解析学火曜セミナー

過去の記録 ~01/29次回の予定今後の予定 01/30~

開催情報 火曜日 16:00~17:30 数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 126号室
担当者 石毛 和弘, 坂井 秀隆, 伊藤 健一
セミナーURL https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/seminar/analysis/

2012年12月04日(火)

16:30-18:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 128号室
Alexander Vasiliev 氏 (Department of Mathematics, University of Bergen, Norway) 16:30-17:30
Evolution of smooth shapes and the KP hierarchy (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider a homotopic evolution in the space of smooth
shapes starting from the unit circle. Based on the Loewner-Kufarev
equation we give a Hamiltonian formulation of this evolution and
provide conservation laws. The symmetries of the evolution are given
by the Virasoro algebra. The 'positive' Virasoro generators span the
holomorphic part of the complexified vector bundle over the space of
conformal embeddings of the unit disk into the complex plane and
smooth on the boundary. In the covariant formulation they are
conserved along the Hamiltonian flow. The 'negative' Virasoro
generators can be recovered by an iterative method making use of the
canonical Poisson structure. We study an embedding of the
Loewner-Kufarev trajectories into the Segal-Wilson Grassmannian,
construct the tau-function, the Baker-Akhiezer function, and finally,
give a class of solutions to the KP hierarchy, which are invariant on
Loewner-Kufarev trajectories.
Irina Markina 氏 (Department of Mathematics, University of Bergen, Norway) 17:30-18:30
Group of diffeomorphisms of the unit circle and sub-Riemannian geometry (ENGLISH)
[ 講演概要 ]
We consider the group of sense-preserving diffeomorphisms of the unit
circle and its central extension - the Virasoro-Bott group as
sub-Riemannian manifolds. Shortly, a sub-Riemannian manifold is a
smooth manifold M with a given sub-bundle D of the tangent bundle, and
with a metric defined on the sub-bundle D. The different sub-bundles
on considered groups are related to some spaces of normalized
univalent functions. We present formulas for geodesics for different
choices of metrics. The geodesic equations are generalizations of
Camassa-Holm, Huter-Saxton, KdV, and other known non-linear PDEs. We
show that any two points in these groups can be connected by a curve
tangent to the chosen sub-bundle. We also discuss the similarities and
peculiarities of the structure of sub-Riemannian geodesics on infinite
and finite dimensional manifolds.