Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~02/01Today's seminar 02/02 | Future seminars 02/03~

2019/01/15

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yusuke Kuno (Tsuda University)
Generalized Dehn twists on surfaces and homology cylinders (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
This is a joint work with Gwénaël Massuyeau (University of Burgundy). Lickorish's trick describes Dehn twists along simple closed curves on an oriented surface in terms of surgery of 3-manifolds. We discuss one possible generalization of this description to the situation where the curve under consideration may have self-intersections. Our result generalizes previously known computations related to the Johnson homomorphisms for the mapping class groups and for homology cylinders. In particular, we obtain an alternative and direct proof of the surjectivity of the Johnson homomorphisms for homology cylinders, which was proved by Garoufalidis-Levine and Habegger.

2019/01/09

Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Laurent Berger (ENS de Lyon)
Formal groups and p-adic dynamical systems (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
A formal group gives rise to a p-adic dynamical system. I will discuss some results about formal groups that can be proved using this point of view. I will also discuss the theory of p-adic dynamical systems and some open questions.

2019/01/08

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Marek Kaluba (Adam Mickiewicz Univeristy)
On property (T) for $\mathrm{Aut}(F_n)$ and $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We prove that $\mathrm{Aut}(F_n)$ has Kazhdan's property (T) for every $n \ge 6$. Together with a previous result of Kaluba, Nowak, and Ozawa, this gives the same statement for $n \ge 5$. We also provide explicit lower bounds for the Kazhdan constants of $\mathrm{SAut}(F_n)$ (with $n \ge 6$) and of $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ (with $n \ge 3$) with respect to natural generating sets. In the latter case, these bounds improve upon previously known lower bounds whenever $n >6$.

2018/12/25

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
MASAKI Satoshi (Osaka University)
Modified scattering for nonlinear dispersive equations with critical non-polynomial nonlinearities (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, I will introduce resent progress on modified scattering for Schrodinger equation and Klein-Gordon equation with a non-polynomial nonlinearity. We use Fourier series expansion technique to find the resonant part of the nonlinearity which produces phase correction factor.

Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

16:00-17:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takashi Takebe (National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow))
Q-operators for generalised eight vertex models associated
to the higher spin representations of the Sklyanin algebra. (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Q-operator was first introduced by Baxter in 1972 as a
tool to solve the eight vertex model and recently attracts
attention from the representation theoretical viewpoint. In
this talk, we show that Baxter's apparently quite ad hoc and
technical construction can be generalised to the model
associated to the higher spin representations of the
Sklyanin algebra. If everybody in the audience understands Japanese, the talk
will be in Japanese.

2018/12/21

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Mattias Jonsson (Michigan)
Degenerations of p-adic volume forms (English)
[ Abstract ]
Let X be an n-dimensional smooth projective variety over a non-Archimedean local field K. Also fix a regular n-form on X. This data induces a positive measure on the space of K'-rational points for any finite extension K' of K. We describe the asymptotics, as K' runs through towers of finite extensions of K, in terms of Berkovich analytic geometry. This is joint work with Johannes Nicaise.

2018/12/20

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

13:00-14:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Anderson Vera (Université de Strasbourg)
Johnson-type homomorphisms and the LMO functor (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
One of the main objects associated to a surface S is the mapping class group MCG(S). This group plays an important role in the study of 3-manifolds. Reciprocally, the topological invariants of 3-manifolds can be used to obtain interesting representations of MCG(S).

One possible approach to the study of MCG(S) is to consider its action on the fundamental group P of the surface or on some subgroups of P. This way, we can obtain some kind of filtrations of MCG(S) and homomorphisms, called Johnson type homomorphisms, which take values in certain spaces of diagrams. These spaces of diagrams are quotients of the target space of the LMO functor. Hence it is natural to ask what is the relation between the Johnson type homomorphisms and the LMO functor. The answer is well known in the case of the Torelli group and the usual Johnson homomorphisms. In this talk we consider two other different filtrations of MCG(S) introduced by Levine and Habiro-Massuyeau. We show that the respective Johnson homomorphisms can also be deduced from the LMO functor.

