トポロジー火曜セミナー

過去の記録 ~02/07次回の予定今後の予定 02/08~

開催情報 火曜日 17:00~18:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
担当者 河野 俊丈, 河澄 響矢, 北山 貴裕, 逆井卓也
セミナーURL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/MSF/topology/TuesdaySeminar/index.html
備考 Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム

過去の記録

2012年05月08日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
石部 正 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科, 日本学術振興会)
Infinite examples of non-Garside monoids having fundamental elements (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The Garside group, as a generalization of Artin groups,
is defined as the group of fractions of a Garside monoid.
To understand the elliptic Artin groups, which are the fundamental
groups of the complement of discriminant divisors of the semi-versal
deformation of the simply elliptic singularities E_6~, E_7~ and E_8~,
we need to consider another generalization of Artin groups.
In this talk, we will study the presentations of fundamental groups
of the complement of complexified real affine line arrangements
and consider the associated monoids.
It turns out that, in some cases, they are not Garside monoids.
Nevertheless, we will show that they satisfy the cancellation condition
and carry certain particular elements similar to the fundamental elements
in Artin monoids.
As a result, we will show that the word problem can be solved
and the center of them are determined.

2012年05月01日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
糟谷 久矢 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Minimal models, formality and hard Lefschetz property of
solvmanifolds with local systems (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
For a simply connected solvable Lie group G with a
cocompact discrete subgroup {\\Gamma}, we consider the space of
differential forms on the solvmanifold G/{\\Gamma} with values in certain
flat bundle so that this space has a structure of a differential graded
algebra(DGA). We construct Sullivan's minimal model of this DGA. This
result is an extension of Nomizu's theorem for ordinary coefficients in
the nilpotent case. By using this result, we refine Hasegawa's result of
formality of nilmanifolds and Benson-Gordon's result of hard Lefschetz
properties of nilmanifolds.

2012年04月24日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Dylan Thurston 氏 (Columbia University)
Combinatorial Heegaard Floer homology (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Heegaard Floer homology is a powerful invariant of 3- and 4-manifolds.
In 4 dimensions, Heegaard Floer homology (together with the
Seiberg-Witten and Donaldson equations, which are conjecturally
equivalent), provides essentially the only technique for
distinguishing smooth 4-manifolds. In 3 dimensions, it provides much
geometric information, like the simplest representatives of a given
homology class.

In this talk we will focus on recent progress in making Heegaard Floer
homology more computable, including a complete algorithm for computing
it for knots.

2012年04月17日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Eriko Hironaka 氏 (Florida State University)
Pseudo-Anosov mapping classes with small dilatation (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
A mapping class is a homeomorphism of an oriented surface
to itself modulo isotopy. It is pseudo-Anosov if the lengths of essential
simple closed curves under iterations of the map have exponential growth
rate. The growth rate, an algebraic integer of degree bounded with
respect to the topology of the surface, is called the dilatation of the
mapping class. In this talk we will discuss the minimization problem
for dilatations of pseudo-Anosov mapping classes, and give two general
constructions of pseudo-Anosov mapping classes with small dilatation.

2012年04月10日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
逆井 卓也 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On homology of symplectic derivation Lie algebras of
the free associative algebra and the free Lie algebra (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss homology of symplectic derivation Lie algebras of
the free associative algebra and the free Lie algebra
with particular stress on their abelianizations (degree 1 part).
Then, by using a theorem of Kontsevich,
we give some applications to rational cohomology of the moduli spaces of
Riemann surfaces and metric graphs.
This is a joint work with Shigeyuki Morita and Masaaki Suzuki.

2012年02月21日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
見村 万佐人 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Property (TT)/T and homomorphism superrigidity into mapping class groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
コンパクトで向きづけられた曲面(パンクがあってもよい)の写像類群には,多くの謎めいた性質があることが知られている:写像類群はある場合には高ランク格子(つまり,高ランク代数群の既約格子)に近いふるまいをするが,別の場合にはランク1格子に近いふるまいをする.次に述べる定理はFarb--Kaimanovich--Masur超剛性と呼ばれており,写像類群のランク1格子に近いふるまいの顕著な例である:「高ランク格子(例えばSL(3,Z)や,SL(3,R)の余コンパクト格子など)から写像類群への任意の群準同型は有限の像をもつ.」

本講演では,この超剛性の以下のような拡張を証明する:「高ランク格子を(算術的とは限らない)一般の環上の適切な行列群に置き換えた時でも,上の定理が成り立つ.」考える群の主な例は「普遍格子」と呼ばれる群であり,これは整係数有限生成可換多項式環上の特殊線型群(SL(3,Z[x])など)のことを指す.この定理を示すために,群の"性質(TT)/T"という,Kazhdanの性質(T)を強めた性質を導入する.

