Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~11/14Today's seminar 11/15 | Future seminars 11/16~


Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alan Lauder (University of Oxford)
Stark points and p-adic iterated integrals attached to modular forms of weight one (English)
[ Abstract ]
Given an elliptic curve over Q the only well-understood construction of global points is that of "Heegner points", which are defined over ring class fields of imaginary quadratic fields and are non-torsion only in rank one settings. I will present some new constructions and explicit formulae, in situations of rank one and two, of global points over ring class fields of real or imaginary quadratic fields, cyclotomic fields, and extensions of Q with Galois group A_4, S_4 or A_5. Our constructions and formulae are proven in certain cases - when they can be related to Heegner points - and conjectural, but supported by experimental evidence, otherwise. This is joint work with Henri Darmon and Victor Rotger.


PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tuomo Kuusi (Aalto University)
Nonlocal self-improving properties (English)
[ Abstract ]
The classical Gehring lemma for elliptic equations with measurable coefficients states that an energy solution, which is initially assumed to be $W^{1,2}$-Sobolev regular, is actually in a better Sobolev space space $W^{1,q}$ for some $q>2$. This is a consequence of a self-improving property that so-called reverse Hölder inequality implies. In the case of nonlocal equations a self-improving effect appears: Energy solutions are also more differentiable. This is a new, purely nonlocal phenomenon, which is not present in the local case. The proof relies on a nonlocal version of the Gehring lemma involving new exit time and dyadic decomposition arguments. This is a joint work with G. Mingione and Y. Sire.

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Otto Liess (University of Bologna, Italy)
On the Phragmén-Lindelöf principle for holomorphic functions and factor classes of higher order complex forms in several complex variables
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we will discuss maximum principles in unbounded domains in one or several complex variables. We will mainly be interested in these principles for plurisubharmonic (in the one-dimensional case, "subharmonic") or holomorphic functions, when the principles are of
Phragmen-Lindel{\"o}f principle (henceforth called "PL") type. It will turn out that for 2 or more complex variables it will be useful to study our principles together with associated principles for factor classes of complex (0,q) forms with growth type conditions at infinity.
In this abstract we only say something concerning the case of functions. We consider then an open set U in C^n in one or several complex variables. We assume that we are given two real-valued continuous functions f and g on U. We say that PL holds for plurisubharmonic (respectively for holomorphic) functions, if the following implication is true for every plurisubharmonic function $ \rho $ (respectively for every $ \rho $ of form log |h| with h holomorphic) on U: if we know that $ \rho \leq f$ on the boundary of U and if $ (\rho - f)$ is bounded on U, then it must follow that $ \rho \leq g$ on U. ($\rho \leq f$ on the boundary has the following meaning: for ever z in the boundary of U and for every sequence of points y_j in U which tends to z, we have limsup (\rho - f)(y_j) leq 0.) A trivial condition under which PL is true, is when there exists a plurisubharmonic function u on U such that
(*) -g(z) \leq u(z) \leq - f(z) for every z in U.
In fact, if such a function exists, then we can apply the classical maximal principle for unbounded domains to the function $ \rho'= \rho+u$ to obtain at first $ \rho' \leq 0$ and then $ \rho \leq - u \leq g$. It is one of the main goals of the talk to explain how far (*) is from being also a necessary condition for PL. Some examples are intended to justify our approach and applications will be given to problems in convex analysis.


Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ryushi Goto (Osaka University)
Flat structures on moduli spaces of generalized complex surfaces
[ Abstract ]
The 2 dimensional complex projective space $P^2$ is rigid as a complex manifold, however $P^2$ admits 2 dimensional moduli spaces of generalized complex structures which has a torsion free flat connection on a open strata. We show that logarithmic generalized complex structure with smooth elliptic curve as type changing loci has unobstructed deformations which are parametrized by an open set of the second de Rham cohomology group of the complement of type changing loci. Then we will construct moduli spaces of generalized del Pezzo surfaces. We further investigate deformations of logarithmic generalized complex structures in the cases of type changing loci with singularities. By using types of singularities, we obtain a stratification of moduli spaces of generalized complex structures on complex surfaces and it turns out that each strata corresponding to nodes admits a flat torsion free connection.

