Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~05/23Today's seminar 05/24 | Future seminars 05/25~

2008/12/11

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
佐藤康彦 (北大理)
Certain aperiodic automorphisms of unital simple projectionless $C^*$-algebras

2008/12/10

Geometry Seminar

14:45-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
吉田 尚彦 (明治大学大学院理工学研究科) 14:45-16:15
Acyclic polarizations and localization of Riemann-Roch numbers
[ Abstract ]
前量子化可能な閉シンプレクティック多様体が(特異)Lagrange ファイバー空間の構造を持つ場合,Riemann-Roch 数が Bohr-Sommerfeld ファイバーの個数と一致することがトーリック多様体,ユニタリー群の Gelfand-Cetlin 系や Riemann 面上の平坦 SU(2) 束のモジュライなどの例で,双方を別々に計算し比較することにより,確かめられている.本講演では,spin^c Dirac 作用素の指数に対する Witten 流の局所化を用いることによって,Riemann-Roch 数が非特異 Bohr-Sommerfeld ファイバー及び特異ファイバーに局所化することを示す.(古田幹雄氏(東大数理),藤田玄氏(学習院大学)との共同研究.論文:arXiv:0804.3258)
Megumi Harada (McMaster University) 16:30-18:00
The topology of symplectic and hyperkahler quotients
[ Abstract ]
Symplectic geometry lies at the crossroads of many exciting areas of research due to its relationship to geometric representation theory, combinatorics, and algebraic geometry, among others. As often happens in mathematics, the presence of symmetry in these geometric structures -- in this context, a Hamiltonian G-action for a Lie group G, i.e. an action with an associated moment map -- turns out to be crucial in the computation of topological invariants, such as the Betti numbers, the cohomology ring, or the K-theory, of symplectic manifolds which arise as Hamiltonian quotients. In the first part of the talk, I will give a bird's-eye, motivating overview of this subject, and in particular will introduce one of the main technical tools of the field, which is the Morse theory associated to the moment map. In the second part, I will give a more detailed account of recent joint work with Graeme Wilkin, which deals with Nakajima quiver varieties, a special case of hyperkahler Hamiltonian quotients. In particular, we develop a Morse theory for the hyperkahler moment map analogous to the case of the moduli space of Higgs bundles. In particular, we show that the Harder-Narasimhan stratification of spaces of representations of quivers coincide with the Morse-theoretic stratification associated to the norm-square of the real moment map. Our approach also provides insight into the topology of specific examples of small-rank quiver varieties, including hyperpolygon spaces and some ADHM quivers.

2008/12/09

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Bertrand Deroin (CNRS, Orsay, Universit\'e Paris-Sud 11)
Tits alternative in $Diff^1(S^1)$
[ Abstract ]
The following form of Tits alternative for subgroups of
homeomorphisms of the circle has been proved by Margulis: or the group
preserve a probability measure on the circle, or it contains a free
subgroup on two generators. We will prove that if the group acts by diffeomorphisms of
class $C^1$ and does not preserve a probability measure on the circle, then
in fact it contains a subgroup topologically conjugated to a Schottky group.
This is a joint work with V. Kleptsyn and A. Navas.

2008/12/08

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
上田 哲生 (京大理)
Critically finite holomorphic maps on projective spaces

2008/12/05

Lecture Series on Mathematical Sciences in Soceity

16:20-17:50   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
池森 俊文 (みずほ第一フィナンシャルテクノロジー)
金融リスク管理と数理Ⅰ(基礎編)

2008/12/04

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
戸松玲治 (東大数理)
カッツ環の作用の分類

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Genkai Zhang (Chalmers and Gothenburg University)
Realization of quanternionic discrete series as spaces of H-holomorphic
functions
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

2008/12/03

Mathematical Finance

17:30-19:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Freddy Delaben (ETH)
The structure of dynamic utility functions in a Brownian Filtration

[ Abstract ]
The penalty function for monetary dynamic utility functions
has a special form. They can be seen as potentials. In the Brownian Filtration Rao's theorem permits to give a complete description.

Number Theory Seminar

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
鈴木正俊 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Mean-periodicity and analytic properties of zeta-functions
[ Abstract ]
Mean-periodicityというのは周期性の概念のひとつの一般化である。最近、I. Fesenko, G. Ricottaとの共同研究により、数論的スキームのゼータ関数を含むある複素関数のクラスと、mean-periodicityとの関連性が新しく見出された。
これはHecke-Weilによる, 解析接続と関数等式を持つDirichlet級数と保型形式との対応の一つの拡張ともみなせる. この背景には, I. Fesenkoの高次元アデール上のゼータ積分の理論があり、数論的スキームのHasseゼータ関数の解析接続を高次元アデール上の調和解析から導こうというプログラムの一環となっている。
この講演ではそのような背景にも若干触れた上、ゼータ関数の解析的性質とmean-periodicityの関連、特に解析接続と関数等式との関連について解説する。

2008/12/02

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
金井雅彦 (名古屋大学)
消滅と剛性
[ Abstract ]
The aim of my talk is to reveal an unforeseen link between the classical vanishing theorems of Matsushima and Weil, on the one hand, and rigidity of the Weyl chamber flow, a dynamical system arising from a higher-rank noncompact Lie group, on the other.

