## Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ～12/08｜Today's seminar 12/09 | Future seminars 12/10～

### 2020/03/26

#### Colloquium

16:00-17:00 Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**KOHNO Toshitake**(Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Tokyo)(JAPANESE)

### 2020/03/02

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Semiorthogonal decompositions for singular varieties (English)

**Evgeny Shinder**(The University of Sheffield)Semiorthogonal decompositions for singular varieties (English)

[ Abstract ]

I will define the semiorthogonal decomposition for derived categories of singular projective varieties due to Professor Kawamata, into finite-dimensional algebras, generalizing the concept of an exceptional collection in the smooth case. I will present known constructions of these for nodal curves (Burban), torsion-free toric surfaces (Karmazyn-Kuznetsov-Shinder) and two nodal threefolds (Kawamata). I will also explain obstructions coming from the K_{-1} group, and how it translates to maximal nonfactoriality in the nodal threefold case. This is joint work with M.Kalck and N.Pavic.

I will define the semiorthogonal decomposition for derived categories of singular projective varieties due to Professor Kawamata, into finite-dimensional algebras, generalizing the concept of an exceptional collection in the smooth case. I will present known constructions of these for nodal curves (Burban), torsion-free toric surfaces (Karmazyn-Kuznetsov-Shinder) and two nodal threefolds (Kawamata). I will also explain obstructions coming from the K_{-1} group, and how it translates to maximal nonfactoriality in the nodal threefold case. This is joint work with M.Kalck and N.Pavic.

### 2020/02/28

#### PDE Real Analysis Seminar

16:00-17:00 Room #370 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Convergence of the Allen-Cahn equation with a nonlinear Robin-boundary condition to mean curvature flow with constant contact angle (English)

**Maximilian Moser**(University of Regensburg)Convergence of the Allen-Cahn equation with a nonlinear Robin-boundary condition to mean curvature flow with constant contact angle (English)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk I will present a result for the sharp interface limit of the Allen-Cahn equation with a nonlinear Robin boundary condition in a two-dimensional domain, in the situation where an interface has developed and intersects the boundary. The boundary condition is designed in such a way that one obtains as the limit problem the mean curvature flow with constant contact angle. Convergence using strong norms is shown for contact angles close to 90° and small times, when a smooth solution to the limit problem exists. For the proof the method of de Mottoni and Schatzman is used: we construct an approximate solution for the Allen-Cahn system using asymptotic expansions based on the solution to the limit problem. Then we estimate the difference of the exact and approximate solution with a spectral estimate for the linearized (at the approximate solution) Allen-Cahn operator.

This is joint work with Helmut Abels from Regensburg.

In this talk I will present a result for the sharp interface limit of the Allen-Cahn equation with a nonlinear Robin boundary condition in a two-dimensional domain, in the situation where an interface has developed and intersects the boundary. The boundary condition is designed in such a way that one obtains as the limit problem the mean curvature flow with constant contact angle. Convergence using strong norms is shown for contact angles close to 90° and small times, when a smooth solution to the limit problem exists. For the proof the method of de Mottoni and Schatzman is used: we construct an approximate solution for the Allen-Cahn system using asymptotic expansions based on the solution to the limit problem. Then we estimate the difference of the exact and approximate solution with a spectral estimate for the linearized (at the approximate solution) Allen-Cahn operator.

This is joint work with Helmut Abels from Regensburg.

### 2020/02/21

#### Algebraic Geometry Seminar

13:30-15:00 Room #370 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Keel's theorem and quotients in mixed characteristic (English)

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jakubw/

**Jakub Witaszek**(Michigan)Keel's theorem and quotients in mixed characteristic (English)

[ Abstract ]

In trying to understand characteristic zero varieties one can apply a wide range of techniques coming from analytic methods such as vanishing theorems. More complicated though they are, positive characteristic varieties come naturally with Frobenius action which sometimes allows for imitating analytic proofs or even showing results which are false over complex numbers. Of all the three classes, the mixed characteristic varieties are the most difficult to understand as they represent the worst of both worlds: one lacks the analytic methods as well the Frobenius action.

