## Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

Seminar information archive ～10/06｜Next seminar｜Future seminars 10/07～

Date, time & place | Tuesday 16:00 - 17:30 156Room #156 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.) |
---|---|

Organizer(s) | ISHIGE Kazuhiro, SAKAI Hidetaka, ITO Kenichi |

**Seminar information archive**

### 2021/05/25

16:00-17:30 Online

Asymptotic limit of fast rotation for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a 3D layer (Japanese)

https://forms.gle/wHpi7BSpppsiiguD6

**TAKADA Ryo**(Kyushu University)Asymptotic limit of fast rotation for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in a 3D layer (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we consider the initial value problem for the Navier-Stokes equation with the Coriolis force in a three-dimensional infinite layer. We prove the unique existence of global solutions for initial data in the scaling invariant space when the speed of rotation is sufficiently high. Furthermore, we consider the asymptotic limit of the fast rotation, and show that the global solution converges to that of 2D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in some global in time space-time norms. This talk is based on the joint work with Hiroki Ohyama (Kyushu University).

[ Reference URL ]In this talk, we consider the initial value problem for the Navier-Stokes equation with the Coriolis force in a three-dimensional infinite layer. We prove the unique existence of global solutions for initial data in the scaling invariant space when the speed of rotation is sufficiently high. Furthermore, we consider the asymptotic limit of the fast rotation, and show that the global solution converges to that of 2D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in some global in time space-time norms. This talk is based on the joint work with Hiroki Ohyama (Kyushu University).

https://forms.gle/wHpi7BSpppsiiguD6

### 2020/02/18

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Long time behavior of mean field games systems (English)

**Alessio Porretta**(Tor Vergata university of Rome)Long time behavior of mean field games systems (English)

[ Abstract ]

I will review several aspects related to the long time ergodic behavior of mean field game systems: the turnpike property, the exponential rate of convergence, the role of monotonicity of the couplings, the convergence of u up to translations, the limit of the vanishing discounted problem, the long time behavior of the master equation. All those aspects have independent interest and are correlated at the same time.

I will review several aspects related to the long time ergodic behavior of mean field game systems: the turnpike property, the exponential rate of convergence, the role of monotonicity of the couplings, the convergence of u up to translations, the limit of the vanishing discounted problem, the long time behavior of the master equation. All those aspects have independent interest and are correlated at the same time.

### 2020/01/14

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Scattering near a two-cluster threshold (English)

**Erik Skibsted**(Aarhus University)Scattering near a two-cluster threshold (English)

[ Abstract ]

For a one-body Schr\"odinger operator with an attractive slowly decaying potential the scattering matrix is well-defined at the energy zero, and the structure of its singularities is well-studied. The usual (non-relativistic) model for the Hydrogen atom is a particular example of such Schr\"odinger operator.

Less is known on scattering at a two-cluster threshold of an $N$-body Schr\"odinger operator for which the effective interaction between the two bound clusters is attractive Coulombic. An example of interest is scattering at a two-cluster threshold of a neutral atom/molecule. We present results of an ongoing joint work with X.P. Wang on the subject, including a version of the Sommerfeld uniqueness result and its applications.

We shall also present general results on spectral theory at a two-cluster threshold (not requiring the effective interaction to be attractive Coulombic). This includes a general structure theorem on the bound and resonance states at the threshold as well as a resolvent expansion in weighted spaces above the threshold (under more restrictive conditions). Applications to scattering theory will be indicated.

For a one-body Schr\"odinger operator with an attractive slowly decaying potential the scattering matrix is well-defined at the energy zero, and the structure of its singularities is well-studied. The usual (non-relativistic) model for the Hydrogen atom is a particular example of such Schr\"odinger operator.

Less is known on scattering at a two-cluster threshold of an $N$-body Schr\"odinger operator for which the effective interaction between the two bound clusters is attractive Coulombic. An example of interest is scattering at a two-cluster threshold of a neutral atom/molecule. We present results of an ongoing joint work with X.P. Wang on the subject, including a version of the Sommerfeld uniqueness result and its applications.

