## Applied Analysis

Seminar information archive ～09/18｜Next seminar｜Future seminars 09/19～

Date, time & place | Thursday 16:00 - 17:30 002Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.) |
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**Seminar information archive**

### 2021/06/17

### 2021/04/22

16:30-18:00 Online

Relaxation of Optimal Transport problem on finite state space via Bregman divergence (Japanese)

[ Reference URL ]

https://forms.gle/yg9XZDVdxYG6qMos8

**( )**Relaxation of Optimal Transport problem on finite state space via Bregman divergence (Japanese)

[ Reference URL ]

https://forms.gle/yg9XZDVdxYG6qMos8

### 2021/04/15

### 2020/11/05

16:00-17:30 Room #オンライン開催 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Hölder gradient estimates on L^p-viscosity solutions of fully nonlinear parabolic equations with VMO coefficients (Japanese)

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf4Rmd6B0m9_t_-xdy2hT1ZC1Ziz2qEc3yLRCQNZBilAOB1Ag/viewform?usp=sf_link

**( )**Hölder gradient estimates on L^p-viscosity solutions of fully nonlinear parabolic equations with VMO coefficients (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

We discuss fully nonlinear second-order uniformly parabolic equations, including parabolic Isaacs equations. Isaacs equations arise in the theory of stochastic differential games. In 2014, N.V. Krylov proved the existence of L^p-viscosity solutions of boundary value problems for equations with VMO (vanishing mean oscillation) “coefficients” when p>n+2. Furthermore, the solutions were in the parabolic Hölder space C^{1,α} for 0<α<1. Our purpose is to show C^{1,α} estimates on L^p-viscosity solutions of fully nonlinear parabolic equations under the same conditions as in Krylov’s result.

[ Reference URL ]We discuss fully nonlinear second-order uniformly parabolic equations, including parabolic Isaacs equations. Isaacs equations arise in the theory of stochastic differential games. In 2014, N.V. Krylov proved the existence of L^p-viscosity solutions of boundary value problems for equations with VMO (vanishing mean oscillation) “coefficients” when p>n+2. Furthermore, the solutions were in the parabolic Hölder space C^{1,α} for 0<α<1. Our purpose is to show C^{1,α} estimates on L^p-viscosity solutions of fully nonlinear parabolic equations under the same conditions as in Krylov’s result.

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSf4Rmd6B0m9_t_-xdy2hT1ZC1Ziz2qEc3yLRCQNZBilAOB1Ag/viewform?usp=sf_link

### 2020/10/08

16:00-17:30 Room #オンライン開催 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(Japanese)

[ Reference URL ]

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSd7MT077191TeM4aQzeo2hK9Bqn6HQudr3pjLRdmEqND2heqQ/viewform?usp=sf_link

**( )**(Japanese)

[ Reference URL ]

https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSd7MT077191TeM4aQzeo2hK9Bqn6HQudr3pjLRdmEqND2heqQ/viewform?usp=sf_link

### 2019/12/19

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2019/10/31

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (TBD) (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Behaviour around the isolated singularity for solutions of some nonlinear elliptic inequalities and systems (English)

**Marius Ghergu**(University College Dublin)Behaviour around the isolated singularity for solutions of some nonlinear elliptic inequalities and systems (English)

[ Abstract ]

We present some results on the behaviour around the isolated singularity for solutions of nonlinear elliptic inequalities driven by the Laplace operator. We derive optimal conditions that imply either a blow-up or the existence of pointwise bounds for solutions. We obtain that whenever a pointwise bound exists, then an optimal bound is given by the fundamental solution of the Laplace operator. This situation changes in case of systems of inequalities where other types of optimal bounds may occur. The approach relies on integral representation of solutions combined with various nonlinear potential estimates. Further extensions to the parabolic case will be presented. This talk is based on joint works with S. Taliaferro (Texas A&M University) and I. Verbitsky (Missouri University).

