Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~11/15Today's seminar 11/16 | Future seminars 11/17~

Number Theory Seminar

18:00-19:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Dennis Gaitsgory (Harvard University & IHES)
The Tamagawa number formula over function fields. (English)
[ Abstract ]
Let G be a semi-simple and simply connected group and X an algebraic curve. We consider $Bun_G(X)$, the moduli space of G-bundles on X. In their celebrated paper, Atiyah and Bott gave a formula for the cohomology of $Bun_G$, namely $H^*(Bun_G)=Sym(H_*(X)\otimes V)$, where V is the space of generators for $H^*_G(pt)$. When we take our ground field to be a finite field, the Atiyah-Bott formula implies the Tamagawa number conjecture for the function field of X.

The caveat here is that the A-B proof uses the interpretation of $Bun_G$ as the space of connection forms modulo gauge transformations, and thus only works over complex numbers (but can be extend to any field of characteristic zero). In the talk we will outline an algebro-geometric proof that works over any ground field. As its main geometric ingredient, it uses the fact that the space of rational maps from X to G is homologically contractible. Because of the nature of the latter statement, the proof necessarily uses tools from higher category theory. So, it can be regarded as an example how the latter can be used to prove something concrete: a construction at the level of 2-categories leads to an equality of numbers.

2015/11/16

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hideki Miyachi (Osaka University)
Towards the complex geometry of Teichmuller space with extremal length (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, in aiming for studying a relation between the topological aspect and the complex analytical aspect of Teichmuller space, I will discuss a complex analytic property of extremal length functions. More precisely, I will give a concrete formula of the Levi form of the extremal length functions for ``generic” measured foliations and show that the reciprocal of the extremal length function is plurisuperharmonic. As a corollary, I will give alternate proofs of S. Krushkal results that the distance function for the Teichmuller distance is plurisubharmonic, and Teichmuller space is hyperconvex. If time permits, I will give a topological description of the Levi form with using the Thurston's symplectic form.

FMSP Lectures

15:00-16:00,16:30-17:00   Room #大講義室 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yakov Eliashberg (Stanford University)
Crossroads of symplectic rigidity and flexibility (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The development of flexible and rigid sides of symplectic and contact topology towards each other shaped this subject since its inception, and continues shaping its modern development.
In the series of lectures I will discuss the history of this struggle, as well as describe recent breakthroughs on the flexible side.
[ Reference URL ]
http://faculty.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Eliashberg201511.html

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Artan Sheshmani (IPMU/ Ohio State University)
Counting curves on surface in Calabi-Yau threefolds and the proof of S-duality modularity conjecture (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will talk about recent joint works with Amin Gholampour, Richard Thomas and Yukinobu Toda, on an algebraic-geometric proof of the S-duality conjecture in superstring theory, made formerly by physicists Gaiotto, Strominger, Yin, regarding the modularity of DT invariants of sheaves supported on hyperplane sections of the quintic Calabi-Yau threefold. Our strategy is to first use degeneration and localization techniques to reduce the threefold theory to a certain intersection theory over the relative Hilbert scheme of points on surfaces and then prove modularity; More precisely, together with Gholampour we have proven that the generating series, associated to the top intersection numbers of the Hilbert scheme of points, relative to an effective divisor, on a smooth quasi-projective surface is a modular form. This is a generalization of the result of Okounkov-Carlsson, where they used representation theory and the machinery of vertex operators to prove this statement for absolute Hilbert schemes. These intersection numbers eventually, together with the generating series of Noether-Lefschetz numbers as I will explain, will provide the ingredients to achieve a complete algebraic-geometric proof of S-duality modularity conjecture.

