Lie群論・表現論セミナー

過去の記録 ~05/29次回の予定今後の予定 05/30~

開催情報 火曜日 16:30~18:00 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
担当者 小林俊行
セミナーURL https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar.html

過去の記録

2012年07月17日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Eric Opdam 氏 (Universiteit van Amsterdam)
Dirac induction for graded affine Hecke algebras (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In recent joint work with Dan Ciubotaru and Peter Trapa we
constructed a model for the discrete series representations of graded affine Hecke algebras as the index of a Dirac operator.
We discuss the K-theoretic meaning of this result, and the remarkable relation between elliptic character theory of a Weyl group and the ordinary character theory of its Pin cover.

2012年06月12日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
久保利久 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Conformally invariant systems of differential operators of non-Heisenberg parabolic type (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Minkowski space上のwave operatorはconformally invariant operatorの典型的な例である。
近年、Barchini-Kable-Zierauによって1つのdifferential operatorの
conformal invarianceがそのsystemに一般化された (conformally invariant systems)。
このセミナーではmaximal non-Heisenberg parabolicを使って、
その様なsecond order differential operatorのsystemを作りたい。
またconformally invariant systemは、あるgeneralized Verma module間のhomomorphismを誘導するが、もし時間が許せばそれについても述べたい。

2012年06月05日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
GCOE lectures
Yves Benoist 氏 (CNRS and Orsay)
Random walk on reductive groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The asymptotic behavior of the sum of real numbers chosen independantly with same probability law is controled by many classical theorems: Law of Large Numbers, Central Limit Theorem, Law of Iterated Logarithm, Local Limit Theorem, Large deviation Principle, 0-1 Law,... In these introductory talks I will recall these classical results and explain their analogs for products of matrices chosen independantly with same probability law, when the action of the support of the law is semisimple. We will see that the dynamics of the corresponding action on the flag variety is a crucial tool for studying these non-commutative random walks.

2011年12月13日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Hung Yean Loke 氏 (National University of Singapore)
Local Theta lifts of unitary lowest weight modules to the indefinite orthogonal groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]

In this talk, I will discuss the local theta lifts of unitary lowest weight modules of $Sp(2p,R)$ to the indefinite orthogonal group $O(n,m)$. In a previous paper, Nishiyama and Zhu computed the associated cycles when the dual pair $Sp(2p,R) \\times O(m,n)$ lies in the stable range, ie. $2p \\leq \\min(m,n)$. In this talk, I will report on a joint work with Jiajun Ma and U-Liang Tang at NUS where we extend the computation beyond the stable range. Our approach is to analyze the coherent sheaves generated by the graded modules.
We will also need the Kobayashi's projection formula for discretely decomposable restrictions. Our study produces some interesting formulas on the $K$-types of the representations. In particular for some of these representations, the $K$-types formulas agree those in a conjecture of Vogan on the unipotent representations.

2011年12月13日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Hung Yean Loke 氏 (National University of Singapore)
Local Theta lifts of unitary lowest weight modules to the indefinite orthogonal groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]

In this talk, I will discuss the local theta lifts of unitary lowest weight modules of $Sp(2p,R)$ to the indefinite orthogonal group $O(n,m)$. In a previous paper, Nishiyama and Zhu computed the associated cycles when the dual pair $Sp(2p,R) \\times O(m,n)$ lies in the stable range, ie. $2p \\leq \\min(m,n)$. In this talk, I will report on a joint work with Jiajun Ma and U-Liang Tang at NUS where we extend the computation beyond the stable range. Our approach is to analyze the coherent sheaves generated by the graded modules.
We will also need the Kobayashi's projection formula for discretely decomposable restrictions. Our study produces some interesting formulas on the $K$-types of the representations. In particular for some of these representations, the $K$-types formulas agree those in a conjecture of Vogan on the unipotent representations.