以上の2性質を紹介し,群の(ユニタリ表現で捻じれた係数の)コホモロジー・有界コホモロジーとの関係を説明したい.その上で, 本講演の定理の証明の概略を述べたい.

2012年01月17日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
佐藤 隆夫 氏 (東京理科大学理学部)
On the Johnson cokernels of the mapping class group of a surface (joint work with Naoya Enomoto) (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In general, the Johnson homomorphisms of the mapping class group of a surface are used to investigate graded quotients of the Johnson filtration of the mapping class group. These graded quotients are considered as a sequence of approximations of the Torelli group. Now, there is a broad range of remarkable results for the Johnson homomorphisms.
In this talk, we concentrate our focus on the cokernels of the Johnson homomorphisms of the mapping class group. By a work of Shigeyuki Morita and Hiroaki Nakamura, it is known that an Sp-irreducible module [k] appears in the cokernel of the k-th Johnson homomorphism with multiplicity one if k=2m+1 for any positive integer m. In general, however, to determine Sp-structure of the cokernel is quite a difficult preblem.
Our goal is to show that we have detected new irreducible components in the cokernels. More precisely, we will show that there appears an Sp-irreducible module [1^k] in the cokernel of the k-th Johnson homomorphism with multiplicity one if k=4m+1 for any positive integer m.

2011年12月20日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
三松 佳彦 氏 (中央大学理工学部)
5次元球面上のLawson 葉層の葉向シンプレクティック構造について (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We are going to show that Lawson's foliation on the 5-sphere
admits a smooth leafwise symplectic sturcture. Historically, Lawson's
foliation is the first one among foliations of codimension one which are
constructed on the 5-sphere. It is obtained by modifying the Milnor
fibration associated with the Fermat type cubic polynominal in three
variables.
Alberto Verjovsky proposed a question whether if the Lawson's
foliation or slighty modified ones admit a leafwise smooth symplectic
structure and/or a leafwise complex structure. As Lawson's one has a
Kodaira-Thurston nil 4-manifold as a compact leaf, the question can not
be solved simultaneously both for the symplectic and the complex cases.
The main part of the construction is to show that the Fermat type
cubic surface admits an `end-periodic' symplectic structure, while the
natural one as an affine surface is conic at the end. Even though for
the other two families of the simple elliptic hypersurface singularities
almost the same construction works, at present, it seems very limited
where a Stein manifold admits an end-periodic symplectic structure. If
the time allows, we also discuss the existence of such structures on
globally convex symplectic manifolds.

2011年12月13日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Mircea Voineagu 氏 (IPMU, The University of Tokyo)
Remarks on filtrations of the singular homology of real varieties. (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss various conjectures about filtrations on the singular homology of real and complex varieties. We prove that a conjecture relating niveau filtration on Borel-Moore homology of real varieties and the image of generalized cycle maps from reduced Lawson homology is false. In the end, we discuss a certain decomposition of Borel-Haeflinger cycle map. This is a joint work with J.Heller.

2011年11月29日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:40 - 17:00 コモンルーム
Athanase Papadopoulos 氏 (IRMA, Univ. de Strasbourg)
Mapping class group actions (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will describe and present some rigidity results on mapping
class group actions on spaces of foliations on surfaces, equipped with various topologies.

2011年11月22日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
河野俊丈 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Quantum and homological representations of braid groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Homological representations of braid groups are defined as
the action of homeomorphisms of a punctured disk on
the homology of an abelian covering of its configuration space.
These representations were extensively studied by Lawrence,
Krammer and Bigelow. In this talk we show that specializations
of the homological representations of braid groups
are equivalent to the monodromy of the KZ equation with
values in the space of null vectors in the tensor product
of Verma modules when the parameters are generic.
To prove this we use representations of the solutions of the
KZ equation by hypergeometric integrals due to Schechtman,
Varchenko and others.

In the case of special parameters these representations
are extended to quantum representations of mapping
class groups. We describe the images of such representations
and show that the images of any Johnson subgroups
contain non-abelian free groups if the genus and the
level are sufficiently large. The last part is a joint
work with Louis Funar.

