Algebraic Geometry Seminar

Seminar information archive ~02/07Next seminarFuture seminars 02/08~

Date, time & place Tuesday 10:30 - 11:30 or 12:00 ハイブリッド開催/002Room #ハイブリッド開催/002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Seminar information archive

2020/03/02

15:30-17:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Evgeny Shinder (The University of Sheffield)
Semiorthogonal decompositions for singular varieties (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will define the semiorthogonal decomposition for derived categories of singular projective varieties due to Professor Kawamata, into finite-dimensional algebras, generalizing the concept of an exceptional collection in the smooth case. I will present known constructions of these for nodal curves (Burban), torsion-free toric surfaces (Karmazyn-Kuznetsov-Shinder) and two nodal threefolds (Kawamata). I will also explain obstructions coming from the K_{-1} group, and how it translates to maximal nonfactoriality in the nodal threefold case. This is joint work with M.Kalck and N.Pavic.

2020/02/21

13:30-15:00   Room #370 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jakub Witaszek (Michigan)
Keel's theorem and quotients in mixed characteristic (English)
[ Abstract ]
In trying to understand characteristic zero varieties one can apply a wide range of techniques coming from analytic methods such as vanishing theorems. More complicated though they are, positive characteristic varieties come naturally with Frobenius action which sometimes allows for imitating analytic proofs or even showing results which are false over complex numbers. Of all the three classes, the mixed characteristic varieties are the most difficult to understand as they represent the worst of both worlds: one lacks the analytic methods as well the Frobenius action.

What is key for many applications of Frobenius in positive characteristic (to birational geometry, moduli theory, constructing quotients, etc.) is the fact that every universal homeomorphism of algebraic varieties factors through a power of Frobenius. In this talk I will discuss an analogue of this fact (and applications thereof) in mixed characteristic.
[ Reference URL ]
http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jakubw/

2020/01/21

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Matthias Schütt (Universität Hannover)
(Few) rational curves on K3 surfaces (English)
[ Abstract ]
Rational curves play a fundamental role for the structure of a K3 surface. I will first review the general theory before focussing on the case of low degree curves where joint work with S. Rams (Krakow) extends bounds of Miyaoka and Degtyarev. Time permitting, I will also discuss the special case of smooth rational curves as well as applications to Enriques surfaces.

2019/12/03

14:30-16:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Gavril Farkas (Humboldt Univ. Berlin)
Moduli of K3 surfaces via cubic 4-folds (English)
[ Abstract ]
In a celebrated series of papers, Mukai established structure theorems for polarized K3 surfaces of all genera g<21, with the exception of the case g=14. Using the identification between certain moduli spaces of polarized K3 surfaces of genera 14 and the moduli space of special cubic fourfolds of given discriminant, we discuss a novel approach to moduli spaces of K3 surfaces. As an application, we establish the rationality of the universal K3 surface of these genus 14,22. This is joint work with A. Verra.

2019/10/30

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Andrew Macpherson (IPMU)
A Tannakian perspective on rigid analytic geometry (English)
[ Abstract ]
Raynaud's conception of analytic geometry contends that the category of analytic spaces over a non-Archimedean field is a (suitably "geometric") localisation of the category of formal schemes over the ring of integers at a class of modifications "along the central fibre". Unfortunately, as with all existing presentations of non-Archimedean geometry, this viewpoint is confounded by a proliferation of technical difficulties if one does not impose absolute finiteness conditions on the formal schemes under consideration.

I will argue that by combining Raynaud's idea with a Tannakian perspective which prioritises the module category, we can obtain a reasonable framework for rigid analytic geometry with no absolute finiteness hypotheses whatsoever, but which has descent for finitely presented modules.

2019/10/16

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yusuke Sato (University of Tokyo/ IPMU)
Multidimensional continued fraction for Gorenstein cyclic quotient singularity
[ Abstract ]
Let G be a finite cyclic subgroup of GL(n,C). Then Cn/G is a cyclic quotient singularity. In the case n = 2, Cn/G possess the unique minimal resolution, and it is obtained by Hirzubruch-Jung continued fraction. In this talk, we show a sufficient condition of existence of crepant desingularization for Gorenstein abelian quotient singularities in all dimensions by using Ashikaga’s continuous fractions. Moreover, as a corollary, we prove that all three dimensional Gorenstein abelian quotient singularities possess a crepant desingularization.

