過去の記録 ~08/16次回の予定今後の予定 08/17~

開催情報 木曜日 16:00~17:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
担当者 石毛 和弘



16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
渡辺 達也 氏 (早稲田大学・理工学術院)
Two positive solutions for an inhomogeneous scalar field equation
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the following nonlinear elliptic equation:
$$-\\Delta u+u=g(u)+f(x), x \\in R^N,$$
where $N\\ge 3$. When $f(x)\\equiv 0$, it is known that there is a nontrivial solution for a wide class of nonlinearities. Even though $f(x) \\not\\equiv 0$, we can expect the existence of a nontrivial solution if $f(x)$ is small in a suitable sense. Our purpose is to show the existence of two positive solutions via the variational approach when $\\| f\\|_{L^2}$ is small. The first solution is characterized as a local minimizer. The second solution will be obtained by the Mountain Pass Method. Since we do not impose any global condition on the nonlinearity, we will need a presice interaction estimate.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
谷口 雅治 氏 (東京工業大学大学院情報理工学研究科)
(The uniqueness and asymptotic stability of pyramidal traveling fronts in the Allen-Cahn equations)

[ 講演概要 ]
We study the uniqueness and the asymptotic stability of a pyramidal traveling front in the three-dimensional whole space. For a given admissible pyramid we prove that a pyramidal traveling front is uniquely determined and that it is asymptotically stable under the condition that given perturbations decay at infinity. For this purpose we characterize the pyramidal traveling front as a combination of planar fronts on the lateral surfaces. Moreover we characterize the pyramidal traveling front in another way, that is, we write it as a combination of two-dimensional V-form waves on the edges. This characterization also uniquely determines a pyramidal traveling front.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
齊藤 宣一 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
[ 講演概要 ]


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
森 洋一朗 氏 (University of British Columbia)
[ 講演概要 ]

電気生理学が対象とするのは細胞および組織レベルでの電気活動であり,これは神経・心・内分泌機能の根幹をなすものである.Hodgkin とHuxley の有名な仕事を契機として,この方面の研究は数理生理学に格好の題材を提供し続けてきた.本講演では,まず電気生理の基礎概念を紹介した後,イオン動態と細胞膜の3次元形状の効果を取り入れたモデルについて解説し,その心臓生理学への応用について語る.さらに時間が許せば,私が今興味を持っている細胞極性の生成,細胞の動きなどの話題についても紹介したい.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
小磯 深幸 氏 (奈良女子大学理学部数学教室)
( Stability and uniqueness for surfaces with constant anisotropic mean curvature)
[ 講演概要 ]


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
宮本 安人 氏 (東京工業大学 大学院理工学研究科)
[ 講演概要 ]
円盤領域(2次元球領域)におけるNeumann問題 Δu+\\lambda f(u)=0 を考える.広いクラスの非線形項 f に対して,第2固有値と第3固有値から非球対称解からなる大域的な枝(シート)が分岐することを示し,第2固有値からの分岐の枝は,分岐直後は一意的であることを示す.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
WEISS Georg 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)
Hidden dynamics and pulsating waves in self-propagating high temperature synthesis
[ 講演概要 ]
We derive the precise limit of SHS in the high activation energy scaling suggested by B.J. Matkowksy-G.I. Sivashinsky in 1978 and by A. Bayliss-B.J. Matkowksy-A.P. Aldushin in 2002. In the time-increasing case the limit coincides with the Stefan problem for supercooled water with spatially inhomogeneous coefficients. In general it is a nonlinear forward-backward parabolic equation with discontinuous hysteresis term.

In the first part we give a complete characterization of the limit problem in the case of one space dimension. In the second part we construct in any finite dimension a rather large family of pulsating waves for the limit problem. In the third part, we prove that for constant coefficients the limit problem in any finite dimension does not admit non-trivial pulsating waves.
This is a joint work with Regis MONNEAU (CERMICS, France).


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Radu IGNAT 氏 (パリ南大学(オルセー))
A compactness result in micromagnetics
[ 講演概要 ]
We study a model for the magnetization in thin ferromagnetic films. It comes as a variational problem, depending on two parameters, for maps with values into the unit sphere. There is a physical prediction for the optimal configuration of the magnetization called the Landau state. Our goal is to prove compactness of the Landau state. This is a joint work with Felix Otto.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Danielle Hilhorst 氏 (CNRS / パリ第11大学)
Singular limit of a competition-diffusion system
[ 講演概要 ]
We revisit a competition-diffusion system for the densities of biological populations, and (i) prove the strong convergence in L^2 of the densities of the biological species (joint work with Iida, Mimura and Ninomiya); (ii) derive the singular limit of some reaction terms as the reaction coefficient tends to infinity (joint work with Martin and Mimura).