2015/11/14

Harmonic Analysis Komaba Seminar

13:00-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

2015/11/13

FMSP Lectures

15:00-16:00,16:30-17:30   Room #大講義室 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yakov Eliashberg (Stanford University)
Crossroads of symplectic rigidity and flexibility (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The development of flexible and rigid sides of symplectic and contact topology towards each other shaped this subject since its inception, and continues shaping its modern development.
In the series of lectures I will discuss the history of this struggle, as well as describe recent breakthroughs on the flexible side.
[ Reference URL ]
http://faculty.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Eliashberg201511.html

Geometry Colloquium

10:00-11:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
MASAI, Hideyoshi (The University of Tokyo)
Closed random mapping tori are asymmetric
(Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We consider random walks on the mapping class group of closed surfaces and mapping tori of such random mapping classes. It has been shown that such random mapping tori admit hyperbolic structure, and hence their symmetry groups are finite groups. In this talk we prove that the symmetry group of random mapping tori are trivial.

2015/11/10

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kiyonori Gomi (Shinshu University)
Topological T-duality for "Real" circle bundle (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Topological T-duality originates from T-duality in superstring theory,
and is first studied by Bouwkneght, Evslin and Mathai. The duality
basically consists of two parts: The first part is that, for any pair
of a principal circle bundle with `H-flux', there is another `T-dual'
pair on the same base space. The second part states that the twisted
K-groups of the total spaces of principal circle bundles in duality
are isomorphic under degree shift. This is the most simple topological
T-duality following Bunke and Schick, and there are a number of
generalizations. The generalization I will talk about is a topological
T-duality for "Real" circle bundles, motivated by T-duality in type II
orbifold string theory. In this duality, a variant of Z_2-equivariant
K-theory appears.

2015/11/09

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yukari Ito (Nagoya University)
3-dimensional McKay correspondence (English)
[ Abstract ]
The original McKay correspondence is a relation between group theory of a finite subgroup G of SL(2,C) and geometry of the minimal resolution of the quotient singularity by G, and was generalized several ways. In particular, 3-dimensional generalization was extended to derived categorical eqivalence and the G-Hilbert scheme was useful to explain the correspondence. However, most results hold only for abelian subgroups. In this talk, I would like to introduce an iterated G-Hilbert scheme and show more geometrical McKay correspondence for non-abelian subgroups.

2015/11/05

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shinnosuke Okawa (Osaka University)
Compact moduli of marked noncommutative del Pezzo surfaces via quivers (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will introduce certain GIT construction via quivers of compactified moduli spaces of marked noncommutative del Pezzo surfaces. For projective plane, quadric surface, and those of degree 3, 2, 1, we obtain projective toric varieties of dimension 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, respectively. Then I will discuss relations with deformation theory of abelian categories, blow-up of noncommutative projective planes, and three-block exceptional collections due to Karpov and Nogin. This talk is based on joint works in progress with Tarig Abdelgadir and Kazushi Ueda.

Applied Analysis

16:00-17:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Henri Berestycki (EHESS)
The effect of a line with fast diffusion on Fisher-KPP propagation (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I will present a system of equations describing the effect of inclusion of a line (the "road") with fast diffusion on biological invasions in the plane. Outside of the road, the propagation is of the classical Fisher-KPP type. We find that past a certain precise threshold for the ratio of diffusivity coefficients, the presence of the road enhances the speed of global propagation. I will discuss several further effects such as transport or reaction on the road. I will also discuss the influence of various parameters on the asymptotic behaviour of the invasion speed and shape. I report here on results from a series of joint works with Jean-Michel Roquejoffre and Luca Rossi.

2015/11/02

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shimobe Hirokazu (Osaka Univ.)
A class of non-Kahler manifolds (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We consider a special case of compact complex manifolds which are said to be super strongly Gauduchon manifolds. A super strongly Gauduchon manifold is a complex manifold with a super strongly Gauduchon metric. We mainly consider non-Kähler super strongly Gauduchon manifolds. We give a cohomological condition for a compact complex manifold to have a super strongly Gauduchon metric, and give examples of non-trivial super strongly Gauduchon manifolds from nil-manifolds. We also consider its stability under small deformations and proper modifications of super strongly Gauduchon manifolds.

