Algebraic Geometry Seminar

Seminar information archive ~02/07Next seminarFuture seminars 02/08~

Date, time & place Tuesday 10:30 - 11:30 or 12:00 ハイブリッド開催/002Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Seminar information archive

2015/04/27

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Genki Ouchi (University of Tokyo/IPMU)
Lagrangian embeddings of cubic fourfolds containing a plane (日本語)

2015/04/20

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akihiro Kanemitsu (University of Tokyo)
Fano 5-folds with nef tangent bundles (日本語)

2015/04/13

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Frédéric Campana (Université de Lorraine)
An orbifold version of Miyaoka's semi-positivity theorem and applications (English)
[ Abstract ]
This `orbifold' version of Miyaoka's theorem says that if (X,D)
is a projective log-canonical pair with K_X+D pseudo-effective,
then its 'cotangent' sheaf $¥Omega^1(X,D)$ is generically semi-positive.
The definitions will be given. The original proof of Miyaoka, which
mixes
char 0 and char p>0 arguments could not be adapted. Our proof is in char
0 only.

A first consequence is when (X,D) is log-smooth with reduced boudary D,
in which case the cotangent sheaf is the classical Log-cotangent sheaf:
if some tensor power of $¥omega^1_X(log(D))$ contains a 'big' line
bundle, then K_X+D is 'big' too. This implies, together with work of
Viehweg-Zuo,
the `hyperbolicity conjecture' of Shafarevich-Viehweg.

The preceding is joint work with Mihai Paun.

A second application (joint work with E. Amerik) shows that if D is a
non-uniruled smooth divisor in aprojective hyperkaehler manifold with
symplectic form s,
then its characteristic foliation is algebraic only if X is a K3 surface.
This was shown previously bt Hwang-Viehweg assuming D to be of general
type. This result has some further consequences.

2015/01/26

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jungkai Chen (National Taiwan University)
Positivity in varieties of maximal Albanese dimension (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Given a variety of maximal Albanese dimension, it is known that the holomorphic Euler characteristic is non-negative. It is an interesting question to characterize varieties with vanishing Euler characteristic.

In our previous work (jointly with Debarre and Jiang), we prove that Ein-Lazarsgfeld's example is essentially the only variety of maximal Albanese and Kodaira dimension with vanishing Euler characteristic in dimension three. In the recent joint work with Jiang, we prove a decomposition theorem for the push-forward of canonical sheaf. As a consequence, we are able to generalized our previous characterization. The purpose of this talk is give a survey of these two works.

2015/01/19

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ryo Yamagishi (Kyoto University)
Crepant resolutions of Slodowy slice in nilpotent orbit closure in sl_N(C) (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Nilpotent orbit closures and their intersections with Slodowy slices are typical examples of symplectic varieties. It is known that every crepant resolution of a nilpotent orbit closure is obtained as a Springer resolution. In this talk, we show that every crepant resolution of a Slodowy slice in nilpotent orbit closure in sl_N(C) is obtained as the restriction of a Springer resolution and explain how to count the number of crepant resolutions. The proof of the main results is based on the fact that Slodowy slices can be described as quiver varieties.

2014/12/15

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akiyoshi Sannai (University of Tokyo)
A characterization of ordinary abelian varieties in positive characteristic (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
This is joint work with Hiromu Tanaka. In this talk, we study F^e_*O_X on a projective variety over the algebraic closed field of positive characteristic. For an ordinary abelian variety X, F^e_*O_X is decomposed into line bundles for every positive integer e. Conversely, if a smooth projective variety X satisfies this property and its Kodaira dimension is non-negative, then X is an ordinary abelian variety.

2014/12/01

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Malte Wandel (RIMS)
Induced Automorphisms on Hyperkaehler Manifolds (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
in this talk I want to report on a joint project with Giovanni Mongardi (Milano). We study automorphisms of hyperkaehler manifolds. All known deformation classes of these manifolds contain moduli spaces of stable sheaves on surfaces. If the underlying surface admits a non-trivial automorphism, it is often possible to transfer this automorphism to a moduli space of sheaves. In this way we obtain a big class of interesting examples of automorphisms of hyperkaehler manifolds. I will present a criterion to 'detect' automorphisms in this class and discuss several applications for the classification of automorphisms of manifolds of K3^[n]- and kummer n-type. If time permits I will try to talk about generalisations to O'Grady's sporadic examples.

