Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~11/15Today's seminar 11/16 | Future seminars 11/17~

2016/01/15

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

13:00-17:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Enzo Orsingher (Sapienza University of Rome)
Fractional calculus and some applications to stochastic processes
[ Abstract ]
1) Riemann-Liouville fractional integrals and derivatives
2) integrals of derivatives and derivatives of integrals
3) Dzerbayshan-Caputo fractional derivatives
4) Marchaud derivative
5) Riesz potential and fractional derivatives
6) Hadamard derivatives and also Erdelyi-Kober derivatives
7) Laplace transforms of Riemann.Liouville and Dzerbayshan-Caputo fractional derivatives
8) Fractional diffusion equations and related special functions (Mittag-Leffler and Wright functions)
9) Fractional telegraph equations (space-time fractional equations and also their mutidimensional versions)
10) Time-fractional telegraph Poisson process
11) Space fractional Poisson process
13) Other fractional point processes (birth and death processes)
14) We shall present the relationship between solutions of wave and Euler-Poisson-Darboux equations through the Erdelyi-Kober integrals.

In these lessons we will introduce the main ideas of the classical fractional calculus. The results and theorems will be presented with all details and calculations. We shall study some fundamental fractional equations and their interplay with stochastic processes. Some details on the iterated Brownian motion will also be given.

2016/01/13

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexander Kumjian (Univ. Nevada, Reno)
A Stabilization Theorem for Fell Bundles over Groupoids

FMSP Lectures

16:00-17:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yves Dermenjian (Aix-Marseille Universite)
A Carleman estimate for an elliptic operator in a partially anisotropic and discontinuous media (ENGLISH)
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Dermenjian.pdf

2016/01/12

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Morimichi Kawasaki (The University of Tokyo) 16:30-17:30
Heavy subsets and non-contractible trajectories (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
For a compact set Y of an open symplectic manifold $(N,¥omega)$ and a free
homotopy class $¥alpha¥in [S^1,N]$, Biran, Polterovich and Salamon
defined the relative symplectic capacity $C_{BPS}(N,Y;¥alpha)$ which
measures the existence of non-contractible 1-periodic trajectories of
Hamiltonian isotopies.

On the hand, Entov and Polterovich defined heaviness for closed subsets
of a symplectic manifold by using spectral invarinats of the Hamiltonian
Floer theory on contractible trajectories.
Heavy subsets are known to be non-displaceable.

In this talk, we prove the finiteness of $C(M,X,¥alpha)$ (i.e. the
existence of non-contractible 1-periodic trajectories under some setting)
by using heaviness.
Ryo Furukawa (The University of Tokyo) 17:30-18:30
On codimension two contact embeddings in the standard spheres (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we consider codimension two contact
embedding problem by using higher dimensional braids.
First, we focus on embeddings of contact $3$-manifolds to the standard $
S^5$ and give some results, for example, any contact structure on $S^3$
can embed so that it is smoothly isotopic to the standard embedding.
These are joint work with John Etnyre. Second, we consider the relative
Euler number of codimension two contact submanifolds and its Seifert
hypersurfaces which is a generalization of the self-linking number of
transverse knots in contact $3$-manifolds. We give a way to calculate
the relative Euler number of certain contact submanifolds obtained by
braids and as an application we give examples of embeddings of one
contact manifold which are isotopic as smooth embeddings but not
isotopic as contact embeddings in higher dimension.

2016/01/09

Harmonic Analysis Komaba Seminar

13:00-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hitoshi Tanaka (Tokyo University) 13:30-15:00
The n linear embedding theorem
(日本語)
Kentaro Hirata (Hiroshima University) 15:30-17:00
An improved growth estimate for positive solutions of a semilinear heat equation in a Lipschitz domain
(日本語)

2016/01/08

Colloquium

16:50-17:50   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Keiji Oguiso (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo)
Birational geometry through complex dymanics (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Birational geometry and complex dymanics are rich subjects having
interactions with many branches of mathematics. On the other hand,
though these two subjects share many common interests hidden especially
when one considers group symmetry of manifolds, it seems rather recent
that their rich interations are really notified, perhaps after breaking
through works for surface automorphisms in the view of topological
entropy by Cantat and McMullen early in this century, by which I was so
mpressed.

The notion of entropy of automorphism is a fundamental invariant which
measures how fast two general points spread out fast under iteration. So,
the exisitence of surface automorphism of positive entropy with Siegel
disk due to McMullen was quite surprizing. The entropy also measures, by
the fundamenal theorem of Gromov-Yomdin, the
logarithmic growth of the degree of polarization under iteration. For
instance, the Mordell-Weil group of an elliptic fibration is a very
intersting rich subject in algebraic geometry and number theory, but the
group preserves the fibration so that it might not be so interesting
from dynamical view point. However, if the surface admits two different
elliptic fibrations, which often happens in K3 surfaces of higher Picard
number, then highly non-commutative dynamically rich phenomena can be
observed.

