Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~02/01Today's seminar 02/02 | Future seminars 02/03~

2019/05/20

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tomohiro Okuma (Yamagata Univ.)
Cohomology and normal reduction numbers of normal surface singularities (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The normal reduction number of a normal surface singularity relates the maximal degree of the generators of associated graded algebra for certain line bundles on resolution spaces. We show fundamental properties of this invariant and formulas for some special cases. This talk is based on the joint work with Kei-ichi Watanabe and Ken-ichi Yoshida.

2019/05/16

Information Mathematics Seminar

16:50-18:35   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuaki Okamoto (NTT)
Bitcoin: Revolution of Electronic Money (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
Explanation of the system of bitcoin

2019/05/15

FMSP Lectures

17:30-18:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gábor Domokos (Hungarian Academy of Sciences/Budapest University of Technology and Economics)
'Oumuamua, the Gömböc and the Pebbles of Mars (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will concentrate on two examples from planetary science, which made the headlines in recent years to highlight the power and significance of nonlinear geometric partial differential equations (PDEs) explaining puzzles presented by Nature. One key link between PDE theory of shape evolution and natural phenomena is the Gömböc, the first mono-monostatic object whose existence was first conjectured by V.I. Arnold in 1995. I will explain the connection and illustrate the process how mathematical models of Nature may be identified.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Domokos.pdf

FMSP Lectures

15:00-17:20   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
J. Scott Carter (University of South Alabama / Osaka City University)
Part 1 : Categorical analogues of surface singularities
Part 2 : Prismatic Homology (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Part 1 :
Isotopy classes of surfaces that are embedded in 3-space can be described as a free 4-category that has one object and one weakly invertible arrow. That description coincides with a fundamental higher homotopy group. The surface singularities that correspond to cusps and optimal points on folds can be used to develop categorical analogues of swallow-tails and horizontal cusps. In this talk, the 4-category will be constructed from the ground up, and the general structure will be described.

Part 2 :
A qualgebra is a set that has two binary operations whose relationships to each other are similar to the relations between group multiplication and conjugation. The axioms themselves are described in terms of isotopies of knotted trivalent graphs and the handle-body knots that are represented. The moves naturally live in prisms. By using a generalization of the tensor product of chain complexes, a homology theory is presented that encapsulates these axioms and the higher order relations between them. We show how to use this homology theory to give a solution a system of tensor equations related to the Yang-Baxter relation.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Carter.pdf

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Osamu Fujino (Osaka)
On quasi-log canonical pairs
(Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The notion of quasi-log canonical pairs was introduced by Florin Ambro. It is a kind of generalizations of that of log canonical pairs. Now we know that quasi-log canonical pairs are ubiquitous in the theory of minimal models. In this talk, I will explain some basic properties and examples of quasi-log canonical pairs. I will also discuss some new developments around quasi-log canonical pairs. Some parts are joint works with Haidong Liu.

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takayuki Kihara (Nagoya University)
Combinatorial aspects of Borel functions

2019/05/14

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
J. Scott Carter (University of South Alabama, Osaka City University)
Diagrammatic Algebra (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Three main ideas will be explored. First, a higher dimensional category (a category that has arrows, double arrows, triple arrows, and quadruple arrows) that is based upon the axioms of a Frobenius algebra will be outlined. Then these structures will be promoted into one higher dimension so that braiding can be introduced. Second, relationships between braiding and multiplication will be studied from a homological perspective. Third, the next order relations will be used to formulate a system of abstract tensor equations that are analogous to the Yang-Baxter relation. In this way, a broad outline of the notion of diagrammatic algebra will be presented.

