過去の記録 ~02/20次回の予定今後の予定 02/21~

開催情報 水曜日 17:00~18:00 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
担当者 今井 直毅, 三枝 洋一



18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Ana Caraiani 氏 (Imperial College)
On the vanishing of cohomology for certain Shimura varieties (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will prove that the compactly supported cohomology of certain unitary or symplectic Shimura varieties at level Gamma_1(p^\infty) vanishes above the middle degree. The key ingredients come from p-adic Hodge theory and studying the Bruhat decomposition on the Hodge-Tate flag variety. I will describe the steps in the proof using modular curves as a toy model. I will also mention an application to Galois representations for torsion classes in the cohomology of locally symmetric spaces for GL_n. This talk is based on joint work in preparation with D. Gulotta, C.Y. Hsu, C. Johansson, L. Mocz, E. Reineke, and S.C. Shih.

東大数理,Morningside Center of Mathematics と IHES の双方向同時中継で行います.


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Javier Fresán 氏 (École polytechnique)
Exponential motives (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
What motives are to algebraic varieties, exponential motives are to pairs (X, f) consisting of an algebraic variety over some field k and a regular function f on X. In characteristic zero, one is naturally led to define the de Rham and rapid decay cohomology of such pairs when dealing with numbers like the special values of the gamma function or the Euler constant gamma which are not expected to be periods in the usual sense. Over finite fields, the étale and rigid cohomology groups of (X, f) play a pivotal role in the study of exponential sums.
Following ideas of Katz, Kontsevich, and Nori, we construct a Tannakian category of exponential motives when k is a subfield of the complex numbers. This allows one to attach to exponential periods a Galois group that conjecturally governs all algebraic relations among them. The category is equipped with a Hodge realisation functor with values in mixed Hodge modules over the affine line and, if k is a number field, with an étale realisation related to exponential sums. This is a joint work with Peter Jossen (ETH).

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として,インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of Mathematics と IHES の双方向同時中継で行います.今回はパリからの中継です.)


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Xin Wan 氏 (Morningside Center for Mathematics)
Iwasawa theory and Bloch-Kato conjecture for modular forms (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Bloch and Kato formulated conjectures relating sizes of p-adic Selmer groups with special values of L-functions. Iwasawa theory is a useful tool for studying these conjectures and BSD conjecture for elliptic curves. For example the Iwasawa main conjecture for modular forms formulated by Kato implies the Tamagawa number formula for modular forms of analytic rank 0.
In this talk I'll first briefly review the above theory. Then we will focus on a different Iwasawa theory approach for this problem. The starting point is a recent joint work with Jetchev and Skinner proving the BSD formula for elliptic curves of analytic rank 1. We will discuss how such results are generalized to modular forms. If time allowed we may also explain the possibility to use it to deduce Bloch-Kato conjectures in both analytic rank 0 and 1 cases. In certain aspects such approach should be more powerful than classical Iwasawa theory, and has some potential to attack cases with bad ramification at p.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として,インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of Mathematics と IHES の双方向同時中継で行います.今回は北京からの中継です.)


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Michael Temkin 氏 (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Logarithmic resolution of singularities (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The famous Hironaka's theorem asserts that any integral algebraic variety X of characteristic zero can be modified to a smooth variety X_res by a sequence of blowings up. Later it was shown that one can make this compatible with smooth morphisms Y --> X in the sense that Y_res --> Y is the pullback of X_res --> X. In a joint project with D. Abramovich and J. Wlodarczyk, we construct a new algorithm which is compatible with all log smooth morphisms (e.g. covers ramified along exceptional divisors). We expect that this algorithm will naturally extend to an algorithm of resolution of morphisms to log smooth ones. In particular, this should lead to functorial semistable reduction theorems. In my talk I will tell about main ideas of the classical algorithm and will then discuss logarithmic and stack-theoretic modifications we had to make in the new algorithm.