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
柳田 英二 氏 (東北大学大学院理学研究科)
[ 講演概要 ]
この講演では,藤田型の半線形放物型偏微分方程式に関する M. Fila, J. King, P. Polacik, M. Winkler らとの共同研究による成果についてその概要を紹介する.全空間上の藤田型方程式については,これまで様々な挙動を示す時間大域解の存在が示されている.そこで大域解の時間的挙動と初期値の空間的挙動の関係を詳細に調べることにより,大域解をいくつかに分類し,その挙動がそれぞれ異なるメカニズムに支配されていることを明らかにする.時間が許せば,最近の進展や関連する話題についても触れる予定である.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
佐藤 洋平 氏 (早稲田大学・基幹理工学部・数学科)
Critical frequencyをもつ非線形シュレディンガー方程式のマルチピーク解
[ 講演概要 ]
$$ -\\epsilon2 \\Delta u +V(x)u= u^p, u>0 \\ \\hbox{in} \\R^N,
u\\in H1(\\R^N)$$
において、$\\epsilon \\to 0$ としたときに V(x) の k個の極小点にピークが集中していくマルチピーク解 $u_\\epsilon$ について考える。
ここで、p はsuperlinear, subcriticalの条件を満たし, ポテンシャル関数 V(x) は非負の有界な関数で $\\liminf_{|x|\\to \\infty}V(x)>0$ を満たすとする。

もし V(x) の各極小点に集中するピークがあるとしたら、そのピークの形状や大きさはその極小値が正であるか、0であるかによって大きく異なることが知られている。
この講演では V(x) の各極小値が正であるか 0 であるかにかかわらず、各 k個の極小点にピークが集中するマルチピーク解 $u_\\epsilon$ を構成する。


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
倉田 和浩 氏 (首都大学東京・理工学研究科・数理情報科学専攻)
弱い飽和効果をもったGierer-Meinhardt systemにおける軸対称領域上での多重ピーク解の構成と漸近挙動について
[ 講演概要 ]
This talk is based on the joint work with Kotaro Morimoto (Tokyo Metropolitan University).

We are concerned with stationary solutions to the following reaction diffusion system which is called the Gierer-Meinhardt system with saturation.
$A_t=\\epsilon^2 \\Delta A-A+A^2/(H(1+kA^2), A>0,$
$\\tau H_t=D\\Delta H-H+A2, H>0,$
where $\\epsilon >0$, $\\tau \\geq 0$, $k>0$.
The unknowns $A$ and $H$ represent the concentrations of the activator and the inhibitor. Here $\\Omega$ is a bounded smooth domain in $R^N$ and we consider homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. When $\\Omega$ is an $x_N$-axially symmetric domain and $2\\leq N\\leq 5$, for sufficiently small $\\epsilon>0$ and large $D>0$, we construct a multi-peak stationary solution peaked at arbitrarily chosen intersections of $x^N$-axis and $\\partial \\Omega$, under the condition that $k\\epsilon^{-2N}$ converges to some $k_0\\in[0,\\infty)$ as $\\epsilon \\to 0$.

In my talk, I will explain related results comparing the differences between the case $k=0$ and $k>0$, the basic strategy of the proof of our results with some details, and open questions.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
Robert P. GILBERT 氏 (デラウェア大学・数学教室)
Acoustic Modeling and Osteoporotic Evaluation of Bone
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we discuss the modeling of the acoustic response of cancellous bone using the methods of homogenization.
This can lead to Biot type equations or more generalized equations. We develop the effective acoustic equations for cancellous bone. It is assumed that the bone matrix is elastic and the interstitial blood-marrow can be modeled as a Navier-Stokes system.
We also discuss the use of the Biot model and consider its applicability to cancellous bone. One of the questions this talk addresses is whether the clinical experiments customarily performed can be used to determine the parameters of the Biot or other bone models. A parameter recovery algorithm which uses parallel processing is developed and tested.


15:00-16:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
* 曜日と時間が普段と異なりますのでご注意ください.
Ratnasingham SHIVAJI 氏 (ミシシッピ州立大学)
Multiple positive solutions for classes of elliptic systems with combined nonlinear effects
[ 講演概要 ]
We study the existence of multiple positive solutions to systems of the form

-\\Delta u = \\lambda f(v)
-\\Delta v = \\lambda g(u)

in a bounded domain in R^N under the Dirichlet boundary conditions. Here f, g belong to a class of positive functions having a combined sublinear effect at infinity. Our result also easily extends to the corresponding p-Laplacian systems. We prove our results by the method of sub and super solutions.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Michael TRIBELSKY 氏 (東大・数理 / モスクワ工科大学)
Soft-mode turbulence as a new type of spatiotemporal chaos at onset


