Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~10/22Today's seminar 10/23 | Future seminars 10/24~

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masaharu TANABE (Tokyo Inst. Tech.)
On the norm defined on the holomorphic maps of compact Riemann surfaces (JAPANESE)

2010/05/15

Monthly Seminar on Arithmetic of Automorphic Forms

13:30-16:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
NARITA, Hiroaki (Kumamoto University, Fac. of Science) 13:30-14:30
Strict positivity of the central values of some Rankin-Selberg
L-functions (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We consider the Arakawa lift which is an automprphic form on an inner twist of $GSp(2)$. We construct examples the case when the central values of the $L$-functions of Rankin-Selberg type with degree 8 Euler factors take positive values. ....
YAMAUCHI, Takuya (Osaka Pref. Univ. ) 15:00-16:00
Calabi-Yau manifolds associated to hypergeometric sheaves and their application
Osaka Pref. Univ. (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Let U be the P_1 munus 3 points, and form hypergeometric sheaves on U, by iterative convolutions of certain local sysytem of rank 1 on U. We construct certain families of Calabi-Yau manifolds whose cohomology groups of middle degree are these hypergeometric sheaves. We discuss the potential-modularity of these varieties and unit root formula. This is a joint work with Michio Tsuzuki. (trans. by the organizer of the seminar)

2010/05/12

Lectures

15:30-17:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Luc Illusie (東京大学/Paris南大学)
Independence of families of $\\ell$-adic representations and uniform constructibility (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Let $k$ be a number field, $\\overline{k}$ an algebraic closure of $k$, $\\Gamma_k = \\mathrm{Gal}(\\overline{k}/k)$. A family of continuous homomorphisms $\\rho_{\\ell} : \\Gamma_k \\rightarrow G_{\\ell}$, indexed by prime numbers $\\ell$, where $G_{\\ell}$ is a locally compact $\\ell$-adic Lie group, is said to be independent if $\\rho(\\Gamma_k) = \\prod \\rho_{\\ell}(\\Gamma_k)$, where $\\rho = (\\rho_{\\ell}) : \\Gamma_k \\rightarrow \\prod G_{\\ell}$. Serre gave a criterion for such a family to become independent after a finite extension of $k$. We will explain Serre's criterion and show that it applies to families coming from the $\\ell$-adic cohomology (or cohomology with compact support) of schemes separated and of finite type over $k$. This application uses a variant of Deligne's generic constructibility theorem with uniformity in $\\ell$.

Number Theory Seminar

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Makoto Matsumoto (University of Tokyo)
Differences between
Galois representations in outer-automorphisms
of the fundamental groups and those in automorphisms, implied by
topology of moduli spaces (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Fix a prime l. Let C be a proper smooth geometrically connected curve over a number field K, and x be its closed point. Let Π denote the pro-l completion of the geometric fundamental group of C with geometric base point over x. We have two non-abelian Galois representations:

ρA : Galk(x) → Aut(Π),ρO : GalK → Out(Π).

Our question is: in the natural inclusion Ker(ρA) ⊂ Ker(ρO) ∩ Galk(x), whether the equality holds or not. Theorem: Assume that g ≥ 3, l divides 2g -2. Then, there are infinitely many pairs (C, K) with the following property. If l does not divide the extension degree [k(x): K], then Ker(ρA) = (Ker(ρO) ∩ Galk(x)) holds.

This is in contrast to the case of the projective line minus three points and its canonical tangential base points, where the equality holds (a result of Deligne and Ihara).

There are two ingredients in the proof: (1) Galois representations often contain the image of the geometric monodromy (namely, the mapping class group) [M-Tamagawa 2000] (2) A topological result [S. Morita 98] [Hain-Reed 2000] on the cohomological obstruction of lifting the outer action of the mapping class group to automorphisms.

(This lecture is held as `Arithmetic Geometry Seminar Tokyo-Paris' and it is transmitted to IHES by the internet.)

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jean-Pierre Puel (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences
The University of Tokyo)
Exact controllability for incompressible fluids (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
After a short presentation of J.-M. Coron's results for Euler equation, we will give the good notions of controllability for Navier-Stokes equations, namely the exact controllability to trajectories.
We will outline the strategy for obtaining local results, based on a fixed point argument following the study of null controllability for the linearized problem. This is equivalent to an observability inequality for the adjoint system, which requires a global Carleman estimate for linearized Navier-Stokes equations. We will explain this estimate and the different steps for obtaining it along the lines of the articles by E.Fernadez-Cara, S.Guerrero, O.Imanuvilov and J.-P.Puel (JMPA, 2004) and M.Gonzalez-Burgos, S.Guerrero and J.-P.Puel (CPAA, 2009).
We will end up with some important open problems.