2019/05/13

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Homare Tadano (Tokyo Univ. of Science)
Some Bonnet--Myers Type Theorems for Transverse Ricci Solitons on Complete Sasaki Manifolds (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The aim of this talk is to discuss the compactness of complete Ricci solitons and its generalizations. Ricci solitons were introduced by R. Hamilton in 1982 and are natural generalizations of Einstein manifolds. They correspond to self-similar solutions to the Ricci flow and often arise as singularity models of the flow. The importance of Ricci solitons was demonstrated by G. Perelman, where they played crucial roles in his affirmative resolution of the Poincare conjecture.
In this talk, after we review basic facts on Ricci solitons, I would like to introduce some Bonnet--Myers type theorems for complete Ricci solitons. Our results generalize the previous Bonnet--Myers type theorems due to W. Ambrose (1957), J. Cheeger, M. Gromov, and M. Taylor (1982), M. Fernandez-Lopez and E. Garcia-Rio (2008), M. Limoncu (2010, 2012), Z. Qian (1997), Y. Soylu (2017), and G. Wei and W. Wylie (2009). Moreover, I would also like to extend such Bonnet--Myers type theorems to the case of transverse Ricci solitons on complete Sasaki manifolds. Our results generalize the previous Bonnet--Myers type theorems for complete Sasaki manifolds due to I. Hasegawa and M. Seino (1981) and Y. Nitta (2009).

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kensuke Aishima (Hosei University)
Iterative refinement for symmetric eigenvalue problems (Japanese)

2019/05/09

Information Mathematics Seminar

16:50-18:35   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuaki Okamoto (NTT)
Advances in Theory of Cryptography (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
Introduction to ZK-SNARK and UC.

2019/05/08

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kenta Hashizume (Tokyo)
On Minimal model theory for log canonical pairs with big boundary divisors
[ Abstract ]
In 2010, Birkar--Cascini--Hacon--McKernan established the minimal model theory for Kawamata log terminal pairs with big boundary divisors, and a lot of theorems in the birational geometry are
proved by applying this result. It is expected that this result can be generalized to log canonical pairs. Currently, it is known that the minimal model theory for log canonical pairs can be reduced to the case of big boundary divisors. In this talk, we introduce a partial generalization of the result by Birkar--Cascini--Hacon--McKernan. Roughly speaking, we generalized their result to lc pairs with big boundary divisors having only small lc centers. We also explain another generalization, which is originally announced by Hu, and we discuss termination of log minimal model program in a spacial case. This is a joint work with Zhengyu Hu, and the work is in progress.

Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuki Yamamoto (University of Tokyo)
On the types for supercuspidal representations of inner forms of GL_n (Japanese)

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yusuke Isono (RIMS, Kyoto University)
Unitary conjugacy for type III subfactors and W*-superrigidity

2019/05/02

Information Mathematics Seminar

16:50-18:35   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuaki Okamoto (NTT)
Theory of Modern Cryptography (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
Lecture on the Theory of Modern Cryptography

2019/04/30

Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jean-Francois Dat (Sorbonne University)
Moduli space of l-adic Langlands parameters and the stable Bernstein center (English)
[ Abstract ]
Motivated by the description of the integral l-adic cohomology of certain Shimura varieties in middle degree, Emerton and Helm have conjectured the existence of a certain local Langlands correspondence for l-adic families of n-dimensional Galois representations. The proof of this conjecture by Helm and Moss relies on a beautiful isomorphism between the ring of functions of the moduli space of l-adic representations and the integral Bernstein center of GL_n(F). We will present a work in progress with Helm, Korinczuk and Moss towards a generalization of this result for arbitrary (tamely ramified) reductive groups.

2019/04/26

Colloquium

15:30-16:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

2019/04/25

Applied Analysis

16:00-18:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Matteo Muratori (Polytechnic University of Milan) 16:00-17:00
The porous medium equation on noncompact Riemannian manifolds with initial datum a measure
(English)
[ Abstract ]
We investigate existence and uniqueness of weak solutions of the Cauchy problem for the porous medium equation on Cartan-Hadamard manifolds. We show existence of solutions that take a finite Radon measure as initial datum, possibly sign-changing. We then prove uniqueness in the class of nonnegative solutions, upon assuming a quadratic lower bound on the Ricci curvature. Our result is "optimal" in the sense that any weak solution necessarily solves a Cauchy problem with initial datum a finite Radon measure. Moreover, as byproducts of the techniques we employ, we obtain some new results in potential analysis on manifolds, concerning the validity of a modified version of the mean-value inequality for superharmonic functions and related properties of potentials of positive Radon measures. Finally, we briefly discuss some work in progress regarding stability of the porous medium equation with respect to the Wasserstein distance, on Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below.
Maurizia Rossi (University of Pisa) 17:00-18:00
On sharp large deviations for the bridge of a general diffusion
(English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we provide sharp Large Deviation estimates for the probability of exit from a domain for the bridge of a d-dimensional general diffusion process X, as the conditioning time tends to 0. This kind of results is motivated by applications to numerical simulation. In particular we investigate the influence of the drift b of X. It turns out that the sharp asymptotics for the exit time probability are independent of the drift, provided b enjoyes a simple condition that is always satisfied in dimension 1. On the other hand, we show that the drift can be influential if this assumption is not satisfied. This talk is based on a joint work with P. Baldi and L. Caramellino.