We present some results on the behaviour around the isolated singularity for solutions of nonlinear elliptic inequalities driven by the Laplace operator. We derive optimal conditions that imply either a blow-up or the existence of pointwise bounds for solutions. We obtain that whenever a pointwise bound exists, then an optimal bound is given by the fundamental solution of the Laplace operator. This situation changes in case of systems of inequalities where other types of optimal bounds may occur. The approach relies on integral representation of solutions combined with various nonlinear potential estimates. Further extensions to the parabolic case will be presented. This talk is based on joint works with S. Taliaferro (Texas A&M University) and I. Verbitsky (Missouri University).

### 2019/10/24

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2019/06/20

16:00-17:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2019/04/25

16:00-18:00 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The porous medium equation on noncompact Riemannian manifolds with initial datum a measure

(English)

On sharp large deviations for the bridge of a general diffusion

(English)

**Matteo Muratori**(Polytechnic University of Milan) 16:00-17:00The porous medium equation on noncompact Riemannian manifolds with initial datum a measure

(English)

[ Abstract ]

We investigate existence and uniqueness of weak solutions of the Cauchy problem for the porous medium equation on Cartan-Hadamard manifolds. We show existence of solutions that take a finite Radon measure as initial datum, possibly sign-changing. We then prove uniqueness in the class of nonnegative solutions, upon assuming a quadratic lower bound on the Ricci curvature. Our result is "optimal" in the sense that any weak solution necessarily solves a Cauchy problem with initial datum a finite Radon measure. Moreover, as byproducts of the techniques we employ, we obtain some new results in potential analysis on manifolds, concerning the validity of a modified version of the mean-value inequality for superharmonic functions and related properties of potentials of positive Radon measures. Finally, we briefly discuss some work in progress regarding stability of the porous medium equation with respect to the Wasserstein distance, on Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below.

We investigate existence and uniqueness of weak solutions of the Cauchy problem for the porous medium equation on Cartan-Hadamard manifolds. We show existence of solutions that take a finite Radon measure as initial datum, possibly sign-changing. We then prove uniqueness in the class of nonnegative solutions, upon assuming a quadratic lower bound on the Ricci curvature. Our result is "optimal" in the sense that any weak solution necessarily solves a Cauchy problem with initial datum a finite Radon measure. Moreover, as byproducts of the techniques we employ, we obtain some new results in potential analysis on manifolds, concerning the validity of a modified version of the mean-value inequality for superharmonic functions and related properties of potentials of positive Radon measures. Finally, we briefly discuss some work in progress regarding stability of the porous medium equation with respect to the Wasserstein distance, on Riemannian manifolds with Ricci curvature bounded below.

**Maurizia Rossi**(University of Pisa) 17:00-18:00On sharp large deviations for the bridge of a general diffusion

(English)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk we provide sharp Large Deviation estimates for the probability of exit from a domain for the bridge of a d-dimensional general diffusion process X, as the conditioning time tends to 0. This kind of results is motivated by applications to numerical simulation. In particular we investigate the influence of the drift b of X. It turns out that the sharp asymptotics for the exit time probability are independent of the drift, provided b enjoyes a simple condition that is always satisfied in dimension 1. On the other hand, we show that the drift can be influential if this assumption is not satisfied. This talk is based on a joint work with P. Baldi and L. Caramellino.

In this talk we provide sharp Large Deviation estimates for the probability of exit from a domain for the bridge of a d-dimensional general diffusion process X, as the conditioning time tends to 0. This kind of results is motivated by applications to numerical simulation. In particular we investigate the influence of the drift b of X. It turns out that the sharp asymptotics for the exit time probability are independent of the drift, provided b enjoyes a simple condition that is always satisfied in dimension 1. On the other hand, we show that the drift can be influential if this assumption is not satisfied. This talk is based on a joint work with P. Baldi and L. Caramellino.