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takeshi Ogita (Tokyo Woman's Christian University)
Accurate factorizations of ill-conditioned matrices and applications (JAPANESE)
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

GCOE Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
荻田 武史 (東京女子大学現代教養学部)
悪条件行列の高精度な分解法とその応用 (JAPANESE)
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.infsup.jp/utnas/

2010/05/11

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nariya Kawazumi (The University of Tokyo)
The logarithms of Dehn twists (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We establish an explicit formula for the action of (non-separating and
separating) Dehn twists on the complete group ring of the fundamental group of a
surface. It generalizes the classical transvection formula on the first homology.
The proof is involved with a homological interpretation of the Goldman
Lie algebra. This talk is based on a jointwork with Yusuke Kuno (Hiroshima U./JSPS).

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hisayosi Matumoto (the University of Tokyo)
On a finite $W$-algebra module structure on the space of
continuous Whittaker vectors for an irreducible Harish-Chandra module (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Let $G$ be a real reductive Lie group. The space of continuous Whittaker vectors for an irreducible Harish-Chandra module has a structure of a module over a finite $W$-algebra. We have seen such modules are irreducible for groups of type A. However, there is a counterexample to the naive conjecture. We discuss a refined version of the conjecture and further examples in this talk.

2010/05/10

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Makoto Miura
(The University of Tokyo)
Toric degenerations of Grassmannians and mirror symmetry (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
I will talk about toric degenerarions of Grassmannians and
an application to the mirror constructions for complete intersection
Calabi-Yau manifolds in Grassmannians.
In particular, if we focus on toric degenerations by term orderings on
polynomial rings,
we have to choose a term ordering for which the coordinate ring has an
uniformly homogeneous sagbi basis.
We discuss this condition for some examples of ordinary Grassmannians
and a spinor variety.

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshihiko MATSUMOTO (Univ. of Tokyo)
Asymptotics of ACH-Einstein metrics, and an invariant tensor of partially-integrable almost CR manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
To investigate strictly pseudoconvex partially-integrable almost CR manifolds as boundaries at infinity of noncompact complete Riemannian spaces, we study the Einstein equation for ACH metrics. At the jet level (of a certain order that depends only on the dimension) along the boundary, a solution uniquely exists up to the action of boundary-preserving diffeomorphisms. If we further consider higher-order solutions, without logarithmic singularities, in general we encounter an obstruction for construction, which is a local invariant tensor of the boundary. Some properties of that invariant tensor are also mentioned.

2010/05/07

Lectures

16:00-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Luc Illusie (東京大学/Paris南大学)
Independence of families of $\\ell$-adic representations and uniform constructibility
[ Abstract ]
Let $k$ be a number field, $\\overline{k}$ an algebraic closure of $k$, $\\Gamma_k = \\mathrm{Gal}(\\overline{k}/k)$. A family of continuous homomorphisms $\\rho_{\\ell} : \\Gamma_k \\rightarrow G_{\\ell}$, indexed by prime numbers $\\ell$, where $G_{\\ell}$ is a locally compact $\\ell$-adic Lie group, is said to be independent if $\\rho(\\Gamma_k) = \\prod \\rho_{\\ell}(\\Gamma_k)$, where $\\rho = (\\rho_{\\ell}) : \\Gamma_k \\rightarrow \\prod G_{\\ell}$. Serre gave a criterion for such a family to become independent after a finite extension of $k$. We will explain Serre's criterion and show that it applies to families coming from the $\\ell$-adic cohomology (or cohomology with compact support) of schemes separated and of finite type over $k$. This application uses a variant of Deligne's generic constructibility theorem with uniformity in $\\ell$.

Colloquium

16:30-17:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jean-Pierre Puel (The University of Tokyo, Universite de Versailles Saint-Quentin)
Why to study controllability problems and the mathematical tools involved (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We will give some examples of controllability problems and the underlying applications to practical situations. This includes vibrations of membranes or plates, motion of incompressible fluids or quantum systems occuring in quantum chemistry or in quantum logic information theory. These examples correspond to different types of partial differential equations for which specific analysis has to be done. Of course, at the moment, very few results are known and the domain is widely open. We will describe very briefly the mathematical tools used for each type of PDE, in particular microlocal analysis, global Carleman estimates or some specific real analysis estimates.These methods appear to be also useful to study some inverse problems and, if time permits, we will give a few elements on some examples.

