代数幾何学セミナー

過去の記録 ~07/24次回の予定今後の予定 07/25~

開催情報 金曜日 13:30~15:00 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/117号室
担当者 權業 善範、中村 勇哉、田中 公

過去の記録

2024年07月04日(木)

13:00-14:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/118号室
Stefan Reppen 氏 (東京大学)
On a principle of Ogus: the Hasse invariant's order of vanishing and "Frobenius and the Hodge filtration'' (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In joint work with W. Goldring we generalize a result of Ogus that, under certain technical conditions, the vanishing order of the Hasse invariant of a family $Y/X$ of $n$-dimensional Calabi-Yau varieties in characteristic $p$ at a point $x$ of $X$ equals the "conjugate line position" of $H^n_{\dR}(Y/X)$ at $x$, i.e. the largest $i$ such that the line of the conjugate filtration is contained in $\text{Fil}^i$ of the Hodge filtration. For every triple $(G,\mu,r)$ consisting of a connected, reductive $\mathbb{F}_p$-group $G$, a cocharacter $\mu \in X_*(G)$ and an $\mathbb{F}_p$-representation $r$ of $G$, we state a generalized Ogus Principle. If $\zeta:X \to \GZip^{\mu}$ is a smooth morphism, then the group theoretic Ogus Principle implies an Ogus Principle on $X$. We deduce an Ogus Principle for several Hodge and abelian-type Shimura varieties and the moduli space of K3 surfaces. In the talk I will present this work.

2024年06月28日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/117号室
吉野太郎 氏 (東京大学)
Stable rationality of hypersurfaces in mock toric varieties (日本語)
[ 講演概要 ]
In recent years, there has been a development in approaching rationality problems through motivic methods. This approach requires the explicit construction of degeneration families over curves with favorable properties. However, the specific construction is generally difficult. Nicaise and Ottem combined combinatorial methods to construct degeneration families of hypersurfaces in toric varieties and mentioned the stable rationality of a very general hypersurface in projective spaces. In this talk, we mention the following two points: First, I introduce the notion of mock toric varieties, which are generalizations of toric varieties. Second, I combinatorially construct degeneration families of hypersurfaces in mock toric varieties, and I mention the irrationality of a very general hypersurface in the complex Grassmannian variety Gr(2, n).

2024年06月21日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
Kien Nguyen Huu 氏 (Normandie Université/KU Leuven)
ON THE POWER SERIES OF DENEF AND LOESER'S MOTIVIC VANISHING CYCLES OF JET POLYNOMIALS (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Let f be a non-constant polynomial in n variables over a field k of characteristic
0. Denef and Loeser introduced the notion of motivic vanishing cycles of f as an element in
the localization Mμˆ of the Grothendieck ring Kμˆ(Var ) of k-varieties with a good action of k0k
μˆ := lim μm by inverting the affne line equipped with the trivial action of μˆ, where μm
is the group scheme over k of mth roots of unity. In particular, if k is the field of complex
numbers then Denef and Loeser showed that their motivic vanishing cycles and the complex
φf [n − 1] has the same Hodge characteristic, where φf is the complex of vanishing cycles
in the usual sense. Motivated by the Igusa conjecture for exponential sums and the strong
monodromy conjecture, we introduce the notion of Poincaré series of Denef-Loeser's van-
ishing cycles of jet polynomials of f, where jet polynomials of f are polynomials appearing
naturally when we compute the jet schemes of f. By using Davison-Meinhardt's conjecture
which was proved by Nicaise and Payne in 2019, we can show that our Poincaré series is a
rational function over a quotient ring of Mμˆ by very natural relations. In particular, we can k
recovery Denef and Loeser's motivic vanishing cycles from our Poincaré series. Moreover, we can show that our Poincaré series owns a universal property in the sense that if k is a number field then the Igusa local zeta functions, the motivic Igusa zeta functions, the Poincaré series of exponential sums modulo pm of f can be obtained from our Poincaré se- ries by suitable specialization maps preserving the rationality. If time permits, I will present some initial consequences that have arisen during the study of our Poincaré series.

