トポロジー火曜セミナー

過去の記録 ~09/24次回の予定今後の予定 09/25~

開催情報 火曜日 17:00~18:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
担当者 河野 俊丈, 河澄 響矢, 北山 貴裕, 逆井卓也
セミナーURL http://park.itc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/MSF/topology/TuesdaySeminar/index.html
備考 Tea: 16:30 - 17:00 コモンルーム

過去の記録

2019年05月28日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
R. Inanc Baykur 氏 (University of Massachusetts)
Exotic four-manifolds via positive factorizations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We will discuss several new ideas and techniques for producing positive Dehn twist factorizations of surface mapping classes, which yield novel constructions of various interesting four-manifolds, such as symplectic Calabi-Yau surfaces and exotic rational surfaces, via Lefschetz pencils.

2019年05月21日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Maria de los Angeles Guevara 氏 (大阪市立大学)
On the dealternating number and the alternation number (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Links can be divided into alternating and non-alternating depending on if they possess an alternating diagram or not. After the proof of the Tait flype conjecture on alternating links, it became an important question to ask how a non-alternating link is “close to” alternating links. The dealternating and alternation numbers, which are invariants introduced by C. Adams et al. and A. Kawauchi, respectively, can deal with this question. By definitions, for any link, its alternation number is less than or equal to its dealternating number. It is known that in general the equality does not hold. However, in general, it is not easy to show a gap between these invariants. In this seminar, we will show some results regarding these invariants. In particular, for each pair of positive integers, we will construct infinitely many knots, which have dealternating and alternation numbers determined for these integers. Therefore, an arbitrary gap between the values of these invariants will be obtained.

2019年05月14日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
J. Scott Carter 氏 (University of South Alabama, 大阪市立大学)
Diagrammatic Algebra (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Three main ideas will be explored. First, a higher dimensional category (a category that has arrows, double arrows, triple arrows, and quadruple arrows) that is based upon the axioms of a Frobenius algebra will be outlined. Then these structures will be promoted into one higher dimension so that braiding can be introduced. Second, relationships between braiding and multiplication will be studied from a homological perspective. Third, the next order relations will be used to formulate a system of abstract tensor equations that are analogous to the Yang-Baxter relation. In this way, a broad outline of the notion of diagrammatic algebra will be presented.

2019年04月23日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Christine Vespa 氏 (Université de Strasbourg)
Higher Hochschild homology as a functor (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Higher Hochschild homology generalizes classical Hochschild homology for rings. Recently, Turchin and Willwacher computed higher Hochschild homology of a finite wedge of circles with coefficients in the Loday functor associated to the ring of dual numbers over the rationals. In particular, they obtained linear representations of the groups Out(F_n) which do not factorize through GL(n,Z).

In this talk, I will begin by recalling what is Hochschild homology and higher Hochschild homology. Then I will explain how viewing higher Hochschild homology of a finite wedge of circles as a functor on the category of free groups provides a conceptual framework which allows powerful tools such as exponential functors and polynomial functors to be used. In particular, this allows the generalization of the results of Turchin and Willwacher; this gives rise to new linear representations of Out(F_n) which do not factorize through GL(n,Z).

(This is joint work with Geoffrey Powell.)

2019年04月16日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
大鹿 健一 氏 (学習院大学)
Thurston’s bounded image theorem (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The bounded image theorem by Thurston constitutes an important step in the proof of his unifomisation theorem for Haken manifolds. Thurston’s original argument was never published and has been unknown up to now. It has turned out a weaker form of this theorem is enough for the proof, and books by Kappovich and by Otal use this weaker version. In this talk, I will show how to prove Thurston’s original version making use of more recent technology. This is joint work with Cyril Lecuire.

2019年04月09日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
中島 啓 氏 (Kavli IPMU, 東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Coulomb branches of 3d SUSY gauge theories (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will give an introduction to a mathematical definition of Coulomb branches of 3-dimensional SUSY gauge theories, given by my joint work with Braverman and Finkelberg. I will emphasize on the role of hypothetical 3d TQFT associated with gauge theories.