We shall also present general results on spectral theory at a two-cluster threshold (not requiring the effective interaction to be attractive Coulombic). This includes a general structure theorem on the bound and resonance states at the threshold as well as a resolvent expansion in weighted spaces above the threshold (under more restrictive conditions). Applications to scattering theory will be indicated.

### 2019/12/10

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Vorticity alignment vs vorticity creation at the boundary (English)

**Tobias Barker**(École Normale Supérieure)Vorticity alignment vs vorticity creation at the boundary (English)

[ Abstract ]

The Navier-Stokes are used as a model for viscous incompressible fluids such as water. The question as to whether or not the equations in three dimensions form singularities is an open Millennium prize problem. In their celebrated paper in 1993, Constantin and Fefferman showed that (in the whole plane) if the vorticity is sufficiently well aligned in regions of high vorticity then the Navier-Stokes equations remain smooth. For the half-space it is commonly assumed that viscous fluids `stick' to the boundary, which generates vorticity at the boundary. In such a setting, it is open as to whether Constantin and Fefferman's result remains to be true. In my talk I will present recent results in this direction. Joint work with Christophe Prange (CNRS, Université de Bordeaux)

The Navier-Stokes are used as a model for viscous incompressible fluids such as water. The question as to whether or not the equations in three dimensions form singularities is an open Millennium prize problem. In their celebrated paper in 1993, Constantin and Fefferman showed that (in the whole plane) if the vorticity is sufficiently well aligned in regions of high vorticity then the Navier-Stokes equations remain smooth. For the half-space it is commonly assumed that viscous fluids `stick' to the boundary, which generates vorticity at the boundary. In such a setting, it is open as to whether Constantin and Fefferman's result remains to be true. In my talk I will present recent results in this direction. Joint work with Christophe Prange (CNRS, Université de Bordeaux)

### 2019/11/26

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Accurate lower bounds for eigenvalues of electronic Hamiltonians (Japanese)

**ASHIDA Sohei**(Gakushuin University)Accurate lower bounds for eigenvalues of electronic Hamiltonians (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

Electronic Hamiltonians are differential operators depending on relative positions of nuclei as parameters. When we regard an eigenvalues of an electronic Hamiltonian as a function of relative positions of nuclei, minimum points correspond to shapes of molecules. Upper bounds for eigenvalues are obtained by variational methods. However, since the physical information as minimum points does not change when a reference point of energy changes, physical information can not be obtained by variational methods only. Combining lower and upper bounds physical information is obtained.

In this talk we discuss the Weinstein-Arnszajn intermediate problem methods for lower bounds of eigenvalues based on comparison of operators. A method for lower bounds of one-electronic Hamiltonians is also introduced. Some computations for two kinds of hydrogen molecule-ion are shown.

Electronic Hamiltonians are differential operators depending on relative positions of nuclei as parameters. When we regard an eigenvalues of an electronic Hamiltonian as a function of relative positions of nuclei, minimum points correspond to shapes of molecules. Upper bounds for eigenvalues are obtained by variational methods. However, since the physical information as minimum points does not change when a reference point of energy changes, physical information can not be obtained by variational methods only. Combining lower and upper bounds physical information is obtained.

In this talk we discuss the Weinstein-Arnszajn intermediate problem methods for lower bounds of eigenvalues based on comparison of operators. A method for lower bounds of one-electronic Hamiltonians is also introduced. Some computations for two kinds of hydrogen molecule-ion are shown.

### 2019/11/19

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Quantitative homogenization for the Dirichlet problem of Stokes system in periodic perforated domain - a unified approach (English)

**Wenjia Jing**(Tsinghua University)Quantitative homogenization for the Dirichlet problem of Stokes system in periodic perforated domain - a unified approach (English)

[ Abstract ]

We present a new unified approach for the quantitative homogenization of the Stokes system in periodically perforated domains, that is domains outside a periodic array of holes, with Dirichlet data at the boundary of the holes. The method is based on the (rescaled) cell-problem and is adaptive to the ratio between the typical distance and the typical side length of the holes; in particular, for the critical ratio identified by Cioranescu-Murat, we recover the “strange term from nowhere”termed by them, which, in the context of Stokes system, corresponds to the Brinkman’s law. An advantage of the method is that it can be systematically quantified using the periodic layer potential technique. We will also report some new correctors to the homogenization problem using this approach. The talk is based on joint work with Yong Lu and Christophe Prange.