What is key for many applications of Frobenius in positive characteristic (to birational geometry, moduli theory, constructing quotients, etc.) is the fact that every universal homeomorphism of algebraic varieties factors through a power of Frobenius. In this talk I will discuss an analogue of this fact (and applications thereof) in mixed characteristic.

[ Reference URL ]In trying to understand characteristic zero varieties one can apply a wide range of techniques coming from analytic methods such as vanishing theorems. More complicated though they are, positive characteristic varieties come naturally with Frobenius action which sometimes allows for imitating analytic proofs or even showing results which are false over complex numbers. Of all the three classes, the mixed characteristic varieties are the most difficult to understand as they represent the worst of both worlds: one lacks the analytic methods as well the Frobenius action.

What is key for many applications of Frobenius in positive characteristic (to birational geometry, moduli theory, constructing quotients, etc.) is the fact that every universal homeomorphism of algebraic varieties factors through a power of Frobenius. In this talk I will discuss an analogue of this fact (and applications thereof) in mixed characteristic.

http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jakubw/

### 2020/02/18

#### Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Long time behavior of mean field games systems (English)

**Alessio Porretta**(Tor Vergata university of Rome)Long time behavior of mean field games systems (English)

[ Abstract ]

I will review several aspects related to the long time ergodic behavior of mean field game systems: the turnpike property, the exponential rate of convergence, the role of monotonicity of the couplings, the convergence of u up to translations, the limit of the vanishing discounted problem, the long time behavior of the master equation. All those aspects have independent interest and are correlated at the same time.

I will review several aspects related to the long time ergodic behavior of mean field game systems: the turnpike property, the exponential rate of convergence, the role of monotonicity of the couplings, the convergence of u up to translations, the limit of the vanishing discounted problem, the long time behavior of the master equation. All those aspects have independent interest and are correlated at the same time.

#### Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

15:00-16:00 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Hydrodynamics of a one dimensional lattice gas.

(ENGLISH)

**Vincent Pasquier**(IPhT Saclay)Hydrodynamics of a one dimensional lattice gas.

(ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

The simplest boxball model is a one dimensional lattice gas obtained as

a certain (cristal) limit of the six vertex model where the evolution

determined by the transfer matrix becomes deterministic. One can

study its thermodynamics in and out of equilibrium and we shall present

preliminary results in this direction.

Collaboration with Atsuo Kuniba and Grégoire Misguich.

The simplest boxball model is a one dimensional lattice gas obtained as

a certain (cristal) limit of the six vertex model where the evolution

determined by the transfer matrix becomes deterministic. One can

study its thermodynamics in and out of equilibrium and we shall present

preliminary results in this direction.

Collaboration with Atsuo Kuniba and Grégoire Misguich.

### 2020/02/17

#### Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Precompactness of the moduli space of pseudo-normed graded algebras

**Toshiki Mabuchi**(Osaka Univ.)Precompactness of the moduli space of pseudo-normed graded algebras

[ Abstract ]

Graded algebras (such as canonical rings) coming from the spaces of sections of polarized algebraic varieties are studied by many mathematicians. On the other hand, the pseudo-norm project proposed by S.-T. Yau and C.-Y. Chi gives us a new differential geometric aspect of the Torelli type theorem.

In this talk, we give the details of how the geometry of pseudo-normed graded algebras allows us to obtain a natural compactification of the moduli space of pseudo-normed graded algebras.

(1) For a sequence of pseudo-normed graded algebras (of the same type), the above precompactness gives us some limit different from the Gromov-Hausdorff limit in Riemannian geometry.

(2) As an example of our construction, we have the Deligne-Mumford compactification, in which the notion of the orthogonal direct sum of pseudo-normed spaces comes up naturally. We also have a higher dimensional analogue by using weight filtration.

Graded algebras (such as canonical rings) coming from the spaces of sections of polarized algebraic varieties are studied by many mathematicians. On the other hand, the pseudo-norm project proposed by S.-T. Yau and C.-Y. Chi gives us a new differential geometric aspect of the Torelli type theorem.