2010/05/06

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Makoto Yamashita (Univ. Tokyo)
Connes-Landi Deformation of Spectral Triples (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We describe a way to deform spectral triples with a 2-torus action and a real deformation parameter, motivated by deformation of manifolds after Connes-Landi. Such deformations are shown to have naturally isomorphic K-theoretic invariants independent of the deformation parameter.

2010/04/28

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Marcus Wunsch (Kyoto University
)
GLOBAL AND SINGULAR SOLUTIONS TO SOME
HYDRODYNAMIC EVOLUTION EQUATIONS
[ Abstract ]
The two-component Hunter-Saxton system is a recently derived system of evolution equations modeling, e.g., the nonlinear dynamics of nondissipative dark matter and the propagation of orientation waves in nematic liquid crystals. It is imbedded into a parameterized family of systems called the generalized Hunter-Saxton (2HS) system [2] reducing, if one component is omitted, to the generalized Proudman-Johnson(gPJ) equation [1] modeling three-dimensional vortex dynamics.
After demonstrating, by means of Kato's semigroup theory, the local-in-time existence of classical solutions, the blow-up scenarios for the 2HS system and the gPJ equation are described. The explicit construction of weak dissipative solutions for both models is discussed in detail.
Finally, global existence in time of these weak solutions is proved.

Lectures

16:00-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Luc Illusie (東京大学/Paris南大学)
Independence of families of $\\ell$-adic representations and uniform constructibility
[ Abstract ]
Let $k$ be a number field, $\\overline{k}$ an algebraic closure of $k$, $\\Gamma_k = \\mathrm{Gal}(\\overline{k}/k)$. A family of continuous homomorphisms $\\rho_{\\ell} : \\Gamma_k \\rightarrow G_{\\ell}$, indexed by prime numbers $\\ell$, where $G_{\\ell}$ is a locally compact $\\ell$-adic Lie group, is said to be independent if $\\rho(\\Gamma_k) = \\prod \\rho_{\\ell}(\\Gamma_k)$, where $\\rho = (\\rho_{\\ell}) : \\Gamma_k \\rightarrow \\prod G_{\\ell}$. Serre gave a criterion for such a family to become independent after a finite extension of $k$. We will explain Serre's criterion and show that it applies to families coming from the $\\ell$-adic cohomology (or cohomology with compact support) of schemes separated and of finite type over $k$. This application uses a variant of Deligne's generic constructibility theorem with uniformity in $\\ell$.

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

15:00-16:10   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
KATO, Shogo (The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)
A Markov process for circular data (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We propose a discrete-time Markov process which takes values on the unit circle. Some properties of the process, including the limiting behaviour and ergodicity, are investigated. Many computations associated with this process are shown to be greatly simplified if the variables and parameters of the model are represented in terms of complex numbers. The proposed model is compared with an existing Markov process for circular data. A simulation study is made to illustrate the mathematical properties of the model. Statistical inference for the process is briefly considered.
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2010/00.html

2010/04/27

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
横田 佳之 (首都大学東京)
On the complex volume of hyperbolic knots (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we give a formula of the volume and the Chern-Simons invariant of hyperbolic knot complements, which is closely related to the volume conjecture of hyperbolic knots.
We also discuss the volumes and the Chern-Simons invariants of closed 3-manifolds
obtained by Dehn surgeries on hyperbolic knots.

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshiki Oshima (the University of Tokyo)
Restriction of Vogan-Zuckerman's derived functor modules to symmetric subgroups (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We study the restriction of Vogan-Zuckerman derived functor modules $A_\\frak{q}(\\lambda)$ to symmetric subgroups.
An algebraic condition for the discrete decomposability of
$A_\\frak{q}(\\lambda)$ was given by Kobayashi, which offers a framework for the detailed study of branching law.
In this talk, when $A_\\frak{q}(\\lambda)$ is discretely decomposable,
we construct some of irreducible components occurring in the branching law and determine their associated variety.

