Tuesday Seminar on Topology

Seminar information archive ~04/15Next seminarFuture seminars 04/16~

Date, time & place Tuesday 17:00 - 18:30 056Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Organizer(s) KAWAZUMI Nariya, KITAYAMA Takahiro, SAKASAI Takuya

Seminar information archive

2017/07/11

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Celeste Damiani (JSPS, Osaka City University)
Some remarkable quotients of virtual braid groups (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Virtual braid groups are one of the most famous generalizations of braid groups. We introduce a family of quotients of virtual braid groups, called loop braid groups. These groups have been an object of interest in different domains of mathematics and mathematical physics, and can be found in the literature also by names such as groups of permutation-conjugacy automorphisms, braid- permutation groups, welded braid groups, weakly virtual braid groups, untwisted ring groups, and others. We show that they share with braid groups the property of admitting many different definitions. After that we consider a further family of quotients called unrestricted virtual braids, describe their structure and explore their relations with fused links.

2017/07/04

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jean-Baptiste Meilhan (Université Grenoble Alpes)
On link-homotopy for knotted surfaces in 4-space (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The purpose of this talk is to show how combinatorial objects (welded objects, which is a natural quotient of virtual knot theory) can be used to study knotted surfaces in 4-space.

We will first consider the case of 'ribbon' knotted surfaces, which are embedded surfaces bounding immersed 3-manifolds with only ribbon singularities. More precisely, we will consider ribbon knotted annuli ; these objects act naturally on the reduced free group, and we prove, using welded theory, that this action gives a classification up to link-homotopy, that is, up to continuous deformations leaving distinct component disjoint. This in turns implies a classification result for ribbon knotted tori.

Next, we will show how to extend this classification result beyond the ribbon case.

This is based on joint works with B. Audoux, P. Bellingeri and E. Wagner.

2017/06/27

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Eiko Kin (Osaka University)
Braids and hyperbolic 3-manifolds from simple mixing devices (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Taffy pullers are devices for pulling candy. One can build braids from the motion of rods for taffy pullers. According to a beautiful article ``A mathematical history of taffy pullers" by Jean-Luc Thiffeault, all taffy pullers (except the first one) give rise to pseudo-Anosov braids. This means that the devices mix candies effectively. Following a study of Thiffeault, I will discuss which pseudo-Anosov braid is realized by taffy pullers. I will explain an interesting connection between braids coming from taffy pullers. I also discuss the hyperbolic mapping tori obtained from taffy pullers. Intriguingly, the two most common taffy pullers give rise to the complements of the the minimally twisted 4-chain link and 5-chain link which are important examples for the study of cusped hyperbolic 3-manifolds with small volumes.

Reference: A mathematical history of taffy pullers, Jean-Luc Thiffeault, https://arxiv.org/pdf/1608.00152.pdf

2017/06/20

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Anh Tran (The University of Texas at Dallas)
Introduction to the AJ conjecture (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The AJ conjecture was proposed by Garoufalidis about 15 years ago. It predicts a strong connection between two important knot invariants derived from very different background, namely the colored Jones function (a quantum invariant) and the A-polynomial (a geometric invariant). The colored Jones function is a sequence of Laurent polynomials which is known to satisfy a linear q-difference equation. The AJ conjecture states that by writing the linear q-difference equation into an operator form and setting q=1, one gets the A-polynomial. In this talk, I will give an introduction to this conjecture.

2017/06/13

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Noboru Ogawa (Tokai University)
Local criteria for non-embeddability of Levi-flat manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we consider the Levi-flat embedding problem. Barrett showed that a smooth Reeb foliation on S^3 cannot be realized as a Levi-flat hypersurface in any complex surfaces. To do this, he focused the relationship between the holonomy along the compact leaf and a system of its defining functions. We will show a new criterion for non-embeddability of Levi-flat manifolds. Our result is a higher dimensional analogue of Barrett's theorem. In particular, this enables us to weaken the compactness assumption. For this purpose, we pose a partial generalization of Ueda theory on the analytic neighborhood structure of complex hypersurfaces. This talk is based on a joint work with Takayuki Koike (Kyoto University).

2017/06/06

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shunsuke Tsuji (The University of Tokyo)
A formula for the action of Dehn twists on the HOMFLY-PT type skein algebra and its application (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We give an explicit formula for the action of the Dehn twist along a simple closed curve of a surface on the completed HOMFLY-PT type skein modules of the surface in terms of the action of the completed HOMFLY-PT type skein algebra of the surface. As an application, using this formula, we construct an invariant for an integral homology 3-sphere which is an element of Q[ρ] [[h]].

