トポロジー火曜セミナー

過去の記録 ~02/06次回の予定今後の予定 02/07~

開催情報 火曜日 17:00~18:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
担当者 河野 俊丈, 河澄 響矢, 北山 貴裕, 逆井卓也
セミナーURL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/MSF/topology/TuesdaySeminar/index.html
備考 Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム

過去の記録

2013年03月19日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
川室 圭子 氏 (University of Iowa)
Open book foliation and application to contact topology (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Open book foliation is a generalization of Birman and Menasco's braid foliation. Any 3-manifold admits open book decompositions. Open book foliation is a singular foliation on an embedded surface, and is define by the intersection of a surface and the pages of the open book decomposition. By Giroux's identification of open books and contact structures one can use open book foliation method to study contact structures. In this talk I define the open book foliation and show some applications to contact topology. This is joint work with Tetsuya Ito (University of British Columbia).

2013年02月19日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
畠中 英里 氏 (東京農工大学)
On the ring of Fricke characters of free groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a joint work with Takao Satoh (Tokyo University of Science). We study a descending filtration of the ring of Fricke characters of a free group consisting of ideals on which the automorphism group of the free group naturally acts. Then by using it, we define a descending filtration of the automorphism group of a free group, and investigate a relation between it and the Andreadakis-Johnson filtration.

2013年01月22日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Jarek Kedra 氏 (University of Aberdeen)
On the autonomous metric of the area preserving diffeomorphism
of the two dimensional disc. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let D be the open unit disc in the Euclidean plane and let
G:=Diff(D, area) be the group of smooth compactly supported
area-preserving diffeomorphisms of D. A diffeomorphism is called
autonomous if it is the time one map of the flow of a time independent
vector field. Every diffeomorphism in G is a composition of a number
of autonomous diffeomorphisms. The least amount of such
diffeomorphisms defines a norm on G. In the talk I will investigate
geometric properties of such a norm.

In particular I will construct a bi-Lipschitz embedding of the free
abelian group of arbitrary rank to G. I will also show that the space
of homogeneous quasi-morphisms vanishing on all autonomous
diffeomorphisms in G is infinite dimensional.

This is a joint work with Michael Brandenbursky.

2013年01月21日(月)

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
日時と場所がいつもとは違います。
加藤 直樹 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
ベキ零リー環を横断構造に持つリー葉層構造について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
リー$\\mathfrak{g}$-葉層構造が与えられたとき,それに付随した構造リー環と呼
ばれる$\\mathfrak{g}$の部分リー環$\\mathfrak{h}$が定まる.本講演ではその逆,
すなわち,リー環$\\mathfrak{g}$とその部分リー環$\\mathfrak{h}$が与えられた
とき構造リー環が$\\mathfrak{h}$となるリー$\\mathfrak{g}$-葉層構造が存在す
るかという問題についてて,$\\mathfrak{g}$がベキ零リー環の場合に説明をする.

2013年01月21日(月)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
日時と場所がいつもとは違います。
石田 智彦 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Quasi-morphisms on the group of area-preserving diffeomorphisms of
the 2-disk
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Gambaudo and Ghys constructed linearly independent countably many quasi-
morphisms on the group of area-preserving diffeomorphisms of the 2-disk
from quasi-morphisms on braid groups.
In this talk, we will explain that their construction is injective as a
homomorphism between vector spaces of quasi-morphisms.
If time permits, we introduce an application by Brandenbursky and K\\c{e}
dra.

2012年12月11日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Ismar Volic 氏 (Wellesley College)
Homotopy-theoretic methods in the study of spaces of knots and links (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will survey the ways in which some homotopy-theoretic
methods, manifold calculus of functors main among them, have in recent
years been used for extracting information about the topology of
spaces of knots and links. Cosimplicial spaces and operads will also
be featured. I will end with some recent results about spaces of
homotopy string links and in particular about how one can use functor
calculus in combination with configuration space integrals to extract
information about Milnor invariants.

2012年12月04日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
橋本 義武 氏 (東京都市大学)
Conformal field theory for C2-cofinite vertex algebras (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a jount work with Akihiro Tsuchiya (Kavli IPMU).
We consider sheaves of covacua and conformal blocks over parameter spaces of n-pointed Riemann surfaces
for a vertex algebra of which the category of modules is not necessarily semi-simple.
We assume the C2-cofiniteness condition for vertex algebras.
We define "tensor product" of two modules over a C2-cofinite vertex algebra.

