## Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

Seminar information archive ～02/07｜Next seminar｜Future seminars 02/08～

Date, time & place | Monday 10:30 - 12:00 128Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.) |
---|---|

Organizer(s) | Kengo Hirachi, Shigeharu Takayama, Ryosuke Nomura |

**Seminar information archive**

### 2016/06/13

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Masanori Adachi**(Tokyo University of Science)(JAPANESE)

### 2016/06/06

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Shin Kikuta**(Kogakuin University)(JAPANESE)

### 2016/05/30

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Takeo Ohsawa**(Nagoya University)(JAPANESE)

### 2016/05/23

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

A computation method for algebraic local cohomology and its applications (JAPANESE)

**Katsusuke Nabeshima**(The University of Tokushima)A computation method for algebraic local cohomology and its applications (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Local cohomology was introduced by A. Grothendieck. Subsequent development to a great extent has been motivated by Grothendieck's ideas. Nowadays, local cohomology is a key ingredient in algebraic geometry, commutative algebra, topology and D-modules, and is a fundamental tool for applications in several fields.

In this talk, an algorithmic method to compute algebraic local cohomology classes (with parameters), supported at a point, associated with a given zero-dimensional ideal, is considered in the context of symbolic computation. There are several applications of the method. For example, the method can be used to analyze properties of singularities and deformations of Artin algebra. As the applications, methods for computing standard bases of zero-dimensional ideals and solving ideal membership problems, are also introduced.

Local cohomology was introduced by A. Grothendieck. Subsequent development to a great extent has been motivated by Grothendieck's ideas. Nowadays, local cohomology is a key ingredient in algebraic geometry, commutative algebra, topology and D-modules, and is a fundamental tool for applications in several fields.

In this talk, an algorithmic method to compute algebraic local cohomology classes (with parameters), supported at a point, associated with a given zero-dimensional ideal, is considered in the context of symbolic computation. There are several applications of the method. For example, the method can be used to analyze properties of singularities and deformations of Artin algebra. As the applications, methods for computing standard bases of zero-dimensional ideals and solving ideal membership problems, are also introduced.

### 2016/05/16

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Masataka Tomari**(Nihon University)(JAPANESE)

### 2016/05/09

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Nevanlinna type theorems for meromorphic functions on negatively curved Kähler manifolds (JAPANESE)

**Atsushi Atsuji**(Keio University)Nevanlinna type theorems for meromorphic functions on negatively curved Kähler manifolds (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

We discuss a generalization of classical Nevanlinna theory to meromorphic functions on complete Kähler manifolds. Several generalization of domains of functions are known in Nevanlinna theory, especially the results due to W.Stoll are well-known. In general Kähler case the remainder term of the second main theorem of Nevanlinna theory usually takes a complicated form. It seems that we have to modify classical

methods in order to simplify the second main theorem. We will use heat diffusion to do that and show some defect relations. We would also like to give some Liouville type theorems for holomorphic maps by using similar heat diffusion methods.

We discuss a generalization of classical Nevanlinna theory to meromorphic functions on complete Kähler manifolds. Several generalization of domains of functions are known in Nevanlinna theory, especially the results due to W.Stoll are well-known. In general Kähler case the remainder term of the second main theorem of Nevanlinna theory usually takes a complicated form. It seems that we have to modify classical

methods in order to simplify the second main theorem. We will use heat diffusion to do that and show some defect relations. We would also like to give some Liouville type theorems for holomorphic maps by using similar heat diffusion methods.

### 2016/04/25

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The representative domain and its applications (JAPANESE)

**Atsushi Yamamori**(Academia Sinica)The representative domain and its applications (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Bergman introduced the notion of a representative domain to choose a nice holomorphic equivalence class of domains. In this talk, I will explain that the representative domain is also useful to obtain an analogue of Cartan's linearity theorem for some special class of domains.

Bergman introduced the notion of a representative domain to choose a nice holomorphic equivalence class of domains. In this talk, I will explain that the representative domain is also useful to obtain an analogue of Cartan's linearity theorem for some special class of domains.

### 2016/04/18

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(JAPANESE)

**Kunio Obitsu**(Kagoshima University)(JAPANESE)

### 2016/04/11

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Defining the Julia sets on CP^2 (JAPANESE)

**Taro Asuke**(The University of Tokyo)Defining the Julia sets on CP^2 (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

The Julia sets play a central role in the study of complex dynamical systems as well as Kleinian groups where they appear as limit sets. They are also known to be meaningful for complex foliations without singularities, however still not defined for singular ones. In this talk, I will discuss some expected properties of the Julia sets for singular foliations and difficulties for defining them.