2011年11月29日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Daniel Sternheimer 氏 (Rikkyo Univertiry and Université de Bourgogne)
Symmetries, (their) deformations, and physics: some perspectives and open problems from half a century of personal experience (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
This is a flexible general framework, based on quite a number of papers, some of which are reviewed in:
MR2285047 (2008c:53079) Sternheimer, Daniel. The geometry of space-time and its deformations from a physical perspective. From geometry to quantum mechanics, 287–301, Progr. Math., 252, Birkhäuser Boston, Boston, MA, 2007
http://monge.u-bourgogne.fr/d.sternh/papers/PiMOmori-DS.pdf

2011年11月22日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
奥田隆幸 氏 (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo)
Smallest complex nilpotent orbit with real points (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $\\mathfrak{g}$ be a non-compact simple Lie algebra with no complex
structures.
In this talk, we show that there exists a complex nilpotent orbit
$\\mathcal{O}^{G_\\mathbb{C}}_{\\text{min},\\mathfrak{g}}$ in
$\\mathfrak{g}_\\mathbb{C}$ ($:=\\mathfrak{g} \\otimes \\mathbb{C}$)
containing all of real nilpotent orbits in $\\mathfrak{g}$ of minimal
positive dimension.
For many $\\mathfrak{g}$, the orbit
$\\mathcal{O}^{G_\\mathbb{C}}_{\\text{min},\\mathfrak{g}}$ is just the
complex minimal nilpotent orbit in $\\mathfrak{g}_\\mathbb{C}$.
However, for the cases where $\\mathfrak{g}$ is isomorphic to
$\\mathfrak{su}^*(2k)$, $\\mathfrak{so}(n-1,1)$, $\\mathfrak{sp}(p,q)$,
$\\mathfrak{e}_{6(-26)}$ or $\\mathfrak{f}_{4(-20)}$,
the orbit $\\mathcal{O}^{G_\\mathbb{C}}_{\\text{min},\\mathfrak{g}}$ is not
the complex minimal nilpotent orbit in $\\mathfrak{g}_\\mathbb{C}$.
We also determine $\\mathcal{O}^{G_\\mathbb{C}}_{\\text{min},\\mathfrak{g}}$
by describing the weighted Dynkin diagrams of these for such cases.

2011年11月15日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Laurant Demonet 氏 (Nagoya University)
Categorification of cluster algebras arising from unipotent subgroups of non-simply laced Lie groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We introduce an abstract framework to categorify some antisymetrizable cluster algebras by using actions of finite groups on stably 2-Calabi-Yau exact categories. We introduce the notion of the equivariant category and, with similar technics as in [K], [CK], [GLS1], [GLS2], [DK], [FK], [P], we construct some examples of such categorifications. For example, if we let Z/2Z act on the category of representations of the preprojective algebra of type A2n-1 via the only non trivial action on the diagram, we obtain the cluster structure on the coordinate ring of the maximal unipotent subgroup of the semi-simple Lie group of type Bn [D]. Hence, we can get relations between the cluster algebras categorified by some exact subcategories of these two categories. We also prove by the same methods as in [FK] a conjecture of Fomin and Zelevinsky stating that the cluster monomials are linearly independent.

References
[CK] P. Caldero, B. Keller, From triangulated categories to cluster algebras, Invent. Math. 172 (2008), no. 1, 169--211.
[DK] R. Dehy, B. Keller, On the combinatorics of rigid objects in 2-Calabi-Yau categories, arXiv: 0709.0882.
[D] L. Demonet, Cluster algebras and preprojective algebras: the non simply-laced case, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, Ser. I 346 (2008), 379--384.
[FK] C. Fu, B. Keller, On cluster algebras with coefficients and 2-Calabi-Yau categories, arXiv: 0710.3152.
[GLS1] C. Geiss, B. Leclerc, J. Schröer, Rigid modules over preprojective algebras, Invent. Math. 165 (2006), no. 3, 589--632.
[GLS2] C. Geiss, B. Leclerc, J. Schröer, Cluster algebra structures and semicanoncial bases for unipotent groups, arXiv: math/0703039.
[K] B. Keller, Categorification of acyclic cluster algebras: an introduction, arXiv: 0801.3103.
[P] Y. Palu, Cluster characters for triangulated 2-Calabi--Yau categories, arXiv: math/0703540.