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
加藤和也 氏 (University of Chicago)
Height functions for motives, Hodge analogues, and Nevanlinna analogues (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We compare height functions for (1) points of an algebraic variety over a number field, (2) motives over a number field, (3) variations of Hodge structure with log degeneration on a projective smooth curve over the complex number field, (4) horizontal maps from the complex plane C to a toroidal partial compactification of the period domain. Usual Nevanlinna theory uses height functions for (5) holomorphic maps f from C to a compactification of an agebraic variety V and considers how often the values of f lie outside V. Vojta compares (1) and (5). In (4), V is replaced by a period domain. The comparisons of (1)--(4) provide many new questions to study.


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Yongquan Hu 氏 (Chinese Academy of Sciences, Morningside Center of Mathematics)
Multiplicity one for the mod p cohomology of Shimura curves (ENGLISH)
[ 講演参考URL ]


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
坂本龍太郎 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
Stark Systems over Gorenstein Rings (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
これは佐野昂迪氏とBarry Mazur氏,Karl Rubin氏によって独立に定義された単項イデアル環上のStark系の一般化になっている.


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Olivier Fouquet 氏 (Université Paris-Sud)
The Equivariant Tamagawa Number Conjecture for modular motives with coefficients in Hecke algebras (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The Equivariant Tamagawa Number Conjecture (ETNC) of Kato is an awe-inspiring web of conjectures predicting the special values of L-functions of motives as well as their behaviors under the action of algebras acting on motives. In this talk, I will explain the statement of the ETNC with coefficients in Hecke algebras for motives attached to modular forms, show some consequences in Iwasawa theory and outline a proof (under mild hypotheses on the residual representation) using a combination of the methods of Euler and Taylor-Wiles systems.


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
加藤大輝 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
Wild ramification and restrictions to curves (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
跡部発 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
A conjecture of Gross-Prasad and Rallis for metaplectic groups (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
p-進簡約代数群の既約スムース表現が generic であるとは、それが Whittaker 模型を持つ時に言う。
Whittaker 模型の一意性により、generic 表現は表現論及び数論の両分野で多くの応用を持つ。
一方で、局所 Langlands 予想 (LLC) は既約スムース表現を L-パラメーターで分類する。
Gross-Prasad は Rallis に触発されて、generic 表現に対応する L-パラメーターの判定法を予想した。
これを Gross-Prasad と Rallis の予想 (GPR) という。
近年、古典群に関して (GPR) は Gan-Ichino により証明された。
本講演では、シンプレクティック群の二重被覆であるメタプレクティック群に関して (GPR) を議論する。


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
Peter Scholze 氏 (University of Bonn)
The geometric Satake equivalence in mixed characteristic (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In order to apply V. Lafforgue's ideas to the study of representations of p-adic groups, one needs a version of the geometric Satake equivalence in that setting. For the affine Grassmannian defined using the Witt vectors, this has been proven by Zhu. However, one actually needs a version for the affine Grassmannian defined using Fontaine's ring B_dR, and related results on the Beilinson-Drinfeld Grassmannian over a self-product of Spa Q_p. These objects exist as diamonds, and in particular one can make sense of the fusion product in this situation; this is a priori surprising, as it entails colliding two distinct points of Spec Z. The focus of the talk will be on the geometry of the fusion product, and an analogue of the technically crucial ULA (Universally Locally Acyclic) condition that works in this non-algebraic setting.