2019/07/09

13:00-14:30   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Taro Sano (Kobe university)
Construction of non-Kähler Calabi-Yau 3-folds by smoothing normal crossing varieties (TBA)
[ Abstract ]
It is an open problem whether there are only finitely many diffeomorphism types of projective Calabi-Yau 3-folds. Kawamata--Namikawa developed log deformation theory of normal crossing Calabi-Yau varieties. As an application of their result, one can construct examples of Calabi-Yau manifolds by smoothing SNC varieties. In this talk, I will explain how to construct examples of non-Kähler Calabi-Yau 3-folds with arbitrarily large 2nd Betti numbers. If time permits, I will also explain an example of involutions on a family of K3 surfaces which do not lift biregularly to the total space. This is based on joint work with Kenji Hashimoto.

2019/07/05

10:30-12:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Makoto Enokizono (Tokyo university of science)
Durfee-type inequality for complete intersection surface singularities
[ Abstract ]
Durfee's negativity conjecture says that the signature of the Milnor fiber of a 2-dimensional isolated complete intersection singularity is always negative. In this talk, I will explain that this conjecture is true (more precisely, the signature is bounded above by the negative number determined by the geometric genus, the embedding dimension and the number of irreducible components of the exceptional set of the minimal resolution) by using the theory of invariants of fibered surfaces. If time permits, I will explain the higher dimensional analogue of Durfee's conjecture for isolated complete intersection singularities.

2019/06/28

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sho Tanimoto (Kumamoto)
Rational curves on prime Fano 3-folds (TBA)
[ Abstract ]
One of important topics in algebraic geometry is the space of rational curves, e.g., the dimension and the number of components of the moduli spaces of rational curves on an algebraic variety X. One of interesting situations where this question is extensively studied is when X is a Fano variety since in this case X is rationally connected so that it does contain a lots of rational curves. In this talk I will talk about my joint work with Brian Lehmann which settles this problem for most Fano 3-folds of Picard rank 1, e.g., a general quartic 3-fold in P^4, and our approach is inspired by Manin’s conjecture which predicts the asymptotic formula for the counting function of rational points on a Fano variety. In particular we systematically use geometric invariants in Manin’s conjecture which have been studied by many mathematicians including Brian and me.

2019/06/19

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fumiaki Suzuki (UIC)
A pencil of Enriques surfaces with non-algebraic integral Hodge classes (TBA)
[ Abstract ]
The integral Hodge conjecture is the statement that the integral Hodge classes are algebraic on smooth complex projective varieties. It is known that the conjecture can fail in general. There are two types of counterexamples, ones with non-algebraic integral Hodge classes of torsion-type and of non-torsion type, the first of which were given by Atiyah-Hirzebruch and Kollar, respectively.

In this talk, we exhibit a pencil of Enriques surfaces defined over Q with non-algebraic integral Hodge classes of non-torsion type. This construction relates to certain questions concerning rational points of algebraic varieties.

This gives the first example of a threefold with the trivial Chow group of zero-cycles on which the integral Hodge conjecture fails. As an application, we construct a fourfold which gives the negative answer to a classical question on the universality of the Abel-Jacobi maps.

This is a joint work with John Christian Ottem.

2019/05/29

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Chen Jiang (Fudan/MSRI)
Minimal log discrepancies of 3-dimensional non-canonical singularities (English)
[ Abstract ]
Canonical and terminal singularities, introduced by Reid, appear naturally in minimal model program and play important roles in the birational classification of higher dimensional algebraic varieties. Such singularities are well-understood in dimension 3, while the property of non-canonical singularities is still mysterious. We investigate the difference between canonical and non-canonical singularities via minimal log discrepancies (MLD). We show that there is a gap between MLD of 3-dimensional non-canonical singularities and that of 3-dimensional canonical singularities, which is predicted by a conjecture of Shokurov.
This result on local singularities has applications to global geometry of Calabi–Yau 3-folds. We show that the set of all non-canonical klt Calabi–Yau 3-folds are bounded modulo flops, and the global indices of all klt Calabi–Yau 3-folds are bounded from above.

