## Algebraic Geometry Seminar

Seminar information archive ～09/23｜Next seminar｜Future seminars 09/24～

Date, time & place | Friday 13:30 - 15:00 ハイブリッド開催/117Room #ハイブリッド開催/117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.) |
---|---|

Organizer(s) | GONGYO Yoshinori, NAKAMURA Yusuke, TANAKA Hiromu |

**Seminar information archive**

### 2023/07/28

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

TBA

**Shihoko Ishii**(The University of Tokyo)TBA

### 2023/07/21

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The Demailly--Peternell--Schneider conjecture is true in positive characteristic

**Sho Ejiri**(Osaka Metropolitan University)The Demailly--Peternell--Schneider conjecture is true in positive characteristic

[ Abstract ]

In 1993, Demailly, Peternell and Schneider conjectured that the Albanese morphism of a compact K\"{a}hler manifold with nef anti-canonical divisor is surjective. For smooth projective varieties of characteristic zero, the conjecture was verified by Zhang in 1996. In positive characteristic, the conjecture was solved under the assumption that the geometric generic fiber F of the Albanese morphism has only mild singularities. However, F may have bad singularities even if we restrict ourselves to the case when the anti-canonical divisor is nef. In this talk, we prove the conjecture in positive characteristic without any extra assumption. We also discuss properties of the Albanese morphism, such as flatness or local isotriviality. This talk is based on joint work with Zsolt Patakfalvi.

In 1993, Demailly, Peternell and Schneider conjectured that the Albanese morphism of a compact K\"{a}hler manifold with nef anti-canonical divisor is surjective. For smooth projective varieties of characteristic zero, the conjecture was verified by Zhang in 1996. In positive characteristic, the conjecture was solved under the assumption that the geometric generic fiber F of the Albanese morphism has only mild singularities. However, F may have bad singularities even if we restrict ourselves to the case when the anti-canonical divisor is nef. In this talk, we prove the conjecture in positive characteristic without any extra assumption. We also discuss properties of the Albanese morphism, such as flatness or local isotriviality. This talk is based on joint work with Zsolt Patakfalvi.

### 2023/06/28

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Preimages question and dynamical cancellation

**Yohsuke Matsuzawa**(Osaka Metropolitan University)Preimages question and dynamical cancellation

[ Abstract ]

Pulling back an invariant subvariety by a self-morphism on projective variety, you will get a tower of increasing closed subsets. Working over a number field, we expect that the set of rational points contained in this increasing subsets eventually stabilizes. I am planning to discuss several results on this problem, such as the case of etale morphisms, morphisms on the product of two P^1. I will also present some counter examples that occur when we drop some of the assumptions. This work is based on a joint work with Matt Satriano and Jason Bell, and recent work in progress with Kaoru Sano.

Pulling back an invariant subvariety by a self-morphism on projective variety, you will get a tower of increasing closed subsets. Working over a number field, we expect that the set of rational points contained in this increasing subsets eventually stabilizes. I am planning to discuss several results on this problem, such as the case of etale morphisms, morphisms on the product of two P^1. I will also present some counter examples that occur when we drop some of the assumptions. This work is based on a joint work with Matt Satriano and Jason Bell, and recent work in progress with Kaoru Sano.

### 2023/06/23

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Minimal log discrepnacies for quotient singularities

**Kohsuke Shibata**(Tokyo Denki University)Minimal log discrepnacies for quotient singularities

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, I will discuss recent joint work with Yusuke Nakamura on minimal log discrepancies for quotient singularities. The minimal log discrepancy is an important invariant of singularities in birational geometry. The denominator of the minimal log discrepancy of a variety depends on the Gorenstein index. On the other hand, Shokurov conjectured that the Gorenstein index of a Q-Gorenstein germ can be bounded in terms of its dimension and minimal log discrepancy. In this talk, I will explain basic properties for quotient singularities and show Shokurov's index conjecture for quotient singularities.

