統計数学セミナー

過去の記録 ~08/06次回の予定今後の予定 08/07~

担当者 吉田朋広、荻原哲平、小池祐太
セミナーURL http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/
目的 確率統計学およびその関連領域に関する研究発表, 研究紹介を行う.

2019年02月06日(水)

16:30-18:00   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 270号室
Ioane Muni Toke 氏 (Centrale Supelec Paris)
Testing the causality of Hawkes processes with time reversal
[ 講演概要 ]
We show that univariate and symmetric multivariate Hawkes processes are only weakly causal: the true log-likelihoods of real and reversed event time vectors are almost equal, thus parameter estimation via maximum likelihood only weakly depends on the direction of the arrow of time. In ideal (synthetic) conditions, tests of goodness of parametric fit unambiguously reject backward event times, which implies that inferring kernels from time-symmetric quantities, such as the autocovariance of the event rate, only rarely produce statistically significant fits. Finally, we find that fitting financial data with many-parameter kernels may yield significant fits for both arrows of time for the same event time vector, sometimes favouring the backward time direction. This goes to show that a significant fit of Hawkes processes to real data with flexible kernels does not imply a definite arrow of time unless one tests it.