The connection is established via "transverse extension theorems": Roughly speaking, they claim that a tangential 1- form of the orbit foliation of the Weyl chamber flow that is tangentially closed (and satisfies a certain mild additional condition) can be extended to a closed 1- form on the whole space in a canonical manner. In particular, infinitesimal rigidity of the orbit foliation of the Weyl chamber flow is proved as an application.
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
金井 雅彦 (名古屋大学多元数理科学研究科)
Vanishing and Rigidity
[ Abstract ]
The aim of my talk is to reveal an unforeseen link between
the classical vanishing theorems of Matsushima and Weil, on the one hand,
andrigidity of the Weyl chamber flow, a dynamical system arising from a higher-rank
noncompact Lie group, on the other. The connection is established via
"transverse extension theorems": Roughly speaking, they claim that a tangential 1- form of the
orbit foliation of the Weyl chamber flow that is tangentially closed
(and satisfies a certain mild additional condition) can be extended to a closed 1- form on the
whole space in a canonical manner. In particular, infinitesimal
rigidity of the orbit foliation of the Weyl chamber flow is proved as an application.

2008/12/01

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
川上 裕 (九大数理/大阪市立大)
双曲的Gauss写像の値分布

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

17:00-18:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kentaro Hori (University of Toronto / IPMU)
A pair of non-birational but derived equivalent Calabi-Yau
manifolds from non-Abelian gauge theories
[ Abstract ]
We construct a family of (2,2) supersymmetric gauge theories
in 2-dimensions that flows to a family of (2,2) superconformal fields theories with \\hat{c}=3. The family has two limits and three singular points. The two limits correspond to two Calabi-Yau manifolds which are not birationally equivalent. The two are, however, derived equivalent
by general principle of supersymmetric quantum field theory.

2008/11/28

Lecture Series on Mathematical Sciences in Soceity

16:20-17:50   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
中川 淳一 (新日本製鐵先端技術研究所)
製鐵プロセスの数学Ⅱ

Colloquium

16:30-17:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
川又雄二郎 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
曲線の錐体と因子の錐体
[ Abstract ]
代数多様体上に載っている曲線と因子の交点数を使うと、互いに双対な有限次元実ベクトル空間内の、互いに双対な閉凸錐体 -- 曲線の錐体と因子の錐体が定義される。極小モデル理論では、曲線の錐体の端射線から収縮写像が構成されるが、双有理同値な代数多様体をたくさん同時に考えるためには、因子の錐体のほうが便利である。標準環の有限生成定理は、因子の錐体の集まりの間の壁越えの様子を詳しく調べることによって証明された。一般の代数多様体に対する極小モデルの存在は未解決問題であるが、そのためには因子の錐体についてのより深い理解が必要と思われる。この講演ではそのあたりの事情を解説する。
[ Reference URL ]
[開催日にご注意下さい]

GCOE lecture series

14:40-16:10   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Andrei Pajitnov (Univ. de Nantes)
Circle-valued Morse theory
, Lecture 2

2008/11/26

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Piotr Pragacz
(Banach Institute)
Diagonal subschemes and vector bundles

GCOE lecture series

14:40-16:10   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Andrei Pajitnov (Univ. de Nantes)
Circle-valued Morse theory, Lecture 1
[ Abstract ]
Morse theory of circle-valued functions, initiated by S. P. Novikov in 1980-1982 is now a rapidly developing domain with applications and connections to many other fields of geometry and topology such as dynamical systems, Lagrangian intersections,
knots and links in three-dimensional sphere.

We will start with the basics of the theory, discuss the construction of the Novikov complex, relations with the dynamical zeta functions, and the knot theory. We will conclude with a list of the open problems of the theory.

Number Theory Seminar

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
平田典子 (日本大学理工学部)
Lang's Observation in Diophantine Problems
[ Abstract ]
In 1964, Serge Lang suggested the following problem, which reads now as follows:
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve defined over a number field $K$, and $\\varphi$ be a rational function on $E$. Then, for every point $P\\in E(K)$ where $\\varphi$ does not vanish at $P$, the logarithms of a norm of $\\varphi(P)$ is at worst linear in the logarithms of the Neron-Tate height of the point $P$.
We give a simultaneous Diophantine approximation for linear forms in elliptic logarithms which actually implies this conjecture. We also present Lang's observations in Diophantine problems.

