トポロジー火曜セミナー

過去の記録 ~09/24次回の予定今後の予定 09/25~

開催情報 火曜日 17:00~18:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
担当者 河野 俊丈, 河澄 響矢, 北山 貴裕, 逆井卓也
セミナーURL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/MSF/topology/TuesdaySeminar/index.html
備考 Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム

過去の記録

2016年05月24日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
田中 心 氏 (東京学芸大学)
Independence of Roseman moves for surface-knot diagrams (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Roseman moves are seven types of local modifications for surface-knot diagrams in 3-space which generate ambient isotopies of surface-knots in 4-space. In this talk, I will discuss independence among the seven Roseman moves. In particular, I will focus on Roseman moves involving triple points and on those involving branch points. The former is joint work with Kanako Oshiro (Sophia University) and Kengo Kawamura (Osaka City University), and the latter is joint work with Masamichi Takase (Seikei University).

2016年05月17日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
正井 秀俊 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Some dynamics of random walks on the mapping class groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The dynamics of random walks on the mapping class groups on closed surfaces of genus >1 will be discussed. We define the topological entropy of random walks. Then we prove that the drift with respect to Thurston or Teichmüller metrics and the Lyapunov exponent all coincide with the topological entropy. This is a "random version" of pseudo-Anosov dynamics observed by Thurston and I will begin this talk by recalling the work of Thurston.

2016年05月10日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
小鳥居 祐香 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On Milnor's link-homotopy invariants for handlebody-links (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A handlebody-link is a disjoint union of handlebodies embedded in $S^3$ and HL-homotopy is an equivalence relation on handlebody-links generated by self-crossing changes. A. Mizusawa and R. Nikkuni classified the set of HL-homotopy classes of 2-component handlebody-links completely using the linking numbers for handlebody-links. In this talk, by using Milnor's link-homotopy invariants, we construct an invariant for handlebody-links and give a bijection between the set of HL-homotopy classes of n-component handlebody-links with some assumption and a quotient of the action of the general linear group on a tensor product of modules. This is joint work with Atsuhiko Mizusawa at Waseda University.

2016年04月26日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
植木 潤 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Arithmetic topology on branched covers of 3-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The analogy between 3-dimensional topology and number theory was first pointed out by Mazur in the 1960s, and it has been studied systematically by Kapranov, Reznikov, Morishita, and others. In their analogies, for example, knots and 3-manifolds correspond to primes and number rings respectively. The study of these analogies is called arithmetic topology now.
In my talk, based on their dictionary of analogies, we study analogues of idelic class field theory, Iwasawa theory, and Galois deformation theory in the context of 3-dimensional topology, and establish various foundational analogies in arithmetic topology.

2016年04月19日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Błażej Szepietowski 氏 (Gdansk University)
Topological rigidity of finite cyclic group actions on compact surfaces (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Two actions of a group on a surface are called topologically equivalent if they are conjugate by a homeomorphism of the surface. I will describe a method of enumeration (and classification) of topological equivalence classes of actions of a finite group on a compact surface, based on the combinatorial theory of noneuclidean crystallographic groups (NEC groups in short) and a relationship between the outer automorphism group of an NEC group and certain mapping class group. By this method we study topological equivalence of actions of a finite cyclic group on a compact surface, in the situation where the order of the group is large relative to the genus of the surface.

2016年04月12日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30 - 17:00
Aniceto Murillo 氏 (Universidad de Malaga)
Homotopy theory of differential graded Lie algebras (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Having as motivation the Deligne's principle by which every deformation functor is governed by a differential graded Lie algebra, we build a homotopy theory for these algebras which extend the classical Quillen approach and let us model any (non necessarily 1-connected nor path connected) complex. This is joint work with Urtzi Buijs, Yves Félix and Daniel Tanré.

2016年04月05日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
北山 貴裕 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Torsion invariants and representation varieties for non-positively curved cube complexes (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Applications of torsion invariants and representation varieties have been extensively studied for 3-manifolds. Twisted Alexander polynomials are known to detect the Thurston norm and fiberedness of a 3-manifold. Ideal points of character varieties are known to detect essential surfaces in a 3-manifold in a certain extension of Culler-Shalen theory. In view of cubulation of 3-manifolds one can expect that these results naturally extend to a wider framework and, in particular, the case of virtually special cube complexes. We formulate and discuss such analogous questions for non-positively curved cube complexes.