2011年10月25日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
大島芳樹 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
コホモロジカル誘導の局所化 (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
コホモロジカル誘導は(g,K)-加群に対して代数的に定義され、半単純リー群の離散系列表現、主系列表現(のHarish-Chandra加 群)、Zuckerman加群などを生成する。
Borel部分代数の1次元表現からの誘導の場合、誘導された表現は旗多様体のD加群を用いて実現できることが,Hecht, Milicic, Schmid, Wolfにより示されている。
講演では、より一般の表現からの誘導についてこの結果を拡張することを考える。

2011年06月07日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
トポロジー火曜セミナーと合同で行います
金井雅彦 氏 (東京大学)
Rigidity of group actions via invariant geometric structures
(JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
It is a homomorphism into a FINITE dimensional Lie group that is concerned with in the classical RIGIDITY theorems such as those of Mostow and Margulis. In the meantime, differentiable GROUP ACTIONS for which we ask rigidity problems is a homomorphism into a diffeomorphism group, which is a typical example of INFINITE dimensional Lie groups. The purpose of the present talk is exhibiting several rigidity theorems for group actions in which I have been involved for years. Although quite a few fields of mathematics, such as ergodic theory, the theory of smooth dynamical systems, representation theory and so on, have made remarkable contributions to rigidity problems, I would rather emphasis geometric aspects: I would focus on those rigidity phenomenon for group actions that are observed by showing that the actions have INVARIANT GEOMETRIC STRUCTURES.

2011年05月31日(火)

16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
栗原 大武 氏 (東北大学大学院理学研究科)
On character tables of association schemes based on attenuated
spaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
An association scheme is a pair of a finite set $X$
and a set of relations $\\{R_i\\}_{0\\le i\\le d}$
on $X$ which satisfies several axioms of regularity.
The notion of association schemes is viewed as some axiomatized
properties of transitive permutation groups in terms of combinatorics, and also the notion of association schemes is regarded as a generalization of the subring of the group ring spanned by the conjugacy classes of finite groups.
Thus, the theory of association schemes had been developed in the
study of finite permutation groups and representation theory.
To determine the character tables of association schemes is an
important first step to a systematic study of association schemes, and is helpful toward the classification of those schemes.

In this talk, we determine the character tables of association schemes based on attenuated spaces.
These association schemes are obtained from subspaces of a given
dimension in attenuated spaces.

2011年05月24日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
椋野純一 氏 (名古屋大学)
Properly discontinuous isometric group actions on inhomogeneous Lorentzian manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
If a homogeneous space $G/H$ is acted properly discontinuously
upon by a subgroup $\\Gamma$ of $G$ via the left action, the quotient space $\\Gamma \\backslash G/H$ is called a
Clifford--Klein form. In 1962, E. Calabi and L. Markus proved that there is no infinite subgroup of the Lorentz group $O(n+1, 1)$ whose left action on the de Sitter space $O(n+1, 1)/O(n, 1)$ is properly discontinuous.
It follows that a compact Clifford--Klein form of the de Sitter space never exists.
In this talk, we present a new extension of the theorem of E. Calabi and L. Markus to a certain class of Lorentzian manifolds that are not necessarily homogeneous.

2011年04月26日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
トポロジー火曜セミナーと合同です。いつもと場所が違います
吉野太郎 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Topological Blow-up (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Suppose that a Lie group $G$ acts on a manifold
$M$. The quotient space $X:=G\\backslash M$ is locally compact,
but not Hausdorff in general. Our aim is to understand
such a non-Hausdorff space $X$.
The space $X$ has the crack $S$. Rougly speaking, $S$ is
the causal subset of non-Hausdorffness of $X$, and especially
$X\\setminus S$ is Hausdorff.

We introduce the concept of `topological blow-up' as a `repair'
of the crack. The `repaired' space $\\tilde{X}$ is
locally compact and Hausdorff space containing $X\\setminus S$
as its open subset. Moreover, the original space $X$ can be
recovered from the pair of $(\\tilde{X}, S)$.

2011年01月18日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
いつもと開始時刻がことなります
Pierre Clare 氏 (Universite Orleans and the University of Tokyo)
Connections between Noncommutative Geometry and Lie groups
representations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
One of the principles of Noncommutative Geometry is to study singular spaces that the tools of classical analysis like algebras of continuous functions fail to describe, replacing them by more general C*-algebras. After recalling fundamental facts about C*-algebras, Hilbert modules and group C*-algebras, we will present constructions and results aiming to understand principal series representations and Knapp-Stein theory in the noncommutative geometrical framework. Eventually we will explain the relationship between the analysis of reduced group C*-algebras and the computation of the Connes-Kasparov isomorphisms.

