Algebraic Geometry Seminar

Seminar information archive ~10/26Next seminarFuture seminars 10/27~

Date, time & place Tuesday 15:30 - 17:00 122Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Seminar information archive

2011/05/23

17:00-18:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuji Sano (Kumamoto University)
Alpha invariant and K-stability of Fano varieties (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
From the results of Tian, it is proved that the lower bounds of alpha invariant implies K-stability of Fano manifolds via the existence of Kähler-Einstein metrics. In this talk, I will give a direct proof of this relation in algebro-geometric way without using Kähler-Einstein metrics. This is joint work with Yuji Odaka (RIMS).

2011/05/16

17:00-18:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shinnosuke Okawa (University of Tokyo)
On images of Mori dream spaces (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Mori dream space (MDS), introduced by Y. Hu and S. Keel, is a class of varieties whose geometry can be controlled via the VGIT of the Cox ring. It is a generalization of both toric varieties and log Fano varieties.

The purpose of this talk is to study the image of a morphism from a MDS.
Firstly I prove that such an image again is a MDS.
Secondly I introduce a fan structure on the effective cone of a MDS and show that the fan of the image coincides with the restriction of that of the source.

This fan encodes some information of the Zariski decompositions, which turns out to be equivalent to the information of the GIT equivalence. In toric case, this fan coincides with the so called GKZ decomposition.

The point is that these results can be clearly explained via the VGIT description for MDS.

If I have time, I touch on generalizations and an application to the Shokurov polytopes.

2011/05/09

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hokuto Uehara (Tokyo Metropolitan University)
Fourier--Mukai partners of elliptic ruled surfaces (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Atiyah classifies vector bundles on elliptic curves E over an algebraically closed field of any characteristic. On the other hand, a rank 2 vector bundle on E defines a surface S with P^1-bundle structure on E.
We study when S has an elliptic fibration according to the Atiyah's classification. As its application, we determines the set of Fourier--Mukai partners of elliptic ruled surfaces over the complex number field.

2011/05/02

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Katsuhisa Furukawa (Waseda University)
Projective varieties admitting an embedding with Gauss map of rank zero (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
I will talk about the study of Gauss map in positivity characteristic which is a joint work with S. Fukasawa and H. Kaji. I will also talk about my resent research of this topic.

We call that a projective variety $X$ satisfies (GMRZ) if there exists an embedding $¥iota: X ¥hookrightarrow ¥mathbb{P}^M$ whose Gauss map $X ¥dashrightarrow G(¥dim(X), ¥mathbb{P}^M)$ is of rank zero at a general point.

We study the case where $X$ has a rational curve $C$. Then, as a fundamental theorem, it follows that the property (GMRZ) makes the splitting type of the normal bundle $N_{C/X}$ very special. We also have a characterization of the Fermat cubic hypersurface in characteristic two in terms of (GMRZ). In this talk, I will also explain the relation of blow-ups and the property (GMRZ).

2011/04/25

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiromichi Takagi (University of Tokyo)
Mirror symmetry and projective geometry of Reye congruences (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
This is a joint work with Shinobu Hosono.
It is well-known that the projective dual of the second Veronese variety v_2(P^n) is the symmetric determinantal hypersurface H. However, in the context of homological projective duality after Kuznetsov, it is natural to consider that the Chow^2 P^n and H are dual (note that Chow^2 P^n is the secant variety of v_2(P^n)).
Though we did not yet formulate what this duality exactly means in full generality, we show some results in this context for the values n¥leq 4.
For example, let n=4. We consider Chow^2 P^4 in P(S^2 V) and H in P(S^2 V^*), where V is the vector space such that P^4 =P(V). Take a general 4-plane P in
P(S^2 V^*) and let P' be the orthogonal space to P in P(S^2 V). Then X:=Chow^2 P^4 ¥cap P' is a smooth Calabi-Yau 3-fold, and there exists a natural double cover Y -> H¥cap P with a smooth Calabi-Yau 3-fold Y. It is easy to check
that X and Y are not birational each other.
Our main result asserts the derived equivalence of X and Y. This derived equivalence is given by the Fourier Mukai functor D(X)-> D(Y) whose kernel is the ideal sheaf in X×Y of a flat family of curves on Y parameterized by X.
Curves on Y in this family have degree 5 and arithmetic genus 3, and these have a nice interpretation by a BPS number of Y. The proof of the derived equivalence is slightly involved so I explain a similar result in the case where n=3. In this case, we obtain a fully faithful functor from D(X)-> D(Y), where X is a so called the Reye congruence Enriques surface and Y is the 'big resolution' of the Artin-Mumford quartic double solid.