2019/05/22

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tatsuro Kawakami (Tokyo)
Bogomolov type vanishing on three-dimensional Mori fiber spaces in positive characteristic
[ Abstract ]
In characteristic zero, cotangent bundle of n(>1)-dimensional smooth projective varieties does not contain a big line bundle. This is a part of Bogomolov vanishing and this vanishing plays an important role in the proof of Miyaoka-Yau inequality. In positive characteristic, it is known that Bogomolov vanishing does not hold. There exists a general type surface whose cotangent bundle contains an ample line bundle. So, it is natural to ask when Bogomolov type vanishing holds in positive characteristic. In this talk, I discuss Bogomolov type vanishing on three-dimensional Mori fiber spaces in positive characteristic.

2019/05/15

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Osamu Fujino (Osaka)
On quasi-log canonical pairs
(Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
The notion of quasi-log canonical pairs was introduced by Florin Ambro. It is a kind of generalizations of that of log canonical pairs. Now we know that quasi-log canonical pairs are ubiquitous in the theory of minimal models. In this talk, I will explain some basic properties and examples of quasi-log canonical pairs. I will also discuss some new developments around quasi-log canonical pairs. Some parts are joint works with Haidong Liu.

2019/05/08

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kenta Hashizume (Tokyo)
On Minimal model theory for log canonical pairs with big boundary divisors
[ Abstract ]
In 2010, Birkar--Cascini--Hacon--McKernan established the minimal model theory for Kawamata log terminal pairs with big boundary divisors, and a lot of theorems in the birational geometry are
proved by applying this result. It is expected that this result can be generalized to log canonical pairs. Currently, it is known that the minimal model theory for log canonical pairs can be reduced to the case of big boundary divisors. In this talk, we introduce a partial generalization of the result by Birkar--Cascini--Hacon--McKernan. Roughly speaking, we generalized their result to lc pairs with big boundary divisors having only small lc centers. We also explain another generalization, which is originally announced by Hu, and we discuss termination of log minimal model program in a spacial case. This is a joint work with Zhengyu Hu, and the work is in progress.

2019/04/24

15:30-17:00   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shou Yoshikawa (Tokyo)
Varieties of dense globally F-split type with a non-invertible polarized
endomorphism
[ Abstract ]
Broustet and Gongyo conjectured that if a normal projective variety X has a non-invertible polaried endomorphism, then X is of Calabi-Yau type. Furthermore, Schwede and Smith conjectured that a projective variety is of Calabi-Yau type if and only if of dense globally F-split type. Therefore it is a natural question to ask if a normal projective variety X has a non-invertible polaried endomorphism, then X is of dense globally F-split type. In this talk, I will introduce simple points and difficult points of the question. Furthermore I will give the affirmative answer of my question for 2-dimensional case.

2019/01/29

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kentaro Mitsui (Kobe)
Logarithmic good reduction and the index (TBA)
[ Abstract ]
A proper smooth variety over a complete discrete valuation field is said to have (log) good reduction if it admits a proper (log) smooth model over the valuation ring (the log structure is given by the closed fiber). Monodromy criteria for good reduction and log good reduction have been studied. We study the log case by additional other conditions on geometric invariants such as the index of the variety (the minimal positive degree of a 0-cycle). In particular, we obtain a criterion for log good reduction of curves of genus one.

2018/12/21

10:30-11:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Mattias Jonsson (Michigan)
Degenerations of p-adic volume forms (English)
[ Abstract ]
Let X be an n-dimensional smooth projective variety over a non-Archimedean local field K. Also fix a regular n-form on X. This data induces a positive measure on the space of K'-rational points for any finite extension K' of K. We describe the asymptotics, as K' runs through towers of finite extensions of K, in terms of Berkovich analytic geometry. This is joint work with Johannes Nicaise.

2018/12/14

10:30-11:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhi Jiang (Fudan)
On the birationality of quint-canonical systems of irregular threefolds of general type (English)
[ Abstract ]
It is well-known that the quint-canonical map of a surface of general type is birational.
We will show that the same result holds for irregular threefolds of general type. The proof is based on
a careful study of the positivity of the pushforwards of pluricanonical bundles on abelian varieties and Severi
type inequalities. This is a joint work with J.A. Chen, J.Chen, and M.Chen.