2011年11月15日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Francois Laudenbach 氏 (Univ. de Nantes)
Singular codimension-one foliations
and twisted open books in dimension 3.
(joint work with G. Meigniez)
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The allowed singularities are those of functions.
According to A. Haefliger (1958),
such structures on manifolds, called $\\Gamma_1$-structures,
are objects of a cohomological
theory with a classifying space $B\\Gamma_1$.
The problem of cancelling the singularities
(or regularization problem)
arise naturally.
For a closed manifold, it was solved by W.Thurston in a famous paper
(1976), with a proof relying on Mather's isomorphism (1971):
Diff$^\\infty(\\mathbb R)$ as a discrete group has the same homology
as the based loop space
$\\Omega B\\Gamma_1^+$.
For further extension to contact geometry, it is necessary
to solve the regularization problem
without using Mather's isomorphism.
That is what we have done in dimension 3. Our result is the following.

{\\it Every $\\Gamma_1$-structure $\\xi$ on a 3-manifold $M$ whose
normal bundle
embeds into the tangent bundle to $M$ is $\\Gamma_1$-homotopic
to a regular foliation
carried by a (possibily twisted) open book.}

The proof is elementary and relies on the dynamics of a (twisted)
pseudo-gradient of $\\xi$.

All the objects will be defined in the talk, in particular the notion
of twisted open book which is a central object in the reported paper.


2011年11月08日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
與倉 昭治 氏 (鹿児島大学)
Fiberwise bordism groups and related topics (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We have recently introduced the notion of fiberwise bordism. In this talk, after a quick review of some of the classical (co)bordism theories, we will explain motivations of considering fiberwise bordism and some results and connections with other known works, such as M. Kreck's bordism groups of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms and Emerson-Meyer's bivariant K-theory etc. An essential motivation is our recent work towards constructing a bivariant-theoretic analogue (in the sense of Fulton-MacPherson) of Levine-Morel's or Levine-Pandharipande's algebraic cobordism.

2011年11月01日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
竹内 潔 氏 (筑波大学)
Motivic Milnor fibers and Jordan normal forms of monodromies (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce a method to calculate the equivariant
Hodge-Deligne numbers of toric hypersurfaces.
Then we apply it to motivic Milnor
fibers introduced by Denef-Loeser and study the Jordan
normal forms of the local and global monodromies
of polynomials maps in various situations.
Especially we focus our attention on monodromies
at infinity studied by many people. The results will be
explicitly described by the ``convexity" of
the Newton polyhedra of polynomials. This is a joint work
with Y. Matsui and A. Esterov.

2011年10月25日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Andrei Pajitnov 氏 (Univ. de Nantes, Univ. of Tokyo)
Circle-valued Morse theory for complex hyperplane arrangements (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let A be a complex hyperplane arrangement
in an n-dimensional complex vector space V.
Denote by H the union of the hyperplanes
and by M the complement to H in V.

We develop the real-valued and circle-valued Morse
theory on M. We prove that if A is essential then
M has the homotopy type of a space
obtained from a finite n-dimensional
CW complex fibered over a circle,
by attaching several cells of dimension n.

We compute the Novikov homology of M and show
that its structure is similar to the
homology with generic local coefficients:
it vanishes for all dimensions except n.

This is a joint work with Toshitake Kohno.

2011年10月11日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:40 - 17:00 コモンルーム
Gael Meigniez 氏 (Univ. de Bretagne-Sud, Chuo Univ.)
Making foliations of codimension one,
thirty years after Thurston's works
(ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In 1976 Thurston proved that every closed manifold M whose
Euler characteristic is null carries a smooth foliation F of codimension
one. He actually established a h-principle allowing the regularization of
Haefliger structures through homotopy. I shall give some accounts of a new,
simpler proof of Thurston's result, not using Mather's homology equivalence; and also show that this proof allows to make F have dense leaves if dim M is at least 4. The emphasis will be put on the high dimensions.

2011年10月04日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
松田 能文 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
相対的双曲群の相対的擬凸部分群 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
群の相対的双曲性は語双曲性の一般化としてGromovにより導入された. 相対的
双曲群の例として, 有限体積を持つ完備双曲多様体の基本群が挙げられる. 語双
曲群の擬凸部分群の一般化として, 相対的双曲群の相対的擬凸部分群が定義され
る. Osinにより相対的双曲群の双曲的に埋め込まれた部分群が導入され, 付加的
な代数的性質を持つ相対的擬凸部分群として特徴づけられている. この講演では,
相対的擬凸部分群を紹介するとともに双曲的に埋め込まれた部分群に関する尾
國新一氏, 山形紗恵子氏との最近の共同研究について触れる.

2011年09月20日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Clara Loeh 氏 (Univ. Regensburg)
Functorial semi-norms on singular homology (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Functorial semi-norms on singular homology add metric information to
homology classes that is compatible with continuous maps. In particular,
functorial semi-norms give rise to degree theorems for certain classes
of manifolds; an invariant fitting into this context is Gromov's
simplicial volume. On the other hand, knowledge about mapping degrees
allows to construct functorial semi-norms with interesting properties;
for example, so-called inflexible simply connected manifolds give rise
to functorial semi-norms that are non-trivial on certain simply connected
spaces.