We present a new unified approach for the quantitative homogenization of the Stokes system in periodically perforated domains, that is domains outside a periodic array of holes, with Dirichlet data at the boundary of the holes. The method is based on the (rescaled) cell-problem and is adaptive to the ratio between the typical distance and the typical side length of the holes; in particular, for the critical ratio identified by Cioranescu-Murat, we recover the “strange term from nowhere”termed by them, which, in the context of Stokes system, corresponds to the Brinkman’s law. An advantage of the method is that it can be systematically quantified using the periodic layer potential technique. We will also report some new correctors to the homogenization problem using this approach. The talk is based on joint work with Yong Lu and Christophe Prange.

### 2019/11/12

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Mould expansion and resurgent structure (Japanese)

**KAMIMOTO Shingo**(Hiroshima University)Mould expansion and resurgent structure (Japanese)

### 2019/11/05

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Exhaustive existence and non-existence results for some prototype polyharmonic equations in the whole space (English)

**Ngô Quốc Anh**(Vietnam National University, Hanoi / the University of Tokyo)Exhaustive existence and non-existence results for some prototype polyharmonic equations in the whole space (English)

[ Abstract ]

This talk concerns entire, non-trivial, non-negative solutions and/or entire, positive solutions to the simplest models of polyharmonic equations with power-type nonlinearity \[\Delta^m u = \pm u^\alpha\] in $\mathbb R^n$ with $n \geqslant 1$, $m \geqslant 1$, and $\alpha \in \mathbb R$. For small $m$, the above equations arise in many physical phenomena and applied mathematics. They also arise from several prescribing geometric curvture problems in conformal geometry such as the Yamabe problem, the scalar curvature problem, and the Q-curvature problem for the Paneitz operator. Higher-order cases also arise from the Q-curvature problem for the GJMS operator. In this talk, I will present a complete picture of the existence and non-existence of solutions to the above equations in the full rage of the parameters $n$, $m$, and $\alpha$. This is joint work with V.H. Nguyen, Q.H. Phan, and D. Ye.

This talk concerns entire, non-trivial, non-negative solutions and/or entire, positive solutions to the simplest models of polyharmonic equations with power-type nonlinearity \[\Delta^m u = \pm u^\alpha\] in $\mathbb R^n$ with $n \geqslant 1$, $m \geqslant 1$, and $\alpha \in \mathbb R$. For small $m$, the above equations arise in many physical phenomena and applied mathematics. They also arise from several prescribing geometric curvture problems in conformal geometry such as the Yamabe problem, the scalar curvature problem, and the Q-curvature problem for the Paneitz operator. Higher-order cases also arise from the Q-curvature problem for the GJMS operator. In this talk, I will present a complete picture of the existence and non-existence of solutions to the above equations in the full rage of the parameters $n$, $m$, and $\alpha$. This is joint work with V.H. Nguyen, Q.H. Phan, and D. Ye.

### 2019/06/11

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Solutions to two conjectures in branched transport: stability and regularity of optimal paths (English)

**Antonio De Rosa**(Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences)Solutions to two conjectures in branched transport: stability and regularity of optimal paths (English)

[ Abstract ]

Models involving branched structures are employed to describe several supply-demand systems such as the structure of the nerves of a leaf, the system of roots of a tree and the nervous or cardiovascular systems. The transportation cost in these models is proportional to a concave power $\alpha \in (0,1)$ of the intensity of the flow. We focus on the stability of the optimal transports, with respect to variations of the source and target measures. The stability was known when $\alpha$ is bigger than a critical threshold, but we prove it for every exponent $\alpha \in (0,1)$ and we provide a counterexample for $\alpha=0$. Thus we completely solve a conjecture of the book Optimal transportation networks by Bernot, Caselles and Morel. Moreover the robustness of our proof allows us to get the stability for more general lower semicontinuous functional. Furthermore, we prove the stability for the mailing problem, which was completely open in the literature, solving another conjecture of the aforementioned book. We use the latter result to show the regularity of the optimal networks. (Joint works with Maria Colombo and Andrea Marchese)

