Number Theory Seminar

Seminar information archive ~12/06Next seminarFuture seminars 12/07~

Date, time & place Wednesday 17:00 - 18:00 056Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Organizer(s) Naoki Imai, Yoichi Mieda

Seminar information archive

2012/04/11

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Damian Rossler (CNRS, Universite de Toulouse)
Around the Mordell-Lang conjecture in positive characteristic (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Let V be a subvariety of an abelian variety A over C and let G\\subseteq A(C) be a subgroup. The classical Mordell-Lang conjecture predicts that if V is of general type and G\\otimesQ is finite dimensional, then V\\cap G is not Zariski dense in V. This statement contains the Mordell conjecture as well as the Manin-Mumford conjecture (for curves). The positive characteristic analog of the Mordell-Lang conjecture makes sense, when A is supposed to have no subquotient, which is defined over a finite field. This positive characteristic analog was proven in 1996 by E. Hrushovski using model-theoretic methods. We shall discuss the prehistory and context of this proof. We shall also discuss the proof (due to the speaker) of the fact that in positive characteristic, the Manin-Mumford conjecture implies the Mordell-Lang conjecture (whereas this seems far from true in characteristic 0).

2012/02/22

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takuro Mochizuki (Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University)
Twistor $D$-module and harmonic bundle (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Abstract:
We shall overview the theory of twistor $D$-modules and
harmonic bundles. I am planning to survey the following topics,
motivated by the Hard Lefschetz Theorem for semisimple holonomic
$D$-modules:

1. What is a twistor $D$-module?
2. Local structure of meromorphic flat bundles
3. Wild harmonic bundles from local and global viewpoints

(本講演は「東京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として、インターネットによる東大数理とIHESとの双方向同時中継で行います。)

2012/01/12

18:15-19:15   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Toby Gee (Imperial College London)
New perspectives on the Breuil-Mézard conjecture (joint with M. Emerton)
(ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I will discuss joint work with Matthew Emerton on geometric approaches to the Breuil-Mézard conjecture, generalising a geometric approach of Breuil and Mézard. I will discuss a proof of the geometric version of the original conjecture, as well as work in progress on a geometric version of the conjecture which does not make use of a fixed residual representation.

(本講演は「東京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として、インターネットによる東大数理とIHESとの双方向同時中継で行います。)

2011/12/21

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kazuya Kato (University of Chicago)
On Sharifi's conjecture (JAPANESE)

2011/12/19

16:30-17:30   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tamas Szamuely (Budapest)
Galois Theory: Past and Present (ENGLISH)

2011/12/14

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Lucien Szpiro (City University of New York)
Good and bad reduction for algebraic dynamical systems (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We will report on a recent work with collaborators in New York on the
different ways to look at degenerations of a dynamical system in a one
parameter family. Resultants, conductors and isotriviality will be analyzed.

2011/12/08

18:30-19:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gerd Faltings (Max Planck Institute for Mathematics, Bonn)
Nonabelian p-adic Hodge theory and Frobenius (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Some time ago, I constructed a relation between Higgs-bundles and p-adic etale sheaves, on curves over a p-adic field. This corresponds (say in the abelian case) to a Hodge-Tate picture. In the lecture I try to explain one way to introduce Frobenius into the theory. We do not get a complete theory but at least can treat p-adic sheaves close to trivial.

(本講演は「東京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として、インターネットによる東大数理とIHESとの双方向同時中継で行います。)

2011/11/09

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Atsushi Shiho (University of Tokyo)
On extension and restriction of overconvergent isocrystals (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
First we explain two theorems concerning (log) extension of overconvergent isocrystals. One is a p-adic analogue of the theorem of logarithmic extension of regular integrable connections, and the other is a p-adic analogue of Zariski-Nagata purity. Next we explain a theorem which says that we can check certain property of overconvergent isocrystals by restricting them to curves.

(本講演は「東京パリ数論幾何セミナー」として、インターネットによる東大数理とIHESとの双方向同時中継で行います。)

2011/11/02

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kensaku Kinjo (University of Tokyo)
Hypergeometric series and arithmetic-geometric mean over 2-adic fields (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Dwork proved that the Gaussian hypergeometric function on p-adic numbers
can be extended to a function which takes values of the unit roots of
ordinary elliptic curves over a finite field of characteristic p>2.
We present an analogous theory in the case p=2.
As an application, we give a relation between the canonical lift
and the unit root of an elliptic curve over a finite field of
characteristic 2
by using the 2-adic arithmetic-geometric mean.

