Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~08/17Today's seminar 08/18 | Future seminars 08/19~

FMSP Lectures

16:30-17:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Benjamin Harris (Oklahoma State University)
The Geometry of Tempered Characters
[ Abstract ]
In this introductory talk, we will briefly recall parts of Harish-Chandra's theory of characters for reductive groups and the geometric formula of Rossmann and Duflo for tempered characters of reductive groups. Examples will be given in the case G=SL(2,R).
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Harris.pdf

FMSP Lectures

14:30-15:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Raul Gomez (Cornell University)
The Tor and Ext functors for smooth representations of real algebraic groups.
[ Abstract ]
Inspired by the recent work of Dipendra Prasad in the $p$-adic setting, we define the Tor and Ext functors for an appropriate category of smooth representations of a real algebraic group $G$, and give some applications. This is joint work with Birgit Speh.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Gomez.pdf

2015/01/23

Colloquium

16:30-17:30   Room #大講義室 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Luc Illusie (Université de Paris-Sud)
Grothendieck and algebraic geometry
[ Abstract ]
Between 1957 and 1970 Grothendieck deeply and durably transformed algebraic geometry. I will discuss some of his revolutionary contributions.

2015/01/22

Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

13:00-16:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Diogo Kendy Matsumoto (Faculty of Science and Engineerring, Waseda University) 13:00-14:30
A construction of dynamical Yang-Baxter map with dynamical brace (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Brace is an algebraic system defined as a generalization of the radical ring. The radical ring means a ring $(R,+,¥cdot)$, which has a group structure with respect to $a*b:=ab+a+b$. By using brace, Rump constructs the non-degenerate Yang-Baxter map with unitary condition.

In this talk I will propose the dynamical brace, which is a generalization of the brace, and give a way to construct the dynamical Yang-Baxter map by using the dynamical brace. A dynamical Yang-Baxter map is a set-theoretical solution of the dynamical Yang-Baxter equation. Moreover, I will discuss algebraic and combinatorial properties of the dynamical brace.
Youichi Shibukawa (Department of Mathematics, Hokkaido University) 15:00-16:30
Construction of Hopf algebroids by means of dynamical Yang-Baxter maps (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
A generalization of the Hopf algebra is a Hopf algebroid. Felder and Etingof-Varchenko constructed Hopf algebroids from the dynamical R-matrices, solutions to the quantum dynamical Yang-Baxter equation (QDYBE for short). This QDYBE was generalized, and several solutions called dynamical Yang-Baxter maps to this generalized equation were constructed. The purpose of this talk is to introduce construction of Hopf algebroids by means of dynamical Yang-Baxter maps. If time permits, I will explain that the tensor category of finite-dimensional L-operators associated with the suitable dynamical Yang-Baxter map is rigid. This tensor category is isomorphic to that consisting of finite-dimensional (dynamical) representations of the corresponding Hopf algebroid.

Applied Analysis

16:00-17:30   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Arnaud Ducrot (University of Bordeaux)
On the large time behaviour of the multi-dimensional Fisher-KPP equation with compactly supported initial data
(ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk we discuss the asymptotic behaviour of a multi-dimensional Fisher-KPP equation posed in an asymptotically homogeneous medium and supplemented together with a compactly supported initial datum. We derive precise estimates for the location of the front before proving the convergence of the solutions towards travelling front. In particular we show that the location of the front drastically depends on the rate at which the medium become homogeneous at infinity. Fast rate of convergence only changes the location by some constant while lower rate of convergence induces further logarithmic delay.

2015/01/21

Number Theory Seminar

18:00-19:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ofer Gabber (CNRS, IHES)
Spreading-out of rigid-analytic families and observations on p-adic Hodge theory (English)
[ Abstract ]
(Joint work with Brian Conrad.) Let $K$ be a complete rank 1 valued field with ring of integers $O_K$, $A$ an adic noetherian ring and $f:A\to O_K$ an adic morphism. If $g:X\to Y$ is a proper flat morphism between rigid analytic spaces over $K$ then locally on $Y$ a flat formal model of $g$ spreads out to a proper flat morphism between formal schemes topologically of finite type over $A$. As an application one can prove that for proper smooth $g$ and $K$ of characteristic 0, the Hodge to de Rham spectral sequence for $g$ degenerates and the $R^q g_* \Omega^p_{X/Y}$ are locally free.

