Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

Seminar information archive ~06/14Next seminarFuture seminars 06/15~

Date, time & place Tuesday 16:00 - 17:30 156Room #156 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Organizer(s) ISHIGE Kazuhiro, SAKAI Hidetaka, ITO Kenichi

Seminar information archive


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jussi Behrndt (Graz University of Technology)
Scattering matrices and Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we discuss a recent result on the representation of the scattering matrix in terms of an abstract Titchmarsh-Weyl m-function. The general result can be applied to scattering problems for Schrödinger operators with $\delta$-type interactions on curves and  hypersurfaces, and scattering problems involving Neumann and Robin realizations of Schrödinger operators on unbounded domains. In both applications we obtain formulas for the corresponding scattering matrices in terms of Dirichlet-to-Neumann maps. This talk is based on joint work with Mark Malamud and Hagen Neidhardt.


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Eric Skibsted (Aarhus University, Denmark)
Stationary scattering theory on manifolds (English)
[ Abstract ]
We present a stationary scattering theory for the Schrödinger operator on Riemannian manifolds with the structure of ends each of which is equipped with an escape function (for example a convex distance function). This includes manifolds with ends modeled as cone-like subsets of the Euclidean space and/or the hyperbolic space. Our results include Rellich’s theorem, the limiting absorption principle, radiation condition bounds, the Sommerfeld uniqueness result, and we give complete characterization/asymptotics of the generalized eigenfunctions in a certain Besov space and show asymptotic completeness (with K. Ito).


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Stéphane Malek (Université de Lille, France)
On complex singularity analysis for some linear partial differential equations
[ Abstract ]
We investigate the existence of local holomorphic solutions Y of linear partial differential equations in three complex variables whose coefficients are holomorphic on some polydisc outside some singular set S. The coefficients are written as linear combinations of powers of a solution X of some first order nonlinear partial differential equation following an idea :we have initiated in a previous joint work with C. Stenger. The solutions Y are shown to develop singularities along the singular set S with estimates of exponential type depending on the growth's rate of X near the singular set. We construct these solutions with the help of series of functions with infinitely many variables which involve derivatives of all orders of X in one variable. Convergence and bounds estimates of these series are studied using a majorant series method which leads to an auxiliary functional equation that contains differential operators in infinitely many variables. Using a fixed point argument, we show that these functional equations actually have solutions in some Banach spaces of formal power series. (Joint work with A. Lastra and C. Stenger).


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Pen-Yuan Hsu (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo)
A local analysis of the swirling flow to the axi-symmetric Navier-Stokes equations near a saddle point and no-slip flat boundary (English)
[ Abstract ]
As one of the violent flow, tornadoes occur in many place of the world. In order to reduce human losses and material damage caused by tornadoes, there are many research methods. One of the effective methods is numerical simulations.  The swirling structure is significant both in mathematical analysis and the numerical simulations of tornado. In this joint work with H. Notsu and T. Yoneda we try to clarify the swirling structure. More precisely, we do numerical computations on axi-symmetric Navier-Stokes flows with no-slip flat boundary. We compare a hyperbolic flow with swirl and one without swirl and observe that the following phenomenons occur only in the swirl case: The distance between the point providing the maximum velocity magnitude $|v|$ and the $z$-axis is drastically changing around some time (which we call it turning point). An ``increasing velocity phenomenon'' occurs near the boundary and the maximum value of $|v|$ is obtained near the axis of symmetry and the boundary when time is close to the turning point.


16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Danielle Hilhorst (CNRS / University of Paris-Sud)
Existence of an entropy solution in the sense of Young measures for a first order conservation law with a stochastic source term (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We consider a finite volume scheme for a first order conservation law with a monotone flux function and a multiplicative source term involving a Q-Wiener process. We define a stochastic entropy solution in the sense of Young measures. We present some a priori estimates for the discrete solution including a weak BV estimate. After performing a time interpolation, we prove two entropy inequalities and show that the discrete solution converges along a subsequence to an entropy solution in the sense of Young measures.
This is joint work with T. Funaki, Y. Gao and H. Weber.
[ Reference URL ]


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
David Sauzin (CNRS, France)
Nonlinear analysis with endlessly continuable functions (joint work with Shingo Kamimoto) (English)
[ Abstract ]
We give estimates for the convolution products of an arbitrary number of endlessly continuable functions. This allows us to deal with nonlinear operations for the corresponding resurgent series, e.g. substitution into a convergent power series.