The Julia sets play a central role in the study of complex dynamical systems as well as Kleinian groups where they appear as limit sets. They are also known to be meaningful for complex foliations without singularities, however still not defined for singular ones. In this talk, I will discuss some expected properties of the Julia sets for singular foliations and difficulties for defining them.

### 2016/01/25

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

(Japanese)

**Kunio Obitsu**(Kagoshima Univ.)(Japanese)

### 2016/01/18

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Holomorphic motions and the monodromy (Japanese)

**Hiroshige Shiga**(Tokyo Institute of Technology)Holomorphic motions and the monodromy (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

Holomorphic motions, which was introduced by Mane, Sad and Sullivan, is a useful tool for Teichmuller theory as well as for complex dynamics. In particular, Slodkowski’s theorem makes a significant contribution to them. The theorem says that every holomorphic motion of a closed set on the Riemann sphere parametrized by the unit disk is extended to a holomorphic motion of the whole Riemann sphere parametrized by the unit disk. In this talk, we consider a generalization of the theorem. If time permits, we will discuss applications of our results.

Holomorphic motions, which was introduced by Mane, Sad and Sullivan, is a useful tool for Teichmuller theory as well as for complex dynamics. In particular, Slodkowski’s theorem makes a significant contribution to them. The theorem says that every holomorphic motion of a closed set on the Riemann sphere parametrized by the unit disk is extended to a holomorphic motion of the whole Riemann sphere parametrized by the unit disk. In this talk, we consider a generalization of the theorem. If time permits, we will discuss applications of our results.

### 2015/12/21

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On pseudo Kobayashi hyperbolicity of subvarieties of abelian varieties

(Japanese)

**Katsutoshi Yamanoi**(Osaka Univ.)On pseudo Kobayashi hyperbolicity of subvarieties of abelian varieties

(Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

A subvariety of an abelian variety is of general type if and only if it is pseudo Kobayashi hyperbolic. I will discuss the proof of this result.

A subvariety of an abelian variety is of general type if and only if it is pseudo Kobayashi hyperbolic. I will discuss the proof of this result.

### 2015/12/14

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Twistor correspondence for associative Grassmanniann

**Fuminori Nakata**(Fukushima Univ.)Twistor correspondence for associative Grassmanniann

[ Abstract ]

It is well known that the 6-dimensional sphere has a non-integrable almost complex structure which is introduced from the (right) multiplication of imaginary octonians. On this 6-sphere, there is a family of psuedo-holomorphic $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1$ parameterised by the associative Grassmannian, where the associative Grassmaniann is an 8-dimensional quaternion Kaehler manifold defined as the set of associative 3-planes in the 7-dimensional real vector space of the imaginary octonians. In the talk, we show that this story is quite analogous to the Penrose's twistor correspondence and that the geometric structures on the associative Grassmaniann nicely fit to this construction. This is a joint work with H. Hashimoto, K. Mashimo and M. Ohashi.

It is well known that the 6-dimensional sphere has a non-integrable almost complex structure which is introduced from the (right) multiplication of imaginary octonians. On this 6-sphere, there is a family of psuedo-holomorphic $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1$ parameterised by the associative Grassmannian, where the associative Grassmaniann is an 8-dimensional quaternion Kaehler manifold defined as the set of associative 3-planes in the 7-dimensional real vector space of the imaginary octonians. In the talk, we show that this story is quite analogous to the Penrose's twistor correspondence and that the geometric structures on the associative Grassmaniann nicely fit to this construction. This is a joint work with H. Hashimoto, K. Mashimo and M. Ohashi.

### 2015/12/07

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Cycle connectivity and pseudoconcavity of flag domains (Japanese)

**Tatsuki Hayama**(Senshu Univ.)Cycle connectivity and pseudoconcavity of flag domains (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

We consider an open real group orbit in a complex flag variety which has no non-constant function. We introduce Huckleberry's results on cycle connectivity and show that it is pseudoconcave if it satisfies a certain condition on the root system of the Lie algebra. In Hodge theory, we are mainly interested in the case where it is a Mumford-Tate domain. We also discuss Hodge theoretical meanings of this work.

