統計数学セミナー

過去の記録 ~04/19次回の予定今後の予定 04/20~

担当者 吉田朋広、荻原哲平、小池祐太
セミナーURL http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/
目的 確率統計学およびその関連領域に関する研究発表, 研究紹介を行う.

2007年07月25日(水)

16:20-17:30   数理科学研究科棟(駒場) 122号室
小林 景 氏 (統計数理研究所, 学振特別研究員)
大規模ランダム行列のスペクトル理論とデータ解析への応用(Review)
[ 講演概要 ]
The empirical spectral distribution of random matrices have been studied since Wigner's pioneering work on the semicircular law in the 1950's. The result says that the empirical spectral distribution of a symmetric matrix with i.i.d. random elements converges to the semicircular law as the size of the matrix becomes large. Though this result is beautiful in theory, its application has been limited to a few problems in nuclear physics and coding theory. The next breakthrough was the Marcenko-Pastur (M-P) law for the asymptotic spectral distribution of sample covariance matrices. The M-P law has found more applications, in particular high dimensional statistical data analysis, than the semicircular law.

In this talk I will first review these two significant results. Each of them has three completely different proofs. Then I will explain several other theoretical results that have mostly been studied this decade. Finally, I will present some of the applications of these results. This review is partly based on lectures on random matrices given by P. Bickel, N. El-Karoui and A. Guionnet, and also some seminars at UC Berkeley.

(# This talk is almost the same as the talk I gave at ISM on June 1.)
[ 参考URL ]
https://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/~kengok/statseminar/2007/05.html