Robin Graham 氏 (University of Washington)
『 Ambient metrics and exceptional holonomy 』

The holonomy of a pseudo-Riemannian metric is a subgroup of the orthogonal group which measures the structure preserved by parallel translation. Construction of pseudo-Riemannian metrics whose holonomy is an exceptional Lie group has been of great interest in recent years. This talk will outline a construction of metrics in dimension 7 whose holonomy is contained in the split real form of the exceptional group $G_2$. The datum for the construction is a generic real-analytic 2-plane field on a manifold of dimension 5; the metric in dimension 7 arises as the ambient metric of a conformal structure on the 5-manifold defined by Nurowski in terms of the 2-plane field.