2014/10/27

14:50-16:20   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Meng Chen (Fudan University)
On projective varieties with very large canonical volume (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
For any positive integer n>0, a theorem of Hacon-McKernan, Takayama and Tsuji says that there is a constant c(n) so that the m-canonical map is birational onto its image for all smooth projective n-folds and all m>=c(n). We are interested in the following problem "P(n)": is there a constant M(n) so that, for all smooth projective n-fold X with Vol(X)>M(n), the m-canonical map of X is birational for all m>=c(n-1). The answer to “P_n" is positive due to Bombieri when $n=2$ and to Todorov when $n=3$. The aim of this talk is to introduce my joint work with Zhi Jiang from Universite Paris-Sud. We give a positive answer in dimensions 4 and 5.

2014/07/07

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sho Tanimoto (Rice University)
Balanced line bundles (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
A conjecture of Batyrev and Manin relates arithmetic properties of
varieties with big anticanonical class to geometric invariants; in
particular, counting functions defined by metrized ample line bundles
and the corresponding asymptotics of rational points of bounded height
are interpreted in terms of cones of effective divisors and certain
thresholds with respect to these cones. This framework leads to the
notion of balanced line bundles, whose counting functions, conjecturally,
capture generic distributions of rational points. We investigate
balanced line bundles in the context of the Minimal Model Program, with
special regard to the classification of Fano threefolds and Mori fiber
spaces.
This is joint work with Brian Lehmann and Yuri Tschinkel.

2014/06/30

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akiyoshi Sannai (University of Tokyo)
Invariant subrings of the Cox rings of K3surfaces by automorphism groups (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Cox rings were introduced by D.Cox and are important rings which appeared in algebraic geometry. One of the main topic related with Cox rings is the finite generation of them. In this talk, we consider the Cox rings of K3 surfaces and answer the following question asked by D. Huybrechts; Are the invariant subrings of the Cox rings of K3 surfaces by automorphism groups finitely generated in general?

2014/06/02

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yusuke Nakamura (University of Tokyo)
On base point free theorem for log canonical three folds over the algebraic closure of a finite field (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We will discuss about the base point free theorem on three-dimensional
pairs defined over the algebraic closure of a finite field.

We know the base point free theorem on arbitrary-dimensional Kawamata
log terminal pairs in characteristic zero. By Birkar and Xu, the base
point free theorem in positive characteristic is known for big line
bundles on three-dimensional Kawamata log terminal pairs defined over
an algebraically closed field of characteristic larger than 5. Over the
algebraic closure of a finite field, a stronger result was proved by Keel.

The purpose of this talk is to generalize the Keel's result. We will
prove the base point free theorem for big line bundles on
three-dimensional log canonical pairs defined over the algebraic closure
of a finite field. This theorem is not valid for another field.

This is joint work with Diletta Martinelli and Jakub Witaszek.

2014/05/12

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Andrés Daniel Duarte (Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse)
Higher Nash blowup on normal toric varieties and a higher order version of Nobile's theorem (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The higher Nash blowup of an algebraic variety replaces singular points with limits of certain vector spaces carrying first or higher order data associated to the variety at non-singular points. In the case of normal toric varieties, the higher Nash blowup has a combinatorial description in terms of the Gröbner fan. This description will allows us to prove a higher version of Nobile's theorem in this context: for a normal toric variety, the higher Nash blowup is an isomorphism if and only if the variety is non-singular. We will also present some further observations coming from computational experiments.