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Otto Liess (University of Bologna, Italy)
On the Phragmén-Lindelöf principle for holomorphic functions and factor classes of higher order complex forms in several complex variables
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we will discuss maximum principles in unbounded domains in one or several complex variables. We will mainly be interested in these principles for plurisubharmonic (in the one-dimensional case, "subharmonic") or holomorphic functions, when the principles are of
Phragmen-Lindel{\"o}f principle (henceforth called "PL") type. It will turn out that for 2 or more complex variables it will be useful to study our principles together with associated principles for factor classes of complex (0,q) forms with growth type conditions at infinity.
In this abstract we only say something concerning the case of functions. We consider then an open set U in C^n in one or several complex variables. We assume that we are given two real-valued continuous functions f and g on U. We say that PL holds for plurisubharmonic (respectively for holomorphic) functions, if the following implication is true for every plurisubharmonic function $ \rho $ (respectively for every $ \rho $ of form log |h| with h holomorphic) on U: if we know that $ \rho \leq f$ on the boundary of U and if $ (\rho - f)$ is bounded on U, then it must follow that $ \rho \leq g$ on U. ($\rho \leq f$ on the boundary has the following meaning: for ever z in the boundary of U and for every sequence of points y_j in U which tends to z, we have limsup (\rho - f)(y_j) leq 0.) A trivial condition under which PL is true, is when there exists a plurisubharmonic function u on U such that
(*) -g(z) \leq u(z) \leq - f(z) for every z in U.
In fact, if such a function exists, then we can apply the classical maximal principle for unbounded domains to the function $ \rho'= \rho+u$ to obtain at first $ \rho' \leq 0$ and then $ \rho \leq - u \leq g$. It is one of the main goals of the talk to explain how far (*) is from being also a necessary condition for PL. Some examples are intended to justify our approach and applications will be given to problems in convex analysis.


16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Haruya Mizutani (School of Science, Osaka University)
Global-in-time Strichartz estimates for Schr\"odinger equations with long-range repulsive potentials (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We will discuss a resent result on global-in-time Strichartz estimates for Schr\"odinger equations with slowly decreasing repulsive potentials. If the potential is of very short-range type, there is a simple method due to Rodnianski-Schlag or Burq et al, which seems to be difficult to apply for the present case. The proof instead follows a similar line as in speaker’s resent joint work with J.-M. Bouclet. In particular, we employ both Morawetz type estimates and the methods of micro local analysis such as the Isozaki-Kitada parametrix, even in the low frequency regime.


16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sohei Ashida (Department of Mathematics, Kyoto University)
Born-Oppenheimer approximation for an atom in constant magnetic fields (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We obtain a reduction scheme for the study of the quantum evolution of an atom in constant magnetic fields using the method developed by Martinez, Nenciu and Sordoni based on the construction of almost invariant subspace. Martinez and Sordoni also dealt with such a case but their reduced Hamiltonian includes the vector potential terms. Using the center of mass coordinates and constructing the almost invariant subspace different from theirs, we obtain the reduced Hamiltonian which does not include the vector potential terms. Using the reduced evolution we also obtain the asymptotic expantion of the evolution for a specific localized initial data, which verifies the straight motion of an atom in constatnt magnetic fields.


16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Li Yutian (Department of Mathematics, Hong Kong Baptist University)
Small-time Asymptotics for Subelliptic Heat Kernels (English)
[ Abstract ]
Subelliptic operators are the natural generalizations of the Laplace- Beltrami operators, and they play important roles in geometry, several complex variables, probability and physics. As in the classical spectral theory for the elliptic operators, some geometrical properties of the induced subRiemannian geometry can be extracted from the analysis of the heat kernels for subelliptic operators. In this talk we shall review the recent progress in the heat kernel asymptotics for subelliptic operators. We concentrate on the small-time asymptotics of the heat kernel on the diagonal, or equivalently, the asymptotics for the trace. Our interest is to find the exact form of the leading term, and this will lead to a Weyl’s asymptotic formula for the subelliptic operators. This is a joint work with Professor Der-Chen Chang.


16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Keisuke Takasao (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo)
Convergence of the Allen-Cahn equation with constraint to Brakke's mean curvature flow (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we consider the Allen-Cahn equation with constraint. In 1994, Chen and Elliott studied the asymptotic behavior of the solution of the Allen-Cahn equation with constraint. They proved that the zero level set of the solution converges to the classical solution of the mean curvature flow under the suitable conditions on initial data. In 1993, Ilmanen proved the existence of the mean curvature flow via the Allen-Cahn equation without constraint in the sense of Brakke. We proved the same conclusion for the Allen-Cahn equation with constraint.