In this talk, I will discuss recent joint work with Yusuke Nakamura on minimal log discrepancies for quotient singularities. The minimal log discrepancy is an important invariant of singularities in birational geometry. The denominator of the minimal log discrepancy of a variety depends on the Gorenstein index. On the other hand, Shokurov conjectured that the Gorenstein index of a Q-Gorenstein germ can be bounded in terms of its dimension and minimal log discrepancy. In this talk, I will explain basic properties for quotient singularities and show Shokurov's index conjecture for quotient singularities.

### 2023/06/14

14:00-15:30 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Vanishing of local cohomology modules

**Wenliang Zhang**(University of Illinois Chicago)Vanishing of local cohomology modules

[ Abstract ]

Studying the vanishing of local cohomology modules has a long and rich history, and is still an active research area. In this talk, we will discuss classic theorems (due to Grothendieck, Hartshorne, Peskine-Szpiro, and Ogus), recent developments, and some open problems.

Studying the vanishing of local cohomology modules has a long and rich history, and is still an active research area. In this talk, we will discuss classic theorems (due to Grothendieck, Hartshorne, Peskine-Szpiro, and Ogus), recent developments, and some open problems.

### 2023/06/07

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Quasi-F-splitting and Hodge-Witt

**Fuetaro Yobuko**(Nagoya University)Quasi-F-splitting and Hodge-Witt

[ Abstract ]

Quasi-F-splitting is an extension of F-splitting, which is defined for schemes in positive characteristic. On the other hand, Hodge-Wittness is defined for smooth proper schemes over a perfect field using the de Rham-Witt complex and ordinarity implies Hodge-Wittness. In this talk, I will explain (unexpected) relations between F-split/quasi-F-split and ordinary/Hodge-Witt via examples and properties.

Quasi-F-splitting is an extension of F-splitting, which is defined for schemes in positive characteristic. On the other hand, Hodge-Wittness is defined for smooth proper schemes over a perfect field using the de Rham-Witt complex and ordinarity implies Hodge-Wittness. In this talk, I will explain (unexpected) relations between F-split/quasi-F-split and ordinary/Hodge-Witt via examples and properties.

### 2023/05/26

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Varieties in positive characteristic with numerically flat tangent bundle

**Shou Yoshikawa**(Tokyo Institute of Technology, RIKEN)Varieties in positive characteristic with numerically flat tangent bundle

[ Abstract ]

The positivity condition imposed on the tangent bundle of a smooth projective variety is known to restrict the geometric structure of the variety. Demailly, Peternell and Schneider established a decomposition theorem for a smooth projective complex variety with nef tangent bundle. The theorem states that, up to an etale cover, such a variety has a smooth fibration admitting a smooth algebraic fiber space over an abelian variety whose fibers are Fano varieties, so one can say that such a variety decomposes into the "positive” part and the "flat” part. A positive characteristic analog of the above decomposition theorem was proved by Kanemitsu and Watanabe. The "flat” part of their theorem is a smooth projective variety with numerically flat tangent bundle. In this talk, I will introduce the result that every ordinary variety with numerically flat tangent bundle is an etale quotient of an ordinary Abelian variety. In particular, we obtain the decomposition theorem for Frobenius splitting varieties with nef tangent bundle. This talk is based on joint work with Sho Ejiri.

The positivity condition imposed on the tangent bundle of a smooth projective variety is known to restrict the geometric structure of the variety. Demailly, Peternell and Schneider established a decomposition theorem for a smooth projective complex variety with nef tangent bundle. The theorem states that, up to an etale cover, such a variety has a smooth fibration admitting a smooth algebraic fiber space over an abelian variety whose fibers are Fano varieties, so one can say that such a variety decomposes into the "positive” part and the "flat” part. A positive characteristic analog of the above decomposition theorem was proved by Kanemitsu and Watanabe. The "flat” part of their theorem is a smooth projective variety with numerically flat tangent bundle. In this talk, I will introduce the result that every ordinary variety with numerically flat tangent bundle is an etale quotient of an ordinary Abelian variety. In particular, we obtain the decomposition theorem for Frobenius splitting varieties with nef tangent bundle. This talk is based on joint work with Sho Ejiri.