2014/04/28

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Alexandru Dimca (Institut Universitaire de France )
Syzygies of jacobian ideals and Torelli properties (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Let $C$ be a reduced complex projective plane curve defined by a homogeneous equation $f(x,y,z)=0$. We consider syzygies of the type $af_x+bf_y+cf_z=0$, where $a,b,c$ are homogeneous polynomials and $f_x,f_y,f_z$ stand for the partial derivatives of $f$. In our talk we relate such syzygies with stable or splittable rank two vector bundles on the projective plane, and to Torelli properties of plane curves in the sense of Dolgachev-Kapranov.

2014/02/12

14:00-17:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shin-ichi Matsumura (Kagoshima University) 14:00-15:30
An injectivity theorem with multiplier ideal sheaves of singular metrics with transcendental singularities (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, I give an injectivity theorem with multiplier ideal sheaves of singular metrics.
This theorem is a powerful generalization of various injectivity and vanishing theorems.
The proof is based on a combination of the theory of harmonic integrals and the L^2-method for the \\dbar-equation.
To treat transcendental singularities, after regularizing a given singular metric, we study the asymptotic behavior of the harmonic forms with respect to a family of the regularized metrics.
Moreover we obtain L^2-estimates of solutions of the \\dbar-equation, by using the \\check{C}ech complex.
As an application, we obtain a Nadel type vanishing theorem.
Junyan Cao (KIAS) 16:00-17:30
Ohsawa-Takegoshi extension theorem for K\\"ahler manifolds (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we first prove a version of the Ohsawa-Takegoshi
extension theorem valid for on arbitrary K\\"ahler manifolds, and for
holomorphic line bundles equipped with possibly singular metrics. As an
application, we generalise Berndtsson and Paun 's result about the
pseudo-effectivity of the relative canonical bundles to arbitrary
compact K\\"ahler families.

2014/02/03

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kento Fujita (RIMS)
Classification of log del Pezzo surfaces of index three (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Log del Pezzo surfaces constitute an interesting class of rational surfaces and naturally appear in the minimal model program. I will describe an algorithm to classify all the log del Pezzo surfaces of fixed (Q-Gorenstein) index $a$. Especially, I will focus on the case that $a$ is equal to three. This is joint work with Kazunori Yasutake.

2014/01/22

15:00-16:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Thomas Ducat (University of Warwick)
Divisorial Extractions from Singular Curves in Smooth 3-Folds (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Consider a singular curve C contained in a smooth 3-fold X.
Assuming the existence of a Du Val general elephant S containing C,
I give a normal form for the equations of C in X and an outline of how to
construct a divisorial extraction from this curve. If the general S is
Du Val of type D_{2k}, E_6 or E_7 then I can give some explicit
conditions for the existence of a terminal extraction. A treatment of
the D_{2k+1} case should be possible by similar means.

2014/01/20

15:30-17:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Taro Sano (University of Warwick)
Deforming elephants of Q-Fano 3-folds (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Shokurov and Reid proved that a Fano 3-fold with canonical
Gorenstein singularities has a Du Val elephant, that is,
a member of the anticanonical linear system with only Du Val singularities.
The classification of Fano 3-folds is based on this fact.
However, for a Fano 3-fold with non-Gorenstein terminal singularities,
the anticanonical system does not contain such a member in general.
Alt{\\i}nok--Brown--Reid conjectured that, if the anticanonical system is non-empty,
a Q-Fano 3-fold can be deformed to that with a Du Val elephant.
In this talk, I will explain how to deform an elephant with isolated
singularities to a Du Val elephant.

2013/12/09

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takuzo Okada (Saga University)
On birationally tririgid Q-Fano threefolds (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
I will talk about birational geometry of Q-Fano threefolds. A Mori
fiber space birational to a given Q-Fano threefold is called a birational Mori fiber structure of the threefold. The existence of Q-Fano threefolds with a unique birational Mori fiber structure (resp. with two birational Mori fiber structures) is known. In this talk I will give an example of Q-Fano threefolds with three birational Mori fiber structures and also discuss about the behavior of birational Mori fiber structures in a family.