2024年06月07日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
Ivan Cheltsov 氏 (University of Edinburgh)
K-stability of pointless Fano 3-folds (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we will show how to prove that all pointless smooth Fano 3-folds defined over a subfield of the field of complex numbers are Kahler-Einstein unless they belong to 8 exceptional deformation families. This is a joint work in progress with Hamid Abban (Nottingham) and Frederic Mangolte (Marseille).

2024年05月24日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
佐藤謙太 氏 (九州大学)
Boundedness of weak Fano threefolds with fixed Gorenstein index in positive characteristic
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we give a partial affirmative answer to the BAB conjecture for 3-folds in characteristic p>5. Specifically, we prove that a set of weak Fano 3-folds over an uncountable algebraically closed field is bounded, if each element X satisfies certain conditions regarding the Gorenstein index, a complement and Kodaira type vanishing. In the course of the proof, we also study a uniform lower bound for Seshadri constants of nef and big invertible sheaves on projective 3-folds.

2024年05月17日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
松本 雄也 氏 (東京理科大学)
非分離Kummer曲面 (日本語)
[ 講演概要 ]
Kummer曲面Km(A)とは,+-1倍写像によるアーベル曲面Aの商の最小特異点解消として得られる曲面である.Aが標数≠2の場合(resp. 標数2で,超特異ではない場合)は,Km(A)はK3曲面であり,例外曲線は互いに交わらない(resp. 所定の交わり方をする)16本の有理曲線である.Aが標数2で超特異の場合はKm(A)はK3曲面にならない.また,Km(A)が標数2の超特異K3曲面になることはない.

本講演では,標数2の超特異K3曲面とその上の16本の有理曲線で所定の交わり方をするものに対し,非分離2重被覆Aを構成することができること,Aは非特異部分に群構造が入り「アーベル曲面もどき」になることを示す.Aの分類のために,RDP K3曲面のRDPの補集合から最小特異点解消への B_n \Omega^1(Cartier作用素を何回か適用すると消える1次微分形式の層)の延長に関する結果を用いるので,これにも言及したい.
プレプリントは https://arxiv.org/abs/2403.02770 でご覧いただけます.

2024年04月26日(金)

14:00-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
河上 龍郎 氏 (京都大学)
Frobenius stable Grauert-Riemenschneider vanishing fails (日本語)
[ 講演概要 ]
We show that the Frobenius stable version of Grauert-Riemenschneider vanishing fails for a terminal 3-fold in characteristic 2. To prove this, we introduce the notion of $F_p$-rationality for singularities in positive characteristic, and prove that 3-dimensional klt singularities are $\mathbb F_p$-rational. I will also talk about the vanishing of $F_p$-cohomologies of log Fano threefolds. This is joint work with Jefferson Baudin and Fabio Bernasconi.

2023年12月15日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 118号室
石井 志保子 氏 (東京大学)
On a pair of a smooth variety and a multi-ideal with a real exponent in positive characteristic (日本語)
[ 講演概要 ]
In birational geometry, the behaviors of the invariants, mld (minimal log discrepancy) and lct (log canonical threshold), play important roles. These invariants are studied well in case the base field is characteristic zero, but not so in positive characteristic case. In this talk, I work on a pair consisting of smooth variety and a multi-ideal with a real exponent over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic. We reduce some behaviors of the invariants for such pairs in positive characteristic case into characteristic zero.

2023年11月24日(金)

14:00-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
Haidong Liu 氏 (Sun Yat-sen University)
On Kawamata-Miyaoka type inequality
[ 講演概要 ]
For klt projective varieties with nef and big canonical divisors, there exists a Miyaoka-Yau type inequality concerning the first and the second Chern classes. In this talk, I will present a Kawamata-Miyaoka type inequality for terminal Q-Fano varieties, which is a mirror version of the Miyaoka-Yau type inequality. This is a joint work with Jie Liu.

2023年10月16日(月)

14:00-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Lena Ji 氏 (University of Michigan)
Symmetries of Fano varieties
[ 講演概要 ]
Prokhorov and Shramov proved that the BAB conjecture (which Birkar later proved) implies the uniform Jordan property for automorphism groups of complex Fano varieties of fixed dimension. This property in particular gives an upper bound on the size of semi-simple groups (meaning those with no non-trivial normal abelian subgroups) acting faithfully on n-dimensional complex Fano varieties, and this bound only depends on n. In this talk, we investigate the consequences of a large action by a particular semi-simple group: the symmetric group. This work is joint with Louis Esser and Joaquín Moraga.