2008/11/25

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ovidiu Calin (Eastern Michigan University)
Heat kernels for subelliptic operators
[ Abstract ]
Subelliptic operators are differential operators with missing
directions. Their behavior is very different than the behavior or
elliptic operators. Among the most well known subelliptic operators
are the Grusin operator, the Heisenberg operator, and the Kolmogorov
operator. There are several methods of finding the heat kernels of
subelliptic operators. The heat kernels of subelliptic operators are
usually represented in integral form, but in the case of the
Kolmogorov operator we shall show that the heat kernel is of function
type. We shall spend some time on other subelliptic operators too.

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Xavier Roulleau (東大)
Cotangent maps of surfaces of general type
[ Abstract ]
Surfaces are usualy studied and classified via the properties of the pluricanonical maps. For surfaces of general type whose cotangent sheaf is generated by global sections, we propose to study an other map, called the cotangent map, in order to obtain geometric informations on the surface. In this way, we obtain informations on the ampleness of the cotangent sheaf of such a surface. We will illustate this talk with the example of the Fano surface of lines of cubic threefolds.

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
吉野太郎 (東工大)
$\\mathbb R^n$への$\\mathbb R^2$の固有な作用と周期性
[ Abstract ]
Consider $\\R^2$ actions on $\\R^n$ which is free, affine and unipotent. Our concern here is to answer the following question:

"Does the quotient topology admits a manifold structure?"

Under some weak assumption, we classify all actions up to conjugate, and give a complete answer to the question.

If Lipsman's conjecture were true, all of the answer should be affirmative.

But, we shall find a unique action which gives a negative answer for each $n\\geq 5$. And, we also find a periodicity on such counterexamples.

As a key lemma, we use "proper analogue" of the five lemma on
exact sequence.
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Andrei Pajitnov (Univ. de Nantes)
Circle-valued Morse theory for knots and links
[ Abstract ]
We will discuss several recent developments in
this theory. In the first part of the talk we prove that the Morse-Novikov number of a knot is less than or equal to twice the tunnel number of the knot, and present consequences of this result. In the second part we report on our joint project with Hiroshi Goda on the half-transversal Morse-Novikov theory for 3-manifolds.

2008/11/22

Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

13:30-16:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
桂 法称 ((理化学研究所)
理化学研究所) 13:30-14:30
Quantum Entanglement in Exactly Solvable Models
[ Abstract ]
近年、量子情報論的な観点からの量子多体問題の研究が盛んに行われている。
特に基底状態におけるentanglementのvon Neumann(entanglement) entropyなどの
指標を用いた特徴づけが盛んに議論されている。これらの研究において可解模型
は、この新しく導入された指標が量子多体系の基本性質を正しく反映しているか
をテストする一種の実験室として重要な役割を果たしてきた。セミナーでは、
先ずentanglement entropyの定義などについての簡単な説明を行い、その後私が
主に行ってきた以下の幾つかのテーマについてご紹介したい。
1. Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki modelのvalence bond solid基底状態におけるenta
nglementと端状態
2. Calogero-Sutherland modelにおける粒子間entanglementと排他的分数統計
3. Bethe ansatz波動関数の行列積表示
尚、本研究は初田泰之(東大理), 平野嵩明(東大工)、丸山勲(大阪大)、初貝安弘(筑
波大)、Ying Xu, Vladimir E. Korepin(SUNY at Stony Brook)各氏との共同研究に基
づくものである。
尾角正人 (阪大基礎工) 15:00-16:00
非例外型KRクリスタルについて
[ Abstract ]
KRクリスタルとはアフィンリー環gのディンキン図の0以外の頂点と
正整数に付随して定義される量子アフィン代数の特殊な有限次元
表現(KR加群)の結晶基底である。KRクリスタルの存在は非例外型
の場合には昨年確認された。今年になって、それらの結晶グラフの
構造が組合せ論的に具体的にわかる進展があったので、そのこと
についてgが$A_{2n-1}^{(2)}$と$C_n^{(1)}$の場合にお話したい。
また、組合せ論的に与えた結晶グラフが、なぜ表現論的に存在が
わかった結晶基底のグラフと一致するかについての証明の概略に
ついても触れたい。

2008/11/21

Lecture Series on Mathematical Sciences in Soceity

16:20-17:50   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
大本 隆 (野村證券金融工学研究センター)
デリバティブ・プロダクツの価格付け II

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