16:40-17:40   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Haoyu Hu 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
Logarithmic ramifications via pull-back to curves (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let X be a smooth variety over a perfect field of characteristic p>0, D a strict normal crossing divisor of X, U the complement of D in X, j:U—>X the canonical injection, and F a locally constant and constructible sheaf of F_l-modules on U (l is a prime number different from p). Using Abbes and Saito’s logarithmic ramification theory, we define a Swan divisor SW(j_!F), which supported on D. Let i:C-->X be a quasi-finite morphism from a smooth curve C to X. Following T. Saito’s idea, we compare the pull-back of SW(j_!F) to C with the Swan divisor of the pull-back of j_!F to C. It answers an expectation of Esnault and Kerz and generalizes the same result of Barrientos for rank 1 sheaves. As an application, we obtain a lower semi-continuity property for Swan divisors of an l-adic sheaf on a smooth fibration, which gives a generalization of Deligne and Laumon’s lower semi-continuity property of Swan conductors of l-adic sheaves on relative curves to higher relative dimensions. This application is a supplement of the semi-continuity of total dimension of vanishing cycles due to T. Saito and the lower semi-continuity of total dimension divisors due to myself and E. Yang.


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Lei Fu 氏 (Tsinghua University)
Deformation and rigidity of $\ell$-adic sheaves (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $X$ be a smooth connected algebraic curve over an algebraically closed field, let $S$ be a finite closed subset in $X$, and let $F_0$ be a lisse $\ell$-torsion sheaf on $X-S$. We study the deformation of $F_0$. The universal deformation space is a formal scheme. Its generic fiber has a rigid analytic space structure. By studying this rigid analytic space, we prove a conjecture of Katz which says that if a lisse $\overline{Q}_\ell$-sheaf $F$ is irreducible and physically rigid, then it is cohomologically rigid in the sense that $\chi(X,j_*End(F))=2$, where $j:X-S\to X$ is the open immersion.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Luc Illusie 氏 (Université Paris-Sud)
On vanishing cycles and duality, after A. Beilinson (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
It was proved by Gabber in the early 1980's that $R\Psi$ commutes with duality, and that $R\Phi$ preserves perversity up to shift. It had been in the folklore since then that this last result was in fact a consequence of a finer one, namely the compatibility of $R\Phi$ with duality. In this talk I'll give a proof of this, using a method explained to me by A. Beilinson.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Emmanuel Ullmo 氏 (Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques)
Flows on Abelian Varieties and Shimura Varieties (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will discuss several questions and some results about algebraic flows, o-minimal flows and holomorphic flows on abelian varieties and Shimura varieties.

(本講演は東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, The Second Sino-French Conference in Arithmetic Geometry, Sanyaより中継します.インターネットによる東大数理,Morningside Center of Mathematics,IHES及びSanyaの双方向同時中継を行います.)


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Yves André 氏 (CNRS, Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu)
Direct summand conjecture and perfectoid Abhyankar lemma: an overview (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
According to Hochster's direct summand conjecture (1973), a regular ring R is a direct summand, as an R-module, of every finite extension ring. We shall outline our recent proof which relies on perfectoid techniques. Similar arguments also establish the existence of big Cohen-Macaulay algebras for complete local domains of mixed characteristics.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理,
Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Uwe Jannsen 氏 (Universität Regensburg, 東京大学数理科学研究科)
Filtered de Rham Witt complexes and wildly ramified higher class field theory over finite fields (joint work with Shuji Saito and Yigeng Zhao) (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
We will consider abelian coverings of smooth projective varieties over finite fields which are wildly ramified along a divisor D with normal crossings, and will describe the corresponding abelianized fundamental group via modified logarithmic de Rham-Witt sheaves.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


16:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 16:00-17:00は002, 17:30-18:30は056号室
Bruno Kahn 氏 (Institut de mathématiques de Jussieu-Paris Rive Gauche) 16:00-17:00
Torsion order of smooth projective surfaces (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
To a smooth projective variety $X$ whose Chow group of $0$-cycles is $\mathbb{Q}$-universally trivial one can associate its torsion order ${\mathrm{Tor}}(X)$, the smallest multiple of the diagonal appearing in a cycle-theoretic decomposition à la Bloch-Srinivas. We show that ${\mathrm{Tor}}(X)$ is the exponent of the torsion in the Néron-Severi-group of $X$ when $X$ is a surface over an algebraically closed field $k$, up to a power of the exponential characteristic of $k$.
Xu Shen 氏 (Morningside Center of Mathematics) 17:30-18:30
Local and global geometric structures of perfectoid Shimura varieties (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we will investigate some geometric structural properties of perfectoid Shimura varieties of abelian type. In the global part, we will construct some minimal and toroidal type compactifications for these spaces, and we will describe explicitly the degeneration of Hodge-Tate period map at the boundaries. In the local part, we will show that each Newton stratum of these perfectoid Shimura varieties can be described by the related (generalized) Rapoport-Zink space and Igusa variety. As a consequence of our local and global constructions, we can compute the stalks of the relative cohomology under the Hodge-Tate period map of the intersection complex (on the minimal compactification), in terms of cohomology of Igusa varieties at the boundary with truncated coefficients.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.今回は北京からの中継です.)


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
片岡武典 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
A consequence of Greenberg's generalized conjecture on Iwasawa invariants of Z_p-extensions (Japanese)


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Wiesława Nizioł 氏 (CNRS & ENS de Lyon)
Syntomic complexes and p-adic nearby cycles (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
I will present a proof of a comparison isomorphism, up to some universal constants, between truncated sheaves of p-adic nearby cycles and syntomic cohomology sheaves on semistable schemes over a mixed characteristic local rings. This generalizes the comparison results of Kato, Kurihara, and Tsuji for small Tate twists (where no constants are necessary) as well as the comparison result of Tsuji that holds over the algebraic closure of the field. This is a joint work with Pierre Colmez.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.今回はパリからの中継です.)


16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
大井雅雄 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
On the endoscopic lifting of simple supercuspidal representations (Japanese)


17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
戸次鵬人 氏 (東京大学数理科学研究科)
On periodicity of geodesic continued fractions (Japanese)


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
玉川安騎男 氏 (京都大学数理解析研究所)
Semisimplicity of geometric monodromy on etale cohomology (joint work with Anna Cadoret and Chun Yin Hui)

[ 講演概要 ]
Let K be a function field over an algebraically closed field of characteritic p \geq 0, X a proper smooth K-scheme, and l a prime distinct from p. Deligne proved that the Q_l-coefficient etale cohomology groups of the geometric fiber of X --> K are always semisimple as G_K-modules. In this talk, we consider a similar problem for the F_l-coefficient etale cohomology groups. Among other things, we show that if p=0 (resp. in general), they are semisimple for all but finitely many l's (resp. for all l's in a set of density 1).

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


17:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Matthew Morrow 氏 (Universität Bonn)
Motivic cohomology of formal schemes in characteristic p
[ 講演概要 ]
The logarithmic Hodge-Witt sheaves of Illusie, Milne, Kato, et al. of a smooth variety in characteristic p provide a concrete realisation of its p-adic motivic cohomology, thanks to results of Geisser-Levine and Bloch-Kato-Gabber which link them to algebraic K-theory. I will explain an analogous theory for formal schemes, as well as applications to algebraic cycles, such as a weak Lefschetz theorem for formal Chow groups.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)


18:00-19:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Ted Chinburg 氏 (University of Pennsylvania & IHES)
Chern classes in Iwasawa theory (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Many of the main conjectures in Iwasawa theory can be phrased as saying that the first Chern class of an Iwasawa module is generated by a p-adic L-series. In this talk I will describe how higher Chern classes pertain to the higher codimension behavior of Iwasawa modules. I'll then describe a template for conjectures which would link such higher Chern classes to elements in the K-theory of Iwasawa algebras which are constructed from tuples of Katz p-adic L-series. I will finally describe an instance in which a result of this kind, for the second Chern class of an unramified Iwasawa module, can be proved over an imaginary quadratic field. This is joint work with F. Bleher, R. Greenberg, M. Kakde, G. Pappas, R. Sharifi and M. J. Taylor.

(本講演は「東京北京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として, インターネットによる東大数理, Morningside Center of MathematicsとIHESの双方向同時中継で行います.)

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