2017/05/30

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takayuki Morifuji (Keio University)
On a conjecture of Dunfield, Friedl and Jackson for hyperbolic knots (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The hyperbolic torsion polynomial is defined to be the twisted Alexander polynomial associated to the holonomy representation of a hyperbolic knot. Dunfield, Friedl and Jackson conjecture that the hyperbolic torsion polynomial determines the genus and fiberedness of a hyperbolic knot. In this talk we will survey recent results on the conjecture and explain its generalization to hyperbolic links.

2017/05/23

17:00-18:30   Room #大講義室 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Richard Hain (Duke University)
Johnson homomorphisms, stable and unstable (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will recall how motivic structures (Hodge and/or Galois) on the relative completions of mapping class groups yield non-trivial information about Johnson homomorphisms. I will explain how these motivic structures can be pasted, and why I believe that the genus 1 case is of fundamental importance in studying the higher genus (stable) case.

2017/05/16

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiroshi Goda (Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology)
Twisted Alexander invariants and Hyperbolic volume of knots (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In [1], Müller investigated the asymptotics of the Ray-Singer analytic torsion of hyperbolic 3-manifolds, and then Menal-Ferrer and Porti [2] have obtained a formula on the volume of a hyperbolic 3-manifold using the Higher-dimensional Reidemeister torsion.

On the other hand, Yoshikazu Yamaguchi has shown that a relationship between the twisted Alexander polynomial and the Reidemeister torsion associated with the adjoint representation of the holonomy representation of a hyperbolic 3-manifold in his thesis [3].

In this talk, we observe that Yamaguchi's idea is applicable to the Higher-dimensional Reidemeister torsion, then we give a volume formula of a hyperbolic knot using the twisted Alexander polynomial.

References

[1] Müller, W., The asymptotics of the Ray-Singer analytic torsion of hyperbolic 3-manifolds, Metric and differential geometry, 317--352, Progr. Math., 297, Birkhäuser/Springer, Basel, 2012.

[2] Menal-Ferrer, P. and Porti, J., Higher-dimensional Reidemeister torsion invariants for cusped hyperbolic 3-manifolds. J. Topol., 7 (2014), no. 1, 69--119.

[3] Yamaguchi, Y., On the non-acyclic Reidemeister torsion for knots, Dissertation at the University of Tokyo, 2007.

2017/05/09

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuo Suwa (Hokkaido University)
Local and global coincidence homology classes (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We consider two differentiable maps between two oriented manifolds. In the case the manifolds are compact with the same dimension and the coincidence points are isolated, there is the Lefschetz coincidence point formula, which generalizes his fixed point formula. In this talk we discuss the case where the dimensions of the manifolds may possible be different so that the coincidence points are not isolated in general. In fact it seems that Lefschetz himself already considered this case (cf. [4]).

We introduce the local and global coincidence homology classes and state a general coincidence point theorem.
We then give some explicit expressions for the local class. We also take up the case of several maps as considered in [1] and perform similar tasks. These all together lead to a generalization of the aforementioned Lefschetz formula. The key ingredients are the Alexander duality in combinatorial topology, intersection theory with maps and the Thom class in Čech-de Rham cohomology. The contents of the talk are in [2] and [3].

References
[1] C. Biasi, A.K.M. Libardi and T.F.M. Monis, The Lefschetz coincidence class of p maps, Forum Math. 27 (2015), 1717-1728.
[2] C. Bisi, F. Bracci, T. Izawa and T. Suwa, Localized intersection of currents and the Lefschetz coincidence point theorem, Annali di Mat. Pura ed Applicata 195 (2016), 601-621.
[3] J.-P. Brasselet and T. Suwa, Local and global coincidence homology classes, arXiv:1612.02105.
[4] N.E. Steenrod, The work and influence of Professor Lefschetz in algebraic topology, Algebraic Geometry and Topology: A Symposium in Honor of Solomon Lefschetz, Princeton Univ. Press 1957, 24-43.

2017/04/25

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yusuke Kuno (Tsuda University)
Formality of the Goldman-Turaev Lie bialgebra and the Kashiwara-Vergne problem in positive genus (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
This talk is based on a joint work with A. Alekseev, N. Kawazumi and F. Naef. Given a compact oriented surface with non-empty boundary and a framing of the surface, one can define the Lie bracket (Goldman bracket) and the Lie cobracket (Turaev bracket) on the vector space spanned by free homotopy classes of loops on the surface. These maps are of degree minus two with respect to a certain filtration. Then one can ask the formality of this Lie bialgebra: is the Goldman-Turaev Lie bialgebra isomorphic to its associated graded?

For surfaces of genus zero, we showed that this question is closely related to the Kashiwara-Vergne (KV) problem in Lie theory (arXiv:1703.05813). A similar result was obtained by G. Massuyeau by using the Kontsevich integral.