2011/10/19

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Andrei Suslin (Northwestern University)
K_2 of the biquaternion algebra (ENGLISH)
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ihes.fr/~abbes/SGA/suslin.pdf

2011/07/27

16:00-18:15   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takeshi Saito (University of Tokyo) 16:00-17:00
Discriminants and determinant of a hypersurface of even dimension (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The determinant of the cohomology of a smooth hypersurface
of even dimension as a quadratic character of the absolute
Galois group is computed by the discriminant of the de Rham
cohomology. They are also computed by the discriminant of a
defining polynomial. We determine the sign involved by testing
the formula for the Fermat hypersurfaces.
This is a joint work with J-P. Serre.
Dennis Eriksson (University of Gothenburg) 17:15-18:15
Multiplicities of discriminants (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The discriminant of a homogenous polynomial is another homogenous
polynomial in the coefficients of the polynomial, which is zero
if and only if the corresponding hypersurface is singular. In
case the coefficients are in a discrete valuation ring, the
order of the discriminant (if non-zero) measures the bad
reduction. We give some new results on this order, and in
particular tie it to Bloch's conjecture/the Kato-T.Saito formula
on equality of localized Chern classes and Artin conductors. We
can precisely compute all the numbers in the case of ternary
forms, giving a partial generalization of Ogg's formula for
elliptic curves.

2011/06/15

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tomoyuki Abe (IPMU)
Product formula for $p$-adic epsilon factors (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I would like to talk about my recent work jointly with A. Marmora on a product formula for $p$-adic epsilon factors. In 80's Deligne conjectured that a constant appearing in the functional equation of $L$-function of $\\ell$-adic lisse sheaf can be written by means of local contributions, and proved some particular cases. This conjecture was proven later by Laumon, and was used in the Lafforgue's proof of the Langlands' program for functional filed case. In my talk, I would like to prove a $p$-adic analog of this product formula.

2011/06/08

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuichi Hirano (University of Tokyo)
Congruences of modular forms and the Iwasawa λ-invariants (JAPANESE)

2011/05/25

17:00-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuya Matsumoto (University of Tokyo)
On good reduction of some K3 surfaces (JAPANESE)

2011/05/18

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masaki Nishimoto (University of Tokyo)
On the linear independence of values of some Dirichlet series (JAPANESE)

2011/05/11

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Michel Raynaud (Universite Paris-Sud)
Permanence following Temkin (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
When one proceeds to a specialization, the good properties of algebraic equations may be destroyed. Starting with a bad specialization, one can try to improve it by performing modifications under control. If, at the end of the process, the initial good properties are preserved, one speaks of permanence. I shall give old and new examples of permanence. The new one concerns the relative semi-stable reduction of curves recently proved by Temkin.

2011/04/27

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuuki Takai (University of Tokyo)
An analogue of Sturm's theorem for Hilbert modular forms (JAPANESE)

2011/02/10

11:00-12:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Joseph Ayoub (University of Zurich)
The motivic Galois group and periods of algebraic varieties (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We give a construction of the motivic Galois group of $\\Q$ and explain the conjectural link with the ring of periods of algebraic varieties. Then we introduce the ring of formal periods and explain how the conjectural link with the motivic Galois group can be realized for them.

2011/01/26

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shinichi Kobayashi (Tohoku University)
The p-adic Gross-Zagier formula for elliptic curves at supersingular primes (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The p-adic Gross-Zagier formula is a formula relating the derivative of the p-adic L-function of elliptic curves to the p-adic height of Heegner points. For a good ordinary prime p, the formula is proved by B. Perrin-Riou more than 20 years ago. Recently, the speaker proved it for a supersingular prime p. In this talk, he explains the proof.