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Naoki Kubota (College of Science and Tenology, Nihon University)
Concentrations for the travel cost of the simple random walk in random potentials

2015/10/30

FMSP Lectures

15:00-16:15   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Arnaud Ducrot (University of Bordeaux)
Asymptotic behaviour of a nonlocal logistic equation (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we consider a nonlocal logistic equation endowed with periodic boundary conditions modelling the motion of cells. This equation takes into account birth and death process using a simple logistic effect while the motion of particles follows a nonlocal Darcy law with a smooth kernel.
We first investigate the well-posedness of the problem before investigating the long time behaviour of the solutions. The lack of asymptotic compactness of the semiflow is overcome by using a Young measure framework. Using a suitable energy functional, we
establish the convergence of the solutions with respect to the Young measure topology.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Ducrot.pdf

FMSP Lectures

16:30-17:45   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Peter Bates (Michigan State University)
How should a drop of liquid on a smooth curved surface move in zero gravity? (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Questions such as this may be formulated as questions regarding solutions to nonlinear evolutionary partial differential equations having a small coefficient on the leading order derivative term. Evolutionary partial differential equations may be regarded as (semi-) dynamical systems in an infinite-dimensional space. An abstract theorem is proved giving the existence of an invariant manifold for a semi-dynamical system when an approximately invariant manifold exists with a certain topological nondegeneracy condition in a neighborhood. This is then used to prove the existence of eternal solutions to the nonlinear PDE and answer the question about the motion of a droplet on a curved manifold. The abstract theorem extends fundamental work of Hirsch-Pugh-Shub and Fenichel on the perturbation of invariant manifolds from the 1970's to infinite-dimensional semi-dynamical systems.
This represents joint work with Kening Lu and Chongchun Zeng.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Bates.pdf

2015/10/28

Mathematical Biology Seminar

14:55-16:40   Room #128演習室 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ryo Oizumi (Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare)
Application of stochastic control theory to r/K selection theory affiliation (JAPANESE)

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiroki Sako (Niigata University)
Uniformly locally finite metric spaces and Folner type conditions

2015/10/27

Number Theory Seminar

18:00-19:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masanori Asakura (Hokkaido University)
On the period conjecture of Gross-Deligne for fibrations (English)
[ Abstract ]
The period conjecture of Gross-Deligne asserts that the periods of algebraic varieties with complex multiplication are products of values of the gamma function at rational numbers. This is proved for CM elliptic curves by Lerch-Chowla-Selberg, and for abelian varieties by Shimura-Deligne-Anderson. However the question in the general case is still open. In this talk, we verify an alternating variant of the period conjecture for the cohomology of fibrations with relative multiplication. The proof relies on the Saito-Terasoma product formula for epsilon factors of integrable regular singular connections and the Riemann-Roch-Hirzebruch theorem. This is a joint work with Javier Fresan.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuanyuan Bao (The University of Tokyo)
Heegaard Floer homology for graphs (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Ozsváth and Szabó defined the Heegaard Floer homology (HF) for a closed oriented 3-manifold. The definition was then generalized to links embedded in a 3-manifold and the manifolds with boundary (sutured and bordered manifolds). In the case of links, there is a beautiful combinatorial way to rewrite the original definition of HF, which was defined on a Heegaard diagram of the given link, by using grid diagram. For a balanced bipartite graph, we defined its Heegaard diagram and the HF for it. Around the same time, Harvey and O’Donnol defined the combinatorial HF for transverse graphs (see the definition in [arXiv:1506.04785v1]). In this talk, we compare these two methods.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

15:00-16:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jianfeng Lin (UCLA)
The unfolded Seiberg-Witten-Floer spectrum and its applications
(ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Following Furuta's idea of finite dimensional approximation in
the Seiberg-Witten theory, Manolescu defined the Seiberg-Witten-Floer
stable homotopy type for rational homology three-spheres in 2003. In
this talk, I will explain how to construct similar invariants for a
general three-manifold and discuss some applications of these new
invariants. This is a joint work with Tirasan Khandhawit and Hirofumi
Sasahira.