2010年12月21日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
直井克之 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Some relation between the Weyl module and the crystal basis of the tensor product of fudamental representations (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
The Lie algebra defined by the tensor product of a simple Lie algebra and a polynomial ring is called the current algebra, and the Weyl module is defined by a finite dimensional module of the current algebra having some universal property.
The fundamental representation is a irreducible, finite dimensional, level zero integrable representation of the quantized affine algebra, and it is known that this module has a crystal basis.
If the simple Lie algebra is of ADE type, Fourier and Littelamnn has shown that the Weyl module is isomorphic to a module called the Demazure module.
Using this fact, we can easily see that the (\\mathbb{Z}-graded) characters of the Weyl module and the crystal basis of the tensor product of fundamental representations coincides.
In my talk, I will introduce the generalization of this result in the non-simply laced case.
In this case, the result of Fourier and Littelmann does not necessarily true, but we can show the characters of two objects also coincide in this case.
This fact is shown using the Demazure modules and its ``crystal basis'' called the Demazure crystals.

2010年11月02日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Michael Eastwood 氏 (University of Adelaide)
Twistor theory and the harmonic hull (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Harmonic functions are real-analytic and so automatically extend from being functions of real variables to being functions of complex variables. But how far do they extend? This question may be answered by twistor theory, the Penrose transform, and associated geometry. I shall base the constructions on a formula of Bateman from 1904. This is joint work with Feng Xu.

2010年10月26日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Daniel Sternheimer 氏 (Keio University and Institut de Mathematiques de Bourgogne)
Some instances of the reasonable effectiveness (and limitations) of symmetries and deformations in fundamental physics (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we survey some applications of group theory and deformation theory (including quantization) in mathematical physics. We start with sketching applications of rotation and discrete groups representations in molecular physics (``dynamical" symmetry breaking in crystals, Racah-Flato-Kibler; chains of groups and symmetry breaking). These methods led to the use of ``classification Lie groups" (``internal symmetries") in particle physics. Their relation with space-time symmetries will be discussed. Symmetries are naturally deformed, which eventually brought to Flato's deformation philosophy and the realization that quantization can be viewed as a deformation, including the many avatars of deformation quantization (such as quantum groups and quantized spaces). Nonlinear representations of Lie groups can be viewed as deformations (of their linear part), with applications to covariant nonlinear evolution equations. Combining all these suggests an Ansatz based on Anti de Sitter space-time and group, a deformation of the Poincare group of Minkowski space-time, which could eventually be quantized, with possible implications in particle physics and cosmology. Prospects for future developments between mathematics and physics will be indicated.
[ 参考URL ]
https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~toshi/seminar/ut-seminar2010.html

2010年09月01日(水)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
いつもと場所が違います
Bernhard M\"uhlherr 氏 (Justus-Liebig-Universit\"at Giessen)
Groups of Kac-Moody type (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Groups of Kac-Moody type are natural generalizations of Kac-Moody groups over fields in the sense that they have an RGD-system. This is a system of subgroups indexed by the roots of a root system and satisfying certain commutation relations.
Roughly speaking, there is a one-to-one correspondence between groups of Kac-Moody type and Moufang twin buildings. This correspondence was used in the last decade to prove several group theoretic results on RGD-systems and in particular on Kac-
Moody groups over fields.

In my talk I will explain RGD-systems and how they provide twin
buildings in a natural way. I will then present some of the group theoretic applications mentioned above and describe how twin buildings are used as a main tool in their proof.

