Number Theory Seminar

Seminar information archive ~12/05Next seminarFuture seminars 12/06~

Date, time & place Wednesday 17:00 - 18:00 056Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Organizer(s) Naoki Imai, Yoichi Mieda

Seminar information archive

2015/05/20

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shou-Wu Zhang (Princeton University)
Colmez' conjecture in average (English)
[ Abstract ]
This is a report on a joint work with Xinyi Yuan on a conjectured formula of Colmez about the Faltings heights of CM abelian varieties. I will sketch a deduction of this formula in average of CM types from our early work on Gross-Zagier formula. When combined with a recent work of Tsimerman, this result implies the Andre-Oort conjecture for the moduli of abelian varieties.
Our method is different than a recently announced proof of a weaker form of the average formula by Andreatta, Howard, Goren, and Madapusi Pera: we use neither high dimensional Shimura varieties nor Borcherds' liftings.

2015/04/08

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Seidai Yasuda (Osaka University)
Integrality of $p$-adic multiple zeta values and application to finite multiple zeta values.
(English)
[ Abstract ]
I will give a proof of an integrality of p-adic multiple zeta values. I would also like to explain how it can be applied to give an upper bound of the dimension of finite multiple zeta values.

2015/02/18

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Piotr Achinger (University of California, Berkeley)
Wild ramification and $K(\pi, 1)$ spaces (English)
[ Abstract ]
A smooth variety in characteristic zero is Zariski-locally a $K(\pi,1)$ space, i.e., has trivial higher homotopy groups. This fact is of crucial importance in Artin's proof that $\ell$-adic cohomology agrees with singular cohomology over $\mathbb{C}$. The characteristic $p$ variant of this is not known --- we do not even know whether the affine plane is a $K(\pi, 1)$ in positive characteristic! I will show how to reduce this question to a ``Bertini-type’' statement regarding wild ramification of $\ell$-adic local systems on affine spaces, which might be of independent interest. I will verify this statement in the special case of local systems of rank $1$ and speculate on how one might treat the general case.

2015/01/21

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ofer Gabber (CNRS, IHES)
Spreading-out of rigid-analytic families and observations on p-adic Hodge theory (English)
[ Abstract ]
(Joint work with Brian Conrad.) Let $K$ be a complete rank 1 valued field with ring of integers $O_K$, $A$ an adic noetherian ring and $f:A\to O_K$ an adic morphism. If $g:X\to Y$ is a proper flat morphism between rigid analytic spaces over $K$ then locally on $Y$ a flat formal model of $g$ spreads out to a proper flat morphism between formal schemes topologically of finite type over $A$. As an application one can prove that for proper smooth $g$ and $K$ of characteristic 0, the Hodge to de Rham spectral sequence for $g$ degenerates and the $R^q g_* \Omega^p_{X/Y}$ are locally free.

2015/01/14

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Laurent Berger (ENS de Lyon)
Iterate extensions and relative Lubin-Tate groups
[ Abstract ]
Let K be a p-adic field, let P(T) be a polynomial with coefficients in K, and let {$u_n$} be a sequence such that $P(u_{n+1}) = u_n$ for all n and $u_0$ belongs to K. The extension of K generated by the $u_n$ is called an iterate extension. I will discuss these extensions, show that under certain favorable conditions there is a theory of Coleman power series, and explain the relationship with relative Lubin-Tate groups.

2015/01/07

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sandra Rozensztajn (ENS de Lyon)
Congruences of modular forms modulo p and a variant of the Breuil-Mézard conjecture (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will explain how a problem of congruences modulo p in the space of modular forms $S_k(\Gamma_0(p))$ is related to the geometry of some deformation spaces of Galois representations and can be solved by using a variant of the Breuil-Mézard conjecture.

2014/12/17

18:00-19:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Konstantin Ardakov (University of Oxford)
Equivariant $\wideparen{\mathcal{D}}$ modules on rigid analytic spaces
(English)
[ Abstract ]
Locally analytic representations of p-adic Lie groups are of interest in several branches of arithmetic algebraic geometry, notably the p-adic local Langlands program. I will discuss some work in progress towards a Beilinson-Bernstein style localisation theorem for admissible locally analytic representations of semisimple compact p-adic Lie groups using equivariant formal models of rigid analytic flag varieties.

2014/11/19

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fabien Pazuki (Univ Bordeaux and Univ Copenhagen)
Bad reduction of curves with CM jacobians (English)
[ Abstract ]
An abelian variety defined over a number field and having complex multiplication (CM) has potentially good reduction everywhere. If a curve of positive genus which is defined over a number field has good reduction at a given finite place, then so does its jacobian variety. However, the converse statement is false already in the genus 2 case, as can be seen in the entry $[I_0-I_0-m]$ in Namikawa and Ueno's classification table of fibres in pencils of curves of genus 2. In this joint work with Philipp Habegger, our main result states that this phenomenon prevails for certain families of curves.