2011/01/12

16:30-18:45   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhonghua Li (University of Tokyo) 16:30-17:30
On regularized double shuffle relation for multiple zeta values (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Multiple zeta values(MZVs) are natural generalizations of Riemann zeta values. There are many rational relations among MZVs. It is conjectured that the regularized double shuffle relations contian all rational relations of MZVs. So other rational relations should be deduced from regularized dhouble shuffle relations. In this talk, we discuss some results on this problem. We define the gamma series accociated to elements satisfying regularized double shuffle relations and give some properties. Moreover we show that the Ohno-Zagier relations can be deduced from regularized double shuffle relations.
Dan Yasaki (North Carolina University) 17:45-18:45
Spines with View Toward Modular Forms (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The study of an arithmetic group is often aided by the fact that it acts naturally on a nice topological object. One can then use topological or geometric techniques to try to recover arithmetic data. For example, one often studies SL_2(Z) in terms of
its action on the upper half plane. In this talk, we will examine spines, which are the ``smallest" such spaces for a given arithmetic group. On overview of some known theoretical results and explicit computations will be given.

2010/12/22

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takashi Hara (University of Tokyo)
Inductive construction of the p-adic zeta functions for non-commutative
p-extensions of totally real fields with exponent p (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We will discuss how to construct p-adic zeta functions and verify
the main conjecture in special cases in non-commutative Iwasawa theory
for totally real number fields.

The non-commutative Iwasawa main conjecture for totally real number
fields has been verified in special cases by Kazuya Kato,
Mahesh Kakde and the speaker by `patching method of p-adic zeta functions'
introduced by David Burns and Kazuya Kato (Jurgen Ritter and Alfred Weiss
have also constructed the successful example of the main conjecture
under somewhat different formulations).

In this talk we will explain that we can prove the main conjecture
for cases where the Galois group is isomorphic
to the direct product of the ring of p-adic integer and a finite p-group
of exponent p by utilizing Burns-Kato's method and inductive arguments.

Finally we remark that in 2010 Ritter-Weiss and Kakde independently
justified the non-commutative main conjecture
for totally real number fields under general settings.

2010/12/01

16:30-18:45   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuichiro Hoshi (RIMS, Kyoto University) 16:30-17:30
On a problem of Matsumoto and Tamagawa concerning monodromic fullness of hyperbolic curves (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we will discuss the following problem posed by Makoto Matsumoto and Akio Tamagawa concerning monodromic fullness of hyperbolic curves.

For a hyperbolic curve X over a number field, are the following three conditions equivalent?
(A) For any prime number l, X is quasi-l-monodromically full.
(B) There exists a prime number l such that X is l-monodromically full.
(C) X is l-monodromically full for all but finitely many prime numbers l.

The property of being (quasi-)monodromically full may be regarded as an analogue for hyperbolic curves of the property of not admitting complex multiplication for elliptic curves, and the above equivalence may be regarded as an analogue for hyperbolic curves of the following result concerning the Galois representation on the Tate module of an elliptic curve over a number field proven by Jean-Pierre Serre.

For an elliptic curve E over a number field, the following four conditions are equivalent:
(0) E does not admit complex multiplication.
(1) For any prime number l, the image of the l-adic Galois representation associated to E is open.
(2) There exists a prime number l such that the l-adic Galois representation associated to E is surjective.
(3) The l-adic Galois representation associated to E is surjective for all but finitely many prime numbers l.

In this talk, I will present some results concerning the above problem in the case where the given hyperbolic curve is of genus zero. In particular, I will give an example of a hyperbolic curve of type (0,4) over a number field which satisfies condition (C) but does not satisfy condition (A).
Marco Garuti (University of Padova) 17:45-18:45
Galois theory for schemes (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We discuss some aspects of finite group scheme actions: the Galois correspondence and the notion of Galois closure.

2010/11/17

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shin Harase (University of Tokyo)
Fast lattice reduction for F_2-linear pseudorandom number generators (JAPANESE)

2010/10/06

16:30-17:30   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hélène Esnault (Universität Duisburg-Essen)
Finite group actions on the affine space (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
If $G$ is a finite $\\ell$-group acting on an affine space $\\A^n$ over a
finite field $K$ of cardinality prime to $\\ell$, Serre shows that there
exists a rational fixed point. We generalize this to the case where $K$ is a
henselian discretely valued field of characteristic zero with algebraically
closed residue field and with residue characteristic different from $\\ell$.
We also treat the case where the residue field is finite of cardinality $q$
such that $\\ell$ divides $q-1$. To this aim, we study group actions on weak
N\\'eron models.
(Joint work with Johannes Nicaise)

2010/07/07

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takahiro Tsushima (University of Tokyo)
On the stable reduction of $X_0(p^4)$ (JAPANESE)

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