Our new topological interpretation of the classical KV problem leads us to introduce a generalization of the KV problem in connection with the formality of the Goldman-Turaev Lie bialgebra for surfaces of positive genus. We will discuss the existence and uniqueness of solutions to the generalized KV problem.

2017/04/18

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takefumi Nosaka (Tokyo institute of Technology)
Milnor invariants via unipotent Magnus embeddings (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We reconfigured the Milnor invariant, in terms of central group extensions and unipotent Magnus embeddings, and develop a diagrammatic computation of the invariant. In this talk, we explain the reconfiguration and the computation with mentioning some examples. I also introduce some properties of the unipotent embeddings. This is a joint work with Hisatoshi Kodani.

2017/04/11

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexander Voronov (University of Minnesota)
Homotopy Lie algebroids (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
A well-known result of A. Vaintrob [Vai97] characterizes Lie algebroids and their morphisms in terms of homological vector fields on supermanifolds. We give an interpretation of Lie bialgebroids and their morphisms in terms of odd symplectic dg-manifolds, building on the approach of D. Roytenberg [Roy99]. This extends naturally to the homotopy Lie case and leads to the notion of L-bialgebroids and L-morphisms between them.

2017/03/10

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Lizhen Ji (University of Michigan)
Satake compactifications and metric Schottky problems (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The quotient of the Poincare upper half plane by the modular group SL(2, Z) is a basic locally symmetric space and also the moduli space of compact Riemann surfaces of genus 1, and it admits two important classes of generalization:

(1) Moduli spaces M_g of compact Riemann surfaces of genus g>1,

(2) Arithmetic locally symmetric spaces Γ \ G/K such as the Siegel modular variety A_g, which is also the moduli of principally polarized abelian varieties of dimension g.

There have been a lot of fruitful work to explore the similarity between these two classes of spaces, and there is also a direct interaction between them through the Jacobian (or period) map J: M_g --> A_g. In this talk, I will discuss some results along these lines related to the Stake compactifications and the Schottky problems on understanding the image J(M_g) in A_g from the metric perspective.

2017/03/08

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Arthur Soulié (Université de Strasbourg)
Action of the Long-Moody Construction on Polynomial Functors (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In 2016, Randal-Williams and Wahl proved homological stability with certain twisted coefficients for different families of groups, in particular the one of braid groups. In fact, they obtain the stability for coefficients given by functors satisfying polynomial conditions. We only know few examples of such functors. Among them, we have the functor given by the unreduced Burau representations. In 1994, Long and Moody gave a construction on representations of braid groups which associates a representation of Bn with a representation of Bn+1. This construction complexifies in a sense the initial representation: for instance, starting from a dimension one representation, one obtains the unreduced Burau representation. In this talk, I will present this construction from a functorial point of view. I will explain that the construction of Long and Moody defines an endofunctor, called the Long-Moody functor, between a suitable category of functors. Then, after defining strong polynomial functors in this context, I will prove that the Long-Moody functor increases by one the degree of strong polynomiality of a strong polynomial functor. Thus, the Long-Moody construction will provide new examples of twisted coefficients entering in the framework of Randal-Williams and Wahl.

2017/02/20

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jørgen Ellegaard Andersen (Aarhus University)
The Verlinde formula for Higgs bundles (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we will present a Verlinde formula for the quantization of the Higgs bundle moduli spaces and stacks for any simple and simply-connected group. We further present a Verlinde formula for the quantization of parabolic Higgs bundle moduli spaces and stacks. We will explain how all these dimensions fit into a one parameter family of 2D TQFT's, encoded in a one parameter family of Frobenius algebras, which we will construct.

2017/01/24

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ryuma Orita (The University of Tokyo)
On the existence of infinitely many non-contractible periodic trajectories in Hamiltonian dynamics on closed symplectic manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We show that the presence of a non-contractible Hamiltonian one-periodic trajectory in a closed symplectic manifold yields the existence of infinitely many non-contractible periodic trajectories, provided that the symplectic form is aspherical and the fundamental group is virtually abelian. Moreover, we also show that a similar statement holds for closed monotone or negative monotone symplectic manifolds having virtually abelian fundamental groups. These results are certain generalizations of works by Ginzburg and Gurel who proved a similar statement holds for atoroidal or toroidally monotone closed symplectic manifolds. The proof is based on the machinery of filtered Floer--Novikov homology for non-contractible periodic trajectories.

2017/01/24

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Noriaki Kawaguchi (The University of Tokyo)
Quantitative shadowing property, shadowable points, and local properties of topological dynamical systems (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Shadowing property has been one of the key notions in topological hyperbolic dynamics, which is also common since C^0-generic homeomorphisms on a smooth closed manifold satisfy the property for instance. In this talk, the shadowing property in relation to other chaotic or non-chaotic properties of dynamical systems (entropy, sensitivity, equicontinuity, etc.) is discussed. Also, we introduce an idea of localizing and quantifying the shadowing property following the recent work of Morales, and present some of its consequences. The idea is shown to be effective for the description of local properties of dynamical systems.