In this talk, we give the details of how the geometry of pseudo-normed graded algebras allows us to obtain a natural compactification of the moduli space of pseudo-normed graded algebras.

(1) For a sequence of pseudo-normed graded algebras (of the same type), the above precompactness gives us some limit different from the Gromov-Hausdorff limit in Riemannian geometry.

(2) As an example of our construction, we have the Deligne-Mumford compactification, in which the notion of the orthogonal direct sum of pseudo-normed spaces comes up naturally. We also have a higher dimensional analogue by using weight filtration.

#### Discrete mathematical modelling seminar

16:30-18:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Cluster algebras, dimer models and geometric dynamics

**Sanjay Ramassamy**(IPhT, CEA Saclay)Cluster algebras, dimer models and geometric dynamics

[ Abstract ]

Cluster algebras were introduced by Fomin and Zelevinsky at the beginning of the 21st century and have since then been related to several areas of mathematics. In this talk I will describe cluster algebras coming from quivers and give two concrete situations were they arise. The first is the bipartite dimer model coming from statistical mechanics. The second is in several dynamics on configurations of points/lines/circles/planes.

This is based on joint work with Niklas Affolter (TU Berlin), Max Glick (Google) and Pavlo Pylyavskyy (University of Minnesota).

Cluster algebras were introduced by Fomin and Zelevinsky at the beginning of the 21st century and have since then been related to several areas of mathematics. In this talk I will describe cluster algebras coming from quivers and give two concrete situations were they arise. The first is the bipartite dimer model coming from statistical mechanics. The second is in several dynamics on configurations of points/lines/circles/planes.

This is based on joint work with Niklas Affolter (TU Berlin), Max Glick (Google) and Pavlo Pylyavskyy (University of Minnesota).

### 2020/02/14

#### FMSP Lectures

17:00-18:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Bilinear control for evolution equations of parabolic type (ENGLISH)

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Cannarsa200214.pdf

**Piermarco Cannarsa**(University of Rome Tor Vergata)Bilinear control for evolution equations of parabolic type (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

Recently, in a series of joint papers with F. Alabau-Boussouira and C. Urbani, I have studied the response of an evolution equation on a Hilbert space to the action of a bilinear control. As is well-known, a bilinear control is a scalar function of time multiplying one of the coefficient of the equation (usually, a lower order term). Therefore, this is a nonlinear control problem, even if the equation is linear in the state variable.

For such a problem, exact controllability is out of question, due to a well-known negative result by Ball, Marsden, and Slemrod back in the 80’s.

In this talk, equations of parabolic type will be considered, meaning that the infinitesimal generator - of the strongly continuous semigroup which drives the system - is assumed to be a self-adjoint accretive operator. It will be explained how, under some conditions relating the spectrum of the generator to the control coefficient, one can locally stabilise the system to the solution associated with the ground state at a doubly exponential speed, or even attain such a ground-state solution in finite time. Applications to concrete parabolic problems will also be provided.

[ Reference URL ]Recently, in a series of joint papers with F. Alabau-Boussouira and C. Urbani, I have studied the response of an evolution equation on a Hilbert space to the action of a bilinear control. As is well-known, a bilinear control is a scalar function of time multiplying one of the coefficient of the equation (usually, a lower order term). Therefore, this is a nonlinear control problem, even if the equation is linear in the state variable.

For such a problem, exact controllability is out of question, due to a well-known negative result by Ball, Marsden, and Slemrod back in the 80’s.

In this talk, equations of parabolic type will be considered, meaning that the infinitesimal generator - of the strongly continuous semigroup which drives the system - is assumed to be a self-adjoint accretive operator. It will be explained how, under some conditions relating the spectrum of the generator to the control coefficient, one can locally stabilise the system to the solution associated with the ground state at a doubly exponential speed, or even attain such a ground-state solution in finite time. Applications to concrete parabolic problems will also be provided.

