem on the existence of minimal 2-spheres, the theory of stable minimal hypersurfaces by Schoen-Simon-Yau.

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Tsai.pdf

### 2019/09/25

#### Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Finite volume method for the Keller-Segel system (Japanese)

**Guanyu Zhou**(Tokyo University of Science)Finite volume method for the Keller-Segel system (Japanese)

### 2019/08/20

#### thesis presentations

13:45-15:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2019/08/19

#### Numerical Analysis Seminar

13:00-17:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Staggered hybridisation for discontinuous Galerkin methods (英語)

DG and HDG methods for the variational inequality problems (英語)

A new HDG method using a hybridized flux (英語)

Numerical approximation of the Stokes–Darcy problem using discontinuous linear elements (英語)

**Eric Chung**(The Chinese University of Hong Kong) 13:00-14:00Staggered hybridisation for discontinuous Galerkin methods (英語)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we present a new staggered hybridization technique for discontinuous Galerkin methods to discretize linear elastodynamic equations and nonlinear Stokes equations. The idea of hybridization is used extensively in many discontinuous Galerkin methods, but the idea of staggered hybridization is new. Our new approach offers several advantages, namely energy conservation, high-order optimal convergence, preservation of symmetry for the stress tensor, block diagonal mass matrices as well as low dispersion error. The key idea is to use two staggered hybrid variables to enforce the continuity of the velocity and the continuity of the normal component of the stress tensor on a staggered mesh. We prove the stability and the convergence of the proposed scheme in both the semi-discrete and the fully-discrete settings. Numerical results confirm the optimal rate of convergence and show that the method has a superconvergent property for dispersion.

In this talk, we present a new staggered hybridization technique for discontinuous Galerkin methods to discretize linear elastodynamic equations and nonlinear Stokes equations. The idea of hybridization is used extensively in many discontinuous Galerkin methods, but the idea of staggered hybridization is new. Our new approach offers several advantages, namely energy conservation, high-order optimal convergence, preservation of symmetry for the stress tensor, block diagonal mass matrices as well as low dispersion error. The key idea is to use two staggered hybrid variables to enforce the continuity of the velocity and the continuity of the normal component of the stress tensor on a staggered mesh. We prove the stability and the convergence of the proposed scheme in both the semi-discrete and the fully-discrete settings. Numerical results confirm the optimal rate of convergence and show that the method has a superconvergent property for dispersion.

**Feifei Jing**(Northwestern Polytechnical University) 14:30-15:30DG and HDG methods for the variational inequality problems (英語)

[ Abstract ]

There exist many numerical methods for solving the fluid dynamics equations, the main difference between them lies in the partitions of geometric domain and the discrete forms of governing equations. Due to the discontinuous piecewise polynomial subspaces, DG and HDG methods can be easily implemented on highly unstructured meshes, e.g. general polygonal mesh, and volume integrals could be calculated on physical elements, without reference elements and mappings between physical and reference elements. In this talk, DG and HDG methods employed to a class of variational inequality problems arising in hydrodynamics are studied. Some theoretical results will be shown, as well as the implementations of these methods are also put into practice.

There exist many numerical methods for solving the fluid dynamics equations, the main difference between them lies in the partitions of geometric domain and the discrete forms of governing equations. Due to the discontinuous piecewise polynomial subspaces, DG and HDG methods can be easily implemented on highly unstructured meshes, e.g. general polygonal mesh, and volume integrals could be calculated on physical elements, without reference elements and mappings between physical and reference elements. In this talk, DG and HDG methods employed to a class of variational inequality problems arising in hydrodynamics are studied. Some theoretical results will be shown, as well as the implementations of these methods are also put into practice.

**Issei Oikawa**(Hitotsubashi University) 16:00-16:30A new HDG method using a hybridized flux (英語)

[ Abstract ]

We propose a new hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin (HDG) method for steady-state diffusion problems. In our method, both the trace and flux of the exact solution are hybridized. The Lehrenfeld-Schöberl stabilization is implicitly included in the method, so that the orders of convergence in all variables are optimal without postprocessing and computation of any projection. Numerical results are present to show the validation of our method.

