Algebraic Geometry Seminar

Seminar information archive ~12/08Next seminarFuture seminars 12/09~

Date, time & place Friday 13:30 - 15:00 ハイブリッド開催/117Room #ハイブリッド開催/117 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Organizer(s) GONGYO Yoshinori, NAKAMURA Yusuke, TANAKA Hiromu

Seminar information archive


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Taku Suzuki (Utsunomiya)
Higher order families of lines and Fano manifolds covered by linear
(Japanese (writing in English))
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, for an embedded Fano manifold $X$, we introduce higher
order families of lines and a new invariant $S_X$. They are line
versions of higher order minimal families of rational curves and the
invariant $N_X$ which were introduced in my previous talk on 4th
November 2016. In addition, $S_X$ is related to the dimension of
covering linear spaces. Our goal is to classify Fano manifolds $X$ which
have large $S_X$.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Wei-Chung Chen (Tokyo)
[ Abstract ]
Firstly, we show that rationally connected Calabi–Yau 3- folds with kawamata log terminal (klt) singularities form a birationally bounded family, or more generally, rationally connected 3-folds of ε-CY type form a birationally bounded family for ε > 0. Then we focus on ε-lc log Calabi–Yau pairs (X, B) such that coefficients of B are bounded from below away from zero. We show that such pairs are log bounded modulo flops. As a consequence, we show that rationally connected klt Calabi–Yau 3-folds with mld bounding away from 1 are bounded modulo flops.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Katsuhiko Okumura (Waseda Univ. )
SNC log symplectic structures on Fano products (English/Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
In 2014, Lima and Pereira gave a characterization of the even-dimensional projective space in terms of log symplectic Poisson structures. After that Pym gave an another more algebraic proof. In this talk, we will extend the result of Lima and Pereira to the case that the variety is a product of Fano varieties with the cyclic Picard group. This will be proved by extending Pym's proof. As a corollary, we will obtain a characterization of the projective space of all dimensions.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Luca Rizzi (Udine)
Adjoint forms on algebraic varieties (English)
[ Abstract ]
The so called adjoint theory was introduced by A. Collino and G.P. Pirola in the case of smooth algebraic curves and then generalized by G.P. Pirola and F. Zucconi in the case of smooth algebraic varieties of arbitrary dimension.
The main idea of this theory is to study particular differential forms, called adjoint forms, on an algebraic variety to obtain information on the infinitesimal deformations of the variety itself.
The natural context for the application of this theory is given by Torelli-type problems, in particular infinitesimal Torelli problems.


13:30-15:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
David Hyeon (Seoul National University)
Commuting nilpotents, punctual Hilbert schemes and jet bundles (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Pairs of commuting nilpotent matrices have been extensively studied, especially from the view point of quivers, but the space of commuting nilpotents modulo simultaneous conjugation has not received any attention at all despite its moduli theory flavor. I will explain how a 'moduli space' can be constructed via two different methods and demonstrate many interesting properties of the space:

- It is isomorphic to an open subscheme of a punctual Hilbert scheme.
- Over the field of complex numbers, it is diffeomorphic to a direct sum of twisted tangent bundles over a projective space.
- It is isomorphic to a bundle of regular jets.
- It gives examples of affine space bundles that are not vector bundles.

This is a joint work with W. Haboush (Illinois) and G. Bérczi (Zurich).


16:30-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiromichi Takagi (The University of Tokyo)
On classification of prime Q-Fano 3-folds with only 1/2(1,1,1)-singularities and of genus less than 2
[ Abstract ]
I classified prime Q-Fano threefolds with only 1/2(1,1,1)-singularities and of genus greater than 1 (2002, Nagoya Math. J.).
In this talk, I will explain how the method in that paper can be extended to the case of genus less than 2. The method is so called two ray game. By this method, I can classify the possibilities of such Q-Fano's. The classification is not yet completed since constructions of examples in certain cases are difficult. I will also explain some pretty examples in this talk.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kento Fujita (RIMS)
K-stability of log Fano hyperplane arrangements (English)
[ Abstract ]
We completely determine which log Fano hyperplane arrangements are uniformly K-stable, K-stable, K-polystable, K-semistable or not.


15:30-17:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gerard van der Geer (Universiteit van Amsterdam)
Algebraic curves and modular forms of low degree (English)
[ Abstract ]
For genus 2 and 3 modular forms are intimately connected with the moduli of curves of genus 2 and 3. We give an explicit way to describe such modular forms for genus 2 and 3 using invariant theory and give some applications. This is based on joint work with Fabien Clery and Carel Faber.