2016年02月16日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
Luc Menichi 氏 (University of Angers)
String Topology, Euler Class and TNCZ free loop fibrations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $M$ be a connected, closed oriented manifold.
Chas and Sullivan have defined a loop product and a loop coproduct on
$H_*(LM;¥mathbb{F})$, the homology of the
free loops on $M$ with coefficients in the field $¥mathbb{F}$.
By studying this loop coproduct, I will show that if the free loop
fibration
$¥Omega M¥buildrel{i}¥over¥hookrightarrow
LM¥buildrel{ev}¥over¥twoheadrightarrow M$
is homologically trivial, i.e. $i^*:H^*(LM;¥mathbb{F})¥twoheadrightarrow
H^*(¥Omega M;¥mathbb{F})$ is onto,
then the Euler characteristic of $M$ is divisible by the characteristic
of the field $¥mathbb{F}$
(or $M$ is a point).

2016年01月19日(火)

15:00-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
山本 光 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Ricci-mean curvature flows in gradient shrinking Ricci solitons (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A Ricci-mean curvature flow is a coupled parabolic PDE system of a mean
curvature flow and a Ricci flow.
In this talk, we consider a Ricci-mean curvature flow in a gradient
shrinking Ricci soliton, and give a generalization of a well-known result
of Huisken which states that if a mean curvature flow in a Euclidean space
develops a singularity of type I, then its parabolic rescaling near the singular
point converges to a self-shrinker.

2016年01月12日(火)

16:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
川崎 盛通 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科) 16:30-17:30
重い部分集合と非可縮周期軌道 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
ビランとポルテロヴィッチ、サラモンによる研究では、開シンプレクティック多
様体Mとその部分集合$X$, $M$内の自由ホモトピー類αに対する相対的なシンプレクテ
ィック容量$C_{BPS}(M,X,α)$を定義した。
$C_{BPS}(M,X,α)$はM上のハミルトン函数がXで十分大きい値を取る場合にαを代表
する周期軌道が存在するかという問題に関わって定義される。
一方で、エントフとポルテロヴィッチは非交叉配置性の文脈でシンプレクティッ
ク多様体の「重い」部分集合というものを定義している。

本講演ではビラン・ポルテロヴィッチ・サラモン容量$C_{BPS}(M,X,α)$の有限性
(適当な設定下での周期軌道の存在)を重い部分集合を用いて示す方法について解
説する。

これまでの研究では(自由ループの)ホモトピー類αを代表する周期軌道の検出に
は、αを代表する軌道のハミルトン・フレアー理論を用いるのが一般的であった。
重い部分集合は(可縮軌道のハミルトン・フレアー理論の)スペクトル不変量を用
いて定義される概念であるので、今回の手法では可縮軌道のハミルトン・フレア
ー理論を用いて非可縮軌道を検出することになる。

古川 遼 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科) 17:30-18:30
On codimension two contact embeddings in the standard spheres (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we consider codimension two contact
embedding problem by using higher dimensional braids.
First, we focus on embeddings of contact $3$-manifolds to the standard $
S^5$ and give some results, for example, any contact structure on $S^3$
can embed so that it is smoothly isotopic to the standard embedding.
These are joint work with John Etnyre. Second, we consider the relative
Euler number of codimension two contact submanifolds and its Seifert
hypersurfaces which is a generalization of the self-linking number of
transverse knots in contact $3$-manifolds. We give a way to calculate
the relative Euler number of certain contact submanifolds obtained by
braids and as an application we give examples of embeddings of one
contact manifold which are isotopic as smooth embeddings but not
isotopic as contact embeddings in higher dimension.

2015年12月15日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
Constantin Teleman 氏 (University of California, Berkeley)
The Curved Cartan Complex (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The Cartan model computes the equivariant cohomology of a smooth manifold X with
differentiable action of a compact Lie group G, from the invariant polynomial
functions on the Lie algebra with values in differential forms and a deformation
of the de Rham differential. Before extracting invariants, the Cartan differential
does not square to zero and is apparently meaningless. Unrecognised was the fact
that the full complex is a curved algebra, computing the quotient by G of the
algebra of differential forms on X. This generates, for example, a gauged version of
string topology. Another instance of the construction, applied to deformation
quantisation of symplectic manifolds, gives the BRST construction of the symplectic
quotient. Finally, the theory for a X point with an additional quadratic curving
computes the representation category of the compact group G, and this generalises
to the loop group of G and even to real semi-simple groups.

2015年12月08日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
山田 裕一 氏 (電気通信大学)
レンズ空間手術と4次元多様体の Kirby calculus (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
「3次元球面内の結び目に沿うデーン手術でレンズ空間が生じるもの
を決定せよ」という問題は「レンズ空間手術」と呼ばれています。Berge のリス
ト(1990) が完全なリストと信じられており Heegaard Floer 理論によって進展
はしたものの、解決には至っていません。手法が4次元多様体論に近づいていま
す。その一方 Minimally twisted 5 chain link の例外的デーン手術が再確認さ
れて、レンズ空間からのレンズ空間手術や2成分絡み目に視野が広がったりして
います。
 講演では、Berge のリストの多様さと規則性を紹介しつつ、異なる結び目から
同じレンズ空間が生じる組で構成する4次元多様体(丹下基生氏(筑波大)との
共同研究)についてお話しします。

2015年12月01日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
奥田 喬之 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Monodromies of splitting families for singular fibers (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A degeneration of Riemann surfaces is a family of complex curves
over a disk allowed to have a singular fiber.
A singular fiber may split into several simpler singular fibers
under a deformation family of such families,
which is called a splitting family for the singular fiber.
We are interested in the topology of splitting families.
For the topological types of degenerations of Riemann surfaces,
it is known that there is a good relationship with
the surface mapping classes, via topological monodromy.
In this talk,
we introduce the "topological monodromies of splitting families",
and give a description of those of certain splitting families.