2018/12/19

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Rei Mizuta (Univ. Tokyo)
Polynomial Time Algorithm for Computing N-th Moments of a Self-Adjoint Operator in Algebra Generated by Free Independent Semicircular Elements

Number Theory Seminar

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jean-Stefan Koskivirta (University of Tokyo)
Cohomology vanishing for automorphic vector bundles (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
A Shimura variety carries naturally a family of vector bundles parametrized by the characters of a maximal torus in the attached group. We want to determine which of these vector bundles are ample, and also show cohomology vanishing results. For this we use generalized Hasse invariants on the stack of G-zips of Moonen-Pink-Wedhorn-Ziegler. It is a group-theoretical counterpart of the Shimura variety and carries a similar family of vector bundles. This is joint work with Y.Brunebarbe, W.Goldring and B.Stroh.

2018/12/18

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
In-Jee Jeong (Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS))
Dynamics of singular vortex patches (English)
[ Abstract ]
Vortex patches are solutions to the 2D Euler equations that are given by the characteristic function of a bounded domain that moves with time. It is well-known that if initially the boundary of the domain is smooth, the boundary remains smooth for all time. On the other hand, we consider patches with corner singularities. It turns out that, depending on whether the initial patch satisfies an appropriate rotational symmetry condition or not, the corner structure may propagate for all time or lost immediately. In the rotationally symmetric case, we are able to construct patches with interesting dynamical behavior as time goes to infinity. When the symmetry is absent, we present a simple yet formal evolution equation which describes the dynamics of the boundary. It suggests that the angle cusps instantaneously for $t > 0$.
This is joint work with Tarek Elgindi.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takeshi Torii (Okayama University)
Discrete G-spectra and a model for the K(n)-local stable homotopy category (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The K(n)-local stable homotopy categories are building blocks for the stable homotopy category of spectra. In this talk I will construct a model for the K(n)-local stable homotopy category, which explicitly shows the relationship with the Morava E-theory E_n and the stabilizer group G_n. We consider discrete symmetric G-spectra studied by Behrens-Davis for a profinite group G. I will show that the K(n)-local stable homotopy category is realized in the homotopy category of modules in discrete symmetric G_n-spectra over a discrete model of E_n.

2018/12/17

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Joe Kamimoto (Kyushu University)
Newton polyhedra and order of contact on real hypersurfaces (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
This talk will concern some issues on order of contact on real hypersurfaces, which was introduced by D'Angelo. To be more precise, a sufficient condition for the equality of regular type and singular type is given. This condition is written by using the Newton polyhedron of a defining function. Our result includes earlier known results concerning convex domains, pseudoconvex Reinhardt domains and pseudoconvex domains whose regular types are 4. Furthermore, under the above condition, the values of the types can be directly seen in a simple geometrical information from the Newton polyhedron.

The technique of using Newton polyhedra has many significant applications in singularity theory. In particular, this technique has been great success in the study of the Lojasiewicz exponent. Our study about the types is analogous to some works on the Lojasiewicz exponent.

2018/12/14

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhi Jiang (Fudan)
On the birationality of quint-canonical systems of irregular threefolds of general type (English)
[ Abstract ]
It is well-known that the quint-canonical map of a surface of general type is birational.
We will show that the same result holds for irregular threefolds of general type. The proof is based on
a careful study of the positivity of the pushforwards of pluricanonical bundles on abelian varieties and Severi
type inequalities. This is a joint work with J.A. Chen, J.Chen, and M.Chen.

2018/12/12

Number Theory Seminar

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gaëtan Chenevier (CNRS, Université Paris-Sud)
A higher weight (and automorphic) generalization of the Hermite-Minkowski theorem (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I will show that for any integer N, there are only finitely many cuspidal algebraic automorphic representations of GL_m over Q whose Artin conductor is N and whose "weights" are in the interval {0,...,23} (with m varying). Via the conjectural yoga between geometric Galois representations (or motives) and algebraic automorphic forms, this statement may be viewed as a generalization of the classical Hermite-Minkowski theorem in algebraic number theory. I will also discuss variants of these results when the base field Q is replaced by an arbitrary number field.

