Seminar information archive

Seminar information archive ~01/17Today's seminar 01/18 | Future seminars 01/19~

PDE Real Analysis Seminar

11:20-12:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Monika Muszkieta (Wroclaw University of Science and Technology)
The total variation flow in $H^{−s}$ (English)
[ Abstract ]
In the talk, we consider the total variation flow in the Sobolev space $H^{−s}$. We explain the motivation to study this problem in the context of image processing applications and provide its rigorous interpretation under periodic boundary conditions. Furthermore, we introduce a numerical scheme for an approximate solution to this flow which has been derived based on the primal-dual approach and discuses some issues concerning its convergence. We also show and compare results of numerical experiments obtained by application of this scheme for a simple initial data and different values of the index $s$.
This is a join work with Y. Giga.

2016/07/11

Tokyo Probability Seminar

15:00-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Jin Feng (University of Kansas) 15:00-16:30
An introduction to Hamilton-Jacobi equation in the space of probability measures (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will discuss Hamilton-Jacobi equation in the space of probability measures.

Two types of applications motivate the issue: one is from the probabilistic large deviation study of weakly interacting particle systems in statistical mechanics, another is from an infinite particle version of the variational formulation of Newtonian mechanics.

In creating respective well-posedness theories, two mathematical observations played important roles: One, the free-particle flow picture naturally leads to the use of the optimal mass transportation calculus. Two, there is a hidden symmetry (particle permutation invariance) for elements in the space of probability measures. In fact, the space of probability measures in this context is best viewed as an infinite dimensional quotient space. Using a natural metric, we are lead to some fine aspects of the optimal transportation calculus that connect with the metric space analysis and probability.

Time permitting, I will discuss an open issue coming up from the study of the Gibbs-Non-Gibbs transitioning by the Dutch probability community.

The talk is based on my past works with the following collaborators: Markos Katsoulakis, Tom Kurtz, Truyen Nguyen, Andrzej Swiech and Luigi Ambrosio.
Daishin Ueyama (Graduate School of Advanced Mathematical Sciences, Meiji University) 16:50-18:20

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shuhei Masumoto (Univ. Tokyo)
Fraïssé Theory and Jiang-Su algebra

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Hiroshi Fujiwara (Kyoto University)
Towards fast and reliable numerical computations of the stationary radiative transport equation (日本語)
[ Abstract ]
The radiative transport equation (RTE) is a mathematical model of near-infrared light propagation in human tissue, and its analysis is required to develop a new noninvasive monitoring method of our body or brain activities. Since stationary RTE describes light intensity depending on a position and a direction, a discretization model of 3D-RTE is essentially a five dimensional problem. Therefore to establish a reliable and practical numerical method, both theoretical numerical analysis and computing techniques are required.

We firstly introduce huge-scale computation examples of RTE with bio-optical data. A high-accurate numerical cubature on the unit sphere and a hybrid parallel computing technique using GPGPU realize fast computation. Secondly we propose a semi-discrete upwind finite volume method to RTE. We also show its error estimate in two dimensions.

This talk is based on joint works with Prof. Y.Iso, Prof. N.Higashimori, and Prof. N.Oishi (Kyoto University).

2016/07/05

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Dulip Piyaratne (IPMU)
Generalized Bogomolov-Gieseker type inequality for Fano 3-folds (English)
[ Abstract ]
Construction of Bridgeland stability conditions on a given smooth projective 3-fold is an important problem. A conjectural construction for any 3-fold was introduced by Bayer, Macri and Toda, and the problem is reduced to proving so-called Bogomolov-Gieseker type inequality holds for certain stable objects in the derived category. It has been shown to hold for Fano 3-folds of Picard rank one due to the works of Macri, Schmidt and Li. However, Schmidt gave a counter-example for a Fano 3-fold of higher Picard rank. In this talk, I will explain how to modify the original conjectural inequality for general Fano 3-folds and why it holds.

Lie Groups and Representation Theory

17:00-18:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Toshiaki Hattori (Tokyo Institute of Technology)
Shimizu's lemma for general linear groups
[ Abstract ]
We find two versions of Shimizu's lemma for subgroups of GL(n, C). By using these results, we study the noncompact classical groups and the associated Riemannian symmetric spaces. This is a continuation of the talk at this seminar in July 2015.

2016/07/04

Tokyo Probability Seminar

16:50-18:20   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Nanba Ryuya (Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University)
Central limit theorems for non-symmetric random walks on nilpotent covering graphs

2016/06/28

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masato Mimura (Tohoku University)
Strong algebraization of fixed point properties (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Concerning proofs of fixed point properties, we succeed in removing all forms of "bounded generation" assumptions from previous celebrated strategy of "algebraization" by Y. Shalom ([Publ. IHES, 1999] and [ICM proceedings, 2006]). Our condition is stated as the existence of winning strategies for a certain "Game."