2011/04/18

16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masayuki Kawakita (Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University)
Ideal-adic semi-continuity problem for minimal log discrepancies (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
De Fernex, Ein and Mustaţă, after Kollár, proved the ideal-adic semi-continuity of log canonicity to obtain Shokurov's ACC conjecture for log canonical thresholds on l.c.i. varieties. I discuss its generalisation to minimal log discrepancies, proposed by Mustaţă.

2011/01/31

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sukmoon Huh (KIAS)
Restriction maps to the Coble quartic (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The Coble sixfold quartic is the moduli space of semi-stable vector bundle of rank 2 on a non-hyperelliptic curve of genus 3 with canonical determinant. Considering the curve as a plane quartic, we investigate the restriction of the semi-stable sheaves over the projective plane to the curve. We suggest a positive side of this trick in the study of the moduli space of vector bundles over curves by showing several examples such as Brill-Noether loci and a few rational subvarieties of the Coble quartic. In a later part of the talk, we introduce the rationality problem of the Coble quartic. If the time permits, we will apply the same idea to the moduli space of bundles over curves of genus 4 to derive some geometric properties of the Brill-Noether loci in the case of genus 4.

2011/01/17

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Dano Kim (KIAS)
L^2 methods and Skoda division theorems (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Extension of Ohsawa-Takegoshi type and division of Skoda type are two important consequences of the L^2 methods of Hormander, Demailly and others. They are analogous to vanishing theorems of Kodaira type and can be viewed as some refinement of the vanishing. The best illustration of their usefulness up to now is Siu’s proof of invariance of plurigenera without general type assumption. In this talk, we will focus on the division theorem / problem and talk about its currently known cases (old and new). One motivation comes from yet another viewpoint on the finite generation of canonical ring.

2010/12/20

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshinori Gongyo (Univ. of Tokyo)
On the minimal model theory from a viewpoint of numerical invariants (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
I will introduce the numerical Kodaira dimension for pseudo-effective divisors after N. Nakayama and explain the minimal model theory of numerical Kodaira dimension zero. I also will talk about the applications. ( partially joint work with B. Lehmann.)

2010/12/13

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sergey Fomin (University of Michigan)
Enumeration of plane curves and labeled floor diagrams (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Floor diagrams are a class of weighted oriented graphs introduced by E. Brugalle and G. Mikhalkin. Tropical geometry arguments yield combinatorial descriptions of (ordinary and relative) Gromov-Witten invariants of projective spaces in terms of floor diagrams and their generalizations. In the case of the projective plane, these descriptions can be used to obtain new formulas for the corresponding enumerative invariants. In particular, we give a proof of Goettsche's polynomiality conjecture for plane curves, and enumerate plane rational curves of given degree passing through given points and having maximal tangency to a given line. On the combinatorial side, we show that labeled floor diagrams of genus 0 are equinumerous to labeled trees, and therefore counted by the celebrated Cayley's formula. The corresponding bijections lead to interpretations of the Kontsevich numbers (the genus-0 Gromov-Witten invariants of the projective plane) in terms of certain statistics on trees.

This is joint work with Grisha Mikhalkin.

2010/11/29

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hisanori Ohashi (Nagoya Univ. )
K3 surfaces and log del Pezzo surfaces of index three (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Alexeev and Nikulin have classified log del Pezzo surfaces of index 1 and 2 by using the classification of non-symplectic involutions on K3 surfaces. We want to discuss the generalization of this result to the index 3 cases. In this case we are also able to construct log del Pezzos $Z$ from K3 surfaces $X$, but the converse is not necessarily true. The condition on $Z$ is exactly the "multiple smooth divisor property", which we will define. Our theorem is the classification of log del Pezzo surfaces of index 3 with this property.