10:30-12:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Linquan Ma (University of Utah)
Perfectoid test ideals (English)
[ Abstract ]
Inspired by the recent solution of the direct summand conjecture
of Andre and Bhatt, we introduce perfectoid multiplier/test ideals in mixed
characteristic. As an application, we obtain a uniform bound on the growth
of symbolic powers in regular local rings of mixed characteristic analogous
to results of Ein--Lazarsfeld--Smith and Hochster--Huneke in equal
characteristic. This is joint work with Karl Schwede.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kenta Sato (The University of Tokyo)
Ascending chain condition for F-pure thresholds on a fixed strongly F-regular germ (English or Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
For a germ of a variety in positive characteristic and a non-zero ideal sheaf on the variety, we can define the F-pure threshold of the ideal by using Frobenius morphisms, which measures the singularities of the pair. In this talk, I will show that the set of all F-pure thresholds on a fixed strongly F-regular germ satisfies the ascending chain condition. This is a positive characteristic analogue of the "ascending chain condition for log canonical thresholds" in characteristic 0, which was recently proved by Hacon, McKernan, and Xu.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiromu Tanaka (Tokyo)
Kodaira vanishing theorem for Witt canonical sheaves (English)
[ Abstract ]
We establish an analogue of the Kodaira vanishing theorem in terms of de Rham-Witt complex. More specifically, given a smooth projective variety over a perfect field of positive characteristic, we prove that the higher cohomologies vanish for the tensor product of the Witt canonical sheaf and the Teichmuller lift of an ample invertible sheaf.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Frédéric Campana (Université de Lorraine/KIAS)
Orbifold rational connectedness (English)
[ Abstract ]
The first step in the decomposition by canonical fibrations with fibres of `signed' canonical bundle of an arbitrary complex projective manifolds $X$ is its `rational quotient' (also called `MRC' fibration): it has rationally connected fibres and non-uniruled base. In general, the further steps (such as the Moishezon-Iitaka fibration) of this decomposition will require the consideration of 'orbifold base' of fibrations in order to deal with the multiple fibres (as seen already for elliptic surfaces). One thus needs to work in the larger category of (smooth) `orbifold pairs' $(X,D)$ to achieve this decomposition. The aim of the talk is thus to introduce the notions of Rational Connectedness and 'rational quotient' in this context, by means of suitable equivalent notions of negativity for the orbifold cotangent bundle (suitably defined. When $D$ is reduced, this is just the usual Log-version). The expected equivalence with connecting families of `orbifold rational curves' remains however presently open.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Meng Chen (Fudan)
A characterization of the birationality of 4-canonical maps of minimal 3-folds (English)
[ Abstract ]
We explain the following theorem: For any minimal 3-fold X of general type with p_g>4, the 4-canonical map is non-birational if and only if X is birationally fibred by a pencil of (1,2) surfaces. The statement fails in the case of p_g=4.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takumi Murayama (University of Michigan)
Characterizations of projective space and Seshadri constants in arbitrary characteristic
[ Abstract ]
Mori and Mukai conjectured that projective space should be the only n-dimensional Fano variety whose anti-canonical bundle has degree at least n + 1 along every curve. While this conjecture has been proved in characteristic zero, it remains open in positive characteristic. We will present some progress in this direction by giving another characterization of projective space using Seshadri constants and the Frobenius morphism. The key ingredient is a positive-characteristic analogue of Demailly’s criterion for separation of higher-order jets by adjoint bundles, whose proof gives new results for adjoint bundles even in characteristic zero.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhan Li (Beijing)
ACC for log canonical threshold polytopes (English)
[ Abstract ]
We show that the log canonical threshold polytopes of varieties with log canonical singularities satisfy the ascending chain condition. This is a joint work with Jingjun Han and Lu Qi.