### 2018/11/15

16:00-17:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Inhomogeneous Dirichlet-boundary value problem for one dimensional nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations (Japanese)

**Nakao Hayashi**(Osaka University)Inhomogeneous Dirichlet-boundary value problem for one dimensional nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

We consider the inhomogeneous Dirichlet-boundary value problem for the cubic nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations on the half line. We present sufficient conditions of initial and boundary data which ensure asymptotic behavior of small solutions to equations by using the classical energy method and factorization techniques.

We consider the inhomogeneous Dirichlet-boundary value problem for the cubic nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger equations on the half line. We present sufficient conditions of initial and boundary data which ensure asymptotic behavior of small solutions to equations by using the classical energy method and factorization techniques.

### 2018/10/11

16:00-17:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(Japanese)

**Takahito Kashiwabara**(University of Tokyo)(Japanese)

### 2018/10/04

16:00-17:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(Japanese)

**Hiroko Yamamoto**(University of Tokyo)(Japanese)

### 2018/07/19

16:00-17:30 Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Uniqueness and nondegeneracy of ground states to scalar field equation involving critical Sobolev exponent

(Japanese)

**Norihisa Ikoma**(Keio University)Uniqueness and nondegeneracy of ground states to scalar field equation involving critical Sobolev exponent

(Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

This talk is devoted to studying the uniqueness and nondegeneracy of ground states to a nonlinear scalar field equation on the whole space. The nonlinearity consists of two power functions, and their growths are subcritical and critical in the Sobolev sense respectively. Under some assumptions, it is known that the equation admits a positive radial ground state and other ground states are made from the positive radial one. We show that if the dimensions are greater than or equal to 5 and the frequency is sufficiently large, then the positive radial ground state is unique and nondegenerate. This is based on joint work with Takafumi Akahori (Shizuoka Univ.), Slim Ibrahim (Univ. of Victoria), Hiroaki Kikuchi (Tsuda Univ.) and Hayato Nawa (Meiji Univ.).

This talk is devoted to studying the uniqueness and nondegeneracy of ground states to a nonlinear scalar field equation on the whole space. The nonlinearity consists of two power functions, and their growths are subcritical and critical in the Sobolev sense respectively. Under some assumptions, it is known that the equation admits a positive radial ground state and other ground states are made from the positive radial one. We show that if the dimensions are greater than or equal to 5 and the frequency is sufficiently large, then the positive radial ground state is unique and nondegenerate. This is based on joint work with Takafumi Akahori (Shizuoka Univ.), Slim Ibrahim (Univ. of Victoria), Hiroaki Kikuchi (Tsuda Univ.) and Hayato Nawa (Meiji Univ.).

### 2018/05/24

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Sign-changing solutions for a one-dimensional semilinear parabolic problem (Japanese)

**Eiji Yanagida**(Tokyo Institute of Technology)Sign-changing solutions for a one-dimensional semilinear parabolic problem (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

This talk is concerned with a nonlinear parabolic equation on a bounded interval with the homogeneous Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition. Under rather general conditions on the nonlinearity, we consider the blow-up and global existence of sign-changing solutions. It is shown that there exists a nonnegative integer $k$ such that the solution blows up in finite time if the initial value changes its sign at most $k$ times, whereas there exists a stationary solution with more than $k$ zeros. The proof is based on an intersection number argument combined with a topological method.

This talk is concerned with a nonlinear parabolic equation on a bounded interval with the homogeneous Dirichlet or Neumann boundary condition. Under rather general conditions on the nonlinearity, we consider the blow-up and global existence of sign-changing solutions. It is shown that there exists a nonnegative integer $k$ such that the solution blows up in finite time if the initial value changes its sign at most $k$ times, whereas there exists a stationary solution with more than $k$ zeros. The proof is based on an intersection number argument combined with a topological method.

### 2017/12/21

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2017/12/14

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Regularity for diffuse reflection boundary problem to the stationary linearized Boltzmann equation in a convex domain

(English)

**I-Kun, Chen**(Kyoto University)Regularity for diffuse reflection boundary problem to the stationary linearized Boltzmann equation in a convex domain

(English)

[ Abstract ]

We consider the diffuse reflection boundary problem for the linearized Boltzmann equation for hard sphere potential, cutoff hard potential, or Maxwellian molecular gases in a $C^2$ strictly convex bounded domain. We obtain a pointwise estimate for the derivative of the solution provided the boundary temperature is bounded differentiable and the solution is bounded. Velocity averaging effect for stationary solutions as well as observations in geometry are used in this research.