2015年11月24日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
佐藤 正寿 氏 (東京電機大学)
On the cohomology ring of the handlebody mapping class group of genus two (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The genus two handlebody mapping class group acts on a tree
constructed by Kramer from the disk complex,
and decomposes into an amalgamated product of two subgroups.
We determine the integral cohomology ring of the genus two handlebody
mapping class group by examining these two subgroups
and the Mayer-Vietoris exact sequence.
Using this result, we estimate the ranks of low dimensional homology
groups of the genus three handlebody mapping class group.

2015年11月17日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
片長 敦子 氏 (信州大学)
Topology of some three-dimensional singularities related to algebraic geometry (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we deal with hypersurface isolated singularities. First, we will recall
some topological results of singularities. Next, we will sketch the classification of
singularities in algebraic geometry. Finally, we will focus on the three-dimensional
case and discuss some results obtained so far.

2015年11月10日(火)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 17:00 -- 17:30
五味 清紀 氏 (信州大学理学部)
Topological T-duality for "Real" circle bundle (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Topological T-duality originates from T-duality in superstring theory,
and is first studied by Bouwkneght, Evslin and Mathai. The duality
basically consists of two parts: The first part is that, for any pair
of a principal circle bundle with `H-flux', there is another `T-dual'
pair on the same base space. The second part states that the twisted
K-groups of the total spaces of principal circle bundles in duality
are isomorphic under degree shift. This is the most simple topological
T-duality following Bunke and Schick, and there are a number of
generalizations. The generalization I will talk about is a topological
T-duality for "Real" circle bundles, motivated by T-duality in type II
orbifold string theory. In this duality, a variant of Z_2-equivariant
K-theory appears.

2015年10月27日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
Yuanyuan Bao 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Heegaard Floer homology for graphs (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Ozsváth and Szabó defined the Heegaard Floer homology (HF) for a closed oriented 3-manifold. The definition was then generalized to links embedded in a 3-manifold and the manifolds with boundary (sutured and bordered manifolds). In the case of links, there is a beautiful combinatorial way to rewrite the original definition of HF, which was defined on a Heegaard diagram of the given link, by using grid diagram. For a balanced bipartite graph, we defined its Heegaard diagram and the HF for it. Around the same time, Harvey and O’Donnol defined the combinatorial HF for transverse graphs (see the definition in [arXiv:1506.04785v1]). In this talk, we compare these two methods.

2015年10月27日(火)

15:00-16:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Jianfeng Lin 氏 (UCLA)
The unfolded Seiberg-Witten-Floer spectrum and its applications
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Following Furuta's idea of finite dimensional approximation in
the Seiberg-Witten theory, Manolescu defined the Seiberg-Witten-Floer
stable homotopy type for rational homology three-spheres in 2003. In
this talk, I will explain how to construct similar invariants for a
general three-manifold and discuss some applications of these new
invariants. This is a joint work with Tirasan Khandhawit and Hirofumi
Sasahira.

2015年10月20日(火)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 17:00 -- 17:30
Bruno Scardua 氏 (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro)
On the existence of stable compact leaves for
transversely holomorphic foliations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
One of the most important results in the theory of foliations is
the celebrated Local stability theorem of Reeb :
A compact leaf of a foliation having finite holonomy group is
stable, indeed, it admits a fundamental system of invariant
neighborhoods where each leaf is compact with finite holonomy
group. This result, together with the Global stability theorem of Reeb
(for codimension one real foliations), has many important consequences
and motivates several questions in the theory of foliations. In this talk
we show how to prove:

A transversely holomorphic foliation on a compact complex manifold, exhibits a compact stable
leaf if and only if the set of compact leaves is not a zero measure subset of the manifold.

This is a joint work with Cesar Camacho.

