トポロジー火曜セミナー

過去の記録 ~02/07次回の予定今後の予定 02/08~

開催情報 火曜日 17:00~18:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
担当者 河野 俊丈, 河澄 響矢, 北山 貴裕, 逆井卓也
セミナーURL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/MSF/topology/TuesdaySeminar/index.html
備考 Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム

過去の記録

2013年12月24日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Tirasan Khandhawit 氏 (Kavli IPMU)
Stable homotopy type for monopole Floer homology (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I will try to give an overview of the
construction of stable homotopy type for monopole Floer homology. The
construction associates a stable homotopy object to 3-manifolds, which
will recover the Floer groups by appropriate homology theory. The main
ingredients are finite dimensional approximation technique and Conley
index theory. In addition, I will demonstrate construction for certain
3-manifolds such as the 3-torus.

2013年12月17日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
中村 伊南沙 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Satellites of an oriented surface link and their local moves (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
For an oriented surface link $F$ in $\\mathbb{R}^4$,
we consider a satellite construction of a surface link, called a
2-dimensional braid over $F$, which is in the form of a covering over
$F$. We introduce the notion of an $m$-chart on a surface diagram
$p(F)\\subset \\mathbb{R}^3$ of $F$, which is a finite graph on $p(F)$
satisfying certain conditions and is an extended notion of an
$m$-chart on a 2-disk presenting a surface braid.
A 2-dimensional braid over $F$ is presented by an $m$-chart on $p(F)$.
It is known that two surface links are equivalent if and only if their
surface diagrams are related by a finite sequence of ambient isotopies
of $\\mathbb{R}^3$ and local moves called Roseman moves.
We show that Roseman moves for surface diagrams with $m$-charts can be
well-defined. Further, we give some applications.

2013年12月10日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
丹下 基生 氏 (筑波大学)
Corks, plugs, and local moves of 4-manifolds. (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Akbulut and Yasui defined cork, and plug
to produce many exotic pairs.
In this talk, we introduce a plug
with respect to Fintushel-Stern's knot surgery
or more 4-dimensional local moves and
and argue by using Heegaard Fleor theory.

2013年12月03日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム
Bruno Martelli 氏 (Univ. di Pisa)
Hyperbolic four-manifolds with one cusp (cancelled) (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
(joint work with A. Kolpakov)

We introduce a simple algorithm which transforms every
four-dimensional cubulation into a cusped finite-volume hyperbolic
four-manifold. Combinatorially distinct cubulations give rise to
topologically distinct manifolds. Using this algorithm we construct
the first examples of finite-volume hyperbolic four-manifolds with one
cusp. More generally, we show that the number of k-cusped hyperbolic
four-manifolds with volume smaller than V grows like C^{V log V} for
any fixed k. As a corollary, we deduce that the 3-torus bounds
geometrically a hyperbolic manifold.

2013年11月26日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
徳永 浩雄 氏 (首都大学東京)
有理楕円曲面とあるline-conic arrangements (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Sは有理楕円曲面とする.Sの生成ファイバーは
1変数有理函数体上の楕円曲線であり,楕円曲線の
群構造を利用してSの切断C_1からS上の曲線
C_2を構成することできる.本講演では,このアイ
デアに基づいて得られるある7次のline-conic
arrangementsについて解説する.

2013年11月19日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
児玉 大樹 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
測度論的基本領域を持つ円周上の極小微分同相写像 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
任意の無理数αに対して、ルベーグ測度について基本領域を持つ
円周上の極小微分同相写像で回転数がαとなるものを構成した。
これは松元重則氏(日本大学)との共同研究である。

2013年11月12日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Alexander Voronov 氏 (University of Minnesota)
The Batalin-Vilkovisky Formalism and Cohomology of Moduli Spaces (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We use the Batalin-Vilkovisky formalism to give a new proof of Costello's theorem on the existence and uniqueness of solution to the Quantum Master Equation. We also make a physically motivated conjecture on the rational homology of moduli spaces. This is a joint work with Domenico D'Alessandro.