### 2023/05/10

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Singularities in mixed characteristic via the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence (English)

**Jakub Witaszek**(Princeton University)Singularities in mixed characteristic via the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence (English)

[ Abstract ]

In my talk, I will start by reviewing how various properties of characteristic zero singularities can be understood topologically by ways of the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence. After that, I will explain how similar ideas can be applied in the study of mixed characteristic singularities. This is based on a joint work (in progress) with Bhargav Bhatt, Linquan Ma, Zsolt Patakfalvi, Karl Schwede, Kevin Tucker, and Joe Waldron.

In my talk, I will start by reviewing how various properties of characteristic zero singularities can be understood topologically by ways of the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence. After that, I will explain how similar ideas can be applied in the study of mixed characteristic singularities. This is based on a joint work (in progress) with Bhargav Bhatt, Linquan Ma, Zsolt Patakfalvi, Karl Schwede, Kevin Tucker, and Joe Waldron.

### 2023/04/28

13:30-15:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On the degree of irrationality of complete intersections (Japanese )

**Taro Yoshino**(Tokyo)On the degree of irrationality of complete intersections (Japanese )

[ Abstract ]

The degree of irrationality of a variety X is the minimum degree of a dominant, generically finite rational map from X to a rational variety. This invariant gives a measure of how far X is from being rational. There were some varieties whose degree of irrationality was computed. For example, in 2017, Bastianelli, De Poi, Ein, Lazarsfeld, and Ullery computed the degree of irrationality of very general hypersurfaces of general type by using the positivity of the canonical line bundle. On the other hand, in 2020, Chen and Stapleton obtained the lower bound of the degree of irrationality of very general Fano hypersurfaces by using the reduction of modulo p.

In this talk, we will show that we can obtain the lower bound of the degree of irrationality of very general Fano complete intersections. For obtaining the bound, we make a minor adjustment to Chen--Stapleton's method using the trace map of differential modules.

This talk is based on joint work with Lucas Braune.

The degree of irrationality of a variety X is the minimum degree of a dominant, generically finite rational map from X to a rational variety. This invariant gives a measure of how far X is from being rational. There were some varieties whose degree of irrationality was computed. For example, in 2017, Bastianelli, De Poi, Ein, Lazarsfeld, and Ullery computed the degree of irrationality of very general hypersurfaces of general type by using the positivity of the canonical line bundle. On the other hand, in 2020, Chen and Stapleton obtained the lower bound of the degree of irrationality of very general Fano hypersurfaces by using the reduction of modulo p.

In this talk, we will show that we can obtain the lower bound of the degree of irrationality of very general Fano complete intersections. For obtaining the bound, we make a minor adjustment to Chen--Stapleton's method using the trace map of differential modules.

This talk is based on joint work with Lucas Braune.

### 2023/04/21

14:00-15:30 Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Endomorphisms of varieties and Bott vanishing (Japanese)

**Tatsuro Kawakami**(Kyoto University)Endomorphisms of varieties and Bott vanishing (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we show that a projective variety with an int-amplified endomorphism of degree invertible in the base field satisfies Bott vanishing. This is a new way to analyze which varieties have nontrivial endomorphisms. In particular, we extend some classification results on varieties admitting endomorphisms (for Fano threefolds of Picard number one and several other cases) to any characteristic. This talk is based on joint work with Burt Totaro.

In this talk, we show that a projective variety with an int-amplified endomorphism of degree invertible in the base field satisfies Bott vanishing. This is a new way to analyze which varieties have nontrivial endomorphisms. In particular, we extend some classification results on varieties admitting endomorphisms (for Fano threefolds of Picard number one and several other cases) to any characteristic. This talk is based on joint work with Burt Totaro.

### 2023/04/21

12:45-13:45 Room #ハイブリッド開催/117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

ACC of plc thresholds (English)

**Sung Rak Choi**(Yonsei University )ACC of plc thresholds (English)

[ Abstract ]

The notion of potential pairs was developed as a means to bound the singularities while running the anti-MMP. They behave similarly with the usual klt, lc pairs.