We consider the diffuse reflection boundary problem for the linearized Boltzmann equation for hard sphere potential, cutoff hard potential, or Maxwellian molecular gases in a $C^2$ strictly convex bounded domain. We obtain a pointwise estimate for the derivative of the solution provided the boundary temperature is bounded differentiable and the solution is bounded. Velocity averaging effect for stationary solutions as well as observations in geometry are used in this research.

### 2017/07/13

16:00-17:30 Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2017/02/16

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Diffusive and inviscid traveling wave solution of the Fisher-KPP equation

(ENGLISH)

**Danielle Hilhorst**(CNRS / University of Paris-Sud)Diffusive and inviscid traveling wave solution of the Fisher-KPP equation

(ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

Our purpose is to study the limit of traveling wave solutions of the Fisher-KPP equation as the diffusion coefficient tends to zero. More precisely, we consider monotone traveling waves which connect the stable steady state to the unstable one. It is well known that there exists a positive constant c* such that there does not exist any traveling wave solution if c < c* and a unique (up to translation) monotone traveling wave solution of wave speed c for each c > c*.

We consider the corresponding inviscid ordinary differential equation where the diffusion coefficient is equal to zero and show that it possesses a unique traveling wave solution. We then fix c > 0 arbitrary and prove the convergence of the travelling wave of the parabolic equation with velocity c to that of the corresponding traveling wave solution of the inviscid problem.

Further research should involve a similar problem for monostable systems.

This is joint work with Yong Jung Kim.

Our purpose is to study the limit of traveling wave solutions of the Fisher-KPP equation as the diffusion coefficient tends to zero. More precisely, we consider monotone traveling waves which connect the stable steady state to the unstable one. It is well known that there exists a positive constant c* such that there does not exist any traveling wave solution if c < c* and a unique (up to translation) monotone traveling wave solution of wave speed c for each c > c*.

We consider the corresponding inviscid ordinary differential equation where the diffusion coefficient is equal to zero and show that it possesses a unique traveling wave solution. We then fix c > 0 arbitrary and prove the convergence of the travelling wave of the parabolic equation with velocity c to that of the corresponding traveling wave solution of the inviscid problem.

Further research should involve a similar problem for monostable systems.

This is joint work with Yong Jung Kim.

### 2016/10/27

16:00-17:30 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Sign-changing solutions of the nonlinear heat equation with positive initial value

(ENGLISH)

**Fred Weissler**(Universite Paris 13)Sign-changing solutions of the nonlinear heat equation with positive initial value

(ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

### 2015/11/05

16:00-17:30 Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The effect of a line with fast diffusion on Fisher-KPP propagation (ENGLISH)

**Henri Berestycki**(EHESS)The effect of a line with fast diffusion on Fisher-KPP propagation (ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

I will present a system of equations describing the effect of inclusion of a line (the "road") with fast diffusion on biological invasions in the plane. Outside of the road, the propagation is of the classical Fisher-KPP type. We find that past a certain precise threshold for the ratio of diffusivity coefficients, the presence of the road enhances the speed of global propagation. I will discuss several further effects such as transport or reaction on the road. I will also discuss the influence of various parameters on the asymptotic behaviour of the invasion speed and shape. I report here on results from a series of joint works with Jean-Michel Roquejoffre and Luca Rossi.

I will present a system of equations describing the effect of inclusion of a line (the "road") with fast diffusion on biological invasions in the plane. Outside of the road, the propagation is of the classical Fisher-KPP type. We find that past a certain precise threshold for the ratio of diffusivity coefficients, the presence of the road enhances the speed of global propagation. I will discuss several further effects such as transport or reaction on the road. I will also discuss the influence of various parameters on the asymptotic behaviour of the invasion speed and shape. I report here on results from a series of joint works with Jean-Michel Roquejoffre and Luca Rossi.