2013年11月05日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Carlos Moraga Ferrandiz 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科, 日本学術振興会)
The isotopy problem of non-singular closed 1-forms. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Given alpha_0, alpha_1 two cohomologous non-singular closed 1-forms of a compact manifold M, are they always isotopic? We expect a negative answer to this question, at least in high dimensions by the work of Laudenbach, as well as an obstruction living in the algebraic K-theory of the Novikov ring associated to the underlying cohomology class.
A similar problem for functions N x [0,1] --> [0,1] without critical points was treated by Hatcher and Wagoner in the 70s.

The first goal of this talk is to explain how we can carry a part of the strategy of Hatcher and Wagoner into the context of closed 1-forms and to indicate the main difficulties that appear by doing so. The second goal is to show the techniques to treat this difficulties and the progress in defining the expected obstruction.

2013年10月29日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Daniel Matei 氏 (IMAR, Bucharest)
Fundamental groups of algebraic varieties (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss restrictions imposed by the complex
structure on fundamental groups of quasi-projective
algebraic varieties with mild singularities.
We investigate quasi-projectivity of various geometric
classes of finitely presented groups.

2013年10月22日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
井上 玲 氏 (千葉大学)
Cluster algebra and complex volume of knots (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The cluster algebra was introduced by Fomin and Zelevinsky around
2000. The characteristic operation in the algebra called `mutation' is
related to various notions in mathematics and mathematical physics. In
this talk I review a basics of the cluster algebra, and introduce its
application to study the complex volume of knot complements in S^3.
Here a mutation corresponds to an ideal tetrahedron.
This talk is based on joint work with Kazuhiro Hikami (Kyushu University).

2013年10月15日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
高瀬 将道 氏 (成蹊大学)
Desingularizing special generic maps (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a joint work with Osamu Saeki (IMI, Kyushu University).
A special generic map is a generic map which has only definite
fold as its singularities.
We study the condition for a special generic map from a closed
n-manifold to the p-space (n+1>p), to factor through a codimension
one immersion (or an embedding). In particular, for the cases
where p = 1 and 2 we obtain complete results.
Our techniques are related to Smale-Hirsch theory,
topology of the space of immersions, relation between the space
of topological immersions and that of smooth immersions,
sphere eversions, differentiable structures of homotopy spheres,
diffeomorphism group of spheres, free group actions on the sphere, etc.

2013年10月08日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
清水 達郎 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科 )
An invariant of rational homology 3-spheres via vector fields. (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we define an invariant of rational homology 3-spheres with
values in a space $\\mathcal A(\\emptyset)$ of Jacobi diagrams by using
vector fields.
The construction of our invariant is a generalization of both that of
the Kontsevich-Kuperberg-Thurston invariant $z^{KKT}$
and that of Fukaya and Watanabe's Morse homotopy invariant $z^{FW}$.
As an application of our invariant, we prove that $z^{KKT}=z^{FW}$ for
integral homology 3-spheres.

2013年10月01日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
門田 直之 氏 (東京理科大学)
The geography problem of Lefschetz fibrations (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
To consider holomorphic fibrations complex surfaces over complex curves
and Lefschetz fibrations over surfaces is one method for the study of
complex surfaces of general type and symplectic 4-manifods, respectively.
In this talk, by comparing the geography problem of relatively minimal
holomorphic fibrations with that of relatively minimal Lefschetz
fibrations (i.e., the characterization of pairs $(x,y)$ of certain
invariants $x$ and $y$ corresponding to relatively minimal holomorphic
fibrations and relatively minimal Lefschetz fibrations), we observe the
difference between complex surfaces of general type and symplectic
4-manifolds. In particular, we construct Lefschetz fibrations violating
the ``slope inequality" which holds for any relatively minimal holomorphic
fibrations.