The idea of the proof is similar to that of Alexeev and Nikulin, but the methods are different because of the existence of singularities: although the singularity is mild, the description of nef cone by reflection groups cannot be used. Instead
we construct and analyze good elliptic fibrations on K3 surfaces $X$ and use it to obtain the classification. It includes a partial but geometric generalization of the classification of non-symplectic automorphisms of order three, recently done by Artebani, Sarti and Taki.

2010/11/16

16:30-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Viacheslav Nikulin (Univ Liverpool and Steklov Moscow)
Self-corresponences of K3 surfaces via moduli of sheaves (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In series of our papers with Carlo Madonna (2002--2008) we described self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves with primitive isotropic Mukai vectors for K3 surfaces with Picard number one or two. Here, we give a natural and functorial answer to the same problem for arbitrary Picard number of K3 surfaces. As an application, we characterize in terms of self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves K3 surfaces with reflective Picard lattices, that is when the automorphism group of the lattice is generated by reflections up to finite index. See some details in arXiv:0810.2945.

2010/11/16

16:30-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Viacheslav Nikulin (Univ Liverpool and Steklov Moscow)
Self-corresponences of K3 surfaces via moduli of sheaves (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In series of our papers with Carlo Madonna (2002--2008) we described self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves with primitive isotropic Mukai vectors for K3 surfaces with Picard number one or two. Here, we give a natural and functorial answer to the same problem for arbitrary Picard number of K3 surfaces. As an application, we characterize in terms of self-correspondences via moduli of sheaves K3 surfaces with reflective Picard lattices, that is when the automorphism group of the lattice is generated by reflections up to finite index. See some details in arXiv:0810.2945.

2010/11/15

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shuhei Yoshitomi (Univ. of Tokyo)
Generators of tropical modules (JAPANESE)

2010/11/01

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Atsushi Ito (Univ. of Tokyo)
How to estimate Seshadri constants (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Seshadri constant is an invariant which measures the positivities of ample line bundles. This relates with adjoint bundles, Nagata conjecture, slope stabilities, Gromov width (an invariant of symplectic manifolds) and so on. But it is very diffiult to compute or estimate Seshadri constants in general, especially in higher dimension.
In this talk, we first study Seshadri constants of toric varieties, and next consider about non-toric cases using toric degenerations. For example, good estimations are obtained for complete intersections in projective spaces.

2010/10/18

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akiyoshi Sannai (Univ. of Tokyo)
Galois extensions and maps on local cohomology (JAPANESE)

2010/09/06

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Prof. Remke Kloosterman (Humboldt University, Berlin)
Non-reduced components of the Noether-Lefschetz locus (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Let $M_d$ be the moduli space of complex smooth degree $d$ surfaces in $\\mathbb{P}3$. Let $NL_d \\subset M_d$ be the subset corresponding to surfaces with Picard number at least 2. It is known that $NL_r$ is Zariski-constructable, and each irreducible component of $NL_r$ has a natural scheme structure. In this talk we describe the largest non-reduced components of $NL_r$. This extends work of Maclean and Otwinowska.
This is joint work with my PhD student Ananyo Dan.

2010/07/29

14:30-16:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masahiro Futaki (The University of Tokyo)
Homological Mirror Symmetry for 2-dimensional toric Fano stacks (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Homological Mirror Symmetry (HMS for short) is a conjectural
duality between complex and symplectic geometry, originally proposed
for mirror pairs of Calabi-Yau manifolds and later extended to
Fano/Landau-Ginzburg mirrors (both due to Kontsevich, 1994 and 1998).

We explain how HMS is established in the case of 2-dimensional smooth
toric Fano stack X as an equivalence between the derived category of X
and the derived directed Fukaya category of its mirror Lefschetz
fibration W. This is related to Kontsevich-Soibelman's construction of
3d CY category from the quiver with potential.

