Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~02/18Today's seminar 02/19 | Future seminars 02/20~

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:30-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Mykhaylo Shkolnikov (Mathematics Department, Princeton University) 16:30-17:20
On interacting particle systems in beta random matrix theory
[ Abstract ]
I will first introduce multilevel Dyson Brownian motions and review how those extend to the setting of beta random matrix theory. Then, I will describe a connection between multilevel Dyson Brownian motions and interacting particle systems on the real line with local interactions. This is the first connection of this kind for values of beta different from 1 and 2. Based on joint work with Vadim Gorin.
Stefan Adams (Mathematics Institute, Warwick University) 17:30-18:20
Random field of gradients and elasticity
[ Abstract ]
Random fields of gradients are a class of model systems arising in the studies of random interfaces, random geometry, field theory, and elasticity theory. These random objects pose challenging problems for probabilists as even an a priori distribution involves strong correlations, and are likely to be an universal class of models combining probability, analysis and physics in the study of critical phenomena. They emerge in the following three areas, effective models for random interfaces, Gaussian Free Fields (scaling limits), and mathematical models for the Cauchy-Born rule of materials, i.e., a microscopic approach to nonlinear elasticity. The latter class of models requires that interaction energies are non-convex functions of the gradients. Open problems over the last decades include unicity of Gibbs measures, the scaling to GFF and strict convexity of the free energy. We present in the talk first results for the free energy and the scaling limit at low temperatures using Gaussian measures and rigorous renormalisation group techniques yielding an analysis in terms of dynamical systems. The key ingredient is a finite range decomposition for parameter dependent families of Gaussian measures. (partly joint work with S. Mueller & R. Kotecky)


Harmonic Analysis Komaba Seminar

13:30-17:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Mitsuo Izuki (Okayama University) 13:30 -15:00
An intrinsic square function on weighted Herz spaces with variable exponent
Toshio Horiuchi (Ibaraki University) 15:30 -17:00
Remarks on the strong maximum principle involving p-Laplacian


thesis presentations

13:30-14:45   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
中安 淳 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On stability of viscosity solutions under non-Euclidean metrics(非ユークリッド距離構造の下での粘性解の安定性) (JAPANESE)


Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

15:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuta Nozaki (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo) 15:00-16:30
An extension of the LMO functor and formal Gaussian integrals (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Cheptea, Habiro and Massuyeau introduced the LMO functor as an
extension of the LMO invariant of closed 3-manifolds.
The LMO functor is “the monoidal category of Lagrangian cobordisms
between surfaces with at most one boundary component” to “the monoidal
category of certain Jacobi diagrams”.
In this talk, we extend the LMO functor to the case of any number of
boundary components.
In particular, we focus on a formal Gaussian integral, that is an
essential tool to construct the LMO functor.
Motoko Kato (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo) 17:00-18:30
On the relative number of ends of higher dimensional Thompson groups (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In 2004, Brin defined n−dimensional Thompson group nV for every natural number n ≥ 1. nV is a generalization of the Thompson group V . The Thompson group V can be described as a subgroup of the homeomorphism group of the Cantor set C. In this point of view, nV is a subgroup of the homeomorphism group of Cn. We prove that the number of ends of nV is equal to 1 and there is a subgroup of nV such that the relative number of ends is ∞. As a corollary of the second result, for each n, nV has Haagerup property and it can not be the fundamental group of a compact K ̈ahler manifold. These results are the generalizations of the corresponding results of Farley, who studied the Thompson group V .


Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Marcel Bischoff (Vanderbilt Univ.)
Conformal field theory, subfactors and planar algebras

FMSP Lectures

16:45-18:15   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Marcel Bischoff (Vanderbilt Univ.)
Conformal field theory, subfactors and planar algebras (ENGLISH)
[ Reference URL ]


Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takahiro Kitayama (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Representation varieties detect essential surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Extending Culler-Shalen theory, Hara and I presented a way to construct
certain kinds of branched surfaces (possibly without any branch) in a 3-
manifold from an ideal point of a curve in the SL_n-character variety.
There exists an essential surface in some 3-manifold known to be not
detected in the classical SL_2-theory. We show that every essential
surface in a 3-manifold is given by the ideal point of a line in the SL_
n-character variety for some n. The talk is partially based on joint
works with Stefan Friedl and Matthias Nagel, and also with Takashi Hara.


Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akio Kodama
On the structure of holomorphic automorphism groups of generalized complex ellipsoids and generalized Hartogs triangles (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we first review the structure of holomorphic automorphism groups of generalized complex ellipsoids and, as an application of this, we clarify completely the structure of generalized Hartogs triangles. Finally, if possible, I will mention some known results on proper holomorphic self-mappings of generalized complex ellipsoids, generalized Hartogs triangles, and discuss a related question to these results.


Geometry Colloquium

10:00-11:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takayuki OKUDA (HIroshima University)
Proper actions of reductive groups on pseudo-Riemannian symmetric spaces and its compact dual. (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
Let G be a non-compact semisimple Lie group. We take a pair of symmetric pairs (G,H) and (G,L) such that the diagonal action of G on G/H \times G/L is proper. In this talk, we show that by taking ``the compact dual of triple (G,H,L)'', we obtain a compact symmetric space M = U/K and its reflective submanifolds S_1 and S_2 satisfying that the intersection of S_1 and gS_2 is discrete in M for any g in U. In particular, we give a classification of such triples (G,H,L).


Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Koichi Shimada (Univ. Tokyo)
Approximate unitary equivalence of finite index endomorphisms of the AFD


Lie Groups and Representation Theory

17:00-18:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Anatoly Vershik (St. Petersburg Department of Steklov Institute of Mathematics)
Random subgroups and representation theory
[ Abstract ]
The following problem had been appeared independently in different teams and various reason:
to describe the Borel measures on the lattice of all subgroups of given group, which are invariant with respect to the action of the group by conjugacy. The main interest of course represents nonatomic measures which exist not for any group.
I will explain how these measures connected with characters and representations of the group, and describe the complete list of such measures for infinite symmetric group.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Makoto Sakuma (Hiroshima University)
The Cannon-Thurston maps and the canonical decompositions of punctured surface bundles over the circle (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
To each once-punctured-torus bundle over the circle with pseudo-Anosov monodromy,
there are associated two tessellations of the complex plane:
one is the triangulation of a horosphere induced by the canonical decomposition into ideal tetrahedra,
and the other is a fractal tessellation given by the Cannon-Thurston map of the fiber group.
In a joint work with Warren Dicks, I had described the relation between these two tessellations.
This result was recently generalized by Francois Gueritaud to punctured surface bundles
with pseudo-Anosov monodromy where all singuraities of the invariant foliations are at punctures.
In this talk, I will explain Gueritaud's work and related work by Naoki Sakata.


Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuta Suzuki (Univ. of Tokyo)
Cohomology Formula for Obstructions to Asymptotic Chow semistability (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Odaka and Wang proved the intersection formula for the Donaldson-Futaki invariant. We generalize this result for the higher Futaki invariants which are obstructions to asymptotic Chow semistability.

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Manfred Lehn (Mainz/RIMS)
Twisted cubics and cubic fourfolds (English)
[ Abstract ]
The moduli scheme of generalised twisted cubics on a smooth
cubic fourfold Y non containing a plane is smooth projective of
dimension 10 and admits a contraction to an 8-dimensional
holomorphic symplectic manifold Z(Y). The latter is shown to be
birational to the Hilbert scheme of four points on a K3 surface if
Y is of Pfaffian type. This is a report on joint work with C. Lehn,
C. Sorger and D. van Straten and with N. Addington.

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kunio Nishioka (Faculty of Commerce, Chuo University)

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshio Komori (Kyushu Institute of Technology)
Stabilized Runge-Kutta methods for the weak approximation of solutions of stochastic differential equations (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
We are concerned with numerical methods which give weak approximations for stiff It\^{o} stochastic differential equations (SDEs). Implicit methods are one of good candidates to deal with such SDEs. In fact, a well-designed implicit method has been recently proposed by Abdulle and his colleagues [Abdulle et al. 2013a]. On the other hand, it is well known that the numerical solution of stiff SDEs leads to a stepsize reduction when explicit methods are used. However, there are some classes of explicit methods that are well suited to solving some types of stiff SDEs. One such class is the class of stochastic orthogonal Runge-Kutta Chebyshev (SROCK) methods [Abdulle et al. 2013b]. SROCK methods reduce to Runge-Kutta Chebyshev methods when applied to ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Another promising class of methods is the class of explicit methods that reduce to explicit exponential Runge-Kutta (RK) methods [Hochbruck et al. 2005, 2010] when applied to semilinear ODEs.
In this talk, we will propose new exponential RK methods which achieve weak order two for multi-dimensional, non-commutative SDEs with a semilinear drift term. We will analytically investigate their stability properties in mean square, and will check their performance in numerical experiments.
(This is a joint work with D. Cohen and K. Burrage.)