We propose a new hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin (HDG) method for steady-state diffusion problems. In our method, both the trace and flux of the exact solution are hybridized. The Lehrenfeld-Schöberl stabilization is implicitly included in the method, so that the orders of convergence in all variables are optimal without postprocessing and computation of any projection. Numerical results are present to show the validation of our method.

**Takahito Kashiwabara**(The University of Tokyo) 16:30-17:00Numerical approximation of the Stokes–Darcy problem using discontinuous linear elements (英語)

[ Abstract ]

We consider the Stokes–Darcy interface problem supplemented with the Beavers– Joseph–Saffman condition on the interface separating two domains. This condition allows for discontinuity in the tangential velocities and in the pressures along the interface. To effectively express it, we propose to use discontinuous linear finite elements to approximate all of the velocities/pressures in the Stokes/Darcy regions. The continuity of velocity in the normal direction is weakly enforced by adopting either the penalty method or Nitsche’s method. We present stability and error estimates for the proposed scheme, taking into account the situation where a curved interface is approximated by a polygonal curve or polyhedral surface.

We consider the Stokes–Darcy interface problem supplemented with the Beavers– Joseph–Saffman condition on the interface separating two domains. This condition allows for discontinuity in the tangential velocities and in the pressures along the interface. To effectively express it, we propose to use discontinuous linear finite elements to approximate all of the velocities/pressures in the Stokes/Darcy regions. The continuity of velocity in the normal direction is weakly enforced by adopting either the penalty method or Nitsche’s method. We present stability and error estimates for the proposed scheme, taking into account the situation where a curved interface is approximated by a polygonal curve or polyhedral surface.

### 2019/08/01

#### Mathematical Biology Seminar

15:00-16:00 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Mathematical study of the inhibitory role of regulatory T cells in tumor immune response

**Yueping Dong**(Central China Normal University)Mathematical study of the inhibitory role of regulatory T cells in tumor immune response

[ Abstract ]

The immune system against tumor is a complex dynamical process showing a dual role. On the one hand, the immune system can activate some immune cells to kill tumor cells, such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells (NKs), but on the other hand, more evidence shows that some immune cells can help tumor escape, such as regulatory T cells (Tregs). In this talk, we propose a tumor immune interaction model based on Tregs mediated tumor immune escape mechanism. When HTCs stimulation rate by the presence of identified tumor antigens below the critical value, the interior equilibrium P* is always stable in the region of existence. When HTCs stimulation rate higher than the critical value, the Inhibition rate of ECs by Tregs can destabilize P* and cause Hopf bifurcations and produce limit cycle. This model shows that Tregs might play a crucial role in triggering the immune escape of tumor cells. Furthermore, we introduce the adoptive cellular immunotherapy (ACI) and monoclonal immunotherapy as the treatment to boost the immune system to fight against tumors. The numerical results show that ACI can control more tumor cells, while monoclonal immunotherapy can delay the inhibitory effect of Tregs on effector cells (ECs). The results also show that the combination immunotherapy can control tumor cells and reduce the inhibitory effect of Tregs better than single immunotherapy.

The immune system against tumor is a complex dynamical process showing a dual role. On the one hand, the immune system can activate some immune cells to kill tumor cells, such as cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells (NKs), but on the other hand, more evidence shows that some immune cells can help tumor escape, such as regulatory T cells (Tregs). In this talk, we propose a tumor immune interaction model based on Tregs mediated tumor immune escape mechanism. When HTCs stimulation rate by the presence of identified tumor antigens below the critical value, the interior equilibrium P* is always stable in the region of existence. When HTCs stimulation rate higher than the critical value, the Inhibition rate of ECs by Tregs can destabilize P* and cause Hopf bifurcations and produce limit cycle. This model shows that Tregs might play a crucial role in triggering the immune escape of tumor cells. Furthermore, we introduce the adoptive cellular immunotherapy (ACI) and monoclonal immunotherapy as the treatment to boost the immune system to fight against tumors. The numerical results show that ACI can control more tumor cells, while monoclonal immunotherapy can delay the inhibitory effect of Tregs on effector cells (ECs). The results also show that the combination immunotherapy can control tumor cells and reduce the inhibitory effect of Tregs better than single immunotherapy.

### 2019/07/25

#### Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The classification of well behaved simple C*-algebras

**George Elliott**(Univ. Toronto)The classification of well behaved simple C*-algebras

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