2018/11/27

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nobuo Hara (Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology)
Frobenius summands and the finite F-representation type (TBA)
[ Abstract ]
We are motivated by a question arising from commutative algebra, asking what kind of
graded rings in positive characteristic p have finite F-representation type. In geometric
setting, this is related to the problem to looking out for Frobenius summands. Namely,
given aline bundle L on a projective variety X, we want to know how many and what
kind of indecomposable direct summands appear in the direct sum decomposition of
the iterated Frobenius push-forwards of L. We will consider the problem in the following
two cases, although the present situation in (2) is far from satisfactory.
 (1) two-dimensional normal graded rings (a joint work with Ryo Ohkawa)
 (2) the anti-canonical ring of a quintic del Pezzo surface

2018/11/20

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nakkajima Yukiyoshi (Tokyo Denki University)
Artin-Mazur height, Yobuko height and
Hodge-Wittt cohomologies

[ Abstract ]
A few years ago Yobuko has introduced the notion of
a delicate invariant for a proper smooth scheme over a perfect field $k$
of finite characteristic. (We call this invariant Yobuko height.)
This generalize the notion of the F-splitness due to Mehta-Srinivas.

In this talk we give relations between Artin-Mazur heights
and Yobuko heights. We also give a finiteness result on
Hodge-Witt cohomologies of a proper smooth scheme $X$ over $k$
with finite Yobuko height. If time permits, we give a cofinite type result on
the $p$-primary torsion part of Chow group of of $X$
of codimension 2 if $\dim X=3$.

2018/11/13

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Weichung Chen (Tokyo)
Boundedness of varieties of Fano type with alpha-invariants and volumes bounded below (English)
[ Abstract ]
We show that fixed dimensional klt weak Fano pairs with alpha-invariants and volumes bounded away from 0 and the coefficients of the boundaries belong to the set of hyperstandard multiplicities Φ(R) associated to a fixed finite set R form a bounded family. We also show α(X, B)d−1vol(−(KX + B)) are bounded from above for all klt weak Fano pairs (X, B) of a fixed dimension d.

2018/10/16

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tuyen Truong (Oslo)
A countable characterisation of smooth algebraic plane curves, and generalisations (English)
[ Abstract ]
Given a smooth algebraic curve X in C^3, I will present a way to construct a sequence of algebraic varieties (whose ideals are explicitly determined from the ideal defining X), whose solution set is non-empty iff the curve X can be algebraically embedded into C^2.
Various other questions, such as whether two given algebraic varieties are birational, can be similarly treated. Some related conjectures are stated.

2018/10/09

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Naoki Koseki (Tokyo/IPMU)
Stability conditions on threefolds with nef tangent bundles (English)
[ Abstract ]
The construction of Bridgeland stability conditions on threefolds
is an open problem in general.
The problem is reduced to proving
the so-called Bogomolov-Gieseker (BG) type inequality conjecture,
proposed by Bayer, Macrí, and Toda.
In this talk, I will explain how to prove the BG type inequality
conjecture
for threefolds in the title.

2018/07/18

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jun-Muk Hwang (KIAS)
Normal Legendrian singularities (English)
[ Abstract ]
A germ of a Legendrian subvariety in a holomorphic contact manifold
is called a Legendrian singularity. Legendrian singularities are usually not normal.
We look at some examples of normal Legendrian singularities and discuss their rigidity under deformation.

2018/07/10

15:30-17:00   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ching-Jui Lai (NCKU)
The effective bound of anticanonical volume of Fano threefolds (English)
[ Abstract ]
According to Mori's program, varieties covered by rational curves are
built up from anti-canonically polarized varieties, aka Fano varieties. After fixed the
dimension and singularity type, Fano varieties form a bounded family by Birkar's proof (2016)
of Borisov-Alexeev-Borisov conjecture, which In particular implies that the anticanonical
volume -K^\dim is bounded. In this talk, we focus on canonical Fano threefolds,
where boundedness was established by Koll\'ar-Miyaoka-Mori-Takagi (2000).
Our aim is to find an effective bound of the anticanonical volume -K^3, which is
not explicit either from the work of Koll\'ar-Miyaoka-Mori-Takagi or Birkar. We will discuss
some effectiveness results related to this problem and prove that -K_X^3\leq 72 if \rho(X)\leq 2.
This partially extends early work of Mori, Mukai, Y. Prokhorov, et al.

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