2023年07月28日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/002号室
(7/11更新) 中止となりました。来学期への延期を検討しています。
石井 志保子 氏 (東京大学)
TBA

2023年07月21日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
普段と部屋が異なります。
江尻 祥 氏 (大阪公立大学)
The Demailly--Peternell--Schneider conjecture is true in positive characteristic
[ 講演概要 ]
In 1993, Demailly, Peternell and Schneider conjectured that the Albanese morphism of a compact K\"{a}hler manifold with nef anti-canonical divisor is surjective. For smooth projective varieties of characteristic zero, the conjecture was verified by Zhang in 1996. In positive characteristic, the conjecture was solved under the assumption that the geometric generic fiber F of the Albanese morphism has only mild singularities. However, F may have bad singularities even if we restrict ourselves to the case when the anti-canonical divisor is nef. In this talk, we prove the conjecture in positive characteristic without any extra assumption. We also discuss properties of the Albanese morphism, such as flatness or local isotriviality. This talk is based on joint work with Zsolt Patakfalvi.

2023年06月28日(水)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
(6/27更新) 講演者の都合で中止となりました。
松澤 陽介 氏 (大阪公立大学)
Preimages question and dynamical cancellation
[ 講演概要 ]
Pulling back an invariant subvariety by a self-morphism on projective variety, you will get a tower of increasing closed subsets. Working over a number field, we expect that the set of rational points contained in this increasing subsets eventually stabilizes. I am planning to discuss several results on this problem, such as the case of etale morphisms, morphisms on the product of two P^1. I will also present some counter examples that occur when we drop some of the assumptions. This work is based on a joint work with Matt Satriano and Jason Bell, and recent work in progress with Kaoru Sano.

2023年06月23日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/117号室
柴田 康介 氏 (東京電機大学)
Minimal log discrepnacies for quotient singularities
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, I will discuss recent joint work with Yusuke Nakamura on minimal log discrepancies for quotient singularities. The minimal log discrepancy is an important invariant of singularities in birational geometry. The denominator of the minimal log discrepancy of a variety depends on the Gorenstein index. On the other hand, Shokurov conjectured that the Gorenstein index of a Q-Gorenstein germ can be bounded in terms of its dimension and minimal log discrepancy. In this talk, I will explain basic properties for quotient singularities and show Shokurov's index conjecture for quotient singularities.

2023年06月14日(水)

14:00-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
普段と曜日・時間・場所が異なります。
Wenliang Zhang 氏 (University of Illinois Chicago)
Vanishing of local cohomology modules
[ 講演概要 ]
Studying the vanishing of local cohomology modules has a long and rich history, and is still an active research area. In this talk, we will discuss classic theorems (due to Grothendieck, Hartshorne, Peskine-Szpiro, and Ogus), recent developments, and some open problems.

2023年06月07日(水)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
普段と曜日と部屋が異なります.
呼子 笛太郎 氏 (名古屋大学)
Quasi-F-splitting and Hodge-Witt
[ 講演概要 ]
Quasi-F-splitting is an extension of F-splitting, which is defined for schemes in positive characteristic. On the other hand, Hodge-Wittness is defined for smooth proper schemes over a perfect field using the de Rham-Witt complex and ordinarity implies Hodge-Wittness. In this talk, I will explain (unexpected) relations between F-split/quasi-F-split and ordinary/Hodge-Witt via examples and properties.

2023年05月26日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/117号室
吉川 翔 氏 (東京工業大学, 理研)
Varieties in positive characteristic with numerically flat tangent bundle
[ 講演概要 ]
The positivity condition imposed on the tangent bundle of a smooth projective variety is known to restrict the geometric structure of the variety. Demailly, Peternell and Schneider established a decomposition theorem for a smooth projective complex variety with nef tangent bundle. The theorem states that, up to an etale cover, such a variety has a smooth fibration admitting a smooth algebraic fiber space over an abelian variety whose fibers are Fano varieties, so one can say that such a variety decomposes into the "positive” part and the "flat” part. A positive characteristic analog of the above decomposition theorem was proved by Kanemitsu and Watanabe. The "flat” part of their theorem is a smooth projective variety with numerically flat tangent bundle. In this talk, I will introduce the result that every ordinary variety with numerically flat tangent bundle is an etale quotient of an ordinary Abelian variety. In particular, we obtain the decomposition theorem for Frobenius splitting varieties with nef tangent bundle. This talk is based on joint work with Sho Ejiri.