2013/11/25

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takayuki Koike (The University of Tokyo)
Minimal singular metrics of some line bundles with infinitely generated section rings (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We consider Hermitian metrics of pseudo-effective line bundles on smooth
projective varieties defined over $\\mathbb{C}$.
Especially we are interested in (possibly singular) Hermitian metrics
with semi-positive curvatures when the section rings are not finitely generated.
We study where and how minimal singular metrics, special Hermitian
metrics with semi-positive curvatures, diverges in the following two situations;
a line bundle admitting no Zariski decomposition even after any
modifications (Nakayama example)
and a nef line bundle $L$ on $X$ satisfying $D \\subset |mL|$ and $|mL-D|
= \\emptyset$ for some divisor $D \\subset X$ and for all $m \\geq 1$ (
Zariski example).

2013/11/18

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Florin Ambro (IMAR)
An injectivity theorem (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I will discuss a generalization of the injectivity theorem of Esnault-Viehweg, and an
application to the problem of lifting sections from the non-log canonical locus of a log variety.

2013/11/11

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sung Rak Choi (POSTECH)
Geography via the base loci (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The geography of log model refers to the decomposition of the set of effective adjoint divisors into the cells defined by the resulting models that are obtained by the log minimal model program.
We will describe the geography in terms of the asymptotic base loci and Zariski decompositions of divisors.
As an application, we give a partial answer to a question of B. Totaro concerning the structure of partially ample cones.

2013/10/28

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Chen Jiang (University of Tokyo)
Weak Borisov-Alexeev-Borisov conjecture for 3-fold Mori Fiber spaces (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We investigate $\\epsilon$-klt log Fano 3-folds with some Mori fiber space structure, more precisely, with a del Pezzo fibration structure, or a conic bundle structure over projective plane. We give a bound for the log anti-canonical volume of such pair. The method is constructing non-klt centers and using connectedness lemma. This result is related to birational boundedness of log Fano varieties.

2013/07/22

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Stavros Papadakis (RIMS)
Equivariant degenerations of spherical modules (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Given a reductive algebraic group G and an invariant
Hilbert function h, Alexeev and Brion have defined
a moduli scheme M which parametrizes affine G-schemes X
with the property that the coordinate ring of X decomposes,
as G-module, according to the function h. The talk will
be about joint work with Bart Van Steirteghem (New York)
which studies the moduli scheme M under some additional
assumptions.

2013/04/22

16:30-18:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Professor Igor Reider (Universite d'Angers / RIMS)
Kodaira-Spencer classes, geometry of surfaces of general type and Torelli
theorem (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will explain a geometric interpretation of Kodaira-Spencer classes and apply
it to the study of the differential of the period map of weight 2 Hodge structures for surfaces
of general type.
My approach is based on interpreting Kodaira-Spencer classes as higher rank bundles and
then studing their stability. This naturally leads to two parts:
1) unstable case
2) stable case.
I will give a geometric characterization of the first case and show how to relate the second
case to a special family of vector bundles giving rise to a family of rational curves. This family
of rational curves is used to recover the surface in question.

2013/01/15

15:30-17:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jungkai Alfred Chen (National Taiwan University)
Three Dimensional Birational Geoemtry--updates and problems (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will talk about some recent results on
biratioanl classification and biratioanl geoemtry of threefolds.

Given a threefold of general type, we improved our previous result by
showing that $Vol \\ge 1/1680$ and $|mK_X|$ is biratioanl for $m \\ge
61$.
Compare with the worst known example that $X_{46} \\subset
\\mathbb{P}(4,5,6,7,23)$, one also knows that there are only finiteley
many singularities type
for threefolds of general type with $1/1680 \\le Vol \\le 1/420$. It is
then intereting to study threefolds of general type with given basket
of singularities and with given fiber structure.
Concerning threefolds with intermediate Kodaira dimension, we
considered the effective Iitaka fibration. For this purpose, it is
interesting to study threefolds with $\\kappa=1$ with given basket of
singularities and abelian fibration.

For explicit birational geoemtry, we will show our result that each
biratioanl map in minimal model program can be factored into a
sequence of following maps (or its inverse)
1. a divisorial contraction to a point of index r with discrepancy 1/r.
2. a blowup along a smooth curve
3. a flop

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