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Vaughan F. R. Jones (Vanderbilt University)
Block spin renormalization and R. Thompson's groups F and T



16:50-17:50   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kazushi Ueda (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo)
Dimer models and mirror symmetry (JAPANESE)


Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

17:00-18:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akane Nakamura (Tokyo University, Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences)
Autonomous limit of the 4-dimensional Painlev¥.FN"e-type equations and degeneration of curves of genus two (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The Painlev¥.FN"e equations have been generalized from various aspects. Recently, the 4-dimensional Painlev¥N"e-type equations were classified by corresponding linear equations(Sakai, Kawakami-N.-Sakai, Kawakami). In this talk, I explain an attempt to characterize the 40 types of integrable systems obtained as the autonomous limit of the 4-dimensional Painlev¥N"e-type equations, by inspecting the degenerations of their spectral curves, which are curves of genus two.


Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Matthew Cha (UC Davis)
Gapped ground state phases, topological order and anyons


Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takahiro Matsushita (The University of Tokyo)
Box complexes and model structures on the category of graphs (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
To determine the chromatic numbers of graphs, so-called the graph
coloring problem, is one of the most classical problems in graph theory.
Box complex is a Z_2-space associated to a graph, and it is known that
its equivariant homotopy invariant is related to the chromatic number.

Csorba showed that for each finite Z_2-CW-complex X, there is a graph
whose box complex is Z_2-homotopy equivalent to X. From this result, I
expect that the usual model category of Z_2-topological spaces is
Quillen equivalent to a certain model structure on the category of
graphs, whose weak equivalences are graph homomorphisms inducing Z_2-
homotopy equivalences between their box complexes.

In this talk, we introduce model structures on the category of graphs
whose weak equivalences are described as above. We also compare our
model categories of graphs with the category of Z_2-topological spaces.


Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Martí Lahoz (Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu )
Rational cohomology tori
[ Abstract ]
Complex tori can be topologically characterised among compact Kähler
manifolds by their integral cohomology ring. I will discuss the
structure of compact Kähler manifolds whose rational cohomology ring is
isomorphic to the rational cohomology ring of a torus and give some
examples. This is joint work with Olivier Debarre and Zhi Jiang.
[ Reference URL ]

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Susumu Tanabé (Université Galatasaray)
Amoebas and Horn hypergeometric functions
[ Abstract ]
Since 10 years, the utility of the Horn hypergeometric functions in Algebraic Geometry has been recognized in a small circle of specialists. The main reason for this interest lies in the fact that every period integral of an affine non-degenerate complete intersection variety can be described as a Horn hypergeometric function (HGF). Therefore the monodromy of the middle dimensional homology can be calculated as the monodromy of an Horn HGF’s.
There is a slight difference between the Gel’fand-Kapranov-Zelevinski HGF’s and the Horn HGF’s. The latter may contain so called “persistent polynomial solutions” that cannot be mapped to GKZ HGF’s via a natural isomorphism between two spaces of HGF’s. In this talk, I will review basic facts on the Horn HGF’s. As a main tool to study the topology of the discriminant loci together with the
analytic aspects of the story, amoebas – image by the log map of the discriminant- will be highlighted.
As an application of this theory the following theorem can be established. For a bivariate Horn HGF system, its monodromy invariant space is always one dimensional if and only if its Ore-Sato polygon is either a zonotope or a Minkowski sum of a triangle and some segments.
This is a collaboration with Timur Sadykov.

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Chikara Nakamura (Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University)
Lamplighter random walks on fractals


Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoh Tanimoto (Univ. Tokyo)
Self-adjointness of bound state operators in integrable quantum field theory

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