Number Theory Seminar

Seminar information archive ~02/20Next seminarFuture seminars 02/21~

Date, time & place Wednesday 17:00 - 18:00 117Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Organizer(s) Naoki Imai, Shane Kelly

Seminar information archive

2024/01/24

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yong Suk Moon (BIMSA)
Purity for p-adic Galois representations (English)
[ Abstract ]
Given a smooth p-adic formal scheme, Tsuji proved a purity result for crystalline local systems on its generic fiber. In this talk, we will discuss a generalization for log-crystalline local systems on the generic fiber of a semistable p-adic formal scheme. This is based on a joint work with Du, Liu, and Shimizu.

2024/01/10

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuri Yatagawa (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Characteristic cycle and partially logarithmic characteristic cycle of a rank 1 sheaf (Japanese)

2023/12/20

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jinhyun Park (KAIST)
Accessing the big de Rham-Witt complex via algebraic cycles with a vanishing condition (English)
[ Abstract ]
The big de Rham-Witt complexes of certain good rings over a field are known to admit certain motivic descriptions, namely via cycles with a modulus condition, e.g. additive higher Chow groups. This allowed us to define the trace maps on the de Rham-Witt forms in geometric terms, for instance.
Inspired by a lemma of Kato-Saito on the class field theory and Milnor K-groups, in this talk I would introduce a recent attempt in progress, where a version of “vanishing algebraic cycles” is defined over the formal power series k[[t]]. Using these cycles, I would sketch an alternative cycle-theoretic description of the big de Rham-Witt forms.

2023/11/22

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takao Yamazaki (Chuo University)
Torsion birational motives of surfaces and unramified cohomology (Japanese)

2023/11/01

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alex Youcis (University of Tokyo)
Prismatic realization functor for Shimura varieties of abelian type (English)
[ Abstract ]
Shimura varieties are certain classes of schemes which play an important role in various studies of number theory. The Langlands program is one of such examples. While far from known in general, it is expected that Shimura varieties are moduli spaces of certain motives with extra structure. In this talk I discuss joint work with Naoki Imai and Hiroki Kato, which constructs prismatic objects on the integral canonical models of Shimura varieties of abelian type at hyperspecial level. These may be thought of as the prismatic realization of such a hypothetical universal motive. I will also discuss how one can use this object to characterize these integral models, even at finite level.

2023/10/25

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Linus Hamann (Stanford University)
Geometric Eisenstein Series over the Fargues-Fontaine curve (English)
[ Abstract ]
Geometric Eisenstein series were first studied extensively by Braverman-Gaitsgory, Laumon, and Drinfeld, in the context of function field geometric Langlands. For a Levi subgroup M inside a connected reductive group G, they are functors which send Hecke eigensheaves on the moduli stack of M-bundles to Hecke eigensheaves on the moduli stack of G-bundles via certain relative compactifications of the moduli stack of P-bundles. We will discuss what this theory has to offer in the context of the recent Fargues-Scholze geometric Langlands program. Namely, motivated by the results in the function field setting, we will explicate what the analogous results tell us in this setting of the Fargues-Scholze program, as well as discuss various consequences for the cohmology of local and global Shimura varieties, via the relation between local Shimura varieties and the p-adic shtukas appearing in the Fargues-Scholze program.

2023/10/18

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Wansu Kim (KAIST/University of Tokyo)
On Igusa varieties (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we construct Igusa varieties and study some basic properties in the setting of abelian-type Shimura varieties, as well as in the analogous setting for function fields (over shtuka spaces). The is joint work with Paul Hamacher.

2023/07/05

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Thomas Geisser (Rikkyo University)
Duality for motivic cohomology over local fields and applications to class field theory. (English)
[ Abstract ]
We give an outline a (conjectural) construction of cohomology groups for smooth and proper varieties over local fields with values in the heart of the derived category of locally compact groups.
This theory should satisfy a Pontrjagin duality theorem, and for certain weights, we give an ad hoc construction which satisfies such a duality unconditionally.
As an application we discuss class field theory for smooth and proper varieties over local fields.