In this talk, I would like to explain the above mentioned phenomena with
a few unexpected applications that I noticed in these years:

(1) Kodaira problem on small deformation of compact Kaehler manifolds in
higher dimension via K3 surface automorphism with Siegel disk;

(2) Geometric liftability problem of automorphisms in positive
characteristic to chacateristic 0 via Mordell-Weil groups and number
theoretic aspect of entropy;

(3) Existence problem on primitive automorphisms of projective manifolds,
through (relative) dynamical degrees due to Dinh-Sibony, Dinh-Nguyen-
Troung, a powerful refinement of the notion of entropy, with by-product
for Ueno-Campana's problem on (uni)rationality of manifolds of torus
quotient.

2016/01/06

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Benoit Collins (Kyoto Univ.)
Quantum channels from the free orthogonal quantum group (English)

2016/01/05

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Eric Skibsted (Aarhus University, Denmark)
Stationary scattering theory on manifolds (English)
[ Abstract ]
We present a stationary scattering theory for the Schrödinger operator on Riemannian manifolds with the structure of ends each of which is equipped with an escape function (for example a convex distance function). This includes manifolds with ends modeled as cone-like subsets of the Euclidean space and/or the hyperbolic space. Our results include Rellich’s theorem, the limiting absorption principle, radiation condition bounds, the Sommerfeld uniqueness result, and we give complete characterization/asymptotics of the generalized eigenfunctions in a certain Besov space and show asymptotic completeness (with K. Ito).

2015/12/21

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
David Croydon (University of Warwick)
Scaling limits of random walks on trees (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will survey some recent work regarding the scaling limits of random walks on trees, as well as the scaling of the associated local times and cover time. The trees considered will include self-similar pre-fractal graphs, critical Galton-Watson trees and the uniform spanning tree in two dimensions.

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Katsutoshi Yamanoi (Osaka Univ.)
On pseudo Kobayashi hyperbolicity of subvarieties of abelian varieties
(Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
A subvariety of an abelian variety is of general type if and only if it is pseudo Kobayashi hyperbolic. I will discuss the proof of this result.

2015/12/17

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Dulip Piyaratne (IPMU)
Polarization and stability on a derived equivalent abelian variety (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will explain how one can define a polarization on a derived equivalent abelian variety by using Fourier-Mukai theory. Furthermore, we see how such a realisations is connected with stability conditions on their derived categories. Then I will discuss these ideas for abelian surfaces and abelian 3-folds in detail.
[ Reference URL ]
http://db.ipmu.jp/member/personal/3989en.html

2015/12/16

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yul Otani (Univ. Tokyo)
Nuclearity in AQFT and related results

thesis presentations

10:30-11:45   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
山本 光 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Special Lagrangian submanifolds and mean curvature flows(特殊ラグランジュ部分多様体と平均曲率流について) (JAPANESE)

FMSP Lectures

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuri Luchko (University of Applied Sciences, Berlin)
Selected topics in fractional partial differential equations (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, some remarkable mathematical and physical properties of solutions to the fractional diffusion equation, the alpha-fractional diffusion and alpha-fractional wave equations, the fractional reaction-diffusion equation, and the fractional Schrödinger equation are revisited. From the mathematical viewpoint, the maximum principle for the initial-boundary-value problems for the fractional diffusion equation, the scaling properties of the solutions to the alpha-fractional diffusion and alpha-fractional wave equations and the role of the Mellin integral transform technique for their analytical treatment, as well as the eigenvalue problem for the fractional Schrödinger equation are considered. Physical aspects include a discussion of a probabilistic interpretation of the fundamental solutions to the Cauchy problem for the alpha-fractional diffusion equation, their entropy and the entropy production rates, and some different concepts of the propagation velocities of the fractional wave processes.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Luchko.pdf

2015/12/15

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Constantin Teleman (University of California, Berkeley)
The Curved Cartan Complex (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Cartan model computes the equivariant cohomology of a smooth manifold X with
differentiable action of a compact Lie group G, from the invariant polynomial
functions on the Lie algebra with values in differential forms and a deformation
of the de Rham differential. Before extracting invariants, the Cartan differential
does not square to zero and is apparently meaningless. Unrecognised was the fact
that the full complex is a curved algebra, computing the quotient by G of the
algebra of differential forms on X. This generates, for example, a gauged version of
string topology. Another instance of the construction, applied to deformation
quantisation of symplectic manifolds, gives the BRST construction of the symplectic
quotient. Finally, the theory for a X point with an additional quadratic curving
computes the representation category of the compact group G, and this generalises
to the loop group of G and even to real semi-simple groups.