16:30-18:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Saiei Matsubara (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo)
Residue current techniques with application to a general theory of
linear delay-differential equations with constant coefficients (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We introduce the ring of differential operators with constant coefficients and commensurate time lags (we use the terminology D$\Delta$ operators from now) initially defined by H. Gl\"using-L\"ur\ss en for ordinary $D\Delta$ operators and observe that various function modules enjoy good cohomological properties over this ring. %After revising the notion of the residue current in the spirit of M. Andersson and E. Wulcan, we introduce the multidimensional version of the ring D$\Delta$ operators.
Combining this ring theoretic observation with the integral representation technique developed by M. Andersson, we solve a certain type of division with bounds. In the last chapter, we prove the injectivity property of various function modules over this ring as well as spectral synthesis type theorems for $D\Delta$ equations.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Haruya Mizutani (Graduate School of Science, Osaka University)
Global Strichartz estimates for Schr¥”odinger equations on
asymptotically conic manifolds (Japanese)


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Xavier Cabre (ICREA and UPC, Barcelona)
New isoperimetric inequalities with densities arising in reaction-diffusion problems (English)
[ Abstract ]
In joint works with X. Ros-Oton and J. Serra, the study of the
regularity of stable solutions to reaction-diffusion problems
has led us to certain Sobolev and isoperimetric inequalities
with weights.  We will present our results in these new
isoperimetric inequalities with the best constant, that we
establish via the ABP method.  More precisely, we obtain
a new family of sharp isoperimetric inequalities with weights
(or densities) in open convex cones of R^n. Our results apply
to all nonnegative homogeneous weights satisfying a concavity
condition in the cone. Surprisingly, even that our weights are
not radially symmetric, Euclidean balls centered at the origin
(intersected with the cone) minimize the weighted isoperimetric
quotient. As a particular case of our results, we provide with
new proofs of classical results such as the Wulff inequality and
the isoperimetric inequality in convex cones of Lions and Pacella.
Furthermore, we also study the anisotropic isoperimetric problem
for the same class of weights and we prove that the Wulff shape
always minimizes the anisotropic weighted perimeter under the
weighted volume constraint.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kenichi Ito (Department of Mathematics, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)
Stationary scattering theory on manifold with ends (JAPANESE)


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hatem Zaag (CNRS / University of Paris Nord)
Energy methods and blow-up rate for semilinear wave equations in the superconformal case (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In a series of papers with Mohamed Ali Hamza (University of Tunis-el Manar), we consider the semilinear wave equations with power nonlinearity.

In the subconformal and the conformal case, we consider perturbations with lower order terms and modify the Lyapunov functional Antonini and Merle designed for the unperturbed case. We also find a blow-up criterion for the equation. As a consequence, we bound the Lyapunov functional. Thanks to interpolations in Sobolev spaces and a Gagliardo-Nirenberg inequality, we bound the solution in the self-similar variable, which gives a sharp bound on the blow-up rate.

Surprisingly, our approach works in the superconformal case (still Sobolev subcritical), leading to a new bound on the blow-up rate, which improves the bound of Killip, Stoval and Visan.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ken Abe (Nagoya University)
On estimates for the Stokes flow in a space of bounded functions (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
The Stokes equations are well understood on $L^p$ space for various kinds of domains such as bounded or exterior domains, and fundamental to study the nonlinear Navier-Stokes equations. The situation is different for the case $p=\\infty$ since in this case the Helmholtz projection does not act as a bounded operator anymore. In this talk, we show some a priori estimate for a composition operator of the Stokes semigroup and the Helmholtz projection on a space of bounded functions. 


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
The regularity theorem for elliptic equations and the smoothness of domains (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We consider the Dirichlet boundary problem for a strongly elliptic operator of order $2m$ with non-smooth coefficients, and prove the regularity theorem for $L_p$-based Sobolev spaces when the domain has a boundary of limited smoothness. Compared to the known results, we can weaken the smoothness assumption on the boundary by $m-1$.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yasunori Okada (Graduate School of Science and Technology, Chiba University)
Ultra-differentiable classes and intersection theorems (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
There are two ways to define notions of
ultra-differentiability: one in terms of estimates on derivatives, and
the other in terms of growth properties of Fourier transforms of
suitably localized functions.
In this talk, we study the relation between BMT-classes and
inhomogeneous Gevrey classes, which are examples of such two kinds of
notions of ultra-differentiability.
We also mention intersection theorems on these classes.
This talk is based on a joint work with Otto Liess (Bologna University).