2019年04月02日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Jongil Park 氏 (Seoul National University)
A topological interpretation of symplectic fillings of a normal surface singularity (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
One of active research areas in symplectic 4-manifolds is to classify symplectic fillings of certain 3-manifolds equipped with a contact structure.
Among them, people have long studied symplectic fillings of the link of a normal surface singularity. Note that the link of a normal surface singularity carries a canonical contact structure which is also known as the Milnor fillable contact structure.

In this talk, I’d like to investigate a topological surgery description for minimal symplectic fillings of the link of quotient surface singularities and weighted homogeneous surface singularities with a canonical contact structure. Explicitly, I’ll show that every minimal symplectic filling of the link of quotient surface singularities and weighted homogeneous surface singularities satisfying certain conditions can be obtained by a sequence of rational blowdowns from the minimal resolution of the corresponding surface singularity. This is joint work with Hakho Choi.

2019年03月27日(水)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
開催日, 会場にご注意下さい. Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Florian Naef 氏 (Université de Genève)
On a moduli space interpretation of the Turaev cobracket (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Given an oriented surface, Goldman defines a Lie bracket on the vector space spanned by free homotopy classes of loops in terms of intersections. This Lie bracket is the universal version of the Atiyah-Bott Poisson structure on the moduli space of flat connections. Using self-intersections Turaev defines a Lie cobracket on loops. We give a possible interpretation of this structure on moduli spaces of flat connections in the form of a natural BV operator on the moduli space of flat connection with values in a super Lie algebra equipped with an odd pairing. This is joint work with A. Alekseev, J. Pulmann and P. Ševera.

2019年03月26日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Michael Hutchings 氏 (University of California, Berkeley)
Cube capacities (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We define a new series of symplectic capacities using equivariant symplectic homology. These capacities are conjecturally equal to the Ekeland-Hofer capacities, but can be computed in many more examples. In particular, we use these capacities to find many examples of symplectic embeddings of cubes where the cube is as large as possible. This is joint work with Jean Gutt.

2019年02月12日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Anastasiia Tsvietkova 氏 (沖縄科学技術大学院大学, Rutgers University)
Representations of knot groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We describe a new method of producing equations for the representation variety of a knot group into (P)SL(2,C). Unlike known methods, this does not involve any polyhedral decomposition or triangulation of the link complement, and uses only a link diagram satisfying a few mild restrictions. This results in a simple algorithm that can often be performed by hand, and in many cases, for an infinite family of knots at once. This is a joint work with Kathleen Peterson (Florida State University).

2019年01月15日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
久野 雄介 氏 (津田塾大学)
Generalized Dehn twists on surfaces and homology cylinders (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a joint work with Gwénaël Massuyeau (University of Burgundy). Lickorish's trick describes Dehn twists along simple closed curves on an oriented surface in terms of surgery of 3-manifolds. We discuss one possible generalization of this description to the situation where the curve under consideration may have self-intersections. Our result generalizes previously known computations related to the Johnson homomorphisms for the mapping class groups and for homology cylinders. In particular, we obtain an alternative and direct proof of the surjectivity of the Johnson homomorphisms for homology cylinders, which was proved by Garoufalidis-Levine and Habegger.

2019年01月08日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Marek Kaluba 氏 (Adam Mickiewicz Univeristy)
On property (T) for $\mathrm{Aut}(F_n)$ and $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We prove that $\mathrm{Aut}(F_n)$ has Kazhdan's property (T) for every $n \ge 6$. Together with a previous result of Kaluba, Nowak, and Ozawa, this gives the same statement for $n \ge 5$. We also provide explicit lower bounds for the Kazhdan constants of $\mathrm{SAut}(F_n)$ (with $n \ge 6$) and of $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ (with $n \ge 3$) with respect to natural generating sets. In the latter case, these bounds improve upon previously known lower bounds whenever $n >6$.

2018年12月20日(木)

13:00-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
開催日時にご注意下さい
Anderson Vera 氏 (Université de Strasbourg)
Johnson-type homomorphisms and the LMO functor (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
One of the main objects associated to a surface S is the mapping class group MCG(S). This group plays an important role in the study of 3-manifolds. Reciprocally, the topological invariants of 3-manifolds can be used to obtain interesting representations of MCG(S).