We consider an open real group orbit in a complex flag variety which has no non-constant function. We introduce Huckleberry's results on cycle connectivity and show that it is pseudoconcave if it satisfies a certain condition on the root system of the Lie algebra. In Hodge theory, we are mainly interested in the case where it is a Mumford-Tate domain. We also discuss Hodge theoretical meanings of this work.

### 2015/11/30

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Extension of holomorphic functions defined on non reduced analytic subvarieties (English)

**Jean-Pierre Demailly**(Univ. de Grenoble I)Extension of holomorphic functions defined on non reduced analytic subvarieties (English)

[ Abstract ]

The goal of this talk will be to discuss $L^2$ extension properties of holomorphic sections of vector bundles satisfying weak semi-positivity properties. Using techniques borrowed from recent proofs of the Ohsawa-Takegoshi extension theorem, we obtain several new surjectivity results for the restriction morphism to a non necessarily reduced subvariety, provided the latter is defined as the zero variety of a multiplier ideal sheaf. These extension results are derived from $L^2$ approximation techniques, and they hold under (probably) optimal curvature conditions.

The goal of this talk will be to discuss $L^2$ extension properties of holomorphic sections of vector bundles satisfying weak semi-positivity properties. Using techniques borrowed from recent proofs of the Ohsawa-Takegoshi extension theorem, we obtain several new surjectivity results for the restriction morphism to a non necessarily reduced subvariety, provided the latter is defined as the zero variety of a multiplier ideal sheaf. These extension results are derived from $L^2$ approximation techniques, and they hold under (probably) optimal curvature conditions.

### 2015/11/16

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Towards the complex geometry of Teichmuller space with extremal length (English)

**Hideki Miyachi**(Osaka University)Towards the complex geometry of Teichmuller space with extremal length (English)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, in aiming for studying a relation between the topological aspect and the complex analytical aspect of Teichmuller space, I will discuss a complex analytic property of extremal length functions. More precisely, I will give a concrete formula of the Levi form of the extremal length functions for ``generic” measured foliations and show that the reciprocal of the extremal length function is plurisuperharmonic. As a corollary, I will give alternate proofs of S. Krushkal results that the distance function for the Teichmuller distance is plurisubharmonic, and Teichmuller space is hyperconvex. If time permits, I will give a topological description of the Levi form with using the Thurston's symplectic form.

In this talk, in aiming for studying a relation between the topological aspect and the complex analytical aspect of Teichmuller space, I will discuss a complex analytic property of extremal length functions. More precisely, I will give a concrete formula of the Levi form of the extremal length functions for ``generic” measured foliations and show that the reciprocal of the extremal length function is plurisuperharmonic. As a corollary, I will give alternate proofs of S. Krushkal results that the distance function for the Teichmuller distance is plurisubharmonic, and Teichmuller space is hyperconvex. If time permits, I will give a topological description of the Levi form with using the Thurston's symplectic form.

### 2015/11/02

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

A class of non-Kahler manifolds (Japanese)

**Shimobe Hirokazu**(Osaka Univ.)A class of non-Kahler manifolds (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

We consider a special case of compact complex manifolds which are said to be super strongly Gauduchon manifolds. A super strongly Gauduchon manifold is a complex manifold with a super strongly Gauduchon metric. We mainly consider non-Kähler super strongly Gauduchon manifolds. We give a cohomological condition for a compact complex manifold to have a super strongly Gauduchon metric, and give examples of non-trivial super strongly Gauduchon manifolds from nil-manifolds. We also consider its stability under small deformations and proper modifications of super strongly Gauduchon manifolds.

We consider a special case of compact complex manifolds which are said to be super strongly Gauduchon manifolds. A super strongly Gauduchon manifold is a complex manifold with a super strongly Gauduchon metric. We mainly consider non-Kähler super strongly Gauduchon manifolds. We give a cohomological condition for a compact complex manifold to have a super strongly Gauduchon metric, and give examples of non-trivial super strongly Gauduchon manifolds from nil-manifolds. We also consider its stability under small deformations and proper modifications of super strongly Gauduchon manifolds.

### 2015/10/26

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The Fubini-distance functions to pseudoconvex domains in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$ (Japanese)

**Kazuko Matsumoto**(Tokyo Univ. of Science)The Fubini-distance functions to pseudoconvex domains in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$ (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we would like to present two explicit formulas for the Levi forms of the Fubini-Study distance functions to complex or real hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$. This is the first step for us to approach the non-existence conjecture of Levi-flat real hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$. We would like to also discuss a certain important quantity found in the formulas.