2011年07月12日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
川室 圭子 氏 (University of Iowa)
The self linking number and planar open book decomposition (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will show a self linking number formula, in language of
braids, for transverse knots in contact manifolds that admit planar
open book decompositions. Our formula extends the Bennequin's for
the standar contact 3-sphere.

2011年07月05日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
Catherine Oikonomides 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科, JSPS)
The C*-algebra of codimension one foliations which
are almost without holonomy (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Foliation C*-algebras have been defined abstractly by Alain Connes,
in the 1980s, as part of the theory of Noncommutative Geometry.
However, very few concrete examples of foliation C*-algebras
have been studied until now.
In this talk, we want to explain how to compute
the K-theory of the C*-algebra of codimension
one foliations which are "almost without holonomy",
meaning that the holonomy of all the noncompact leaves
of the foliation is trivial. Such foliations have a fairly
simple geometrical structure, which is well known thanks
to theorems by Imanishi, Hector and others. We will give some
concrete examples on 3-manifolds, in particular the 3-sphere
with the Reeb foliation, and also some slighty more
complicated examples.

2011年06月28日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
二木 昌宏 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
On a Sebastiani-Thom theorem for directed Fukaya categories (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]

2011年06月14日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:40 - 17:00 コモンルーム
満渕 俊樹 氏 (大阪大学大学院理学研究科)
Donaldson-Tian-Yau's Conjecture (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
For polarized algebraic manifolds, the concept of K-stability
introduced by Tian and Donaldson is conjecturally strongly correlated
to the existence of constant scalar curvature metrics (or more
generally extremal K\\"ahler metrics) in the polarization class. This is
known as Donaldson-Tian-Yau's conjecture. Recently, a remarkable
progress has been made by many authors toward its solution. In this
talk, I'll discuss the topic mainly with emphasis on the existence
part of the conjecture.

2011年06月07日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Lie群論・表現論セミナーと合同 Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
金井 雅彦 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Rigidity of group actions via invariant geometric structures (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
It is a homomorphism into a FINITE dimensional Lie group that is concerned with in the classical RIGIDITY theorems such as those of Mostow and Margulis. In the meantime, differentiable GROUP ACTIONS for which we ask rigidity problems is a homomorphism into a diffeomorphism group, which is a typical example of INFINITE dimensional Lie groups. The purpose of the present talk is exhibiting several rigidity theorems for group actions in which I have been involved for years. Although quite a few fields of mathematics, such as ergodic theory, the theory of smooth dynamical systems, representation theory and so on, have made remarkable contributions to rigidity problems, I would rather emphasis geometric aspects: I would focus on those rigidity phenomenon for group actions that are observed by showing that the actions have INVARIANT GEOMETRIC STRUCTURES.

2011年05月31日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:40 - 17:00 コモンルーム
盛田 健彦 氏 (大阪大学大学院理学研究科)
Measures with maximum total exponent and generic properties of $C^
{1}$ expanding maps (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a joint work with Yusuke Tokunaga. Let $M$ be an $N$
dimensional compact connected smooth Riemannian manifold without
boundary and let $\\mathcal{E}^{r}(M,M)$ be the space of $C^{r}$
expandig maps endowed with $C^{r}$ topology. We show that
each of the following properties for element $T$ in $\\mathcal{E}
^{1}(M,M)$ is generic.
\\begin{itemize}
\\item[(1)] $T$ has a unique measure with maximum total exponent.
\\item[(2)] Any measure with maximum total exponent for $T$ has
zero entropy.
\\item[(3)] Any measure with maximum total exponent for $T$ is
fully supported.
\\end{itemize}
On the contrary, we show that for $r\\ge 2$, a generic element
in $\\mathcal{E}^{r}(M,M)$ has no fully supported measures with
maximum total exponent.

2011年05月24日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: 16:00 - 16:30 コモンルーム
吉永 正彦 氏 (京都大学大学院理学研究科)
Minimal Stratifications for Line Arrangements (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The homotopy type of complements of complex
hyperplane arrangements have a special property,
so called minimality (Dimca-Papadima and Randell,
around 2000). Since then several approaches based
on (continuous, discrete) Morse theory have appeared.
In this talk, we introduce the "dual" object, which we
call minimal stratification for real two dimensional cases.
A merit is that the minimal stratification can be explicitly
described in terms of semi-algebraic sets.
We also see associated presentation of the fundamental group.

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