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
LIANG Xing 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科 / 日本学術振興会)
Asymptotic Speeds of Spread and Traveling Waves for Monotone Semiflows with Applications
[ 講演概要 ]
The theory of asymptotic speeds of spread and monotone traveling waves is established for a class of monotone discrete and continuous-time semiflows and is applied to a functional differential equation with diffusion, a time-delayed lattice population model and a reaction-diffusion equation in an infinite


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Susan Friedlander 氏 (University of Illinois-Chicago)
An Inviscid Dyadic Model For Turbulence
[ 講演概要 ]
We discuss properties of a GOY type model for the inviscid fluid equations. We prove that the forced system has a unique equilibrium which a an exponential global attractor. Every solution blows up in H^5/6 in finite time . After this time, all solutions stay in H^s, s<5/6, and "turbulent" dissipation occurs. Onsager's conjecture is confirmed for the model system.

This is joint work with Alexey Cheskidov and Natasa Pavlovic.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
山田 澄生 氏 (東北大・大学院理学研究科・理学部
[ 講演概要 ]


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
山田 澄生
[ 講演概要 ]
与えられた境界を持つ極小部分集合に特異点が必然的に現れることは今までによく知られている現象である.幾何学的測度論は,それらの特異点を許容する存在定理の枠組みを提供する為に発展してきた.こうして現れる部分集合の幾何学的特徴付けを,写像の持つエネルギー関数の最小化というJ.Douglas の方法論を発展させることによって試みる.また特異点周辺の面積密度の単調性公式についても言及したい.


16:30-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
Henrik SHAHGHOLIAN 氏 (王立工科大学、ストックホルム)
Composite membrane and the structure of the singular set
[ 講演概要 ]
In this talk we present our study of the behavior of the singular set
$\\{u=|\\nabla u| =0\\}$ for solutions $u$ to the free boundary problem
\\Delta u = f\\chi_{\\{u\\geq 0\\} } -g\\chi_{\\{u<0\\}},
where $f$ and $g$ are H\\"older continuous functions, $f$ is positive and $f+g$ is negative. Such problems arise in an eigenvalue optimization for composite membranes.
We show that if for a singular point $z$ there are $r_0>0$, and $c_0>0$ such that the density assumption
$|\\{u< 0\\}\\cap B_r(z)|\\geq c_0 r2 \\forall r< r_0$
holds, then $z$ is isolated.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
奈良 光紀 氏 (東京工業大学)
The large time behavior of graphical surfaces in the mean curvature flow
[ 講演概要 ]
We are interested in the large time behavior of a surface in the whole space moving by the mean curvature flow. Studying the Cauchy problem on $R^{N}$, we deal with moving surfaces represented by entire graphs. We focus on the case of $N=1$ and the case of $N\\geq2$ with radially symmetric surfaces. We show that the solution converges uniformly to the solution of the Cauchy problem of the heat equation, if the initial value is bounded. Our results are based on the decay estimates for the derivatives of the solution. This is a joint work with Prof. Masaharu Taniguchi of Tokyo Institute of Technology.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Messoud Efendiev 氏 (ミュンヘン工科大学)
On attractor of Swift-Hohenberg equation in unbounded domain and its Kolmogorov entropy
[ 講演概要 ]
The main objective of the talk is to give a description of the large-time behaviour of solutions of the Swift-Hohenberg equation in unbounded domain.This will be done in terms of the global attractor. Here we encounter serious difficulties due to the lack of compactness of the embedding theorems and the interplay between the different topologies will play crucial role.We prove the existence of the global attractor and show that the restriction of the attractor to any bounded sets has an infinite fractal dimension and present sharp estimate for its Kolmogorov entropy.Spatio-temporal chaotic dynamics on the attractor will also be discussed.


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
Mark Bowen 氏 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科/日本学術振興会)
Spreading and draining in thin fluid films
[ 講演概要 ]
The surface tension driven flow of a thin fluid film arises in a number of contexts. In this talk, we will begin with an overview of thin film theory and present a number of examples from the natural sciences and industrial process engineering. Similarity solutions play an important role in understanding the dynamics of general thin film motion and we shall use them to investigate the dynamics of an archetypal (degenerate high-order parabolic) thin film equation. In this context, we will encounter self-similarity of the first and second kind, undertake an investigation of a four-dimensional phase space and discover a surprisingly rich set of stable sign-changing solutions for the intermediate asymptotics of a generalised problem.


16:00-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 002号室
Marek FILA 氏 (Bratislava, スロバキア) 16:00-17:00
Slow convergence to zero for a supercritical parabolic equation
柴田 良弘 氏 (早稲田大学・理工学部数理科学科) 17:00-18:00


16:00-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 056号室
石井 仁司 氏 (早稲田大学 教育学部 理学科 数学専修)
Asymptotic behavior for large-time of solutions of Hamilton-Jacobi equations in n space

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