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Keiji Saito (Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University)



16:50-17:50   Room #大講義室 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gerhard Huisken (The Mathematisches Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach )
Mean curvature flow with surgery
[ Abstract ]
We study the motion of hypersurfaces in a Riemannian manifold
with normal velocity equal to the mean curvature of the
evolving hypersurface. In general this quasilinear, parabolic
evolution system may have complicated singularities in finite time.
However, under natural assumptions such as embeddedness of the surface
and positivity of the mean curvature (case of 2-dimensional surfaces)
all singularities can be classified and developing "necks" can be
removed by a surgery procedure similar to techniques employed
by Hamilton and Perelman in the Ricci-flow of Riemannian metrics.
The lecture describes results and techniques for mean curvature flow
with surgery developed in joint work with C. Sinestrari and S. Brendle.
[ Reference URL ]

Classical Analysis

16:00-17:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Damiran Tseveennamjil (Mongolian University of Life Sciences)
Confluence of general Schlesinger systems from the viewpoint of Twistor theory (JAPANESE)


Seminar on Probability and Statistics

15:00-16:10   Room #052 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Stefano Iacus (University of Milan)
The use of S4 classes and methods in the Yuima R package
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we present the basic concept of S4 classes and methods approach for object oriented programming in R. As a working example, we introduce the structure of the Yuima package for simulation and inference of stochastic differential equations. We will describe the basic classes and objects as well as some recent extensions which allows for Carma and Co-Garch processes handling in Yuima.

Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

14:00-15:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Simon Wood (The Australian National University)
Classifying simple modules at admissible levels through
symmetric polynomials (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
From infinite dimensional Lie algebras such as the Virasoro
algebra or affine Lie (super)algebras one can construct universal
vertex operator algebras. These vertex operator algebras are simple at
generic central charges or levels and only contain proper ideals at so
called admissible levels. The simple quotient vertex operator algebras
at these admissible levels are called minimal model algebras. In this
talk I will present free field realisations of the universal vertex
operator algebras and show how they allow one to elegantly classify
the simple modules over the simple quotient vertex operator algebras
by using a deep connection to symmetric polynomials.


FMSP Lectures

17:00-18:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexander Voronov (Univ. of Minnesota)
Operads and their applications to Mathematical Physics (ENGLISH)
[ Reference URL ]


FMSP Lectures

17:00-18:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexander Voronov (Univ. of Minnesota)
Operads and their applications to Mathematical Physics (ENGLISH)
[ Reference URL ]

FMSP Lectures

15:30-16:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhi Chen (Hefei University of Technology)
Lifting of maps between surfaces (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Thom conjecture says the algebraic curves have minimal genus among those surfaces Imbedded in CP^2 having fixed degree. This conjecture was solved by Kronheimer and Mrowka by using Seiberg-Witten invariants. In this talk we try to understand the content of this conjecture. We will construct these imbedded surface with minimal genus explicitly, and present some kind of generalization of this conjecture.
[ Reference URL ]


Number Theory Seminar

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Emmanuel Ullmo (IHES)
The hyperbolic Ax-Lindemann conjecture (English)
[ Abstract ]
The hyperbolic Ax Lindemann conjecture is a functional transcendental statement which describes the Zariski closure of "algebraic flows" on Shimura varieties. We will describe the proof of this conjecture and its consequences for the André-Oort conjecture. This is a joint work with Bruno Klingler and Andrei Yafaev.


Seminar on Mathematics for various disciplines

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Monika Muszkieta (Wroclaw University of Technology)
Duality based approaches to total variation-like flows with applications to image processing (English)
[ Abstract ]
During the last years, total variation models have became very popular in image processing and analysis. They have been used to solve such problems as image restoration, image deblurring or image inpainting. Their interesting and successful applications became the motivation for many authors to rigorous analysis of properties of solutions to the corresponding total variation flows. The main difficulty in numerical approximation of solutions to these flows is caused by the lack of di fferentiability of the total variation term, and the commonly used approach to overcome this difficulty consists in considering of the dual formulation. In the talk, we consider two total variation flow models. The first one is the anisotropic total variation flow on $L^2$ with additional regularization, and the second one, is the total variation flow on $H^{-s}$. We introduce duality based numerical schemes for approximate solutions to corresponding equations and present some applications to image processing.
This talk is based on joint work with Y. Giga, P. Mucha and P. Rybka.

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Haruya Mizutani (School of Science, Osaka University)
Global-in-time Strichartz estimates for Schr\"odinger equations with long-range repulsive potentials (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We will discuss a resent result on global-in-time Strichartz estimates for Schr\"odinger equations with slowly decreasing repulsive potentials. If the potential is of very short-range type, there is a simple method due to Rodnianski-Schlag or Burq et al, which seems to be difficult to apply for the present case. The proof instead follows a similar line as in speaker’s resent joint work with J.-M. Bouclet. In particular, we employ both Morawetz type estimates and the methods of micro local analysis such as the Isozaki-Kitada parametrix, even in the low frequency regime.