We introduce potential log canonical threshold and prove that the set of these thresholds also satisfies the ascending chain condition (ACC). We also study the relation with the complements. This is a joint work with Sungwook Jang.

The notion of potential pairs was developed as a means to bound the singularities while running the anti-MMP. They behave similarly with the usual klt, lc pairs.

We introduce potential log canonical threshold and prove that the set of these thresholds also satisfies the ascending chain condition (ACC). We also study the relation with the complements. This is a joint work with Sungwook Jang.

### 2023/03/28

10:00-11:30 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On the canonical bundle formula in positive characteristic (English)

**Paolo Cascini**(Imperial College London)On the canonical bundle formula in positive characteristic (English)

[ Abstract ]

In a previous work in collaboration with F. Ambro, V. Shokurov and C. Spicer, we show that algebraically integrable foliations can be used to study the canonical bundle formula for fibrations which are not necessarily lc trivial.

I will discuss a work in progress by M. Benozzo on a generalisation of these results in positive characteristic.

In a previous work in collaboration with F. Ambro, V. Shokurov and C. Spicer, we show that algebraically integrable foliations can be used to study the canonical bundle formula for fibrations which are not necessarily lc trivial.

I will discuss a work in progress by M. Benozzo on a generalisation of these results in positive characteristic.

### 2023/03/10

13:15-14:45 Room #ハイブリッド開催/123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On existence of flips for algebraically integrable foliations. (English)

**Paolo Cascini**(Imperical College London)On existence of flips for algebraically integrable foliations. (English)

[ Abstract ]

Assuming termination of (classical) flips in dimension r, we show that flips exist for any algebraically integrable foliation of rank r with log canonical singularities. Joint work with C. Spicer.

Assuming termination of (classical) flips in dimension r, we show that flips exist for any algebraically integrable foliation of rank r with log canonical singularities. Joint work with C. Spicer.

### 2023/02/20

10:00-11:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The 4th lecture of series talks

K-stability of Fano varieties. (English)

The 4th lecture of series talks

**Chenyang Xu**(Princeton University)K-stability of Fano varieties. (English)

[ Abstract ]

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

### 2023/02/17

10:00-11:30 Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The 3rd lecture of series talks

K-stability of Fano varieties. ( English)

The 3rd lecture of series talks

**Chenyang Xu**(Princeton University)K-stability of Fano varieties. ( English)

[ Abstract ]

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

### 2023/02/06

13:00-14:30 Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The 2nd lecture of series talks.

K-stability of Fano varieties. (English)

The 2nd lecture of series talks.

**Chenyang Xu**(Princeton University)K-stability of Fano varieties. (English)

[ Abstract ]

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

### 2023/01/31

14:30-16:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Some properties of splinters via ultrapower (English)

**Shiji Lyu**(Princeton University)Some properties of splinters via ultrapower (English)

[ Abstract ]

A Noetherian (reduced) ring is called a splinter if it is a direct summand of every finite ring extension of it. This notion is related to various interesting notions of singularities, but far less properties are known about splinters.

In this talk, we will discuss the question of "regular ascent"; in the simplest (but already essential) form, we ask, for a Noetherian splinter R, is the polynomial ring R[X] always a splinter. We will see how ultrapower, a construction mainly belonging to model theory, is involved.

A Noetherian (reduced) ring is called a splinter if it is a direct summand of every finite ring extension of it. This notion is related to various interesting notions of singularities, but far less properties are known about splinters.

In this talk, we will discuss the question of "regular ascent"; in the simplest (but already essential) form, we ask, for a Noetherian splinter R, is the polynomial ring R[X] always a splinter. We will see how ultrapower, a construction mainly belonging to model theory, is involved.