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Georgi Raikov (The Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile)
Discrete spectrum of Schr\"odinger operators with oscillating decaying potentials (English)
[ Abstract ]
I will consider the Schr\"odinger operator $H_{\eta W} =-\Delta + \eta W$, self-adjoint in $L^2(\re^d)$, $d \geq 1$. Here $\eta$ is a non constant almost periodic function, while $W$ decays slowly and regularly at infinity. I will discuss the asymptotic behaviour of the discrete spectrum of $H_{\eta W}$ near the origin. Due to the irregular decay of $\eta W$, there exist some non semiclassical phenomena; in particular, $H_{\eta W}$ has less eigenvalues than suggested by the semiclassical intuition.

2016/06/27

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

15:30-17:00   Room #122 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Christopher Hacon (University of Utah)
Generic vanishing and birational geometry in char p>0 (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
Many precise results on the birational geometry of irregular varieties have been obtained by combining the generic vanishing theorems of Green and Lazarsfeld with the Fourier-Mukai transform. In this talk we will discuss the failure of the generic vanishing theorems of Green and Lazarsfeld in positive characteristic. We will then explain a different approach to generic vanishing based on the theory of F-singularities that leads to concrete applications in birational geometry in positive characteristics
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.math.utah.edu/~hacon/

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Takayuki Koike (Kyoto University)
On a higher codimensional analogue of Ueda theory and its applications (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
Let $Y$ be a compact complex manifold embedded in a complex manifold with unitary flat normal bundle. As a higher-codimensional generalization of Ueda's theory, we investigate the analytic structure of a neighborhood of $Y$. As an application, we give a criterion for the existence of a smooth Hermitian metric with semi-positive curvature on a nef line bundle.

2016/06/24

Geometry Colloquium

10:00-14:30   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)

Colloquium

15:30-16:30   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
GONGYO Yoshinori (Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, The University of Tokyo)
Recent developments of MMP and around (JAPANESE)
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/teacher/gongyo.html

2016/06/23

Classical Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shingo Kamimoto (Hiroshima University)
Resurgence of formal series solutions of nonlinear differential and difference equations (JAPANESE)

FMSP Lectures

15:00-16:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Klaus Mainzer (Technische Universität München)
Complexity and Computability: Complex Dynamical Systems beyond Turing-Computability (ENGLISH)
[ Abstract ]
The computational theory of complexity is founded by digital computing (e.g. Turing machine) which cannot fully grasp continuous concepts of mathematics. The mathematical theory of complex dynamical systems (with interdisciplinary applications in natural and economic sciences) is based on continuous concepts. Further on, there is an outstanding tradition in mathematics since Newton, Leibniz, Euler et al. with real algorithms in, e.g., numerical analysis. How can the gap between the digital and continuous world be mathematically overcome? The talk aims at mathematical and philosophical foundations and interdisciplinary applications of complex dynamical systems beyond Turing-computability.
[ Reference URL ]
http://fmsp.ms.u-tokyo.ac.jp/FMSPLectures_Mainzer.pdf

2016/06/21

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Masao HIROKAWA (Institute of Engineering, Hiroshima University)
On the Hepp-Lieb-Preparata quantum phase transition for the quantum Rabi model (Japanese)
[ Abstract ]
In my talk, I would like to consider the quantum Rabi model from the point of the view of quantum phase transition. Preparata claims that the ground state of the matter coupled with light is dressed with some photons provided that the coupling strength grows large though those photons should primarily be emitted from the matter in the relaxation of quantum states, and then, that the perturbative ground state switches with a non-perturbative one (Hepp-Lieb-Preparata quantum phase transition). He finds this based on the mathematical structure of the Hepp-Lieb quantum phase transition. Yoshihara and others recently showed an experimental result for the quantum Rabi model in circuit QED. In the experiment, they succeeded in demonstrating the so-called deep-strong coupling regime and the ground state dressed with a photon. We consider the quantum Rabi model in the light of the Hepp-Lieb-Preparata quantum phase transition. Our research is among the studies with aspects of mathematical physics, and deals with the A2-term problem.

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Noboru Ito (The University of Tokyo)
Spaces of chord diagrams of spherical curves (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
In this talk, the speaker introduces a framework to obtain (possibly infinitely many) new topological invariants of spherical curves under local homotopy moves (several types of Reidemeister moves). They are defined by chord diagrams, each of which is a configurations of even paired points on a circle. We see that these invariants have useful properties.

Seminar on Probability and Statistics

13:00-15:00   Room #052 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Lorenzo Mercuri (University of Milan)
New Classes and Methods in YUIMA package

[ Abstract ]
In this talk, we present three new classes recently introduced in YUIMA package.
These classes allow the user to manage three different problems:
・Construction of a multidimensional stochastic differential equation driven by a general multivariate Levy process. In particular we show how to define and then simulate a SDE driven by a multivariate Variance Gamma process.
・Definition and simulation of a functional of a general SDE.
・Definition and simulation of the integral of an object from the class yuima.model. In particular, we are able to evaluate Riemann Stieltjes integrals,deterministic integrals with random integrand and stochastic integrals.
Numerical examples are given in order to explain the new methods and classes.