We prove the following result: Let F be a real quadratic number field. Up to isomorphisms there are only finitely many curves C of genus 2 defined over $\overline{\mathbb{Q}}$ with good reduction everywhere and such that the jacobian Jac(C) has CM by the maximal order of a quartic, cyclic, totally imaginary number field containing F. Hence such a curve will almost always have stable bad reduction at some prime whereas its jacobian has good reduction everywhere. A remark is that one can exhibit an infinite family of genus 2 curves with CM jacobian such that the endomorphism ring is the ring of algebraic integers in a cyclic extension of $\mathbb{Q}$ of degree 4 that contains $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{5})$, for example.

2014/11/12

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ruochuan Liu (BICMR)
Relative (φ, Γ)-modules (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we will introduce the theory of (φ, Γ)-modules for general adic spaces. This is a joint work with Kedlaya.

2014/10/28

16:40-18:50   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Judith Ludwig (Imperial college) 16:40-17:40
A p-adic Labesse-Langlands transfer (English)
[ Abstract ]
Let B be a definite quaternion algebra over the rationals, G the algebraic group defined by the units in B and H the subgroup of G of norm one elements. Then the classical transfer of automorphic representations from G to H is well understood thanks to Labesse and Langlands, who proved formulas for the multiplicity of irreducible admissible representations of H(adeles) in the discrete automorphic spectrum.
The goal of this talk is to prove a p-adic version of this transfer. By this we mean an extension of the classical transfer to p-adic families of automorphic forms as parametrized by certain rigid analytic spaces called eigenvarieties. We will prove the p-adic transfer by constructing a morphism between eigenvarieties, which agrees with the classical transfer on points corresponding to classical automorphic representations.
Jan Nekovar (Université Paris 6) 17:50-18:50
Plectic cohomology (English)

2014/10/14

17:30-18:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fabrizio Andreatta (Università Statale di Milano)
A p-adic criterion for good reduction of curves (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Given a curve over a dvr of mixed characteristic 0-p with smooth generic fiber and with semistable reduction, I will present a criterion for good reduction in terms of the (unipotent) p-adic étale fundamental group of its generic fiber.

2014/06/25

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masahiko Takiguchi (University of Tokyo)
Periods of some two dimensional reducible p-adic representations and non-de Rham B-pairs (JAPANESE)

2014/06/17

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Bao Châu Ngô (University of Chicago, VIASM)
Vinberg's monoid and automorphic L-functions (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We will explain a generalisation of the construction of the local factors of Godement-Jacquet's L-functions, based on Vinberg's monoid.

2014/05/28

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gantsooj Batzaya (University of Tokyo)
On simultaneous approximation to powers of a real number by rational numbers (ENGLISH)

2014/05/21

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shenghao Sun (Mathematical Sciences Center of Tsinghua University)
Parity of Betti numbers in étale cohomology (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
By Hodge symmetry, the Betti numbers of a complex projective smooth variety in odd degrees are even. When the base field has characteristic p, Deligne proved the hard Lefschetz theorem in etale cohomology, and the parity result follows from this. Suh has generalized this to proper smooth varieties in characteristic p, using crystalline cohomology.
The purity of intersection cohomology group of proper varieties suggests that the same parity property should hold for these groups in characteristic p. We proved this by investigating the symmetry in the categorical level.
In particular, we reproved Suh's result, using merely etale cohomology. Some related results will be discussed. This is joint work with Weizhe Zheng.

2014/04/30

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takuya Maruyama (University of Tokyo)
An effective upper bound for the number of principally polarized Abelian schemes (JAPANESE)

2014/04/23

16:40-17:40   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoichi Mieda (University of Tokyo)
Non-tempered A-packets and the Rapoport-Zink spaces (JAPANESE)

2014/04/16

17:30-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Olivier Wittenberg (ENS and CNRS)
On the cycle class map for zero-cycles over local fields (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Chow group of zero-cycles of a smooth and projective variety defined over a field k is an invariant of an arithmetic and geometric nature which is well understood only when k is a finite field (by higher-dimensional class field theory). In this talk, we will discuss the case of local and strictly local fields. We prove in particular the injectivity of the cycle class map to integral l-adic cohomology for a large class of surfaces with positive geometric genus over p-adic fields. The same statement holds for semistable K3 surfaces over C((t)), but does not hold in general for surfaces over C((t)) or over the maximal unramified extension of a p-adic field. This is a joint work with Hélène Esnault.

2014/02/05

17:10-18:10   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Neven Grbac (University of Rijeka)
The Franke filtration of spaces of automorphic forms (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Franke filtration is a filtration of the space of all adelic automorphic forms on a reductive group defined over a number field. The filtration steps can be described as certain induced representations, which has applications to the study of Eisenstein cohomology. In this talk, we shall describe the Franke filtration in general, give several examples, and explain its connection to cohomology.