### 2023/01/27

13:00-14:30 Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

4 lectures; 1/27: 13:00―14:30 Room056, 2/6: 13:00―14:30, Room 123, 2/17: 10:00―11:30,Room 123室 2/20 10:00ー11:30, Room:056室

K-stability of Fano varieties (English)

[ Abstract ]

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

4 lectures; 1/27: 13:00―14:30 Room056, 2/6: 13:00―14:30, Room 123, 2/17: 10:00―11:30,Room 123室 2/20 10:00ー11:30, Room:056室

**Chenyang Xu**(Princeton University)K-stability of Fano varieties (English)

The notion of K-stability of Fano varieties was first introduced to characterize the existence of Kahler-Einstein metric. Recently, a purely algebro-geometric theory has been developed and it has yielded many striking results, such as the solution of the Yau-Tian-Donaldson Conjecture for all Fano varieties, as well as the construction of a projective moduli scheme, called K-moduli, parametrizing K-polystable Fano varieties.

In this lecture series, I will survey the recent progress. The first two lectures will be devoted to explain the evolution of algebraic geometer’s understanding of various aspects of the notion of K-stability. The Lecture 3 and 4 will be devoted to discuss the construction of the K-moduli space.

### 2023/01/10

10:30-12:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Toric Fano varieties arising from posets and their combinatorial mutation equivalence (日本語)

**Akihiro Higashitani**(Osaka/Dept. of Inf. )Toric Fano varieties arising from posets and their combinatorial mutation equivalence (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

In 1986, Stanley introduced two polytopes arising from posets, called order polytopes and chain polytopes. Since then, those polytopes have been studied from viewpoints of combinatorics. Projective toric varieties arising from order polytopes are called Hibi toric varieties in these days. On the other hand, combinatorial mutations were introduced by Akhtar-Coates-Galkin-Kasprzyk in 2012 in the context of the classification problem of Fano varieties using mirror symmetry.

In this talk, after surveying two poset polytopes and combinatorial mutations, we discuss the combinatorial mutation equivalence of two poset polytopes. Those equivalence implies qG-deformation equivalence of projective toric varieties arising from two poset polytopes.

Moreover, it turns out that order polytopes, chain polytopes and their intermediate polytopes correspond to some toric Fano varieties.

In 1986, Stanley introduced two polytopes arising from posets, called order polytopes and chain polytopes. Since then, those polytopes have been studied from viewpoints of combinatorics. Projective toric varieties arising from order polytopes are called Hibi toric varieties in these days. On the other hand, combinatorial mutations were introduced by Akhtar-Coates-Galkin-Kasprzyk in 2012 in the context of the classification problem of Fano varieties using mirror symmetry.

In this talk, after surveying two poset polytopes and combinatorial mutations, we discuss the combinatorial mutation equivalence of two poset polytopes. Those equivalence implies qG-deformation equivalence of projective toric varieties arising from two poset polytopes.

Moreover, it turns out that order polytopes, chain polytopes and their intermediate polytopes correspond to some toric Fano varieties.

### 2022/12/21

13:00-14:00 or 14:30 Room #ハイブリッド開催/056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The room is different from the usual place. This is a joint seminar with Kyoto University.

Towards a geometric origin of the dynamical filtrations (English)

The room is different from the usual place. This is a joint seminar with Kyoto University.

**Hsueh-Yung Lin**(NTU)Towards a geometric origin of the dynamical filtrations (English)

[ Abstract ]

Let X be a smooth projective variety with an automorphism f. When X is a threefold, Serge Cantat asked whether X has a non-trivial equivariant rational fibration, if the action of f on the Néron-Severi space is non-trivial and unipotent. We will propose a precise conjecture related to Cantat's question for minimal varieties in arbitrary dimension, in light of the "dynamical filtrations" arising in the study of zero entropy group actions. This conjecture also suggests a geometric origin of dynamical filtrations, whose definition is purely cohomological. We will provide some heuristic evidence from the relative abundance conjecture.

If time permits, we will also explain how the study of dynamical filtrations leads to new results about solvable group actions, which are not necessarily of zero entropy.