2016/06/20

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
De-Qi Zhang (National University of Singapore)
BUILDING BLOCKS OF POLARIZED ENDOMORPHISMS OF NORMAL PROJECTIVE VARIETIES (English)
[ Abstract ]
An endomorphism f of a normal projective variety X is polarized if f∗H ∼ qH for some ample Cartier divisor H and integer q > 1.

We first assert that a suitable maximal rationally connected fibration (MRC) can be made f-equivariant using a construction of N. Nakayama, that f descends to a polarized endomorphism of the base Y of this MRC and that this Y is a Q-abelian variety (quasi- ́etale quotient of an abelian variety). Next we show that we can run the minimal model program (MMP) f-equivariantly for mildly singular X and reach either a Q-abelian variety or a Fano variety of Picard number one.

As a consequence, the building blocks of polarized endomorphisms are those of Q- abelian varieties and those of Fano varieties of Picard number one.

Along the way, we show that f always descends to a polarized endomorphism of the Albanese variety Alb(X) of X, and that a power of f acts as a scalar on the Neron-Severi group of X (modulo torsion) when X is smooth and rationally connected.

Partial answers about X being of Calabi-Yau type or Fano type are also given with an extra primitivity assumption on f which seems necessary by an example.
This is a joint work with S. Meng.
[ Reference URL ]
http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/~matzdq/

Algebraic Geometry Seminar

14:45-16:15   Room #123 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Zhixian Zhu (KIAS)
Fujita's freeness conjecture for 5-fold (English)
[ Abstract ]
Let X be a smooth projective variety of dimension n and L any ample line bundle. Fujita conjectured that the adjoint line bundle O(K_X+mL) is globally generated for any m greater or equal to dimX+1. By studying the singularity of pairs, we prove Fujita's freeness conjecture for smooth 5-folds.

Seminar on Geometric Complex Analysis

10:30-12:00   Room #128 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Shin-ichi Matsumura (Tohoku University)
A transcendental approach to injectivity theorems for log canonical pairs (JAPANESE)

Operator Algebra Seminars

16:45-18:15   Room #118 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Yusuke Isono (RIMS, Kyoto Univ.)
Bi-exact groups, strongly ergodic actions and group measure space type III factors with no central sequence

2016/06/14

Tuesday Seminar of Analysis

16:50-18:20   Room #126 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
NIIKUNI, Hiroaki (Maebashi Institute of Technology)
Schr¥"odinger operators on a periodically broken zigzag carbon nanotube (Japanese)

Tuesday Seminar on Topology

17:00-18:30   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Naohiko Kasuya (Aoyama Gakuin University)
Non-Kähler complex structures on R^4 (JAPANESE)
[ Abstract ]
We consider the following problem. "Is there any non-Kähler complex structure on R^{2n}?" If n=1, the answer is clearly negative. On the other hand, Calabi and Eckmann constructed non-Kähler complex structures on R^{2n} for n ≥ 3. In this talk, I will construct uncountably many non-Kähler complex structures on R^4, and give the affirmative answer to the case where n=2. For the construction, it is important to understand the genus-one achiral Lefschetz fibration S^4 → S^2 found by Yukio Matsumoto and Kenji Fukaya. This is a joint work with Antonio Jose Di Scala and Daniele Zuddas.

2016/06/13

Numerical Analysis Seminar

16:30-18:00   Room #056 (Graduate School of Math. Sci. Bldg.)
Atsushi Suzuki (Osaka University)
Dissection : A direct solver with kernel detection for finite element matrices
(日本語)
[ Abstract ]
Large-scale sparse matrices are solved in finite element analyses of elasticity and/or flow problems. In some cases, the matrix may be singular, e.g. due to pressure ambiguity of the Navier-Stokes equations, or due to rigid body movements of sub-domain elasticity problems by a domain decomposition method. Therefore, it is better the linear solver understands rank-deficiency of the matrix.
By assuming the matrix is factorized into LDU form with a symmetric partial permutation, and by introducing a threshold to postpone factorization for pseudo null pivots, solvability of the last Schur complement matrix will be examined. Usual procedure for rank-deficiency problem is based on computation of eigenvalues or singular values and an introduced threshold determines the null space. However, developed new algorithm in DOI:10.1002/nme.4729 is based on computation of residuals combined with orthogonal projections onto supposed image spaces and there is no necessary to introduce a threshold for understanding zero value in floating point. The algorithm uses higher precision arithmetic, e.g. quadruple precision, to distinguish numerical round-off errors that occurred during factorization of the whole sparse matrix from ones during the kernel detection procedure itself.
This is joint work with François-Xavier Roux (LJLL, UPMC/ONERA).

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