Classical Analysis

16:30-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shingo Kamimoto (Kyoto University)
Remarks on the number of accessory parameters (JAPANESE)

2015/01/20

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Italo Capuzzo Dolcetta (Università degli Studi di Roma "La Sapienza")
Maximum Principle and generalized principal eigenvalue for degenerate elliptic operators (English)
[ Abstract ]
In my presentation I will report on a joint paper with H. Berestycki, A. Porretta and L. Rossi to appear shortly on JMPA.
We characterize the validity of the Maximum Principle in bounded domains for fully nonlinear degenerate elliptic operators in terms of the sign of a suitably defined generalized principal eigenvalue. Here, the maximum principle refers to the property of non-positivity of viscosity subsolutions of the Dirichlet problem.
The new notion of generalized principal eigenvalue that we introduce here allows us to deal with arbitrary type of degeneracy of the elliptic operators.
We further discuss the relations between this notion and other natural generalizations of the classical notion of principal eigenvalue, some of which have been previously introduced for particular classes of operators.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-17:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Toru Yoshiyasu (The University of Tokyo)
On Lagrangian caps and their applications (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In 2013, Y. Eliashberg and E. Murphy established the $h$-principle for
exact Lagrangian embeddings with a concave Legendrian boundary. In this
talk, I will explain a modification of their $h$-principle and show
applications to Lagrangian submanifolds in the complex projective spaces.

2015/01/19

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiroshi Yamaguchi (Shia University, Prof. emeritus)
Hyperbolic span and pseudoconvexity (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
We show that the hyperbolic span for open torus (which is introduced by M. Shiba in 1993) has the intimate relation with the pseudoconvexity.

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yoshitaka Watanabe (Kyushu University)
Between error and residual in numerical computations (日本語)

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ryo Yamagishi (Kyoto University)
Crepant resolutions of Slodowy slice in nilpotent orbit closure in sl_N(C) (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Nilpotent orbit closures and their intersections with Slodowy slices are typical examples of symplectic varieties. It is known that every crepant resolution of a nilpotent orbit closure is obtained as a Springer resolution. In this talk, we show that every crepant resolution of a Slodowy slice in nilpotent orbit closure in sl_N(C) is obtained as the restriction of a Springer resolution and explain how to count the number of crepant resolutions. The proof of the main results is based on the fact that Slodowy slices can be described as quiver varieties.

2015/01/16

Geometry Colloquium

10:00-11:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takeo Nishinou (Rikkyo University)
Degeneration and curves on K3 surfaces (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
There is a well-known conjecture which states that all projective K3 surfaces contain infinitely many rational curves. By calculating obstructions in deformation theory through degeneration, we give a new approach to this problem. In particular, we show that there is a Zariski open subset in the moduli space of quartic K3 surfaces whose members fulfil the conjecture.

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

14:00-15:30   Room #052 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ajay Jasra (National University of Singapore)
A stable particle filter in high-dimensions
[ Abstract ]
We consider the numerical approximation of the filtering problem in high dimensions, that is, when the hidden state lies in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with $d$ large. For low dimensional problems, one of the most popular numerical procedures for consistent inference is the class of approximations termed as particle filters or sequential Monte Carlo methods. However, in high dimensions, standard particle filters (e.g. the bootstrap particle filter) can have a cost that is exponential in $d$ for the algorithm to be stable in an appropriate sense. We develop a new particle filter, called the space-time particle filter, for a specific family of state-space models in discrete time. This new class of particle filters provide consistent Monte Carlo estimates for any fixed $d$, as do standard particle filters. Moreover, under a simple i.i.d. model structure, we show that in order to achieve some stability properties this new filter has cost $\mathcal{O}(nNd^2)$, where $n$ is the time parameter and $N$ is the number of Monte Carlo samples, that are fixed and independent of $d$. Similar results hold, under a more general structure than the i.i.d. one. Here we show that, under additional assumptions and with the same cost, the asymptotic variance of the relative estimate of the normalizing constant grows at most linearly in time and independently of the dimension. Our theoretical results are supported by numerical simulations. The results suggest that it is possible to tackle some high dimensional filtering problems using the space-time particle filter that standard particle filters cannot.

This is joint work with: Alex Beskos (UCL), Dan Crisan (Imperial), Kengo Kamatani (Osaka) and Yan Zhou (NUS).
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.sigmath.es.osaka-u.ac.jp/~kamatani/statseminar/2014/06.html

2015/01/15

Infinite Analysis Seminar Tokyo

15:00-18:30   Room #002 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shunsuke Tsuchioka (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, the University of Tokyo) 15:00-16:30
On Gram matrices of the Shapovalov form of a basic representation of a
quantum affine group (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
We consider Gram matrices of the Shapovalov form of a basic
representation
of a quantum affine group. We present a conjecture predicting the
invariant
factors of these matrices and proving that it gives the correct
invariants
when one specializes or localizes the ring $\mathbb{Z}[v,v^{-1}]$ in
certain ways.
This generalizes Evseev's theorem which settled affirmatively
the K\"{u}lshammer-Olsson-Robinson conjecture that predicts
the generalized Cartan invariants of the symmetric groups.
This is a joint work with Anton Evseev.
Alexander Tsymbaliuk (SCGP (Simons Center for Geometry and Physics)) 17:00-18:30
Continuous and Infinitesimal Hecke algebras (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
In the late 80's V. Drinfeld introduced the notion of the
degenerate affine Hecke algebras. The particular class of those, called
symplectic reflection algebras, has been rediscovered 15 years later by
[Etingof and Ginzburg]. The theory of those algebras (which include also
the rational Cherednik algebras) has attracted a lot of attention in the
last 15 years.
In this talk we will discuss their continuous and infinitesimal versions,
introduced by [Etingof, Gan, and Ginzburg]. Our key result relates those
classical algebras to the simplest 1-block finite W-algebras.