2014/01/24

16:40-18:50   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Christopher Davis (University of Copenhagen) 16:40-17:40
An approach to p-adic Hodge theory over number fields (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
As motivation from classical Hodge theory, we will first compare singular cohomology and (algebraic) de Rham cohomology for a complex analytic variety. We will also describe a sense in which this comparison does not have a natural analogue over the real numbers. We think of the complex numbers as a "big" ring which is necessary for the comparison isomorphism to work. In the p-adic setting, the analogous study is known as p-adic Hodge theory, and the "big" rings there are even bigger. There are many approaches to p-adic Hodge theory, and we will introduce one tool in particular: (phi, Gamma)-modules. The goal of this talk is to describe a preliminary attempt to find an analogue of this theory (and analogues of its "big" rings) which makes sense over number fields (rather than p-adic fields). This is joint work with Kiran Kedlaya.
Bryden Cais (University of Arizona) 17:50-18:50
Canonical lifts of norm fields and applications (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we begin by outlining the Fontaine-Wintenberger theory of norm fields and explain its application to the classification of p-adic Galois representations on F_p-vector spaces. In order to lift this to a classification of p-adic representations on Z_p-modules, it is necessary to lift the characteristic p norm field constructions of Fontaine-Wintenberger to characteristic zero. We will explain how to canonically perform such lifting in many interesting cases, as well as applications to generalizing a theorem of Kisin on the restriction of crystalline p-adic Galois representations. This is joint work with Christopher Davis.

2014/01/22

18:00-19:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masaki Kashiwara (RIMS, Kyoto University)
Riemann-Hilbert correspondence for irregular holonomic D-modules (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The classical Riemann-Hilbert correspondence establishes an equivalence between the derived category of regular holonomic D-modules and the derived category of constructible sheaves. Recently, I, with Andrea D'Agnolo, proved a Riemann-Hilbert correspondence for holonomic D-modules which are not necessarily regular (arXiv:1311.2374). In this correspondence, we have to replace the derived category of constructible sheaves with a full subcategory of ind-sheaves on the product of the base space and the real projective line. The construction is therefore based on the theory of ind-sheaves by Kashiwara-Schapira, and also it is influenced by Tamarkin's work. Among the main ingredients of our proof is the description of the structure of flat meromorphic connections due to Takuro Mochizuki and Kiran Kedlaya.

2014/01/15

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Stephen Lichtenbaum (Brown University)
Special values of zeta-functions of schemes (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We will give conjectured formulas giving the behavior of the
seta-function of regular schemes projective and flat over Spec Z at
non-positive integers in terms of Weil-etale cohomology. We will also
explain the conjectured relationship of Weil-etale cohomology to etale
cohomology, which makes it possible to express these formulas also in terms
of etale cohomology.

2014/01/08

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sho Yoshikawa (University of Tokyo)
Roots of the discriminant of an elliptic curves and its torsion points (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We give an explicit and intrinsic description of (the torsor defined by the 12th roots of) the discriminant of an elliptic curve using the group of its 12-torsion points and the Weil pairing. As an application, we extend a result of Coates (which deals with the characteristic 0 case) to the case where the characteristic of the base field is not 2 or 3. This is a joint work with Kohei Fukuda.

2013/12/18

18:00-19:00   Room #117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kazuya Kato (University of Chicago)
Heights of motives (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The height of a rational number a/b (a, b integers which are coprime) is defined as max(|a|, |b|). A rational number with small (resp. big) height is a simple (resp. complicated)  number. Though the notion height is so naive, height has played fundamental roles in number theory. There are important variants of this notion. In 1983, when Faltings proved Mordell conjecture, Faltings first proved Tate conjecture for abelian variaties by defining heights of abelian varieties, and then he deduced Mordell conjecture from the latter conjecture. I explain that his height of an abelian variety is generalized to the height of a motive. This generalization of height is related to open problems in number theory. If we can prove finiteness of the number of motives of bounded heights, we can prove important conjectures in number theory such as general Tate conjecture and Mordell-Weil type conjectures in many cases.

2013/11/20

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Valentina Di Proietto (The University of Tokyo)
On the homotopy exact sequence for the logarithmic de Rham fundamental group (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Let K be a field of characteristic 0 and let X* be a quasi-projective simple normal crossing log variety over the log point K* associated to K. We construct a log de Rham version of the homotopy sequence \\pi_1(X*/K*)-->\\pi_1(X*/K)--\\pi_1(K*/K)-->1 and prove that it is exact. Moreover we show the injectivity of the first map for certain quotients of the groups. Our proofs are purely algebraic. This is a joint work with A. Shiho.

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