Models involving branched structures are employed to describe several supply-demand systems such as the structure of the nerves of a leaf, the system of roots of a tree and the nervous or cardiovascular systems. The transportation cost in these models is proportional to a concave power $\alpha \in (0,1)$ of the intensity of the flow. We focus on the stability of the optimal transports, with respect to variations of the source and target measures. The stability was known when $\alpha$ is bigger than a critical threshold, but we prove it for every exponent $\alpha \in (0,1)$ and we provide a counterexample for $\alpha=0$. Thus we completely solve a conjecture of the book Optimal transportation networks by Bernot, Caselles and Morel. Moreover the robustness of our proof allows us to get the stability for more general lower semicontinuous functional. Furthermore, we prove the stability for the mailing problem, which was completely open in the literature, solving another conjecture of the aforementioned book. We use the latter result to show the regularity of the optimal networks. (Joint works with Maria Colombo and Andrea Marchese)

### 2019/04/09

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The Poisson equation on Riemannian manifolds (English)

**Fabio Punzo**(Politecnico di Milano)The Poisson equation on Riemannian manifolds (English)

[ Abstract ]

The talk is concerned with the existence of solutions to the Poisson equation on complete non-compact Riemannian manifolds. In particular, the interplay between the Ricci curvature and the behaviour at infinity of the source function will be discussed. This is a joint work with G. Catino and D.D. Monticelli.

The talk is concerned with the existence of solutions to the Poisson equation on complete non-compact Riemannian manifolds. In particular, the interplay between the Ricci curvature and the behaviour at infinity of the source function will be discussed. This is a joint work with G. Catino and D.D. Monticelli.

### 2019/03/05

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The structure of minimal surfaces near polyhedral cones (English)

**Nicholas Edelen**(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)The structure of minimal surfaces near polyhedral cones (English)

[ Abstract ]

We prove a regularity theorem for minimal varifolds which resemble a cone $C_0$ over an equiangular geodesic net. For varifold classes admitting a ``no-hole'' condition on the singular set, we additionally establish regularity near the cone $C_0 \times R^m$. Our result implies the following generalization of Taylor's structure theorem for soap bubbles: given an $n$-dimensional soap bubble $M$ in $R^{n+1}$, then away from an $(n-3)$-dimensional set, $M$ is locally $C^{1,\alpha}$ equivalent to $R^n$, a union of three half-$n$-planes meeting at $120$ degrees, or an $(n-2)$-line of tetrahedral junctions. This is joint work with Maria Colombo and Luca Spolaor.

We prove a regularity theorem for minimal varifolds which resemble a cone $C_0$ over an equiangular geodesic net. For varifold classes admitting a ``no-hole'' condition on the singular set, we additionally establish regularity near the cone $C_0 \times R^m$. Our result implies the following generalization of Taylor's structure theorem for soap bubbles: given an $n$-dimensional soap bubble $M$ in $R^{n+1}$, then away from an $(n-3)$-dimensional set, $M$ is locally $C^{1,\alpha}$ equivalent to $R^n$, a union of three half-$n$-planes meeting at $120$ degrees, or an $(n-2)$-line of tetrahedral junctions. This is joint work with Maria Colombo and Luca Spolaor.

### 2019/01/22

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Construction of solutions to Schrodinger equations with sub-quadratic potential via wave packet transform (Japanese)

**KATO Keiichi**(Tokyo University of Science)Construction of solutions to Schrodinger equations with sub-quadratic potential via wave packet transform (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we consider linear Schrodinger equations with sub-quadratic potentials, which can be transformed by the wave packet transform with time dependent wave packet to a PDE of first order with inhomogeneous terms including unknown function and second derivatives of the potential. If the second derivatives of the potentials are bounded, the homogenous term of the first oder equation gives a construction of solutions to Schrodinger equations with sub-quadratic potentials by the similar way as in D. Fujiwara's work for Feynman path integral. We will show numerical computations by using our construction, if we have enough time.