2013年07月16日(火)

17:10-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:50 - 17:10 コモンルーム
山田 澄生 氏 (学習院大学)
実双曲空間の新しいモデルについて (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
本講演ではクラインおよびポアンカレ以来位相幾何学の発展に伴って多くの重要な空間を提供してきた実双曲空間の実現について、 道具立ては古典的ではあるが新しいモデルを紹介する。それらの構成法は凸幾何学と射影幾何学と密接に関連しており、数学史の観点 からも興味深いと思われる。これはAthanase Papadopoulosとの共同研究である。

2013年07月09日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Ryan Budney 氏 (University of Victoria)
Smooth 3-manifolds in the 4-sphere (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Everyone who has studied topology knows the compact 2-manifolds that embed in the 3-sphere. One dimension up, the problem of which smooth 3-manifolds embed in the 4-sphere turns out to be much more involved with a handful of partial answers. I will describe what is known at the present moment.

2013年06月25日(火)

17:10-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:50 - 17:10 コモンルーム
渡邉 忠之 氏 (島根大学)
Higher-order generalization of Fukaya's Morse homotopy
invariant of 3-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In his article published in 1996, K. Fukaya constructed
a 3-manifold invariant by using Morse homotopy theory. Roughly, his
invariant is defined by considering several Morse functions on a
3-manifold and counting with weights the ways that the theta-graph can
be immersed such that edges follow gradient lines. We generalize his
construction to 3-valent graphs with arbitrary number of loops for
integral homology 3-spheres. I will also discuss extension of our method
to 3-manifolds with positive first Betti numbers.

2013年06月18日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
茂手木 公彦 氏 (日本大学)
Left-orderable, non-L-space surgeries on knots (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A Dehn surgery is said to be left-orderable
if the resulting manifold of the surgery has the left-orderable fundamental group,
and a Dehn surgery is called an L-space surgery
if the resulting manifold of the surgery is an L-space.
We will focus on left-orderable, non-L-space surgeries on knots in the 3-sphere.
Once we have a knot with left-orderable surgeries,
the ``periodic construction" enables us to provide infinitely many knots with
left-orderable, non-L-space surgeries.
We apply the construction to present infinitely many hyperbolic knots on each
of which every nontrivial surgery is a left-orderable, non-L-space surgery.
This is a joint work with Masakazu Teragaito.

2013年06月11日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
北山 貴裕 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On an analogue of Culler-Shalen theory for higher-dimensional
representations
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Culler and Shalen established a way to construct incompressible surfaces
in a 3-manifold from ideal points of the SL_2-character variety. We
present an analogous theory to construct certain kinds of branched
surfaces from limit points of the SL_n-character variety. Such a
branched surface induces a nontrivial presentation of the fundamental
group as a 2-dimensional complex of groups. This is a joint work with
Takashi Hara (Osaka University).

2013年06月04日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Mustafa Korkmaz 氏 (Middle East Technical University)
Low-dimensional linear representations of mapping class groups. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
For a compact connected orientable surface, the mapping class group
of it is defined as the group of isotopy classes of orientation-preserving
self-diffeomorphisms of S which are identity on the boundary. The action
of the mapping class group on the first homology of the surface
gives rise to the classical 2g-dimensional symplectic representation.
The existence of a faithful linear representation of the mapping class
group is still unknown. In my talk, I will show the following three results;
there is no lower dimensional (complex) linear representation,
up to conjugation the symplectic representation is the unique nontrivial representation in dimension 2g, and there is no faithful linear representation
of the mapping class group in dimensions up to 3g-3. I will also discuss a few applications of these theorems, including some algebraic consequences.

2013年05月21日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Yuanyuan Bao 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
A Heegaard Floer homology for bipartite spatial graphs and its
properties (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
A spatial graph is a smooth embedding of a graph into a given
3-manifold. We can regard a link as a particular spatial graph.
So it is natural to ask whether it is possible to extend the idea
of link Floer homology to define a Heegaard Floer homology for
spatial graphs. In this talk, we discuss some ideas towards this
question. In particular, we define a Heegaard Floer homology for
bipartite spatial graphs and discuss some further observations
about this construction. We remark that Harvey and O’Donnol
have announced a combinatorial Floer homology for spatial graphs by
considering grid diagrams.