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Cannarsa200214.pdf

### 2020/02/13

#### Discrete mathematical modelling seminar

16:30-18:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Embeddings adapted to two-dimensional models of statistical mechanics (English)

**Sanjay Ramassamy**(IPhT, CEA Saclay)Embeddings adapted to two-dimensional models of statistical mechanics (English)

[ Abstract ]

A discrete model of statistical mechanics in 2D (for example simple random walk on the infinite square grid) can be defined on a graph without specifying a particular embedding of this graph. However, when stating that such a model converges to a conformally invariant object in the scaling limit, one needs to specify an embedding of the graph. For models which possess a local move, such as a star-triangle transformation, one would like the choice of the embedding to be compatible with that local move.

In this talk I will present a candidate for an embedding adapted to the 2D dimer model (a.k.a. random perfect matchings) on bipartite graphs, that is, graphs whose faces all have an even degree. This embedding is obtained by considering centers of circle patterns with the combinatorics of the graph on which the dimer model lives.

This is based on joint works with Dmitry Chelkak (École normale supérieure), Richard Kenyon (Yale University), Wai Yeung Lam (Université du Luxembourg) and Marianna Russkikh (MIT).

A discrete model of statistical mechanics in 2D (for example simple random walk on the infinite square grid) can be defined on a graph without specifying a particular embedding of this graph. However, when stating that such a model converges to a conformally invariant object in the scaling limit, one needs to specify an embedding of the graph. For models which possess a local move, such as a star-triangle transformation, one would like the choice of the embedding to be compatible with that local move.

In this talk I will present a candidate for an embedding adapted to the 2D dimer model (a.k.a. random perfect matchings) on bipartite graphs, that is, graphs whose faces all have an even degree. This embedding is obtained by considering centers of circle patterns with the combinatorics of the graph on which the dimer model lives.

This is based on joint works with Dmitry Chelkak (École normale supérieure), Richard Kenyon (Yale University), Wai Yeung Lam (Université du Luxembourg) and Marianna Russkikh (MIT).

### 2020/02/12

#### Seminar on Probability and Statistics

15:00-16:10 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Handling the underlying noise of Stochastic Differential Equations in YUIMA project

**Lorenzo Mercuri**(University of Milan)Handling the underlying noise of Stochastic Differential Equations in YUIMA project

[ Abstract ]

Some advances in the implementation of advanced mathematical tools and numerical methods for an object of class yuima.law are presented and discussed. An object of yuima.law-class refers to the mathematical description of the underlying noise specified in the formal definition of a general Stochastic Differential Equation. Its aim is to create a link between YUIMA and other R packages available on CRAN for managing specific Lévy noises. Here we present as examples the simulation and the estimation of a CARMA(p,q) and Point Process regression models.

Some advances in the implementation of advanced mathematical tools and numerical methods for an object of class yuima.law are presented and discussed. An object of yuima.law-class refers to the mathematical description of the underlying noise specified in the formal definition of a general Stochastic Differential Equation. Its aim is to create a link between YUIMA and other R packages available on CRAN for managing specific Lévy noises. Here we present as examples the simulation and the estimation of a CARMA(p,q) and Point Process regression models.

### 2020/02/05

#### Lie Groups and Representation Theory

15:00-16:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Direct inversion of the horospherical transform on Riemannian symmetric spaces (English)

**Simon Gindikin**(Rutgers University)Direct inversion of the horospherical transform on Riemannian symmetric spaces (English)

[ Abstract ]

It was a problem of Gelfand to find an inversion of the horospherical transform directly and as a result to find directly the Plancherel formula.

I will give such an inversion and it gives a formula different from Harish-Chandra's one.

It was a problem of Gelfand to find an inversion of the horospherical transform directly and as a result to find directly the Plancherel formula.

I will give such an inversion and it gives a formula different from Harish-Chandra's one.

### 2020/01/31

#### thesis presentations

9:15-10:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

10:45-12:00 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

12:45-14:00 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

14:15-15:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

9:15-10:30 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

10:45-12:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

12:45-14:00 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

14:15-15:30 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

9:15-10:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

10:45-12:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

12:45-14:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

#### thesis presentations

14:15-15:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2020/01/30

#### thesis presentations

10:45-12:00 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

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