One possible approach to the study of MCG(S) is to consider its action on the fundamental group P of the surface or on some subgroups of P. This way, we can obtain some kind of filtrations of MCG(S) and homomorphisms, called Johnson type homomorphisms, which take values in certain spaces of diagrams. These spaces of diagrams are quotients of the target space of the LMO functor. Hence it is natural to ask what is the relation between the Johnson type homomorphisms and the LMO functor. The answer is well known in the case of the Torelli group and the usual Johnson homomorphisms. In this talk we consider two other different filtrations of MCG(S) introduced by Levine and Habiro-Massuyeau. We show that the respective Johnson homomorphisms can also be deduced from the LMO functor.

2018年12月18日(火)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 17:00-17:30
鳥居 猛 氏 (岡山大学)
離散GスペクトラムとK(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏のモデルについて (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
K(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏はスペクトラムの安定ホモトピー圏の基本構成単位と考えられる。この講演ではMorava E理論とその安定化群との関係が明確になるようなK(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏のモデルを構成する。そのために、Behrens-Davisにより研究された副有限群Gに対する離散対称Gスペクトラムについて考える。そして、K(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏が、離散対称G_nスペクトラムの圏におけるE_nの離散モデル上の加群のホモトピー圏の中に実現されることを示す。

2018年12月11日(火)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 17:00-17:30
石田 政司 氏 (大阪大学)
On non-singular solutions to the normalized Ricci flow on four-manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A solution to the normalized Ricci flow is called non-singular if the solution exists for all time and the Riemannian curvature tensor is uniformly bounded. In 1999, Richard Hamilton introduced it as an important special class of solutions and proved that the underlying 3-manifold is geometrizable in the sense of Thurston. In this talk, we will discuss properties of 4-dimensional non-singular solutions from a gauge theoretical point of view. In particular, we would like to explain gauge theoretical invariants give rise to obstructions to the existence of 4-dimensional non-singular solutions.

2018年12月04日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Vincent Florens 氏 (Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour)
Slopes and concordance of links (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We define the slope of a link associated to admissible characters on the link group. Away from a certain singular locus, the slope is a rational function which can be regarded as a multivariate generalization of the Kojima-Yamasaki η-function. It is the ratio of two Conway potentials, provided that the latter makes sense; otherwise, it is a new invariant. We present several examples and discuss the invariance by concordance. Joint with A. Degtyarev and A. Lecuona.

2018年11月27日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
加藤 本子 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Fixed points for group actions on non-positively curved spaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we introduce a fixed point property of groups which is a broad generalization of Serre's property FA, and give a criterion for groups to have such a property. We also apply the criterion to show that various generalizations of Thompson's group T have fixed points whenever they act on finite dimensional non-positively curved metric spaces, including CAT(0) spaces. Since Thompson's group T is known to have fixed point free actions on infinite dimensional CAT(0) spaces, it follows that there is a group which acts on infinite dimensional CAT(0) spaces without global fixed points, but not on finite dimensional ones.

2018年11月20日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
逆井 卓也 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Torelli group, Johnson kernel and invariants of homology 3-spheres (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
There are two filtrations of the Torelli group: One is the lower central series and the other is the Johnson filtration. They are closely related to Johnson homomorphisms as well as finite type invariants of homology 3-spheres. We compare the associated graded Lie algebras of the filtrations and report our explicit computational results. Then we discuss some applications of our computations. In particular, we give an explicit description of the rational abelianization of the Johnson kernel. This is a joint work with Shigeyuki Morita and Masaaki Suzuki.

2018年11月13日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
正井 秀俊 氏 (東京工業大学)
On continuity of drifts of the mapping class group (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
When a group is acting on a space isometrically, we may consider the "translation distance" of random walks, which is called the drift of the random walk. In this talk we consider mapping class group acting on the Teichmüller space. We first recall several characterizations of the drift. The drift is determined by the transition probability of the random walk. The goal of this talk is to show that the drift varies continuously with the transition probability measure.