In this talk, we would like to present two explicit formulas for the Levi forms of the Fubini-Study distance functions to complex or real hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$. This is the first step for us to approach the non-existence conjecture of Levi-flat real hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$. We would like to also discuss a certain important quantity found in the formulas.

### 2015/10/19

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Semiample invertible sheaves with semipositive continuous hermitian metrics (Japanese)

**Atsushi Moriwaki**(Kyoto University)Semiample invertible sheaves with semipositive continuous hermitian metrics (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

Let $(L,h)$ be a pair of a semi ample invertible sheaf and a semipositive continuous hermitian metric on a proper algebraic variety over $C$. In this talk, we would like to present the result that $(L, h)$ has the extension property, answering a generalization of a question of S. Zhang. Moreover, we consider its non-archimedean analogue.

Let $(L,h)$ be a pair of a semi ample invertible sheaf and a semipositive continuous hermitian metric on a proper algebraic variety over $C$. In this talk, we would like to present the result that $(L, h)$ has the extension property, answering a generalization of a question of S. Zhang. Moreover, we consider its non-archimedean analogue.

### 2015/10/05

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On the volume expansion of the Blaschke metric on strictly convex domains

**Taiji Marugame**(The Univ. of Tokyo)On the volume expansion of the Blaschke metric on strictly convex domains

[ Abstract ]

The Blaschke metric is a projectively invariant metric on a strictly convex domain in a projective manifold, which is a real analogue of the complete Kahler-Einstein metric on strictly pseudoconvex domains. We consider the asymptotic expansion of the volume of subdomains and construct a global conformal invariant of the boundary. We also give some variational formulas under a deformation of the domain.

The Blaschke metric is a projectively invariant metric on a strictly convex domain in a projective manifold, which is a real analogue of the complete Kahler-Einstein metric on strictly pseudoconvex domains. We consider the asymptotic expansion of the volume of subdomains and construct a global conformal invariant of the boundary. We also give some variational formulas under a deformation of the domain.

### 2015/09/28

10:30-12:00 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Flat structures on moduli spaces of generalized complex surfaces

**Ryushi Goto**(Osaka University)Flat structures on moduli spaces of generalized complex surfaces

[ Abstract ]

The 2 dimensional complex projective space $P^2$ is rigid as a complex manifold, however $P^2$ admits 2 dimensional moduli spaces of generalized complex structures which has a torsion free flat connection on a open strata. We show that logarithmic generalized complex structure with smooth elliptic curve as type changing loci has unobstructed deformations which are parametrized by an open set of the second de Rham cohomology group of the complement of type changing loci. Then we will construct moduli spaces of generalized del Pezzo surfaces. We further investigate deformations of logarithmic generalized complex structures in the cases of type changing loci with singularities. By using types of singularities, we obtain a stratification of moduli spaces of generalized complex structures on complex surfaces and it turns out that each strata corresponding to nodes admits a flat torsion free connection.

The 2 dimensional complex projective space $P^2$ is rigid as a complex manifold, however $P^2$ admits 2 dimensional moduli spaces of generalized complex structures which has a torsion free flat connection on a open strata. We show that logarithmic generalized complex structure with smooth elliptic curve as type changing loci has unobstructed deformations which are parametrized by an open set of the second de Rham cohomology group of the complement of type changing loci. Then we will construct moduli spaces of generalized del Pezzo surfaces. We further investigate deformations of logarithmic generalized complex structures in the cases of type changing loci with singularities. By using types of singularities, we obtain a stratification of moduli spaces of generalized complex structures on complex surfaces and it turns out that each strata corresponding to nodes admits a flat torsion free connection.

### 2015/07/13

10:30-12:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

$L^2$ cohomology and deformation of Einstein metrics on strictly pseudo convex domains

**Yoshihiko Matsumoto**(Tokyo Institute of Technology)$L^2$ cohomology and deformation of Einstein metrics on strictly pseudo convex domains

[ Abstract ]

Consider a bounded domain of a Stein manifold, with strictly pseudo convex smooth boundary, endowed with an ACH-Kähler metric (examples being domains of $\mathbb{C}^n$ with their Bergman metrics or Cheng-Yau’s Einstein metrics). We give a vanishing theorem on the $L^2$ $\overline{\partial}$-cohomology group with values in the holomorphic tangent bundle. As an application, Einstein perturbations of the Cheng-Yau metric are discussed.