10:30-12:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Robeto Svaldi (Cambridge)
Towards birational boundedness of elliptic Calabi-Yau varieties (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will discuss new results towards the birational boundedness of
low-dimensional elliptic Calabi-Yau varieties, joint work with Gabriele
Di Certo.
Recent work in the minimal model program suggests that pairs with trivial log canonical
class should satisfy some boundedness properties.
I will show that 4-dimensional Calabi-Yau pairs which are not birational to a product are
indeed log birationally bounded. This implies birational boundedness of elliptically fibered
Calabi-Yau manifolds with a section, in dimension up to 5.
If time allows, I will also try to discuss a first approach towards boundedness of rationally
connected CY varieties in low dimension.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tien Cuong Dinh (Singapore)
Intersection of currents, dimension excess and complex dynamics (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will discuss dynamical properties of Henon maps in higher dimension, in particular, the equidistribution property of periodic points. Positive closed currents can be seen as an analytic counterpart of effective algebraic cycles. I will explain how a non-generic intersection theory for these currents, possibly with dimension excess, comes into the picture. Other applications of the intersection theory will be also discussed. This is a joint work with Nessim Sibony.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Akihiro Kanemitsu (The University of Tokyo)
Classification of Mukai pairs with corank 3 (English or Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
A Mukai pair $(X,E)$ is a pair of a Fano manifold $X$ and an ample vector bundle $E$ of rank $r$ on $X$ such that $c_1(X)=c_1(E)$. Study of such pairs was proposed by Mukai. It is known that, for a Mukai pair $(X,E)$, the rank $r$ of the bundle $E$ is at most $\dim X +1$, and Mukai conjectured the explicit
classification with $r \geq \dim X$. The above conjecture was solved independently by Fujita, Peternell and Ye-Zhang. Also the classification of Mukai pairs with $r= \dim X -1$ was given by Peternell-Szurek-Wi\'sniewski. In this talk I will give the classification of Mukai pairs with $r= \dim X -2$ and $\dim X \geq 5$.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fuetaro Yobuko (Tohoku University)
On a generalization of Frobenius-splitting and a lifting problem of Calabi-Yau varieties (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we introduce a notion of Frobenius-splitting height which quantifies Frobenius-splitting varieties and show that a Calabi-Yau variety of finite height over an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic admits a flat lifting to the ring of Witt vectors of length two.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yohsuke Matsuzawa (The University of Tokyo)
Arithmetic and dynamical degrees of self-maps of algebraic varieties (English or Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The first dynamical degree is an important birational invariant which measures the geometric complexity of dominant rational self-maps of algebraic varieties. On the other hand, when the variety is defined over a number field, one can associate to an orbit an invariant using Weil height function, called arithmetic degree, which measures the arithmetic complexity of the orbit. It is conjectured that the arithmetic degree of a Zariski dense orbit is equal to the first dynamical degree (Kawaguchi-Silverman). I will explain several results related to this conjecture. I will also explain applications to proofs of purely geometric statements.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sho Tanimoto (University of Copenhagen)
The space of rational curves and Manin’s conjecture (English)
[ Abstract ]
Manin's conjecture predicts the asymptotic formula for the counting function of rational points on a Fano variety after removing the exceptional thin set. There are many developments on birational geometry of exceptional sets using MMP, due to Lehmann, myself, Tschinkel, Hacon, and Jiang. Recently we found that the study of exceptional sets has applications to questions regarding the space of rational curves, i.e., its dimension and the number of components. I would like to explain these applications. This is joint work with Brian Lehmann.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takashi Kishimoto (Saitama University)
Cylinders in del Pezzo fibrations (English )
[ Abstract ]
The cylinder is, by definition, an algebraic variety of the form Z × A1 . Certainly it is geometrically a very simple object, but it plays often an important role to connect unipotent group actions on special kinds of affine algebraic varieties to projective geometry. From the point of view of birational geometry, it is essential to look into cylinders found on Mori fiber spaces. In this talk, we shall focus mainly on Mori fiber spaces of relative dimension two or three. One of main results asserts that a del Pezzo fibration π : V → W contains a cylinder respecting the structure of π (so-called a vertical cylinder) if and only if the degree deg π of π is greater than or equal to 5 and π admits a rational section. Especially, in case of dim V = 3, the existence of a vertical cylinder is equivalent to saying deg π ≧ 5 in consideration of Tsen’s theorem, nevertheless, it is worthwhile to note that the affine 3-space A3C is embedded into certains del Pezzo fibrations π : V → P1C of deg π ≦ 4 in a twisted way. This is a joint work with Adrien Dubouloz (Universit ́e de Bourgogne).


17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ivan Cheltsov (The University of Edinburgh)
Rational and irrational singular quartic threefolds (English)
[ Abstract ]
Burkhardt and Igusa quartics admit a faithful action of the symmetric group of degree 6.
There are other quartic threefolds with this property. All of them are singular.
Beauville proved that all but four of them are irrational. Burkhardt and Igusa quartics are known to be rational.
Two constructions of Todd imply the rationality of the remaining two quartic threefolds.
In this talk, I will give an alternative proof of both these (irrationality and rationality) results.
This proof is based on explicit small resolutions of the so-called Coble fourfold.
This fourfold is the double cover of the four-dimensional projective space branched over Igusa quartic.
This is a joint work with Sasha Kuznetsov and Costya Shramov.


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Chen Jiang (IPMU)
Fano varieties: K-stability and boundedness (English)
[ Abstract ]
There are two interesting problems for Fano varieties, K-stability and boundedness.
Significant progress has been made for both problems recently.
In this talk, I will show the boundedness of K-semistable Fano varieties with anti-canonical degree bounded from below, by using methods from birational geometry.
[ Reference URL ]


15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masaru Nagaoka (The University of Tokyo)
Contractible affine threefolds in smooth Fano threefolds (English or Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
By the contribution of M. Furushima, N. Nakayama, Th. Peternell and M.
Schneider, it is completed to classify all projective compactifications
of the affine $3$-space $\mathbb{A}^3$ with Picard number one.
As a similar question, T. Kishimoto raised the problem to classify all
triplets $(V, U, D_1 \cup D_2)$ which consist of smooth Fano threefolds
$V$ of Picard number two, contractible affine threefolds $U$ as open
subsets of $V$, and the complements $D_1 \cup D_2 =V \setminus U$.
He also solved this problem when the log canonical divisors $K_V+D_1+D_2
$ are not nef.
In this talk, I will discuss the triplets $(V, U, D_1 \cup D_2)$ whose
log canonical divisors are linearly equivalent to zero.
I will also explain how to determine all Fano threefolds $V$ which
appear in such triplets.

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