2023/06/28

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuta Nakayama (University of Tokyo)
The integral models of the RSZ Shimura varieties (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
We prove that the integral models of Shimura varieties by Rapoport, Smithling and Zhang proposed to describe variants of the arithmetic Gan–Gross–Prasad conjecture are isomorphic to the models by Pappas and Rapoport. This extends our previous work that compares the former models and the Kisin–Pappas models. We rely on the construction of the models of Pappas and Rapoport, not on their characterization.

2023/06/21

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Stefan Reppen (Stockholm University)
On moduli of principal bundles under non-connected reductive groups (英語)
[ Abstract ]
Let $C$ be a smooth, connected projective curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0, and let $G$ be a non-connected reductive group over $k$. I will explain how to decompose the stack of $G$-bundles $\text{Bun}_G$ into open and closed substacks $X_i$ which admits finite torsors $\text{Bun}_{\mathcal{G}_i} \to X_i$, for some connected reductive group schemes $\mathcal{G}_i$ over $C$. I explain how to use this to obtain a projective good moduli space of semistable $G$-bundles over $C$, for a suitable notion of semistability. Finally, after stating a result concerning finite subgroups of connected reductive groups over $k$, I explain how to see that essentially finite $H$-bundles are not dense in the moduli space of semistable degree 0 $H$-bundles, for any connected reductive group $H$ not equal to a torus.

2023/06/07

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hirofumi Yamamoto (The University of Tokyo)
On the dimension of spaces of p-ordinary half-integral weight Siegel modular forms
of degree 2 (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
Hecke eigenforms whose eigenvalues at $p$ are $p$-adic units are called $p$-ordinary. The dimension of the spaces spanned by $p$-ordinary Siegel modular eigenforms is known to be bounded regardless of the power of $p$ of levels and weights. Furthermore, Hida showed that the degree is bounded in the case of half-integral weight modular forms, using the Shimura correspondence. In this talk, I will explain that a similar result holds for half-integral weight $p$-ordinary Siegel modular forms of degree 2. Let $F$ be a $p$-ordinary Hecke eigen cuspform, and $\pi_F$ be the corresponding cuspidal representation of $Mp_4(\mathbb{A}_\mathbb{Q})$. Then the weight of $F$ determines the Hecke eigenvalue of $\pi_F$ at $p$. Therefore, we can relate $F$ to $p$-ordinary integral weight Siegel modular forms or elliptic modular forms by using the local theta correspondence and the method of Ishimoto(Ibukiyama conjecture).

2023/05/31

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Daichi Takeuchi (RIKEN)
Quadratic $\ell$-adic sheaf and its Heisenberg group (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
Quadratic Gauss sums are usually defined only for finite fields of odd characteristic. However, it is known that there is a reformulation in which one can uniformly treat the case of even characteristic. In this talk, I will introduce a new class of $\ell$-adic sheaf, which I call quadratic sheaf. This is a sheaf-theoretic enhancement of the reformulation of quadratic Gauss sum, in the sense of the function-sheaf dictionary. After explaining its cohomological properties and consequences, such as a version of Hasse-Davenport relation, I will show that a certain finite Heisenberg group naturally acts on a quadratic sheaf. I will also report various results that can be deduced from this action.

2023/05/17

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ken Sato (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Indecomposable higher Chow cycles on Kummer surfaces (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
The higher Chow group $\mathrm{CH}^p(X,q)$ introduced by Bloch is a generalization of the classical Chow groups. It satisfies many interesting properties, but its structure is still mysterious for almost all varieties when $p$ is greater than 1. In this talk, I will explain the explicit construction of higher Chow cycles in $\mathrm{CH}^2(X,1)$ on a family of Kummer surfaces. By computing their images under the Beilinson regulator map, in very general cases, these cycles generate at least rank 18 subgroup of $\mathrm{CH}^2(X,1)_{\mathrm{ind}}$, which is the quotient of $\mathrm{CH}^2(X,1)$ by the images of the intersection product maps. To compute the images under the regulator map, we use automorphisms of the family and the explicit description of the action of the automorphisms on the Picard-Fuchs differential equations of the family.