2010/04/26

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shouhei Ma (The University of Tokyo)
The unirationality of the moduli spaces of 2-elementary K3
surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We prove the unirationality of the moduli spaces of K3 surfaces
with non-symplectic involution. As a by-product, we describe the
configuration spaces of 5, 6, 7, 8 points in the projective plane as
arithmetic quotients of type IV.

Kavli IPMU Komaba Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akishi Ikeda (The University of Tokyo)
The correspondence between Frobenius algebra of Hurwitz numbers
and matrix models (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The number of branched coverings of closed surfaces are called Hurwitz
numbers. They constitute a Frobenius algebra structure, or
two dimensional topological field theory. On the other hand, correlation
functions of matrix models are expressed in term of ribbon graphs
(graphs embedded in closed surfaces).

In this talk, I explain how the Frobenius algebra structure of Hurwitz
numbers are described in terms of matrix models. We use the
correspondence between ribbon graphs and covering of S^2 ramified at
three points, both of which have natural symmetric group actions.

As an application I use Frobenius algebra structure to compute Hermitian
matrix models, multi-variable matrix models, and their large N
expansions. The generating function of Hurwitz numbers is also expressed
in terms of matrix models. The relation to integrable hierarchies and
random partitions is briefly discussed.

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshihiro AIHARA (Fukushima Univ.)
Deficiencies of holomorphic curves in projective algebraic varieties (JAPANESE)

2010/04/23

Colloquium

16:30-17:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
松本 眞 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
疑似乱数発生に用いられる数学:メルセンヌ・ツイスターを例に (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
疑似乱数生成法とは、あたかも乱数であるかのようにふるまう数列を、計算機内で高速に、再現性があるように生成する方法の総称です。確率的事象を含む現象の計算機シミュレーションには、疑似乱数は欠かせません。たとえば、核物理シミュレーション、株価に関する商品の評価、DNA塩基配列からのたんぱく質の立体構造推定など、広い範囲で疑似乱数は利用されています。講演者と西村拓士氏が97年に開発したメルセン・ツイスタ―生成法は、生成が高速なうえ周期が$2^19937-1$で623次元空間に均等分布することが証明されており、ISO規格にも取り入れられるなど広く利用が進んでいます。ここでは、メルセンヌ・ツイスターとその後の発展において、(初等的・古典的な)純粋数学(有限体、線形代数、多項式、べき級数環、格子など)がどのように使われたかを、非専門家向けに解説します。学部1年生を含め、他学部・他専攻の方の参加を期待して講演を準備します。
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~matumoto/PRESENTATION/tokyo-univ2010-4-23.pdf

2010/04/22

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nigel Higson (Pennsylvania State Univ.)
The Baum-Connes Conjecture and Group Representations (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Baum-Connes conjecture asserts a sort of duality between the reduced unitary dual of a group and (a variant of) the classifying space of the group. The conjectured duality occurs at the level of K-theory. For example, for free abelian groups it amounts to a K-theoretic form of Fourier-Mukai duality. The conjecture has well-known applications in topology and geometry, but it also resonates in various ways with Lie groups and representation theory. I'll try to indicate how this comes about, and then focus on a fairly new aspect of the relationship that develops some early ideas of Mackey.

Applied Analysis

16:00-17:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jens Starke (Technical University of Denmark)
Deterministic and stochastic modelling of catalytic surface processes (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Three levels of modelling, the microscopic, the mesoscopic and the macroscopic level are discussed for the CO oxidation on low-index platinum single crystal surfaces. The introduced models on the microscopic and mesoscopic level are stochastic while the model on the macroscopic level is deterministic. The macroscopic description can be derived rigorously for low pressure conditions as limit of the stochastic many particle model for large particle numbers. This is in correspondence with the successful description of experiments under low pressure conditions by deterministic reaction-diffusion equations while for intermediate pressures phenomena of stochastic origin can be observed in experiments. The introduced models include a new approach for the platinum phase transition which allows for a unification of existing models for Pt(100) and Pt(110).

The rich nonlinear dynamical behaviour of the macroscopic reaction kinetics is investigated and shows good agreement with low pressure experiments. Furthermore, for intermediate pressures, noise-induced pattern formation, so-called raindrop patterns which are not captured by earlier models, can be reproduced and are shown in simulations.
This is joint work with M. Eiswirth, H. Rotermund, G. Ertl,
Frith Haber Institut, Berlin, K. Oelschlaeger, University of
Heidelberg and C. Reichert, INSA, Lyon.

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