FMSP Lectures

17:00-18:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexander Voronov (Univ. of Minnesota)
Operads and their applications to Mathematical Physics (ENGLISH)
[ Reference URL ]


thesis presentations

16:30-17:45   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
藤城 謙一 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Approximate Controllability, Non-homogeneous Boundary Value Problems and Inverse Source Problems for Fractional Diffusion Equations(非整数階拡散方程式に対する近似可制御性、非斉次境界値問題およびソース項決定逆問題) (JAPANESE)



16:50-17:50   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Athanase Papadopoulos (Institut de Recherche Mathématique Avancée, Université de Strasbourg et CNRS)
On the development of Riemann surfaces and moduli (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I will describe a selection of major fundamental ideas in the theory
of Riemann surfaces and moduli, starting from the work of Riemann, and
ending with recent works.


Seminar on Probability and Statistics

14:40-15:50   Room #052 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
UBUKATA, Masato (Kushiro Public University of Economics)
Effectiveness of time-varying minimum value at risk and expected shortfall hedging
[ Abstract ]
This paper assesses the incremental value of time-varying minimum value at risk (VaR) and expected shortfall (ES) hedging strategies over unconditional hedging strategy. The conditional futures hedge ratios are calculated through estimation of multivariate volatility models under a skewed and leptokurtic distribution and Monte Carlo simulation for conditional skewness and kurtosis of hedged portfolio returns. We examine DCC-GJR models with or without encompassing realized covariance measure (RCM) from high-frequency data under a multivariate skewed Student's t-distribution. In the out-of-sample analysis with a daily rebalancing approach, the empirical results show that the conditional minimum VaR and ES hedging strategies outperform the unconditional hedging strategy. We find that the use of RCM improves the futures hedging performance for a short hedge, although the degree of improvement is small relative to that when switching from unconditional to conditional.

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

13:20-14:30   Room #052 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoann Potiron (University of Chicago)
[ Abstract ]
When estimating integrated covariation between two assets based on high-frequency data,simple assumptions are usually imposed on the relationship between the price processes and the observation times. In this paper, we introduce an endogenous 2-dimensional model and show that it is more general than the existing endogenous models of the literature. In addition, we establish a central limit theorem for the Hayashi-Yoshida estimator in this general endogenous model in the case where prices follow pure-diffusion processes.


thesis presentations

10:30-11:45   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
飛澤 和則 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Theory and application of a meta lambda calculus with cross-level computation (レベル横断的計算機構を持つメタラムダ計算の理論と応用) (JAPANESE)


thesis presentations

16:00-17:15   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
鈴木 航介 (東京大学大学院数里科学研究科)
Accelerating convergence and tractability of multivariate numerical integration when the L1-norms of the higher order derivatives of the integrand grow at most exponentially(被積分関数の高階偏微分のL1ノルムの増大度が高々指数的である場合の多次元数値積分の加速的な収束と計算容易性) (JAPANESE)

thesis presentations

17:30-18:45   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
芳木 武仁 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Research on Walsh figure of merit for higher order convergent Quasi-Monte Carlo integration(高次収束準モンテカルロ積分のためのWalsh figure of meritの研究) (JAPANESE)



17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Vincent Alberge (Université de Strasbourg)
Convergence of some horocyclic deformations to the Gardiner-Masur
boundary of Teichmueller space. (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
It is well known that a point of the Teichmueller space and a measured foliation determine an isometric embedding of the hyperbolic disc to the Teichmueller space equipped with the so-called Teichmueller metric. In this talk, we will consider the image by this embedding of a particular horocycle whose points will be called an horocyclic deformation. To be more precise, we will be interested in the closure of this subset in the Gardiner-Masur compactification. As the embedding of the disc does not admit a continuous extension to boundaries, we cannot say that the boundary of the set of horocyclic deformations consists of one point.
However, according to Miyachi's results, we will see that it is the case if the given foliation is either a simple closed curve or a uniquely ergodic foliation.

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

17:00-18:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fabian Januszewski (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology)
On g,K-modules over arbitrary fields and applications to special values of L-functions
[ Abstract ]
I will introduce g,K-modules over arbitrary fields of characteristic 0 and discuss their fundamental properties and constructions, including Zuckerman functors. This may be applied to produce models of certain standard modules over number fields, which has applications to special values of automorphic L-functions, and also furnishes the space of regular algebraic cusp forms of GL(n) with a natural global Q-structure.

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