2015年10月06日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : Common Room 16:30 -- 17:00
齋藤 翔 氏 (カブリ数物連携宇宙研究機構)
Delooping theorem in K-theory (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
There is an important special class of infinite dimensional vector spaces, formed by those called Tate vector spaces. Since their first appearance in Tate’s work on residues of differentials on curves, they have been playing important roles in several different contexts including the study of formal loop spaces and semi-infinite Hodge theory. They have more sophisticated linear algebraic invariant than finite dimensional vector spaces, for instance the dimension of a Tate vector spaces is not a single integer, but a torsor acted upon by the all integers, and the determinant of an automorphism is not a single invertible scalar, but a torsor acted upon by the all invertible scalars. In this talk I will show how a delooping theorem in K-theory provides a clarified perspective on this phenomenon, using the recently developed higher categorical framework of infinity-topoi.

2015年07月21日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 16:30-17:00 Common Room
田神 慶士 氏 (東京工業大学)
Ribbon concordance and 0-surgeries along knots (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Akbulut and Kirby conjectured that two knots with
the same 0-surgery are concordant. Recently, Yasui
gave a counterexample of this conjecture.
In this talk, we introduce a technique to construct
non-ribbon concordant knots with the same 0-surgery.
Moreover, we give a potential counterexample of the
slice-ribbon conjecture. This is a joint work with
Tetsuya Abe (Osaka City University, OCAMI).

2015年07月14日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 16:30-17:00 Common Room
Carlos Moraga Ferrandiz 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科, 日本学術振興会)
How homoclinic orbits explain some algebraic relations holding in Novikov rings. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Given u, a de-Rham cohomology class of degree 1 of a closed manifold M, we consider the space F_u of (closed) Morse 1-forms in this class. In Morse theory, it is important to equip each α in F_u with a descending pseudo-gradient X. The case u=0 yields usual Morse theory, while u ≠ 0 yields Morse-Novikov theory, which is devoted to the understanding of the space of equipped 1-forms (α,X) with α in F_u.
Here, X is a descending pseudo-gradient, which is said to be adapted to α.

The morphism π1(M) → R induced by u (given by the integral of any α in F_u over a loop of M) determines a set of u-negative loops.

We show that for every u-negative g in π1(M), there exists a co-dimension 1 C∞-stratum Sg of F_u which is naturally co-oriented. The stratum Sg is made of elements (α, X) such that X has exactly one homoclinic orbit L whose homotopy class is g.

The goal of this talk is to show that there exists a co-dimension 1 C∞-stratum Sg (0) of Sg which lies in the closure of Sg^2. This result explains geometrically an easy algebraic relation holding in the Novikov ring associated with u.
We will mention how this study generalizes to produce some non-evident symmetric formulas holding in the Novikov ring.

2015年07月07日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 16:30-17:00 Common Room
北山 貴裕 氏 (東京工業大学)
Representation varieties detect essential surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Extending Culler-Shalen theory, Hara and I presented a way to construct
certain kinds of branched surfaces (possibly without any branch) in a 3-
manifold from an ideal point of a curve in the SL_n-character variety.
There exists an essential surface in some 3-manifold known to be not
detected in the classical SL_2-theory. We show that every essential
surface in a 3-manifold is given by the ideal point of a line in the SL_
n-character variety for some n. The talk is partially based on joint
works with Stefan Friedl and Matthias Nagel, and also with Takashi Hara.

2015年06月30日(火)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 17:00-17:30 Common Room
作間 誠 氏 (広島大学)
The Cannon-Thurston maps and the canonical decompositions of punctured surface bundles over the circle (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
To each once-punctured-torus bundle over the circle with pseudo-Anosov monodromy,
there are associated two tessellations of the complex plane:
one is the triangulation of a horosphere induced by the canonical decomposition into ideal tetrahedra,
and the other is a fractal tessellation given by the Cannon-Thurston map of the fiber group.
In a joint work with Warren Dicks, I had described the relation between these two tessellations.
This result was recently generalized by Francois Gueritaud to punctured surface bundles
with pseudo-Anosov monodromy where all singuraities of the invariant foliations are at punctures.
In this talk, I will explain Gueritaud's work and related work by Naoki Sakata.

2015年06月23日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea : 16:30-17:00 Common Room
松下 尚弘 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Box complexes and model structures on the category of graphs (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
To determine the chromatic numbers of graphs, so-called the graph
coloring problem, is one of the most classical problems in graph theory.
Box complex is a Z_2-space associated to a graph, and it is known that
its equivariant homotopy invariant is related to the chromatic number.

Csorba showed that for each finite Z_2-CW-complex X, there is a graph
whose box complex is Z_2-homotopy equivalent to X. From this result, I
expect that the usual model category of Z_2-topological spaces is
Quillen equivalent to a certain model structure on the category of
graphs, whose weak equivalences are graph homomorphisms inducing Z_2-
homotopy equivalences between their box complexes.

In this talk, we introduce model structures on the category of graphs
whose weak equivalences are described as above. We also compare our
model categories of graphs with the category of Z_2-topological spaces.

< 前へ 123456789101112131415161718 次へ >