In this talk, we consider linear Schrodinger equations with sub-quadratic potentials, which can be transformed by the wave packet transform with time dependent wave packet to a PDE of first order with inhomogeneous terms including unknown function and second derivatives of the potential. If the second derivatives of the potentials are bounded, the homogenous term of the first oder equation gives a construction of solutions to Schrodinger equations with sub-quadratic potentials by the similar way as in D. Fujiwara's work for Feynman path integral. We will show numerical computations by using our construction, if we have enough time.

### 2018/12/25

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Modified scattering for nonlinear dispersive equations with critical non-polynomial nonlinearities (Japanese)

**MASAKI Satoshi**(Osaka University)Modified scattering for nonlinear dispersive equations with critical non-polynomial nonlinearities (Japanese)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, I will introduce resent progress on modified scattering for Schrodinger equation and Klein-Gordon equation with a non-polynomial nonlinearity. We use Fourier series expansion technique to find the resonant part of the nonlinearity which produces phase correction factor.

In this talk, I will introduce resent progress on modified scattering for Schrodinger equation and Klein-Gordon equation with a non-polynomial nonlinearity. We use Fourier series expansion technique to find the resonant part of the nonlinearity which produces phase correction factor.

### 2018/11/06

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Global behavior of bifurcation curves and related topics (日本語)

**SHIBATA Tetsutaro**(Hiroshima University)Global behavior of bifurcation curves and related topics (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

In this talk, we consider the asymptotic behavior of bifurcation curves for ODE with oscillatory nonlinear term. First, we study the global and local behavior of oscillatory bifurcation curves. We also consider the bifurcation problems with nonlinear diffusion.

In this talk, we consider the asymptotic behavior of bifurcation curves for ODE with oscillatory nonlinear term. First, we study the global and local behavior of oscillatory bifurcation curves. We also consider the bifurcation problems with nonlinear diffusion.

### 2018/10/30

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Spectral structure of the Neumann-Poincaré operator in three dimensions: Willmore energy and surface geometry (日本語)

**MIYANISHI Yoshihisa**(Osaka University)Spectral structure of the Neumann-Poincaré operator in three dimensions: Willmore energy and surface geometry (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

The Neumann-Poincaré operator (abbreviated by NP) is a boundary integral operator naturally arising when solving classical boundary value problems using layer potentials. If the boundary of the domain, on which the NP operator is defined, is $C^{1, \alpha}$ smooth, then the NP operator is compact. Thus, the Fredholm integral equation, which appears when solving Dirichlet or Neumann problems, can be solved using the Fredholm index theory.

Regarding spectral properties of the NP operator, the spectrum consists of eigenvalues converging to $0$ for $C^{1, \alpha}$ smooth boundaries. Our main purpose here is to deduce eigenvalue asymptotics of the NP operators in three dimensions. This formula is the so-called Weyl's law for eigenvalue problems of NP operators. Then we discuss relationships among the Weyl's law, the Euler characteristic and the Willmore energy on the boundary surface.

The Neumann-Poincaré operator (abbreviated by NP) is a boundary integral operator naturally arising when solving classical boundary value problems using layer potentials. If the boundary of the domain, on which the NP operator is defined, is $C^{1, \alpha}$ smooth, then the NP operator is compact. Thus, the Fredholm integral equation, which appears when solving Dirichlet or Neumann problems, can be solved using the Fredholm index theory.

Regarding spectral properties of the NP operator, the spectrum consists of eigenvalues converging to $0$ for $C^{1, \alpha}$ smooth boundaries. Our main purpose here is to deduce eigenvalue asymptotics of the NP operators in three dimensions. This formula is the so-called Weyl's law for eigenvalue problems of NP operators. Then we discuss relationships among the Weyl's law, the Euler characteristic and the Willmore energy on the boundary surface.