2023/05/10

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Guy Henniart (Paris-Sud University)
Swan exponent of Galois representations and fonctoriality for classical groups over p-adic fields (English)
[ Abstract ]
This is joint work with Masao Oi in Kyoto. Let F be a p-adic field for some prime number p,
F^ac an algebraic closure of F, and G_F the Galois group of F^ac/F. A continuous finite dimensional
representation σ (on a complex vector space W) has a Swan exponent s(σ), a non-negative integer
which measures how "wildly ramified" σ is. Langlands functoriality makes it of interest
to compare s(σ) and s(r o σ) when r is an algebraic representation of Aut_C(W). The first cases
for r are the determinant, the adjoint representation, the symmetric square representation and
the alternating square representation. I shall give some relations (inequalities mostly, with
equality in interesting cases) between the Swan exponents of those representations r o σ. I shall
also indicate how such relations can be used to explicit the local Langlands correspondence of
Arthur for some simple cuspidal representations of split classical groups over F.

2023/04/26

18:00-19:30   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Live transmission from IHES, Warning: Start time is one hour later than usual.
Dustin Clausen (Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques)
A Conjectural Reciprocity Law for Realizations of Motives
[ Abstract ]
A motive over a scheme S is a bit of linear algebra which is supposed to "universally" capture the cohomology of smooth proper S-schemes. Motives can be studied via various "realizations", which are objects of more concrete linear algebraic categories attached to S. It is known that over certain S, these different realizations are related to one another via comparison isomorphisms, as in Hodge theory. In this talk, I will try to explain that for completely general S, there is a much more subtle kind of relationship between these realizations, which takes a similar form to classical reciprocity laws in number theory.
[ Reference URL ]
https://indico.math.cnrs.fr/event/9634/

2023/04/19

17:00-18:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nicola Mazzari (University of Padua)
The conjugate uniformization in the semistable case (English)
[ Abstract ]
We will review some recent results by Iovita-Morrow-Zaharescu about p-adic uniformization of abelian varieties with good reduction. Most of it relies on the theory developed by Fontaine especially about almost Cp-representations. These results were recently generalised by Howe-Morrow-Wear, via p-divisible groups.
We will explain how to treat the semistable case with focus on some really basic example, like the Tate elliptic curve.
[ Reference URL ]
https://sites.google.com/site/nclmzzr/

2023/01/18

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Kestutis Cesnavicius (Paris-Saclay University)
The affine Grassmannian as a presheaf quotient (English)
[ Abstract ]
The affine Grassmannian of a reductive group G is usually defined as the étale sheafification of the quotient of the loop group LG by the positive loop subgroup. I will discuss various triviality results for G-torsors which imply that this sheafification is often not necessary.

2023/01/04

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Kazuhiro Ito (The University of Tokyo, Kavli IPMU)
G-displays over prisms and deformation theory (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The notion of display, which was introduced by Zink, has been successfully applied to the deformation theory of p-divisible groups. Recently, for a reductive group G over the ring of p-adic integers, Lau introduced the notion of G-display. In this talk, following the approach of Lau, we study displays and G-displays over the prismatic site of Bhatt-Scholze, and explain the deformation theory for them. As an application, we give an alternative proof of the classification of p-divisible groups over a complete discrete valuation ring of mixed characteristic (0, p) with perfect residue field, using our deformation theory.

2022/11/30

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Xinyao Zhang (University of Tokyo)
The modularity of elliptic curves over some number fields (English)
[ Abstract ]
As a non-trivial case of the Langlands reciprocity conjecture, the modularity of elliptic curves always intrigues number theorists, and a famous result was proved for semistable elliptic curves over \mathbb{Q} by Andrew Wiles, implying Fermat's Last Theorem. In recent years, many new results have been proved using sufficiently powerful modularity lifting theorems. For instance, Thorne proved that elliptic curves over the cyclotomic \mathbb{Z}_p-extension of \mathbb{Q} are modular. In this talk, I will sketch some of these results and try to give a new one that elliptic curves over the cyclotomic \mathbb{Z}_p-extension of a real quadratic field are modular under some technical assumptions.