2023年05月10日(水)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
Jakub Witaszek 氏 (Princeton University)
Singularities in mixed characteristic via the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In my talk, I will start by reviewing how various properties of characteristic zero singularities can be understood topologically by ways of the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence. After that, I will explain how similar ideas can be applied in the study of mixed characteristic singularities. This is based on a joint work (in progress) with Bhargav Bhatt, Linquan Ma, Zsolt Patakfalvi, Karl Schwede, Kevin Tucker, and Joe Waldron.

2023年04月28日(金)

13:30-15:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/117号室
吉野太郎 氏 (東大数理)
On the degree of irrationality of complete intersections (Japanese )
[ 講演概要 ]
The degree of irrationality of a variety X is the minimum degree of a dominant, generically finite rational map from X to a rational variety. This invariant gives a measure of how far X is from being rational. There were some varieties whose degree of irrationality was computed. For example, in 2017, Bastianelli, De Poi, Ein, Lazarsfeld, and Ullery computed the degree of irrationality of very general hypersurfaces of general type by using the positivity of the canonical line bundle. On the other hand, in 2020, Chen and Stapleton obtained the lower bound of the degree of irrationality of very general Fano hypersurfaces by using the reduction of modulo p.
In this talk, we will show that we can obtain the lower bound of the degree of irrationality of very general Fano complete intersections. For obtaining the bound, we make a minor adjustment to Chen--Stapleton's method using the trace map of differential modules.
This talk is based on joint work with Lucas Braune.

2023年04月21日(金)

14:00-15:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 117号室
ハイブリッド開催
河上 龍郎 氏 (京都大学)
Endomorphisms of varieties and Bott vanishing (Japanese)
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk, we show that a projective variety with an int-amplified endomorphism of degree invertible in the base field satisfies Bott vanishing. This is a new way to analyze which varieties have nontrivial endomorphisms. In particular, we extend some classification results on varieties admitting endomorphisms (for Fano threefolds of Picard number one and several other cases) to any characteristic. This talk is based on joint work with Burt Totaro.

2023年04月21日(金)

12:45-13:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/117号室
Sung Rak Choi 氏 (Yonsei University )
ACC of plc thresholds (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The notion of potential pairs was developed as a means to bound the singularities while running the anti-MMP. They behave similarly with the usual klt, lc pairs.
We introduce potential log canonical threshold and prove that the set of these thresholds also satisfies the ascending chain condition (ACC). We also study the relation with the complements. This is a joint work with Sungwook Jang.

2023年03月28日(火)

10:00-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/056号室
Paolo Cascini 氏 (Imperial College London)
On the canonical bundle formula in positive characteristic (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
In a previous work in collaboration with F. Ambro, V. Shokurov and C. Spicer, we show that algebraically integrable foliations can be used to study the canonical bundle formula for fibrations which are not necessarily lc trivial.
I will discuss a work in progress by M. Benozzo on a generalisation of these results in positive characteristic.

2023年03月10日(金)

13:15-14:45   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) ハイブリッド開催/123号室
Paolo Cascini 氏 (Imperical College London)
On existence of flips for algebraically integrable foliations. (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
Assuming termination of (classical) flips in dimension r, we show that flips exist for any algebraically integrable foliation of rank r with log canonical singularities. Joint work with C. Spicer.

2023年02月20日(月)

10:00-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
レクチャーシリーズ第4回目
Chenyang Xu 氏 (プリンストン大学)
K-stability of Fano varieties. (English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

2023年02月17日(金)

10:00-11:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 123号室
レクチャーシリーズ第3回
Chenyang Xu 氏 (プリンストン大学)
K-stability of Fano varieties. ( English)
[ 講演概要 ]
The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

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