2012年11月27日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
野澤 啓 氏 (JSPS-IHES フェロー)
葉層構造の特性類の有限的側面について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Thurstonの例により、葉層構造の二次特性類は有界でないことが知られている。本講演では、横断的な共形平坦構造などを持つ葉層構造に対しては(例外的な場合を除き)二次特性類が有限性を持つことを、非有界性や葉層構造の剛性との関連と共に説明する。
(本講演はSantiago de Compostela大学のJesús Antonio Álvarez
López氏との共同研究 arXiv:1205.3375に基づく。)

2012年11月20日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
長尾 健太郎 氏 (名古屋大学多元数理科学研究科)
3次元双曲幾何と団代数 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
クラスター代数は2000年にFomin-Zelevinskyによって発見された代数系である.
近年,クラスター代数の構造は量子群の理論,低次元トポロジー・離散可積分系・Donaldson-Thomas理論・弦理論など様々な分野で発見され,ダイナミックに研究が進展している.
今回は弦理論におけるある種の双対性を背景とした,3次元双曲幾何とクラスター代数の関係について紹介する.

2012年11月13日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
北山 貴裕 氏 (京都大学数理解析研究所,日本学術振興会PD)
The virtual fibering theorem and sutured manifold hierarchies (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In 2007 Agol showed that every irreducible 3-manifold whose fundamental
group is nontrivial and virtually residually finite rationally solvable
(RFRS) is virtually fibered. In the proof he used the theory of
least-weight taut normal surfaces introduced and developed by Oertel and
Tollefson-Wang. We give another proof using complexities of sutured
manifolds. This is a joint work with Stefan Friedl (University of
Cologne).

2012年11月06日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
古庄 英和 氏 (名古屋大学多元数理科学研究科)
結び目へのガロア作用 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
結び目に定まるモティーフの構造について説明する。
その後、有理数体の絶対ガロア群が'結び目全体が張る空間'に
非自明な方法で非自明に作用することを説明する。

2012年10月30日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
下川 航也 氏 (埼玉大学大学院理工学研究科)
Applications of knot theory to molecular biology (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we discuss applications of knot theory to studies of DNA
and proteins.
Especially we will consider (1)topological characterization of
mechanisms of site-specific recombination systems,
(2)modeling knotted DNA and proteins in confined regions using lattice
knots, and
(3)mechanism of topoisomerases and signed crossing changes.

2012年10月23日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
河澄 響矢 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
A geometric approach to the Johnson homomorphisms (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
ジョンソン準同型を、完備化されたゴールドマン・トゥラエフ・リー双代数への
トレリ群の
埋め込みとして捉え直す。その際、ジョンソン準同型像はトゥラエフ余括弧積の
核に含まれる。
境界成分が1の場合、このことから森田トレースの幾何的な意味が明らかになる。
時間が許せば、穴あき円板の場合についても議論する。

2012年10月16日(火)

17:10-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:50 - 17:10 コモンルーム
吉川 謙一 氏 (京都大学大学院理学研究科)
Analytic torsion of log-Enriques surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Log-Enriques surfaces are rational surfaces with nowhere vanishing
pluri-canonical forms. We report the recent progress on the computation
of analytic torsion of log-Enriques surfaces.

2012年10月09日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
藤井 道彦 氏 (京都大学大学院理学研究科)
The growth series of pure Artin groups of dihedral type (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I consider the kernel of the natural projection from
the Artin group of dihedral type to the corresponding Coxeter group,
that we call a pure Artin group of dihedral type,
and present rational function expressions for both the spherical and
geodesic growth series
of the pure Artin group of dihedral type with respect to a natural
generating set.
Also, I show that their growth rates are Pisot numbers.
This talk is partially based on a joint work with Takao Satoh.

2012年10月02日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
二木 昭人 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Geometric flows and their self-similar solutions
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In the first half of this expository talk we consider the Ricci flow and its self-similar solutions,
namely the Ricci solitons. We then specialize in the K\\"ahler case and discuss on the K\\"ahler-Einstein
problem. In the second half of this talk we consider the mean curvature flow and its self-similar
solutions, and see common aspects of the two geometric flows.

2012年09月04日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム
Piotr Nowak 氏 (the Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences)
Poincare inequalities, rigid groups and applications (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Kazhdan’s property (T) for a group G can be expressed as a
fixed point property for affine isometric actions of G on a Hilbert
space. This definition generalizes naturally to other normed spaces. In
this talk we will focus on the spectral (aka geometric) method for
proving property (T), based on the work of Garland and studied earlier
by Pansu, Zuk, Ballmann-Swiatkowski, Dymara-Januszkiewicz
(“lambda_1>1/2” conditions) and we generalize it to to the setting of
all reflexive Banach spaces.
As applications we will show estimates of the conformal dimension of the
boundary of random hyperbolic groups in the Gromov density model and
present progress on Shalom’s conjecture on vanishing of 1-cohomology
with coefficients in uniformly bounded representations on Hilbert spaces.