Information Mathematics Seminar

16:50-18:35   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuaki Okamoto (NTT)
Birth and Development of Modern Cryptography (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Cryptography Seminar

2019/04/24

Number Theory Seminar

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Joseph Ayoub (University of Zurich)
P^1-localisation and a possible definition of arithmetic Kodaira-Spencer classes (English)
[ Abstract ]
A^1-localisation is a universal construction which produces "cohomology theories" for which the affine line A^1 is contractible. It plays a central role in the theory of motives à la Morel-Voevodsky. In this talk, I'll discuss the analogous construction where the affine line is replaced by the projective line P^1. This is the P^1-localisation which is arguably an unnatural construction since it produces "cohomology theories" for which the projective line P^1 is contractible. Nevertheless, I'll explain a few positive results and some computations around this construction which naturally lead to a definition of Kodaira-Spencer classes of arithmetic nature. (Unfortunately, it is yet unclear if these classes are really interesting and nontrivial.)

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shou Yoshikawa (Tokyo)
Varieties of dense globally F-split type with a non-invertible polarized
endomorphism
[ Abstract ]
Broustet and Gongyo conjectured that if a normal projective variety X has a non-invertible polaried endomorphism, then X is of Calabi-Yau type. Furthermore, Schwede and Smith conjectured that a projective variety is of Calabi-Yau type if and only if of dense globally F-split type. Therefore it is a natural question to ask if a normal projective variety X has a non-invertible polaried endomorphism, then X is of dense globally F-split type. In this talk, I will introduce simple points and difficult points of the question. Furthermore I will give the affirmative answer of my question for 2-dimensional case.

2019/04/23

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Christine Vespa (Université de Strasbourg)
Higher Hochschild homology as a functor (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Higher Hochschild homology generalizes classical Hochschild homology for rings. Recently, Turchin and Willwacher computed higher Hochschild homology of a finite wedge of circles with coefficients in the Loday functor associated to the ring of dual numbers over the rationals. In particular, they obtained linear representations of the groups Out(F_n) which do not factorize through GL(n,Z).

In this talk, I will begin by recalling what is Hochschild homology and higher Hochschild homology. Then I will explain how viewing higher Hochschild homology of a finite wedge of circles as a functor on the category of free groups provides a conceptual framework which allows powerful tools such as exponential functors and polynomial functors to be used. In particular, this allows the generalization of the results of Turchin and Willwacher; this gives rise to new linear representations of Out(F_n) which do not factorize through GL(n,Z).

(This is joint work with Geoffrey Powell.)

2019/04/22

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tomoyuki Hisamoto (Nayoya Univ.)
Optimal destabilizer for a Fano manifold (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
Around 2005, S. Donaldson asked whether the lower bound of the Calabi functional is achieved by a sequence of the normalized Donaldson-Futaki invariants.
For a Fano manifold we construct a sequence of multiplier ideal sheaves from a new geometric flow and answer to Donaldson's question.

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Issei Oikawa (Hitotsubashi University )
Superconvergence of the HDG method (Japanese)

Discrete mathematical modelling seminar

17:15-18:30   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuri Suris (Technische Universität Berlin)
Geometry of the Kahan-Hirota-Kimura discretization
[ Abstract ]
We will report on some novel results concerning the bilinear discretization of quadratic vector fields.

2019/04/19

Operator Algebra Seminars

13:00-14:30   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sorin Popa (UCLA/Kyoto University)
Coarse decomposition of II$_1$ factors (English)

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