PDE Real Analysis Seminar

Seminar information archive ~07/13Next seminarFuture seminars 07/14~

Date, time & place Tuesday 10:30 - 11:30 056Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

2006/07/12

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Piotr Rybka (Warsaw University)
Analysis of a crystal growth model
[ Abstract ]
We are concerned with mathematical model of a single crystal growing from vapor. Mathematically this is an exterior, one-phase Stefan-type problem with Gibbs-Thomson law. We restrict our attention to an idealization of a ice crystal, i.e. our evolving free boundary is a circular cylinder. The system under consideration consists of an equation for the motion of the free boundary (the crystal surface) coupled to the quasi-steady approximation of the diffusion equation for the supersaturation of vapor. We present analysis of the system, we show well-posedness and draw the phase portrait, we use here the fact that we need just to variable to describe evolution of a cylinder.

We are mostly concerned with the shape-persitency problem of the
evolution. The problem is, the Gibbs-Thomson relation is in fact a
driven, weighted, mean, singular curvature flow and it is not obvious that the shape of the initial interface will persists throughout the evolution or even for some time. In order to solve this problem we show existence of the region in the phase plane which is a neighborhood of a unique steady state, such that in this region the shape of the cylinder is preserved. However, this set is not invariant with respect to dynamics of the problem.

It is a very interesting question what happens to surface of our crystal at the boundary of the shape-persitency (or shape stability) region. This problem in its full generality is open. However, we give some insight by studying the Gibbs-Thomson relation with a given driving, which inherits properties of the coupling to the diffusion field. We study the resulting driven weighted mean curvature flow for graphs and some special closed Lipschitz curves. We show well-posedness of the problem, but mainly we exhibit the phenomenon of bending flat parts of the curve, which grow ``too big''.
[ Reference URL ]
http://coe.math.sci.hokudai.ac.jp/sympo/pde_ra/index.html