Let X be a smooth projective variety with an automorphism f. When X is a threefold, Serge Cantat asked whether X has a non-trivial equivariant rational fibration, if the action of f on the Néron-Severi space is non-trivial and unipotent. We will propose a precise conjecture related to Cantat's question for minimal varieties in arbitrary dimension, in light of the "dynamical filtrations" arising in the study of zero entropy group actions. This conjecture also suggests a geometric origin of dynamical filtrations, whose definition is purely cohomological. We will provide some heuristic evidence from the relative abundance conjecture.

If time permits, we will also explain how the study of dynamical filtrations leads to new results about solvable group actions, which are not necessarily of zero entropy.

### 2022/12/20

9:30-10:30 Room #オンラインZoom (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The relative minimal model program for excellent algebraic spaces and analytic spaces in equal characteristic zero (English)

**Takumi Murayama**(Purdue)The relative minimal model program for excellent algebraic spaces and analytic spaces in equal characteristic zero (English)

[ Abstract ]

In 2010, Birkar, Cascini, Hacon, and McKernan proved a relative version of the minimal model program for projective morphisms of complex quasi-projective varieties, called the relative minimal model program with scaling. Their result is now fundamental to our understanding of the birational classification of quasi-projective varieties and has numerous applications.

In this talk, I will discuss recent joint work with Shiji Lyu that establishes the relative minimal model program with scaling for excellent schemes, excellent algebraic spaces, and analytic spaces simultaneously in equal characteristic zero. This not only recovers previous results for complex varieties, complex algebraic spaces, and complex analytic spaces, but also greatly extends the scope of the relative minimal model program with scaling to a broader class of geometric spaces, including formal schemes, rigid analytic spaces, and Berkovich spaces, all in equal characteristic zero. Our results for (non-algebraic) schemes and rigid analytic spaces were previously only known in dimensions ≤3 and ≤2, respectively, and our results for formal schemes and Berkovich spaces are completely new.

In 2010, Birkar, Cascini, Hacon, and McKernan proved a relative version of the minimal model program for projective morphisms of complex quasi-projective varieties, called the relative minimal model program with scaling. Their result is now fundamental to our understanding of the birational classification of quasi-projective varieties and has numerous applications.

In this talk, I will discuss recent joint work with Shiji Lyu that establishes the relative minimal model program with scaling for excellent schemes, excellent algebraic spaces, and analytic spaces simultaneously in equal characteristic zero. This not only recovers previous results for complex varieties, complex algebraic spaces, and complex analytic spaces, but also greatly extends the scope of the relative minimal model program with scaling to a broader class of geometric spaces, including formal schemes, rigid analytic spaces, and Berkovich spaces, all in equal characteristic zero. Our results for (non-algebraic) schemes and rigid analytic spaces were previously only known in dimensions ≤3 and ≤2, respectively, and our results for formal schemes and Berkovich spaces are completely new.

### 2022/12/13

10:30-11:30 Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The speaker will give his talk by Zoom

Moduli of G-constellations and crepant resolutions (日本語)

The speaker will give his talk by Zoom

**山岸亮**(NTU)Moduli of G-constellations and crepant resolutions (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

For a finite subgroup G of SL_n(C), a moduli space of G-constellations is a generalization of the G-Hilbert scheme and is important from the viewpoint of McKay correspondence. In this talk I will explain its basic properties and show that every projective crepant resolution of C^3/G is isomorphic to such a moduli space.

For a finite subgroup G of SL_n(C), a moduli space of G-constellations is a generalization of the G-Hilbert scheme and is important from the viewpoint of McKay correspondence. In this talk I will explain its basic properties and show that every projective crepant resolution of C^3/G is isomorphic to such a moduli space.

### 2022/11/29

10:30-11:30 Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The behaviour of Kahler-Einstein polygons under combinatorial mutation

(English)

**Thomas Hall**(University of Nottingham)The behaviour of Kahler-Einstein polygons under combinatorial mutation

(English)

[ Abstract ]

Combinatorial mutations play an important role in the mirror symmetry approach to the classification of Fano varieties. Another important notion for Fano varieties is that of K-polystability, which turns out to have a nice combinatorial characterisation in the toric case. In this talk, I will give an overview of how mutations work and sketch the key ideas used to explore its interaction with Kahler-Einstein polygons (i.e. the Fano polygons whose associated toric variety is K-polystable).