2010年07月15日(木)

14:30-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
いつもと曜日、場所、開始時刻が異なります。
Soo Teck Lee 氏 (Singapore National University)
Pieri rule and Pieri algebras for the orthogonal groups (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]

The irreducible rational representations of the complex orthogonal
group $\\mathrm{O}_n$ are labeled by a certain set of Young diagrams,
and we denote the representation corresponding to the Young diagram
$D$ by $\\sigma^D_n$. Consider the tensor product
$\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n$ of two such representations. It can
be decomposed as
\\[\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n=\\bigoplus_Fm_F\\sigma^F_n,\\]
where for each Young diagram $F$ in the sum, $m_F$ is the
multiplicity of $\\sigma^F_n$ in $\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n$. In
the case when the Young diagram $E$ consists of only one row, a
description of the multiplicities in $\\sigma^D_n\\otimes\\sigma^E_n$
is called the {\\em Pieri Rule}. In this talk, I shall describe a
family of algebras whose structure encodes a generalization of the
Pieri Rule.

2010年06月08日(火)

17:00-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
金行壮二 氏 (Sophia University)
Automorphism groups of causal Makarevich spaces (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let G^ be a simple Lie group of Hermitian type and U^ be a maximal parabolic subgroup of G^ with abelian nilradical. The flag manifold M^= G^/ U^ is the Shilov
boundary of an irreducible bounded symmetric domain of tube type. M^ has the G-invariant causal structure. A causal Makarevich space is, by definition, an open symmetric G-orbit M in M^, endowed with the causal structure induced from that
of the ambient space M^, G being a reductive subgroup of G^. All symmetric cones fall in the class of causal Makarevich spaces.
In this talk, we determine the causal automorphism groups of all causal Makarevich spaces.

2010年05月25日(火)

17:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
5月24日(月)-28日(金)に平賀氏の集中講義が行われます

平賀郁 氏
(京都大学)
On endoscopy, packets, and invariants (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
The theory of endoscopy came out of the Langlands functoriality and the trace formula.
In this talk, I will briefly explain what the endoscopy is, and talk about packet, formal degree and Whittaker normalization of transfer.
I would like to talk about the connection between these topics and the endoscopy.

2010年05月18日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
B. Speh 氏 (Cornel University)
On the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on locally symmetric hyperbolic spaces (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
A famous Theorem of Selberg says that the non-zero eigenvalues of the Laplacian acting on functions on quotients of the upper half plane H by congruence subgroups of the integral modular group, are bounded away from zero, as the congruence subgroup varies. Analogous questions on Laplacians acting on differential forms of higher degree on locally symmetric spaces (functions may be thought of as differential forms of degree zero) have geometric implications for the cohomology of the locally symmetric space.

Let $X$ be the real hyperbolic n-space and $\\Gamma \\subset $ SO(n, 1) a congruence arithmetic subgroup. Bergeron conjectured that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian acting on the differential forms on $ X / \\Gamma $ are bounded from the below by a constant independent of the congruence subgroup. In the lecture I will show how one can use representation theory to show that this conjecture is true provided that it is true in the middle degree.

This is joint work with T.N. Venkataramana


2010年05月11日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
松本久義 氏 (東京大学)
On a finite $W$-algebra module structure on the space of
continuous Whittaker vectors for an irreducible Harish-Chandra module (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let $G$ be a real reductive Lie group. The space of continuous Whittaker vectors for an irreducible Harish-Chandra module has a structure of a module over a finite $W$-algebra. We have seen such modules are irreducible for groups of type A. However, there is a counterexample to the naive conjecture. We discuss a refined version of the conjecture and further examples in this talk.

2010年04月27日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
大島芳樹 氏 (東京大学)
Vogan-Zuckerman加群の対称部分群に関する制限 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
We study the restriction of Vogan-Zuckerman derived functor modules $A_\\frak{q}(\\lambda)$ to symmetric subgroups.
An algebraic condition for the discrete decomposability of
$A_\\frak{q}(\\lambda)$ was given by Kobayashi, which offers a framework for the detailed study of branching law.
In this talk, when $A_\\frak{q}(\\lambda)$ is discretely decomposable,
we construct some of irreducible components occurring in the branching law and determine their associated variety.

2010年04月20日(火)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
奥田 隆幸 氏 (東京大学)
半単純対称空間におけるSL(2,R)の固有な作用 (JAPANESE)
[ 講演概要 ]
SL(2,R)が固有に作用しうる複素既約対称空間は、手塚勝貴氏によって分類されてい
る。この講演ではその一般化として、複素でない場合も含めた半単純対称空間で、SL(2,R)が固有に作用しうるものの分類を紹介する。

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