## 数値解析セミナー

開催情報 火曜日　16:30～18:00　数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室 齊藤宣一、柏原崇人 https://sites.google.com/g.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/utnas-bulletin-board/

### 2014年10月20日(月)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室

Finite element method with various types of penalty on domain/boundary (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We are concerned with several penalty methods (on domain/boundary)
combining with finite element method to solve some partial differential equations. The penalty methods are very useful and widely applied to various problems. For example, to solve the Navier-Stokes equations in moving boundary domain, the finite element method requires to construct the boundary fitted mesh at every times step, which is very time-consuming. The fictitious domain method is proposed to tackle this problem. It is to reformulate the equation to a larger fixed domain, called the fictitious domain, to which we can take a uniform mesh independent on the original moving boundary. The reformulation is based on a penalty method on do- main. Some penalty methods are proposed to approximate the boundary conditions which are not easy to handle with general FEM, such as the slip boundary condition to Stokes/Navier-Stokes equations, the unilateral boundary condition of Signorini’s type to Stokes equations, and so on. It is known that the variational crimes occurs if the finite element spaces or the implementation methods are not chosen properly for slip boundary condition. By introducing a penalty term to the normal component of velocity on slip boundary, we can solve the equations in FEM easily. For the boundary of Signorini’s type, the variational form is an inequality, to which the FEM is not easy to applied. However, we can approximate the variational inequality by a variation equation with penalty term, which can be solve by FEM directly. In above, we introduced several penalty methods with finite element approximation. In this work, we investigate the well-posedness of those penalty method, and obtain the error estimates of penalty; moreover, we consider the penalty methods combining with finite element approximation and show the error estimates.