2015/01/14

Number Theory Seminar

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Laurent Berger (ENS de Lyon)
Iterate extensions and relative Lubin-Tate groups
[ Abstract ]
Let K be a p-adic field, let P(T) be a polynomial with coefficients in K, and let {$u_n$} be a sequence such that $P(u_{n+1}) = u_n$ for all n and $u_0$ belongs to K. The extension of K generated by the $u_n$ is called an iterate extension. I will discuss these extensions, show that under certain favorable conditions there is a theory of Coleman power series, and explain the relationship with relative Lubin-Tate groups.

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhuofeng He (Univ. Tokyo)
Canonical cyclic group actions on noncommutative tori

2015/01/13

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Ken'ichi Yoshida (The University of Tokyo)
Stable presentation length of 3-manifold groups (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We will introduce the stable presentation length
of a finitely presented group, which is defined
by stabilizing the presentation length for the
finite index subgroups. The stable presentation
length of the fundamental group of a 3-manifold
is an analogue of the simplicial volume and the
stable complexity introduced by Francaviglia,
Frigerio and Martelli. We will explain some
similarities of stable presentation length with
simplicial volume and stable complexity.

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Wojciech Zajączkowski (Institute of Mathematics Polish Academy of Sciences)
Global regular solutions to the Navier-Stokes equations which remain close to the two-dimensional solutions (English)
[ Abstract ]
We consider the motion of the Navier-Stokes equations in a cylinder with the Navier-boundary conditions. First we prove global existence of regular two-dimensional solutions non-decaying in time. Next we show stability of these solutions. In this way we have existence of global regular solutions which remain close to the two-dimensional solutions. We prove the results for nonvanishing external force in time.

2015/01/10

Harmonic Analysis Komaba Seminar

13:00-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Koichi Kaizuka (Gakushuin University) 13:30-15:00
Scattering theory for the Laplacian on symmetric spaces of noncompact type and its application (JAPANESE)
Norisuke Ioku (Ehime University) 15:30-17:00
スケール不変性を持つ臨界Hardyの不等式について (JAPANESE)

2015/01/07

Number Theory Seminar

16:40-17:40   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Sandra Rozensztajn (ENS de Lyon)
Congruences of modular forms modulo p and a variant of the Breuil-Mézard conjecture (English)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk I will explain how a problem of congruences modulo p in the space of modular forms $S_k(\Gamma_0(p))$ is related to the geometry of some deformation spaces of Galois representations and can be solved by using a variant of the Breuil-Mézard conjecture.

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:30-18:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Tomohiro Hayase (Univ. Tokyo)
De Finetti theorems related to Boolean independence (English)

2015/01/06

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

10:30-11:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Elio Eduardo Espejo (National University of Colombia / Osaka University)
Global existence and asymptotic behavior for some Keller-Segel systems coupled with Navier-Stokes equations (英語)
[ Abstract ]
There are plenty of examples in nature, where cells move in response to some chemical signal in the environment. Biologists call this phenomenon chemotaxis. In my talk I will approach the problem of describing mathematically the phenomenon of chemotaxis when it happens surrounded by a fluid. This is a new research topic bringing the attention of many scientists because it has given rise to many interesting questions having relevance in both biology and mathematics. In particular, I will present some new mathematical models arising from my current research that have given rise to Keller-Segel type systems coupled with Navier-Stokes systems. I will present some results of global existence and asymptotic behavior. Finally I will discuss some open problems.

2014/12/22

Mathematical Biology Seminar

15:00-16:20   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Don Yueping (Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo)
Estimating the seroincidence of pertussis in Japan
[ Abstract ]
Despite relatively high vaccination coverage of pertussis for decades, the disease keeps circulating among both vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals and a periodic large epidemic is observed every 4 years. To understand the transmission dynamics, specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against pertussis toxin (PT) have been routinely measured in Japan. Using the cross-sectional serological survey data with a known decay rate of antibody titres as a function of time since infection, we estimate the age-dependent seroincidence of pertussis. The estimated incidence of pertussis declined with age, the shape of which will be extremely useful for reconstructing the transmission dynamics and considering effective countermeasures.

2014/12/19

Geometry Colloquium

10:00-11:30   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yuichi KABAYA (Kyoto University)
Exotic components in linear slices of quasi-Fuchsian groups
[ Abstract ]
The linear slice of quasi-Fuchsian punctured torus groups is defined by fixing the length of some simple closed curve to be a fixed positive real number. It is known that the linear slice is a union of disks, and it has one `standard' component containing Fuchsian groups. Komori-Yamashita proved that there exist non-standard components if the length is sufficiently large. In this talk, I give another proof based on the theory of complex projective structures. If time permits, I will talk about a refined statement and a generalization to other surfaces.

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