2013年05月14日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
早野 健太 氏 (大阪大学)
Vanishing cycles and homotopies of wrinkled fibrations (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Wrinkled fibrations on closed 4-manifolds are stable
maps to closed surfaces with only indefinite singularities. Such
fibrations and variants of them have been studied for the past few years
to obtain new descriptions of 4-manifolds using mapping class groups.
Vanishing cycles of wrinkled fibrations play a key role in these studies.
In this talk, we will explain how homotopies of wrinkled fibrtions affect
their vanishing cycles. Part of the results in this talk is a joint work
with Stefan Behrens (Max Planck Institute for Mathematics).

2013年05月07日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
伊藤 哲也 氏 (京都大学数理解析研究所)
Homological intersection in braid group representation and dual
Garside structure (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
One method to construct linear representations of braid groups is to use
an action of braid groups on certain homology of local system coefficient.
Many famous representations, such as Burau or Lawrence-Krammer-Bigelow
representations are constructed in such a way. We show that homological
intersections on such homology groups are closely related to the dual
Garside structure, a remarkable combinatorial structure of braid, and
prove that some representations detects the length of braids in a
surprisingly simple way.
This work is partially joint with Bert Wiest (Univ. Rennes1).

2013年04月30日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Francis Sergeraert 氏 (L'Institut Fourier, Univ. de Grenoble)
Discrete vector fields and fundamental algebraic topology.
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Robin Forman invented the notion of Discrete Vector Field in 1997.
A recent common work with Ana Romero allowed us to discover the notion
of Eilenberg-Zilber discrete vector field. Giving the topologist a
totally new understanding of the fundamental tools of combinatorial
algebraic topology: Eilenberg-Zilber theorem, twisted Eilenberg-Zilber
theorem, Serre and Eilenberg-Moore spectral sequences,
Eilenberg-MacLane correspondence between topological and algebraic
classifying spaces. Gives also new efficient algorithms for Algebraic
Topology, considerably improving our computer program Kenzo, devoted
to Constructive Algebraic Topology. The talk is devoted to an
introduction to discrete vector fields, the very simple definition of
the Eilenberg-Zilber vector field, and how it can be used in various
contexts.

2013年04月23日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Andrei Pajitnov 氏 (Univ. de Nantes)
Twisted Novikov homology and jump loci in formal and hyperformal spaces (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let X be a CW-complex, G its fundamental group, and R a repesentation of G.
Any element of the first cohomology group of X gives rise to an exponential
deformation of R, which can be considered as a curve in the space of
representations. We show that the cohomology of X with local coefficients
corresponding to the generic point of this curve is computable from a spectral
sequence starting from the cohomology of X with R-twisted coefficients. We
compute the differentials of the spectral sequence in terms of Massey products,
and discuss some particular cases arising in Kaehler geometry when the spectral
sequence degenerates. We explain the relation of these invariants and the
twisted Novikov homology. This is a joint work with Toshitake Kohno.

2013年04月09日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
藤 博之 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
色付きHOMFLYホモロジーと超A-多項式 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
本講演では,結び目に対する色付きHOMFLYホモロジーとその漸近的振る舞いに関する研究を紹介する.近年,色付きHOMFLY多項式の圏化がスペクトル系列に基づく公理系による定義と位相的弦理論に基づく物理的定義の双方が提唱され,それらの興味深い一致が様々な形で確かめられている.我々の研究では,完全対称表現に対する色付きHOMFLYホモロジーの漸近的振る舞いに関して,体積予想と類似の解析を行い,その結果,A-多項式の一般化となる“超 A-多項式”を通じて,色付きHOMFLYホモロジーのある量子構造が見出された.本講演では,こうした圏化の側面について,物理的解釈を交えながら紹介したい.尚,本講演はS. Gukov, M. Stosic, P. Sulkowski の3氏との共同研究に基づく.

< 前へ 123456789101112131415161718 次へ >