2018/12/11

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Marek Fila (Comenius University in Bratislava)
Solutions with moving singularities for equations of porous medium type (English)
[ Abstract ]
We construct positive solutions of equations of porous medium type with a singularity which moves in time along a prescribed curve and keeps the spatial profile of singular stationary solutions. It turns out that there appears a critical exponent for the existence of such solutions. This is a joint work with Jin Takahashi and Eiji Yanagida.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masashi Ishida (Osaka University)
On non-singular solutions to the normalized Ricci flow on four-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
A solution to the normalized Ricci flow is called non-singular if the solution exists for all time and the Riemannian curvature tensor is uniformly bounded. In 1999, Richard Hamilton introduced it as an important special class of solutions and proved that the underlying 3-manifold is geometrizable in the sense of Thurston. In this talk, we will discuss properties of 4-dimensional non-singular solutions from a gauge theoretical point of view. In particular, we would like to explain gauge theoretical invariants give rise to obstructions to the existence of 4-dimensional non-singular solutions.

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Motoki Takigiku (the University of Tokyo)
A Pieri-type formula and a factorization formula for K-k-Schur functions
[ Abstract ]
We give a Pieri-type formula for the sum of K-k-Schur functions \sum_{\mu\le\lambda}g^{(k)}_{\mu} over a principal order ideal of the poset of k-bounded partitions under the strong Bruhat order, which sum we denote by \widetilde{g}^{(k)}_{\lambda}. As an application of this, we also give a k-rectangle factorization formula \widetilde{g}^{(k)}_{R_t\cup\lambda}=\widetilde{g}^{(k)}_{R_t} \widetilde{g}^{(k)}_{\lambda}
where R_t=(t^{k+1-t}), analogous to that of k-Schur functions s^{(k)}_{R_t\cup \lambda}=s^{(k)}_{R_t}s^{(k)}_{\lambda}.

2018/12/10

Tokyo Probability Seminar

17:00-18:00   Room # (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nikolaos Zygouras (University of Warwick)
Random polymer models and classical groups (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The relation between polymer models at zero temperature and characters of the general linear group GL_n(R) has been known since the first breakthroughs in the field around the KPZ universality through the works of Johansson, Baik, Rains, Okounkov and others. Later on, geometric liftings of the GL_n(R) characters appeared in the study of positive temperature polymer models in the form of GL_n(R)-Whittaker functions. In this talk I will describe joint works with E. Bisi where we have established that Whittaker functions associated to the orthogonal group SO_{2n+1}(R) can be used to describe laws of positive temperature polymers when their end point is free to lie on a line. Going back to zero temperature, we will also see that characters of other classical groups such as SO_{2n+1}(R); Sp_{2n}(R); SO_{2n}(R) do play a role in describing laws of polymers in various geometries. This occurence might be surprising given the length of time these models have been studied.
[ Reference URL ]
https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/sci/statistics/staff/academic-research/zygouras/

2018/12/07

Operator Algebra Seminars

15:00-17:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Reiji Tomatsu (Hokkaido Univ.)

2018/12/06

Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

16:00-17:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Francesco Ravanini (University of Bologna)
Integrability and TBA in non-equilibrium emergent hydrodynamics (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The paradigm of investigating non-equilibrium phenomena by considering stationary states of emergent hydrodynamics has attracted a lot of attention in the last years. Recent proposals of an exact approach in integrable cases, making use of TBA techniques, are presented and discussed.

Operator Algebra Seminars

15:00-17:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Reiji Tomatsu (Hokkaido Univ.)

2018/12/05

Operator Algebra Seminars

17:15-18:45   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Frederic Latremoliere (Univ. Denver)
The Gromov-Hausdorff Propinquity

Operator Algebra Seminars

15:00-17:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Reiji Tomatsu (Hokkaido Univ.)

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

13:00-15:00   Room #156 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuliia Mishura (The Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev)
Lecture 2:Representation results for the Gaussian processes. Financial applications of fractional Brownian motion

[ Abstract ]
Arbitrage with fBm: why it appears. How to present any contingent claim via self-financing strategy on the financial market involving fBm. Absence of arbitrage for the mixed models. Fractional -Uhlenbeck and fractional Cox-Ingersoll-Ross processes as the models for stochastic volatility.

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

15:00-17:00   Room #156 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuliia Mishura (The Taras Shevchenko National University of Kiev)
Lecture 3:Statistical parameter estimation for the diffusion processes and in the models involving fBm

[ Abstract ]
Drift parameter estimation in the standard diffusion model and its strong consistency. Hurst and drift parameter estimation in the models involving fBm and in the mixed models. Asymptotic properties. Estimation of the diffusion parameter.

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