2015/12/14

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fuminori Nakata (Fukushima Univ.)
Twistor correspondence for associative Grassmanniann
[ Abstract ]
It is well known that the 6-dimensional sphere has a non-integrable almost complex structure which is introduced from the (right) multiplication of imaginary octonians. On this 6-sphere, there is a family of psuedo-holomorphic $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1$ parameterised by the associative Grassmannian, where the associative Grassmaniann is an 8-dimensional quaternion Kaehler manifold defined as the set of associative 3-planes in the 7-dimensional real vector space of the imaginary octonians. In the talk, we show that this story is quite analogous to the Penrose's twistor correspondence and that the geometric structures on the associative Grassmaniann nicely fit to this construction. This is a joint work with H. Hashimoto, K. Mashimo and M. Ohashi.

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Atsushi Kanazawa (Harvard)
Extending Hori-Vafa toric mirror symmetry via SYZ and modular forms (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, I will introduce partial compactification for a class of toric Calabi-Yau manifolds. A fundamental question is how the Hori-Vafa toric mirror symmetry extends to this new class of Calabi-Yau manifolds. The answer leads us to a new connection between SYZ mirror symmetry and modular forms. If time permits, I will also discuss higher dimensional analogues of the Yau-Zaslow formula (for an elliptic K3 surface) in terms of Siegel modular forms. This talk is based on a joint work with Siu-Cheong Lau.

2015/12/09

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
David E. Evans (Cardiff Univ.)
K-theory in subfactors and conformal field theory

Number Theory Seminar

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ted Chinburg (University of Pennsylvania & IHES)
Chern classes in Iwasawa theory (English)
[ Abstract ]
Many of the main conjectures in Iwasawa theory can be phrased as saying that the first Chern class of an Iwasawa module is generated by a p-adic L-series. In this talk I will describe how higher Chern classes pertain to the higher codimension behavior of Iwasawa modules. I'll then describe a template for conjectures which would link such higher Chern classes to elements in the K-theory of Iwasawa algebras which are constructed from tuples of Katz p-adic L-series. I will finally describe an instance in which a result of this kind, for the second Chern class of an unramified Iwasawa module, can be proved over an imaginary quadratic field. This is joint work with F. Bleher, R. Greenberg, M. Kakde, G. Pappas, R. Sharifi and M. J. Taylor.

2015/12/08

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuichi Yamada (The Univ. of Electro-Comm.)
Lens space surgery and Kirby calculus of 4-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The problem asking "Which knot yields a lens space by Dehn surgery" is
called "lens space surgery". Berge's list ('90) is believed to be the
complete list, but it is still unproved, even after some progress by
Heegaard Floer Homology.
This problem seems to enter a new aspect: study using 4-manifolds, lens
space surgery from lens spaces, checking hyperbolicity by computer.

In the talk, we review the structure of Berge's list and talk on our
study on pairs of distinct knots but yield same lens spaces, and
4-maniolds constructed from such pairs. This is joint work with Motoo
Tange (Tsukuba University).

2015/12/07

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jean-Dominique Deuschel (TU Berlin)
Quenched invariance principle for random walks in time-dependent balanced random environment
[ Abstract ]
We prove an almost sure functional limit theorem for a random walk in an space-time ergodic balanced environment under certain moment conditions. The proof is based on the maximal principle for parabolic difference operators. We also deal with the non-elliptic case, where the corresponding limiting diffusion matrix can be random in higher dimensions. This is a joint work with N. Berger, X. Guo and A. Ramirez.

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuki Hayama (Senshu Univ.)
Cycle connectivity and pseudoconcavity of flag domains (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We consider an open real group orbit in a complex flag variety which has no non-constant function. We introduce Huckleberry's results on cycle connectivity and show that it is pseudoconcave if it satisfies a certain condition on the root system of the Lie algebra. In Hodge theory, we are mainly interested in the case where it is a Mumford-Tate domain. We also discuss Hodge theoretical meanings of this work.

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexey Bondal (IPMU)
Flops and spherical functors (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will describe various functors on derived categories of coherent sheaves
related to flops and relations between these functors. A categorical
version of deformation theory of systems of objects in abelian categories
will be outlined and its relation to flop spherical functors will be
presented.

2015/12/04

Colloquium

16:50-17:50   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Makiko Sasada (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Tokyo)
Exact forms and closed forms on some infinite product spaces appearing in the study of probability theory
(JAPANESE)
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/teacher/sasada.html

Geometry Colloquium

10:00-11:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshihiro Takeyama (Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba)
The q-Boson system and a deformation of the affine Hecke algebra (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The q-Boson system due to Sasamoto and Wadati is a one-dimensional "integrable" stochastic particle model. Its Q-matrix is constructed in the framework of the quantum inverse scattering method and we obtain the eigenvectors by means of the algebraic Bethe ansatz method. Recently it is found that the q-Boson model can be derived also from a representation of a deformation of the affine Hecke algebra and its representation. In this formulation we get the eigenvectors of the transpose of the Q-matrix which were constructed by the technique called the coordinate Bethe ansatz. In this talk I review the above results and discuss the relationship between the two methods.

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