### 2018/10/16

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Positive solutions of Schr\"odinger equations in product form (日本語)

**TSUCHIDA Tetsuo**(Meijo University)Positive solutions of Schr\"odinger equations in product form (日本語)

### 2018/07/31

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Scattering matrices, generalized Fourier transforms and propagation estimates in long-range N-body problems (日本語)

**ASHIDA Sohei**(Kyoto University)Scattering matrices, generalized Fourier transforms and propagation estimates in long-range N-body problems (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

We give a definition of scattering matrices in long-range N-body problems based on the asymptotic behaviors of generalized eigenfunctions and show that these scattering matrices are equivalent to the ones defined by wave-operator approach. We also define generalized Fourier transforms by the asymptotic behaviors of outgoing solutions to nonhomogeneous equations and show that the adjoint operators of them are given by Poisson operators. We also consider new improved propagation estimates for two-cluster scattering channels using projections onto almost invariant subspaces close to two-cluster scattering channels.

We give a definition of scattering matrices in long-range N-body problems based on the asymptotic behaviors of generalized eigenfunctions and show that these scattering matrices are equivalent to the ones defined by wave-operator approach. We also define generalized Fourier transforms by the asymptotic behaviors of outgoing solutions to nonhomogeneous equations and show that the adjoint operators of them are given by Poisson operators. We also consider new improved propagation estimates for two-cluster scattering channels using projections onto almost invariant subspaces close to two-cluster scattering channels.

### 2018/06/26

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

The Cauchy problem of the drift-diffusion system in R^n (日本語)

**OGAWA Takayoshi**(Tohoku University)The Cauchy problem of the drift-diffusion system in R^n (日本語)

[ Abstract ]

We consider the Cauchy problem of the drift-diffusion system in the whole space. Introducing the scaling critical case, we consider the solvability of the drift-diffusion system in the whole space and give some large time behavior of solutions. This talk is based on a collaboration with Masaki Kurokiba and Hiroshi Wakui.

We consider the Cauchy problem of the drift-diffusion system in the whole space. Introducing the scaling critical case, we consider the solvability of the drift-diffusion system in the whole space and give some large time behavior of solutions. This talk is based on a collaboration with Masaki Kurokiba and Hiroshi Wakui.

### 2018/06/19

16:50-18:20 Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

KdV is wellposed in $H^{-1}$ (English)

**Rowan Killip**(UCLA)KdV is wellposed in $H^{-1}$ (English)

### 2016/12/13

16:50-18:20 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Distribution of eigenfunction mass on some really simple domains (English)

**Hans Christianson**(North Carolina State University)Distribution of eigenfunction mass on some really simple domains (English)

[ Abstract ]

Eigenfunctions are fundamental objects of study in spectral geometry and quantum chaos. On a domain or manifold, they determine the behaviour of solutions to many evolution type equations using, for example, separation of variables. Eigenfunctions are very sensitive to background geometry, so it is important to understand what the eigenfunctions look like: where are they large and where are they small? There are many different ways to measure what "large" and "small" mean. One can consider local $L^2$ distribution, local and global $L^p$ distribution, as well as restrictions and boundary values. I will give an overview of what is known, and then discuss some very recent works in progress demonstrating that complicated things can happen even in very simple geometric settings.

Eigenfunctions are fundamental objects of study in spectral geometry and quantum chaos. On a domain or manifold, they determine the behaviour of solutions to many evolution type equations using, for example, separation of variables. Eigenfunctions are very sensitive to background geometry, so it is important to understand what the eigenfunctions look like: where are they large and where are they small? There are many different ways to measure what "large" and "small" mean. One can consider local $L^2$ distribution, local and global $L^p$ distribution, as well as restrictions and boundary values. I will give an overview of what is known, and then discuss some very recent works in progress demonstrating that complicated things can happen even in very simple geometric settings.