Combinatorial mutations play an important role in the mirror symmetry approach to the classification of Fano varieties. Another important notion for Fano varieties is that of K-polystability, which turns out to have a nice combinatorial characterisation in the toric case. In this talk, I will give an overview of how mutations work and sketch the key ideas used to explore its interaction with Kahler-Einstein polygons (i.e. the Fano polygons whose associated toric variety is K-polystable).

### 2022/11/22

10:30-12:00 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Non-free sections of Fano fibrations (日本語)

**Sho Tanimoto**(Nagoya)Non-free sections of Fano fibrations (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

Manin’s Conjecture predicts the asymptotic formula for the counting function of rational points over number fields or global function fields. In the late 80’s, Batyrev developed a heuristic argument for Manin’s Conjecture over global function fields, and the assumptions underlying Batyrev’s heuristics are refined and formulated as Geometric Manin’s Conjecture. Geometric Manin’s Conjecture is a set of conjectures regarding properties of the space of sections of Fano fibrations, and it consists of three conjectures: (i) Pathological components are controlled by Fujita invariants; (ii) For each nef algebraic class, a non-pathological component which should be counted in Manin’s Conjecture is unique (This component is called as Manin components); (iii) Manin components exhibit homological or motivic stability. In this talk we discuss our proofs of GMC (i) over complex numbers using theory of foliations and the minimal model program. Using this result, we prove that these pathological components are coming from a bounded family of accumulating maps. This is joint work in progress with Brian Lehmann and Eric Riedl.

Manin’s Conjecture predicts the asymptotic formula for the counting function of rational points over number fields or global function fields. In the late 80’s, Batyrev developed a heuristic argument for Manin’s Conjecture over global function fields, and the assumptions underlying Batyrev’s heuristics are refined and formulated as Geometric Manin’s Conjecture. Geometric Manin’s Conjecture is a set of conjectures regarding properties of the space of sections of Fano fibrations, and it consists of three conjectures: (i) Pathological components are controlled by Fujita invariants; (ii) For each nef algebraic class, a non-pathological component which should be counted in Manin’s Conjecture is unique (This component is called as Manin components); (iii) Manin components exhibit homological or motivic stability. In this talk we discuss our proofs of GMC (i) over complex numbers using theory of foliations and the minimal model program. Using this result, we prove that these pathological components are coming from a bounded family of accumulating maps. This is joint work in progress with Brian Lehmann and Eric Riedl.

### 2022/11/15

10:30-12:00 Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Positivity of anticanonical divisors in algebraic fibre spaces (日本語)

**Chi-Kang Chang**(NTU/Tokyo)Positivity of anticanonical divisors in algebraic fibre spaces (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

It is known that the positivity of the anti-canonical divisor is an important property that is closely related to the geometric structure of a variety. Given an algebraic fibre space f : X → Y between normal projective varieties with mild singularities, and let F be a general fibre of f. In this talk, we will introduce results relating the positivity of −KX and −KY under some conditions on the asymptotic base loci of −KX. In particular, we will obtain an inequality between the anti-canonical Iitaka dimensions κ(X, −KX) ≤ κ(F, −KF ) + κ(Y, −KY ) under the assumption that the stable base locus B(−KX) does not dominant over Y .

It is known that the positivity of the anti-canonical divisor is an important property that is closely related to the geometric structure of a variety. Given an algebraic fibre space f : X → Y between normal projective varieties with mild singularities, and let F be a general fibre of f. In this talk, we will introduce results relating the positivity of −KX and −KY under some conditions on the asymptotic base loci of −KX. In particular, we will obtain an inequality between the anti-canonical Iitaka dimensions κ(X, −KX) ≤ κ(F, −KF ) + κ(Y, −KY ) under the assumption that the stable base locus B(−KX) does not dominant over Y .