2015/10/26

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Lawrence Ein (University of Illinois at Chicago)
Asymptotic syzygies and the gonality conjecture (English)
[ Abstract ]
We'll discuss my joint work with Lazarsfeld on the gonality conjecture about the syzygies of a smooth projective curve when it is embedded into the projective space by the complete linear system of a sufficiently very ample line bundles. We'll also discuss some results about the asymptotic syzygies f higher dimensional varieties.

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kazuko Matsumoto (Tokyo Univ. of Science)
The Fubini-distance functions to pseudoconvex domains in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$ (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we would like to present two explicit formulas for the Levi forms of the Fubini-Study distance functions to complex or real hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$. This is the first step for us to approach the non-existence conjecture of Levi-flat real hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$. We would like to also discuss a certain important quantity found in the formulas.

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fredrik Lindgren (Osaka University)
Numerical approximation of spinodal decomposition in the presence of noise (English)
[ Abstract ]
Numerical approximations of stochastic partial differential equations (SPDE) has evolved to a vivid subfield of computational mathematics in the last decades. It poses new challenges both for numerical analysis and the theory of SPDE.

In this talk we will discuss the strength and weaknesses of the \emph{semigroup approach} to SPDE when it is combined with the idea of viewing a single-step method in time as a \emph{rational approximation of a semigroup}. We shall apply this framework to the stochastic Allen-Cahn equation, a parabolic semi-linear SPDE where the non-linearity is non-globally Lipschitz continuous, but has a \emph{one-sided Lipschitz condition}, and the deterministic equation has a Lyapunov functional.

We focus on semi-discretisation in time, the first step in Rothe's method, and show how the semigroup approach allows for convergence proofs under the assumption that the numerical solution admits moment bounds. However, this assumption turns out to be difficult to verify in the semi-group framework, and the rates achieved are not sharp. This is due to the fact that the one-sided Lipschitz condition, being a variational inequality, can't be utilised. We thus turn to variational methods to solve this issue.

If time admits we shall also comment on the stochastic Cahn-Hilliard equation where the non-linearity has a one-sided Lipschitz condition in a lower norm, only. However, the fact of convergence can still be proved.

This is joint work with Daisuke Furihata (Osaka University), Mih\'aly Kov\'acs (University of Otago, New Zealand), Stig Larsson (Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden) and Shuji Yoshikawa (Ehime University).

2015/10/23

Geometry Colloquium

10:00-11:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nobuhiko Otoba (Keio University)
Metrics of constant scalar curvature on sphere bundles (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
This talk is based on joint work with Jimmy Petean (CIMAT).
I'd like to talk about our attempt to study the Yamabe PDE on Riemannian twisted product manifolds, more precisely, the total spaces of Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. To demonstrate how the argument works,
I construct metrics of constant scalar curvature on unit sphere bundles for real vector bundles of the type $E \oplus L$,
the Whitney sum of a vector bundle $E$ and a line bundle $L$ with respective inner products, and then estimate the number of solutions to the corresponding Yamabe PDE.

2015/10/22

FMSP Lectures

16:00-16:50   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hans-Otto Walther (University of Giessen)
The semiflow of a delay differential equation on its solution manifold (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The lecture surveys work after the turn of the millenium on well-posedness of initial value problems for di_erential equations with variable delay. The focus is on results which provide continuously di_erentiable solution operators, so that in case studies ingredients of dynamical systems theory, such as local invariant manifolds or Poincar_e return maps, become available. We explain why the familar theory of retarded functional di_erential equations [1,2,4] fails for equations with variable delay, discuss what has been achieved for the latter, for autonomous and for nonautonomous equations, with delays bounded or unbounded, and address open problems.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-1.pdf

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