### 2016/12/06

16:50-18:20 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

On the trivialization of Bloch bundles and the construction of localized Wannier functions (English)

**Horia Cornean**(Aalborg University, Denmark)On the trivialization of Bloch bundles and the construction of localized Wannier functions (English)

[ Abstract ]

We shall present an introductory lecture on the trivialization of Bloch bundles and its physical implications. Simply stated, the main question we want to answer is the following: given a rank $N＼geq 1$ family of orthogonal projections $P(k)$ where $k＼in ＼mathbb{R}^d$, $P(＼cdot)$ is smooth and $＼mathbb{Z}^d$-periodic, is it possible to construct an orthonormal basis of its range which consists of vectors which are both smooth and periodic in $k$? We shall explain in detail the connection with solid state physics. This is joint work with I. Herbst and G. Nenciu.

We shall present an introductory lecture on the trivialization of Bloch bundles and its physical implications. Simply stated, the main question we want to answer is the following: given a rank $N＼geq 1$ family of orthogonal projections $P(k)$ where $k＼in ＼mathbb{R}^d$, $P(＼cdot)$ is smooth and $＼mathbb{Z}^d$-periodic, is it possible to construct an orthonormal basis of its range which consists of vectors which are both smooth and periodic in $k$? We shall explain in detail the connection with solid state physics. This is joint work with I. Herbst and G. Nenciu.

### 2016/11/29

16:50-18:20 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Interior transmission eigenvalue problems on manifolds (Japanese)

**Naotaka Shouji**(Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba)Interior transmission eigenvalue problems on manifolds (Japanese)

### 2016/10/25

16:50-18:20 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Asymptotics for the integrable discrete nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation (JAPANESE)

**Hideshi YAMANE**(Department of Mathematical Sciences, School of Science, Kwansei Gakuin University)Asymptotics for the integrable discrete nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation (JAPANESE)

### 2016/07/12

16:50-18:20 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Gevrey estimates of the resolvent and sub-exponential time-decay (English)

**X. P. Wang**(Université de Nantes, France)Gevrey estimates of the resolvent and sub-exponential time-decay (English)

[ Abstract ]

For a class of non-selfadjoint Schrodinger operators satisfying some weighted coercive condition, we prove that the resolvent satisfies the Gevrey estimates at the threshold. As applications, we show that the heat and Schrodinger semigroups decay sub-exponentially in appropriately weighted spaces. We also study compactly supported perturbations of this class of operators where zero may be an embedded eigenvalue.

For a class of non-selfadjoint Schrodinger operators satisfying some weighted coercive condition, we prove that the resolvent satisfies the Gevrey estimates at the threshold. As applications, we show that the heat and Schrodinger semigroups decay sub-exponentially in appropriately weighted spaces. We also study compactly supported perturbations of this class of operators where zero may be an embedded eigenvalue.

### 2016/06/28

16:50-18:20 Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Discrete spectrum of Schr\"odinger operators with oscillating decaying potentials (English)

**Georgi Raikov**(The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)Discrete spectrum of Schr\"odinger operators with oscillating decaying potentials (English)

[ Abstract ]

I will consider the Schr\"odinger operator $H_{\eta W} =-\Delta + \eta W$, self-adjoint in $L^2(\re^d)$, $d \geq 1$. Here $\eta$ is a non constant almost periodic function, while $W$ decays slowly and regularly at infinity. I will discuss the asymptotic behaviour of the discrete spectrum of $H_{\eta W}$ near the origin. Due to the irregular decay of $\eta W$, there exist some non semiclassical phenomena; in particular, $H_{\eta W}$ has less eigenvalues than suggested by the semiclassical intuition.

I will consider the Schr\"odinger operator $H_{\eta W} =-\Delta + \eta W$, self-adjoint in $L^2(\re^d)$, $d \geq 1$. Here $\eta$ is a non constant almost periodic function, while $W$ decays slowly and regularly at infinity. I will discuss the asymptotic behaviour of the discrete spectrum of $H_{\eta W}$ near the origin. Due to the irregular decay of $\eta W$, there exist some non semiclassical phenomena; in particular, $H_{\eta W}$ has less eigenvalues than suggested by the semiclassical intuition.