2018年11月08日(木)

10:30-12:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
開催日,時刻にご注意下さい
Michael Heusener 氏 (Université Clermont Auvergne)
Deformations of diagonal representations of knot groups into $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is joint work with Leila Ben Abdelghani, Monastir (Tunisia).

Given a manifold $M$, the variety of representations of $\pi_1(M)$ into $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ and the variety of characters of such representations both contain information of the topology of $M$. Since the foundational work of W.P. Thurston and Culler & Shalen, the varieties of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$-characters have been extensively studied. This is specially interesting for $3$-dimensional manifolds, where the fundamental group and the geometrical properties of the manifold are strongly related.

However, much less is known of the character varieties for other groups, notably for $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ with $n\geq 3$. The $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$-character varieties for free groups have been studied by S. Lawton and P. Will, and the $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{C})$-character variety of torus knot groups has been determined by V. Munoz and J. Porti.

In this talk I will present some results concerning the deformations of diagonal representations of knot groups in basic notations and some recent results concerning the representation and character varieties of $3$-manifold groups and in particular knot groups. In particular, we are interested in the local structure of the $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$-representation variety at the diagonal representation.

2018年11月06日(火)

17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 17:00-17:30
尾國 新一 氏 (愛媛大学)
Coarsely convex spaces and a coarse Cartan-Hadamard theorem (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
A coarse version of negatively-curved spaces have been very well studied as Gromov hyperbolic spaces. Recently we introduced a coarse version of non-positively curved spaces, named them coarsely convex spaces and showed a coarse version of the Cartan-Hadamard theorem for such spaces in a joint-work with Tomohiro Fukaya (arXiv:1705.05588). Based on the work, I introduce coarsely convex spaces and explain a coarse Cartan-Hadamard theorem, ideas for proof and its applications to differential topology.

2018年10月30日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
志賀 啓成 氏 (東京工業大学)
The quasiconformal equivalence of Riemann surfaces and a universality of Schottky spaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
In the theory of Teichmüller space of Riemann surfaces, we consider the set of Riemann surfaces which are quasiconformally equivalent. For topologically finite Riemann surfaces, it is quite easy to examine if they are quasiconformally equivalent or not. On the other hand, for Riemann surfaces of topologically infinite type, the situation is rather complicated.

In this talk, after constructing an example which shows the complexity of the problem, we give some geometric conditions for Riemann surfaces to be quasiconformally equivalent. Our argument enables us to see a universality of Schottky spaces.

2018年10月23日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
François Fillastre 氏 (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)
Co-Minkowski space and hyperbolic surfaces (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
There are many ways to parametrize two copies of Teichmueller space by constant curvature -1 Riemannian or Lorentzian 3d manifolds (for example the Bers double uniformization theorem). We present the co-Minkowski space (or half-pipe space), which is a constant curvature -1 degenerated 3d space, and which is related to the tangent space of Teichmueller space. As an illustration, we give a new proof of a theorem of Thurston saying that, once the space of measured geodesic laminations on a compact hyperbolic surface is identified with the tangent space of Teichmueller space via infinitesimal earthquake, then the length of laminations is an asymmetric norm. Joint work with Thierry Barbot (Avignon).

2018年10月16日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Daniel Matei 氏 (IMAR Bucharest)
Resonance varieties and matrix tree theorems (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss the resonance varieties, encoding vanishing of cohomology cup products, of various classes of finitely presented groups of geometric and combinatorial origin. We describe the ideals defining those varieties in terms spanning trees in a similar vein with the classical matrix tree theorem in graph theory. We present applications of this description to 3-manifold groups and Artin groups.

2018年10月09日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Tea: Common Room 16:30-17:00
Boris Hasselblatt 氏 (Tufts University)
Foulon surgery, new contact flows, and dynamical complexity (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
A refinement of Dehn surgery produces new contact flows that are unusual and interesting in several ways. The geodesic flow of a hyperbolic surface becomes a nonalgebraic contact Anosov flow with larger orbit growth, and the purely periodic fiber flow becomes parabolic or hyperbolic. Moreover, Reeb flows for other contact forms for the same contact structure have the same complexity. Finally, an idea by Vinhage promises a quantification of the complexity increase.

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