2022/11/16

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Zijian Yao (University of Chicago)
The eigencurve over the boundary of the weight space (English)
[ Abstract ]
The eigencurve is a geometric object that p-adically interpolates eigenforms of finite slope. The global geometry of the eigencurve is somewhat mysterious, except that over the boundary, it is predicted to behave rather nicely (by the so-called Halo conjecture). This conjecture has been studied by Liu--Wan--Xiao for definite quaternion algebras. In this talk, we will report on some work in progress on this conjecture in the case of GL2. If time permits, we will discuss some generalizations towards groups beyond GL2. This is partially joint with H. Diao.

2022/11/02

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Laurent Fargues (Mathematics Institute of Jussieu–Paris Rive Gauche, University of Tokyo)
Some compact generators of D_{lis} (Bun_G,\Lambda) (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will speak about some aspect of my joint work with Scholze on the geomerization of the local Langlands correspondence. More precisely, I will explain how to construct explicitly some compact generators of the derived category of étale sheaves on Bun_G, the Artin v-stack of G-bundles on the curve. Those compact generators generalize the classical compactly induced representations in the classical local Langlands program. For this we construct some particular charts on Bun_G and this will be the occasion to review some geometric constructions in our joint work.

2022/10/19

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Shane Kelly (University of Tokyo)
A nilpotent variant cdh-topology (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will speak about a version of the cdh-topology which can see nilpotents, and applications to algebraic K-theory. This is joint work in progress with Shuji Saito.

2022/10/12

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Abhinandan (University of Tokyo)
Syntomic complex with coefficients (English)
[ Abstract ]
In the proof of $p$-adic crystalline comparison theorem, one of the most important steps in the approach of Fontaine and Messing is to establish a comparison between syntomic cohomology and p-adic étale cohomology via (Fontaine-Messing) period map. This approach was successfully generalized to the semistable case by Kato and a complete proof of crystalline and semistable comparison theorems for schemes was given by Tsuji. Few years ago, Colmez and Nizioł gave a new interpretation of the (local) Fontaine-Messing period map in terms of complexes of $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-modules and used it to prove semistable comparison theorem for $p$-adic formal schemes. We will present a generalisation (of crystalline version of this interpretation by Colmez and Nizioł) to coefficients arising from relative Fontaine-Laffaille modules of Faltings (on syntomic side) and relative Wach modules introduced by the speaker (on $(\varphi,\Gamma)$-module side).

2022/09/28

17:00-18:00   Hybrid
Jens Eberhardt (University of Wuppertal)
A K-theoretic approach to geometric representation theory (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Perverse sheaves and intersection cohomology are central objects in geometric representation theory. This talk is about their long-lost K-theoretic cousins, called K-motives. We will discuss definitions and basic properties of K-motives and explore potential applications to geometric representation theory. For example, K-motives shed a new light on Beilinson--Ginzburg--Soergel's Koszul duality -- a remarkable symmetry in the representation theory and geometry of two Langlands dual reductive groups. We will see that this new form of Koszul duality does not involve any gradings or mixed geometry which are as essential as mysterious in the classical approaches.

2022/07/20

15:30-18:00   Hybrid
Koji Shimizu (UC Berkeley) 15:30-16:30
Completed prismatic F-crystals and crystalline local systems (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Bhatt and Scholze introduced the absolute prismatic site of a p-adic ring and proved the equivalence of categories between prismatic F-crystals and lattices in crystalline representations in the CDVR case with perfect residue field. We will define a wider category of completed prismatic F-crystals in the relative case and explain its relation to the category of crystalline local systems. This is joint work with Heng Du, Tong Liu, and Yong Suk Moon.
Pierre Houedry (Université de Caen) 17:00-18:00
Twisted differential operators in several variables (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The aim of my presentation is to give an overview of the results I obtained during the first year of my PhD. The theory of $q$-differences equations appeared a long time ago with the Birkhoff's work. It is well understood in the complex setting. In 2004, Lucia Di Vizio and Yves André, in the paper $q$-differences and p-adic local monodromy, gave an equivalence between certain type of $q$-differences equations and a certain type of classical differential equations in the p-adic setting. Recently, Adolfo Quiros, Bernard Le Stum and Michel Gros have been working on a generalization of this result not looking only for $q$-differences equations but also twisted equations in general. The framework that they develop is working for equations in one variable. The goal of my thesis is to generalize those results in several variables.

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