Consider a bounded domain of a Stein manifold, with strictly pseudo convex smooth boundary, endowed with an ACH-Kähler metric (examples being domains of $\mathbb{C}^n$ with their Bergman metrics or Cheng-Yau’s Einstein metrics). We give a vanishing theorem on the $L^2$ $\overline{\partial}$-cohomology group with values in the holomorphic tangent bundle. As an application, Einstein perturbations of the Cheng-Yau metric are discussed.

### 2015/07/06

10:30-12:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On the structure of holomorphic automorphism groups of generalized complex ellipsoids and generalized Hartogs triangles (JAPANESE)

**Akio Kodama**On the structure of holomorphic automorphism groups of generalized complex ellipsoids and generalized Hartogs triangles (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we first review the structure of holomorphic automorphism groups of generalized complex ellipsoids and, as an application of this, we clarify completely the structure of generalized Hartogs triangles. Finally, if possible, I will mention some known results on proper holomorphic self-mappings of generalized complex ellipsoids, generalized Hartogs triangles, and discuss a related question to these results.

In this talk, we first review the structure of holomorphic automorphism groups of generalized complex ellipsoids and, as an application of this, we clarify completely the structure of generalized Hartogs triangles. Finally, if possible, I will mention some known results on proper holomorphic self-mappings of generalized complex ellipsoids, generalized Hartogs triangles, and discuss a related question to these results.

### 2015/06/29

10:30-12:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Cohomology Formula for Obstructions to Asymptotic Chow semistability (JAPANESE)

**Yuta Suzuki**(Univ. of Tokyo)Cohomology Formula for Obstructions to Asymptotic Chow semistability (JAPANESE)

[ Abstract ]

Odaka and Wang proved the intersection formula for the Donaldson-Futaki invariant. We generalize this result for the higher Futaki invariants which are obstructions to asymptotic Chow semistability.

Odaka and Wang proved the intersection formula for the Donaldson-Futaki invariant. We generalize this result for the higher Futaki invariants which are obstructions to asymptotic Chow semistability.

### 2015/06/22

10:30-12:00 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Amoebas and Horn hypergeometric functions

**Susumu Tanabé**(Université Galatasaray)Amoebas and Horn hypergeometric functions

[ Abstract ]

Since 10 years, the utility of the Horn hypergeometric functions in Algebraic Geometry has been recognized in a small circle of specialists. The main reason for this interest lies in the fact that every period integral of an affine non-degenerate complete intersection variety can be described as a Horn hypergeometric function (HGF). Therefore the monodromy of the middle dimensional homology can be calculated as the monodromy of an Horn HGF’s.

There is a slight difference between the Gel’fand-Kapranov-Zelevinski HGF’s and the Horn HGF’s. The latter may contain so called “persistent polynomial solutions” that cannot be mapped to GKZ HGF’s via a natural isomorphism between two spaces of HGF’s. In this talk, I will review basic facts on the Horn HGF’s. As a main tool to study the topology of the discriminant loci together with the

analytic aspects of the story, amoebas – image by the log map of the discriminant- will be highlighted.

As an application of this theory the following theorem can be established. For a bivariate Horn HGF system, its monodromy invariant space is always one dimensional if and only if its Ore-Sato polygon is either a zonotope or a Minkowski sum of a triangle and some segments.

This is a collaboration with Timur Sadykov.

Since 10 years, the utility of the Horn hypergeometric functions in Algebraic Geometry has been recognized in a small circle of specialists. The main reason for this interest lies in the fact that every period integral of an affine non-degenerate complete intersection variety can be described as a Horn hypergeometric function (HGF). Therefore the monodromy of the middle dimensional homology can be calculated as the monodromy of an Horn HGF’s.

There is a slight difference between the Gel’fand-Kapranov-Zelevinski HGF’s and the Horn HGF’s. The latter may contain so called “persistent polynomial solutions” that cannot be mapped to GKZ HGF’s via a natural isomorphism between two spaces of HGF’s. In this talk, I will review basic facts on the Horn HGF’s. As a main tool to study the topology of the discriminant loci together with the

analytic aspects of the story, amoebas – image by the log map of the discriminant- will be highlighted.

As an application of this theory the following theorem can be established. For a bivariate Horn HGF system, its monodromy invariant space is always one dimensional if and only if its Ore-Sato polygon is either a zonotope or a Minkowski sum of a triangle and some segments.

This is a collaboration with Timur Sadykov.