### 2015/10/22

16:00-17:50 Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(Part I) The semiflow of a delay differential equation on its solution manifold

(Part II) Shilnikov chaos due to state-dependent delay, by means of the fixed point index

(ENGLISH)

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-1.pdf

**Hans-Otto Walther**(University of Giessen)(Part I) The semiflow of a delay differential equation on its solution manifold

(Part II) Shilnikov chaos due to state-dependent delay, by means of the fixed point index

(ENGLISH)

[ Abstract ]

(Part I) 16:00 - 16:50

The semiflow of a delay differential equation on its solution manifold

(Part II) 17:00 - 17:50

Shilnikov chaos due to state-dependent delay, by means of the fixed point index

(Part I)

The lecture surveys recent work on initial value problems for differential equations with variable delay. The focus is on differentiable solution operators.

The lecture explains why the theory for retarded functional differential equations which is familiar from monographs before the turn of the millenium fails in case of variable delay, discusses what has been achieved in this case, for autonomous and non-autonomous equations, with delays bounded and unbounded, and addresses open problems.

[detailed abstract]

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-1.pdf

(Part II)

What can variability of a delay in a delay differential equation do to the dynamics? We find a bounded delay functional $d(\phi)$, with $d(\phi)=1$ on a neighborhood of $\phi=0$, such that the equation $x'(t)=-a x(t-d(x_t))$ has a solution which is homoclinic to $0$, with shift dynamics in its vicinity, whereas the linear equation $x'(t)=-a x(t-1)$ with constant time lag, for small solutions, is hyperbolic with 2-dimensional unstable space.

The proof involves regularity properties of the semiflow close to the homoclinic loop in the solution manifold and a generalization of a method due to Piotr Zgliczynsky which uses the fixed point index and a closing argument in order to establish shift dynamics when certain covering relations hold. (Joint work with Bernhard Lani-Wayda)

[detailed abstract]

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-2.pdf

[ Reference URL ](Part I) 16:00 - 16:50

The semiflow of a delay differential equation on its solution manifold

(Part II) 17:00 - 17:50

Shilnikov chaos due to state-dependent delay, by means of the fixed point index

(Part I)

The lecture surveys recent work on initial value problems for differential equations with variable delay. The focus is on differentiable solution operators.

The lecture explains why the theory for retarded functional differential equations which is familiar from monographs before the turn of the millenium fails in case of variable delay, discusses what has been achieved in this case, for autonomous and non-autonomous equations, with delays bounded and unbounded, and addresses open problems.

[detailed abstract]

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-1.pdf

(Part II)

What can variability of a delay in a delay differential equation do to the dynamics? We find a bounded delay functional $d(\phi)$, with $d(\phi)=1$ on a neighborhood of $\phi=0$, such that the equation $x'(t)=-a x(t-d(x_t))$ has a solution which is homoclinic to $0$, with shift dynamics in its vicinity, whereas the linear equation $x'(t)=-a x(t-1)$ with constant time lag, for small solutions, is hyperbolic with 2-dimensional unstable space.

The proof involves regularity properties of the semiflow close to the homoclinic loop in the solution manifold and a generalization of a method due to Piotr Zgliczynsky which uses the fixed point index and a closing argument in order to establish shift dynamics when certain covering relations hold. (Joint work with Bernhard Lani-Wayda)

[detailed abstract]

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-2.pdf

http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/Walther-abstract-1.pdf

### 2015/07/16

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(Japanese)

**Yoshihiro Tonegawa**(Tokyo Institute of Technology)(Japanese)

### 2015/06/11

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

### 2015/05/14

16:00-17:30 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Strong instability of standing waves for some nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations (Japanese)

**Masahito Ohta**(Tokyo University of Science)Strong instability of standing waves for some nonlinear Schr\"odinger equations (Japanese)