2017/01/17

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Satoshi Sugiyama (The University of Tokyo)
On an application of the Fukaya categories to the Koszul duality (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we compute an A-Koszul dual of path algebras with relations over the directed An-type quivers via the Fukaya categories of exact Riemann surfaces.

The Koszul duality is originally a duality between certain quadratic algebras called Koszul algebras. In this talk, we are interested in the case when A is not a quadratic algebra, i.e. the case when A is defined as a quotient algebra of tensor algebra devided by higher degree relations.

The definition of Koszul duals for such algebras, A-Koszul duals, are given by some people, for example, D. M. Lu, J. H. Palmieri, Q. S. Wu, J. J. Zhang. However, the computation for a concrete examples is hard. In this talk, we use the Fukaya categories of exact Riemann surfaces to compute A-Koszul duals. Then, we understand the Koszul duality as a duality between higher products and relations.

2017/01/10

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shunsuke Saito (The University of Tokyo)
Stability of anti-canonically balanced metrics (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Donaldson introduced "anti-canonically balanced metrics" on Fano manifolds, which is a finite dimensional analogue of Kähler-Einstein metrics. It is proved that anti-canonically balanced metrics are critical points of the quantized Ding functional.

We first study the slope at infinity of the quantized Ding functional along Bergman geodesic rays. Then, we introduce a new algebro-geometric stability of Fano manifolds based on the slope formula, and show that the existence of anti-canonically balanced metrics implies our stability. The relationship between the stability and others is also discussed.

This talk is based on a joint work with R. Takahashi (Tohoku Univ).

2017/01/10

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shin Hayashi (The University of Tokyo)
Topological Invariants and Corner States for Hamiltonians on a Three Dimensional Lattice (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In condensed matter physics, a correspondence between two topological invariants defined for a gapped Hamiltonian is well-known. One is defined for such a Hamiltonian on a lattice (bulk invariant), and the other is defined for its restriction onto a subsemigroup (edge invariant). The edge invariant is related to the wave functions localized near the edge. This correspondence is known as the bulk-edge correspondence. In this talk, we consider a variant of this correspondence. We consider a periodic Hamiltonian on a three dimensional lattice (bulk) and its restrictions onto two subsemigroups (edges) and their intersection (corner). We will show that, if our Hamiltonian is "gapped" in some sense, we can define a topological invariant for the bulk and edges. We will also define another topological invariant related to the wave functions localized near the corner. We will explain that there is a correspondence between these two topological invariants by using the six-term exact sequence associated to the quarter-plane Toeplitz extension obtained by E. Park.

2016/12/20

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Irene Pasquinelli (Durham University)
Deligne-Mostow lattices and cone metrics on the sphere (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Finding lattices in PU(n,1) has been one of the major challenges of the last decades. One way of constructing lattices is to give a fundamental domain for its action on the complex hyperbolic space.

One approach, successful for some lattices, consists of seeing the complex hyperbolic space as the configuration space of cone metrics on the sphere and of studying the action of some maps exchanging the cone points with same cone angle.

In this talk we will see how this construction of fundamental polyhedra can be extended to almost all Deligne-Mostow lattices with three folding symmetry.

2016/12/13

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshihiko Mitsumatsu (Chuo University)
Plane fields on 3-manifolds and asymptotic linking of the tangential incompressible flows (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
This is a report on a project in (a very slow) progress which aims to prove the tightness of contact structures associated with algebraic Anosov flows without using Bennequin's nor Gromov's results.

After introducing an interpretation of asymptotic linking pairing in terms of differential forms, we attach a subspaces of exact 2-forms to each plane field. We analyze this space in the case where the plane field is an algebraic Anosov foliation and explain what can be done using results from foliated cohomology and frameworks for secondary characteristic classes. We also show some explicit computations.

To close the talk, a quantization phenomenon which happens when a foliation is deformed into a contact structure is explained and we state some perspectives on applying the results on foliations to the tightness.

2016/12/06

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ken'ichi Yoshida (The University of Tokyo)
Union of 3-punctured spheres in a hyperbolic 3-manifold (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
An essential 3-punctured sphere in a hyperbolic 3-manifold is isotopic to a totally geodesic one. We will classify the topological types for components of union of the totally geodesic 3-punctured spheres in an orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold. There are special types each of which appears in precisely one manifold.

2016/11/29

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hayato Chiba (Kyushu University)
Generalized spectral theory and its application to coupled oscillators on networks (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
For a system of large coupled oscillators on networks, we show that the transition from the de-synchronous state to the synchronization occurs as the coupling strength increases. For the proof, the generalized spectral theory of linear operators is employed.

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