We also obtain a local mirror extension following Seidel's suspension
theorem, that is, the local HMS for the canonical bundle K_X and the
double suspension W+uv. This talk is joint with Kazushi Ueda (Osaka
U.).

2010/07/12

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ryo Ohkawa (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Flips of moduli of stable torsion free sheaves with $c_1=1$ on
$\\mathbb{P}^2$ (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We study flips of moduli schemes of stable torsion free sheaves
on the projective plane via wall-crossing phenomena of Bridgeland stability.
They are described as stratified Grassmann bundles by variation of
stability of modules over certain finite dimensional algebra.

2010/07/05

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Katsuhisa Furukawa (Waseda University)
Rational curves on hypersurfaces (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Our purpose is to study the family of smooth rational curves of degree $e$ lying on a hypersurface of degree $d$ in $\\mathbb{P}^n$, and to investigate properties of this family (e.g., dimension, smoothness, connectedness).
Our starting point is the research about the family of lines (i.e., $e = 1$), which was studied by W. Barth and A. Van de Ven over $\\mathbb{C}$, and by J. Koll\\'{a}r over an algebraically closed field of arbitrary characteristic.
For the degree $e > 1$, the family of rational curves was studied by J. Harris, M. Roth, and J. Starr over $\\mathbb{C}$ in the case of $d < (n+1)/2$.
In this talk, we study the family of rational curves in arbitrary characteristic under the assumption $e = 2,3$ and $d > 1$, or $e > 3$ and $d > 2e-4$.

2010/06/21

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Toru Tsukioka (Osaka Prefecture University)
Pseudo-index and minimal length of extremal rays for Fano manifolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The minimum of intersection numbers of the anticanonical
divisor with rational curves on a Fano manifold is called pseudo-index.
In view of the fact that the geometry of Fano manifolds is governed by
its extremal rays, it is important to consider the extremal rational
curves. In this talk, we show that for Fano 4-folds having birational
contractions, the minimal length of extremal rays coincides with the
pseudo-index.

2010/06/14

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yongnam Lee (Sogang University)
Slope of smooth rational curves in an anticanonically polarized Fano manifold (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Ross and Thomas introduce the concept of slope stability to study K-stability, which has conjectural relation with the existence of constant scalar curvature metric. Since K-stability implies slope stability, slope stability gives an algebraic obstruction to theexistence of constant scalar curvature. This talk presents a systematic study of slope stability of anticanonically polarized Fano manifolds with respect to smooth rational curves. Especially, we prove that an anticanonically polarized Fano maniold is slope semistable with respect to any free smooth rational curves, and that an anticanonically polarized Fano threefold X with Picard number 1 is slope stable with respect to any smooth rational curves unless X is the project space. It is a joint work with Jun-Muk Hwang and Hosung Kim.

2010/06/07

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Xavier Roulleau (The University of Tokyo)
Genus 2 curve configurations on Fano surfaces (ENGLISH)

2010/05/31

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Atsushi Kanazawa (The University of Tokyo)
On Pfaffian Calabi-Yau Varieties and Mirror Symmetry (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We construct new smooth CY 3-folds with 1-dimensional Kaehler moduli and
determine their fundamental topological invariants. The existence of CY
3-folds with the computed invariants was previously conjectured. We then
report mirror symmetry for these non-complete intersection CY 3-folds.
We explicitly build their mirror partners, some of which have 2 LCSLs,
and carry out instanton computations for g=0,1.

2010/05/24

16:40-18:10   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hokuto Uehara (Tokyo Metropolitan University)
A counterexample of the birational Torelli problem via Fourier--Mukai transforms (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We study the Fourier--Mukai numbers of rational elliptic surfaces. As
its application, we give an example of a pair of minimal 3-folds $X$
with Kodaira dimensions 1, $h^1(O_X)=h^2(O_X)=0$ such that they are
mutually derived equivalent, deformation equivalent, but not
birationally equivalent. It also supplies a counterexample of the
birational Torelli problem.

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