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yohei Tsutsui (The University of Tokyo)
Bounded small solutions to a chemotaxis system with
non-diffusive chemical (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We consider a chemotaxis system with a logarithmic
sensitivity and a non-diffusive chemical substance. For some chemotactic
sensitivity constants, Ahn and Kang proved the existence of bounded
global solutions to the system. An entropy functional was used in their
argument to control the cell density by the density of the chemical
substance. Our purpose is to show the existence of bounded global
solutions for all the chemotactic sensitivity constants. Assuming the
smallness on the initial data in some sense, we can get uniform
estimates for time. These estimates are used to extend local solutions.
This talk is partially based on joint work with Yoshie Sugiyama (Kyusyu
Univ.) and Juan J. L. Vel\\'azquez (Univ. of Bonn).


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Arnaud Ducrot (University of Bordeaux)
Asymptotic behaviour of a non-local diffusive logistic equation (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we investigate the long time behaviour of a logistic type equation modelling the motion of cells. The equation we consider takes into account birth and death process using a simple logistic effect as well as a non-local motion of cells using non-local Darcy’s law with regular kernel. Using the periodic framework we first investigate the well-posedness of the problem before deriving some information about its long time behaviour. The lack of asymptotic compactness of the system is overcome by making use of Young measure theory. This allows us to conclude that the semiflow converges for the Young measure topology.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nao Hamamuki (Graduate shool of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo)
An improved level set method based on comparison with a signed distance function (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In the classical level set method, a slope of a solution to level set
equations can be close to zero as time develops even if the initial
slope is large, and this prevents one from computing interfaces given as
the level set of the solution. To overcome this issue we introduce an
improved equation by adding an extra term to the original equation.
Then, by applying a comparison principle to the signed distance function
to the interface, we prove that, globally in time, the slope of a
solution of the initial value problem is preserved near the zero level set.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Kenichi Ito (University of Tsukuba)
Threshold properties for one-dimensional discrete Schr\\"odinger operators (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We study the relation between the generalized eigenspace and the asymptotic expansion of the resolvent around the threshold $0$ for the one-dimensional discrete Schr\\"odinger operator on $\\mathbb Z$. We decompose the generalized eigenspace into the subspaces corresponding to the eigenstates and the resonance states only by their asymptotics at infinity, and classify the coefficient operators of the singlar part of resolvent expansion completely in terms of these eigenspaces. Here the generalized eigenspace we consider is largest possible. For an explicit computation of the resolvent expansion we apply the expansion scheme of Jensen-Nenciu (2001). This talk is based on the recent joint work with Arne Jensen (Aalborg University).


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Fabricio Macia (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid)
Dispersion and observability for completely integrable Schrödinger flows (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
I will present some results on weak dispersion and unique continuation (observability) for linear Schrödinger
equations that are obtained as the quantization of a completely integrable Hamiltonian system.
The model case corresponds to the linear Schrödinger equation (with a potential) on the flat torus.
Our results are obtained through a detailed analysis of semiclassical measures corresponding to
sequences of solutions, which is performed using a two-microlocal approach.
This is a joint work with Nalini Anantharaman and Clotilde Fermanian-Kammerer.


16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Abel Klein (UC Irvine)
Quantitative unique continuation principle, local behavior of solutions, and bounds on the density of states for Schr\\"odinger operators (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We establish bounds on the density of states measure for Schr\\"odinger operators. These are deterministic results that do not require the existence of the density of states measure, or, equivalently, of the integrated density of states. The results are stated in terms of a ``density of states outer-measure'' that always exists, and provides an upper bound for the density of states measure when it exists. We prove log-H\\"older continuity for this density of states outer-measure in one, two, and three dimensions for Schr\\"odinger operators, and in any dimension for discrete Schr\\"odinger operators. Our proofs use a quantitative unique continuation principle and the local behavior of approximate solutions of the stationary Schr\\"odinger equation.
(Joint work with Jean Bourgain.)
References: Jean Bourgain and Abel Klein: Bounds on the density of states for Schr\\"odinger operators. Invent. Math. 194, 41-72 (2013).

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