2012年07月24日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Greg McShane 氏 (Institut Fourier, Grenoble)
Orthospectra and identities (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The orthospectra of a hyperbolic manifold with geodesic
boundary consists of the lengths of all geodesics perpendicular to the
boundary.
We discuss the properties of the orthospectra, asymptotics, multiplicity
and identities due to Basmajian, Bridgeman and Calegari. We will give
a proof that the identities of Bridgeman and Calegari are the same.

2012年07月17日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
岡 睦雄 氏 (東京理科大学)
Contact structure of mixed links (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A strongly non-degenerate mixed function has a Milnor open book
structures on a sufficiently small sphere. We introduce the notion of
{\\em a holomorphic-like} mixed function
and we will show that a link defined by such a mixed function has a
canonical contact structure.
Then we will show that this contact structure for a certain
holomorphic-like mixed function
is carried by the Milnor open book.

2012年07月10日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Marcus Werner 氏 (Kavli IPMU)
Topology in Gravitational Lensing (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
General relativity implies that light is deflected by masses
due to the curvature of spacetime. The ensuing gravitational
lensing effect is an important tool in modern astronomy, and
topology plays a significant role in its properties. In this
talk, I will review topological aspects of gravitational lensing
theory: the connection of image numbers with Morse theory; the
interpretation of certain invariant sums of the signed image
magnification in terms of Lefschetz fixed point theory; and,
finally, a new partially topological perspective on gravitational
light deflection that emerges from the concept of optical geometry
and applications of the Gauss-Bonnet theorem.

2012年06月19日(火)

17:10-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:50 - 17:10 コモンルーム
松本 幸夫 氏 (学習院大学)
On the universal degenerating family of Riemann surfaces
over the D-M compactification of moduli space (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
It is usually understood that over the Deligne-
Mumford compactification of moduli space of Riemann surfaces of
genus > 1, there is a family of stable curves. However, if one tries to
construct this family precisely, he/she must first take a disjoint union
of various types of smooth families of stable curves, and then divide
them by their automorphisms to paste them together. In this talk we will
show that once the smooth families are divided, the resulting quotient
family contains not only stable curves but virtually all types of
degeneration of Riemann surfaces, becoming a kind of universal
degenerating family of Riemann surfaces.

2012年06月12日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
野坂 武史 氏 (京都大学 数理解析研究所, 日本学術振興会)
Topological interpretation of the quandle cocycle invariants of links (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Carter et al. introduced many quandle cocycle invariants
combinatorially constructed from link-diagrams. For connected quandles of
finite order, we give a topological meaning of the invariants, without
some torsion parts. Precisely, this invariant equals a sum of "knot
colouring polynomial" and of a Z-equivariant part of the Dijkgraaf-Witten
invariant. Moreover, our approach involves applications to compute "good"
torsion subgroups of the 3-rd quandle homologies and the 2-nd homotopy
groups of rack spaces.

2012年06月05日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
久野 雄介 氏 (津田塾大学)
A generalization of Dehn twists (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce a generalization
of Dehn twists for loops which are not
necessarily simple loops on an oriented surface.
Our generalization is an element of a certain
enlargement of the mapping class group of the surface.
A natural question is whether a generalized Dehn twist is
in the mapping class group. We show some results related to this question.
This talk is partially based on a joint work
with Nariya Kawazumi (Univ. Tokyo).

2012年05月29日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
中村 伊南沙 氏 (学習院大学,日本学術振興会)
Triple linking numbers and triple point numbers
of torus-covering $T^2$-links
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The triple linking number of an oriented surface link was defined as an
analogical notion of the linking number of a classical link. A
torus-covering $T^2$-link $\\mathcal{S}_m(a,b)$ is a surface link in the
form of an unbranched covering over the standard torus, determined from
two commutative $m$-braids $a$ and $b$.
In this talk, we consider $\\mathcal{S}_m(a,b)$ when $a$, $b$ are pure
$m$-braids ($m \\geq 3$), which is a surface link with $m$-components. We
present the triple linking number of $\\mathcal{S}_m(a,b)$ by using the
linking numbers of the closures of $a$ and $b$. This gives a lower bound
of the triple point number. In some cases, we can determine the triple
point numbers, each of which is a multiple of four.

2012年05月22日(火)

17:10-18:10   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:50 - 17:10 コモンルーム
入谷 寛 氏 (京都大学)
Gamma Integral Structure in Gromov-Witten theory (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The quantum cohomology of a symplectic
manifold undelies a certain integral local system
defined by the Gamma characteristic class.
This local system originates from the natural integral
local sysmem on the B-side under mirror symmetry.
In this talk, I will explain its relationships to the problem
of analytic continuation of Gromov-Witten theoy (potentials),
including crepant resolution conjecture, LG/CY correspondence,
modularity in higher genus theory.

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